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Profile: Audiendus
User Name: Audiendus
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Joined: Wednesday, August 24, 2011
Last Visit: Thursday, April 2, 2020 11:14:56 PM
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  Last 10 Posts
Topic: antecedent of the relatives clauses
Posted: Tuesday, March 31, 2020 11:44:55 AM
Drag0nspeaker wrote:
1. In the first one there are three different ways of 'organising' into phrases, I think. With no commas, two of them don't work really
Therefore, I would say that "African countries" is the noun-phrase modified by "which are very poor" - then the whole phrase "African countries which are very poor" is quantified by "some".

There are fifty or so African countries. We define the narrower group as "African countries which are very poor", then narrow it further to just some of those. Agreed.

2. In the second, I see two possibilities which work. Both of your suggestions.

a. We take some of the 54 African countries. We note that these countries are poor.
This makes "Some African countries" the antecedent of the relative clause. Agreed.

b. We note that all 54 African countries are poor - then choose some of them.
This makes "African countries" the antecedent. Hmm – I'm not sure about that. I think the rhythm of the sentence militates against that interpretation. There are pauses at the commas but no indicated pause between "Some" and "African", so it does not look as if "African" belongs to the antecedent but "Some" does not. (In (1) this problem does not arise, as there are no commas.) So in (2) I think we would need to separate "Some" from "African" to give your interpretation 2b, e.g:

Some of the African countries, which are very poor, have to be helped by international organisations.
Some of Africa's countries, which are very poor, have to be helped by international organisations.

Topic: a/the
Posted: Monday, March 30, 2020 9:27:57 PM
nightdream wrote:
Should the first sentence not begin with "the" - is it the thing that you mean?

Both of your original sentences begin with the word "Once", not "The".
Topic: a/the
Posted: Monday, March 30, 2020 8:49:47 PM
nightdream wrote:
Why are they incorrect?

Because their use of "the" is incorrect, as has already been explained.
Topic: Please check it for mistake
Posted: Monday, March 30, 2020 9:13:17 AM
s21d wrote:
"Nobody seems bothered about the original lyricist and singer of the song or how does the song come the song came into being."
Topic: Limericks
Posted: Monday, March 30, 2020 12:50:46 AM
There was a secluded old priory,
Where a dreamy old man wrote a diary.
His one source of strife
Was his crotchety wife,
Whose words of rebuke could be fiery.

The Japanese emperor said:
"If we don't stop this war, we're all dead".
"Give in to the Yanks?"
Cried an admiral. "Thanks,
But I'd rather take poison instead!"

The Nazis were disciplinarians
Who planned to breed pure-blooded Aryans.
They'd wipe out all traces
Of Jews and mixed races,
And shoot any humanitarians.

A boy who was told to run faster
By a vigorous athletics master
Said: "Sir, that's not fair!
My muscles might tear,
And I'd end up with both feet in plaster".

My living room window was smashed,
And some armed cops stormed in, unabashed.
Then one pulled a face –
"Hey, this ain't the place!
So sorry!" – and out they all dashed.

It was once a great centre of trade,
But now Timbuktu has decayed.
The dry desert sand
Has encroached on the land,
And not many people have stayed.

A serial killer thought "Hey!
I'm feeling all gloomy and grey.
Another neat killing
Would be rather thrilling –
Now, who shall I murder today?"

Americans' views on plutocracy
May vary, like those on democracy;
But despite their disputes,
Their republican roots
Unite them against aristocracy.
Posted: Monday, March 30, 2020 12:07:26 AM
With bittersweet determination I persevered with my Rubik's cube, desperate to solve the puzzle but fearing that I never would.

Topic: How cool it is vs how cool is it
Posted: Sunday, March 29, 2020 11:55:39 PM
Normally, we invert the subject and verb (put the verb before the subject) only in questions.
Topic: Not to be commuting
Posted: Sunday, March 29, 2020 11:39:44 PM
Jigneshbharati wrote:
"He’s happy not to be commuting,"

"Not to be commuting" is an infinitive phrase modifying "happy". The sentence is equivalent to "He's happy that he is not commuting."
Topic: but as
Posted: Sunday, March 29, 2020 11:30:29 PM
Jigneshbharati wrote:

Everyone has told a lie at one point, but as it contradicts something we know to be true, lies are always exposed, revealing the truth beneath them.
How to Write a Good Hook for Your Essay

please explain the use of three commas here after: point, true and exposed
They indicate short pauses.

what is the grammatical form and function "but as" here?
"But" is a co-ordinating conjunction; "as" is a subordinating conjunction.

Are the all sentences grammatical and natural?
I tried to analyse them and found them to be convulated convoluted.
It would be better to keep "lie" singular: "...a lie is always exposed, revealing the truth beneath it".

Everyone (subject ) has told (verb) a lie at one point (core sentence)
Are "but" and "as" conjunctions?
Yes – see above.

It contradicts something we know to be true( independent clause)
No. "As it contradicts something we know to be true" – dependent clause.

Lies are always exposed (independent clause)

revealing the truth beneath them- a participle clause

What is the subject of participle clause and what does it Modify here?
"Lies are always exposed" – the exposure of the lies reveals the truth beneath them.

I am not sure if the commas been used correctly?
Strictly, there should be another comma after "but", because "as it contradicts something we know to be true" is parenthetical and should therefore have commas around it. However, that would look excessive, so I think it is better to leave out that extra comma.
Topic: FIRST AND LAST LETTERS COME IN NEW WORDS (continued 2014 edition)
Posted: Sunday, March 29, 2020 12:12:19 PM