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Profile: Jonathann
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User Name: Jonathann
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Joined: Sunday, March 2, 2014
Last Visit: Sunday, April 10, 2016 4:29:02 AM
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  Last 10 Posts
Topic: Can you make clear this confusing sentence?
Posted: Monday, July 21, 2014 5:26:31 AM
Audiendus wrote:
Consider the following sentences:

This is all I have to eat.
This is all she has to eat.


In written form, and without any context, these sentences are ambiguous. They could mean either:

This is all I have that I can eat.
This is all she has that she can eat.


or:

This is all I must eat.
This is all she must eat.


Usually, the context will make the meaning clear. In British English, the two meanings are often differentiated in speech by using a voiced final consonant in the 'have' verb (i.e. pronouncing it "I hav" and "she haz") for the first sense, and an unvoiced final consonant (pronouncing it "I haf" and "she hass") for the second sense.



Thank you, Audiendus. Anxious

At your reply, I was able to feel that you know exactly what I was curious about.

Now, it seems clear to me that my problems have been solved.
Topic: Can you make clear this confusing sentence?
Posted: Monday, July 21, 2014 4:59:16 AM
tunaafi wrote:
I think Jonathann's problem is caused by the relative, which brings the HAVE and the to together:

1a. This site has many things to offer its members.
1b. The things (that) it has to offer include ... .

2a. I have something interesting to tell you.
2b. The interesting thing (that) I have to tell you is ... .
2c. What I have to tell you is ... .

3a. Mary has some toys to send to her grandchildren
3b. The toys Yhat) she has to send came from ... .

Do the (a) sentences cause you any problems, Jonathann?



Thank you, Tuna.
But I have no difficulty in dealing with relative-related sentences.
Topic: Can you make clear this confusing sentence?
Posted: Saturday, July 19, 2014 8:20:29 AM
Drag0nspeaker wrote:
Hi Jonathan.

I have been trying to read this thread, in order to help.

However, I am having difficulty undertstanding.

What is "A_noun", what is "B_verb", what is "to R"?

I cannot find these in earlier sentences.

You write:
"Quote:
Pattern 1a..."

What is that a quote from? I can't find it anywhere in this thread.



Sorry, Dragon, to make arbitrary definitions of my own, which may seem to confusing to you.
But, I try to keep the rule that all my postings should contain their explanations in themselves.

Anyway, I tried to define a certain expression (Pattern 1a)
by defining it as "A_Noun that have/has to B_Verb"

,where A_Noun represents any noun A,B_Verb represents any verb B,
and 'to R' represents the form of to infinitive (root).


Topic: Can you make clear this confusing sentence?
Posted: Saturday, July 19, 2014 4:19:10 AM
tunaafi wrote:
Jonathann wrote:

Neither is correct.

In 'everything that this project has to offer', that is the object of has, but it cannot be transformed in the way you suggest. The idea is more like 'everything that the project has that it is offering'.


Thank you Tuna.

As you know, there is no relation of the verb 'have/has' and the subsequent verb infinitive 'to R' in the pattern 1a.

But, sometimes, this pattern of sentences can make people, including me, recognize meanings differently.Think

Quote:
Pattern 1a: A_Noun that have/has to B_Verb,
where A_Noun is the object of 'have/has.'


Could you come up with more some expressions which use the same pattern?

I think they will make this issue clearer.
Thanks.



Topic: Can you make clear this confusing sentence?
Posted: Saturday, July 19, 2014 12:32:40 AM
Jonathann wrote:
Dear Friends,

Quote:
Due to the difficulty of access, the shortest available stay is four days; but this is barely enough time to see and experience everything that this project has to offer.


Thank you, thar and Waverley, for your sincere replies.

However, I didn't get the answer of what is curious to me.
So, I am trying to pick it up, again.

In the preceding example clause, the relative pronoun that is the object of which, among 'has' or 'offer'?

(a) If it is the object of 'has', then we can transform it into this:
Quote:
Everything that this project has, in order to offer.


(b) Or if it is the object of 'offer', then
Quote:
Everything that this project has to (= must) offer.


Which is right, (a) or (b)?
Topic: Can you make clear this confusing sentence?
Posted: Friday, July 18, 2014 7:06:05 AM
Dear Friends,

Quote:
Due to the difficulty of access, the shortest available stay is four days; but this is barely enough time to see and experience everything that this project has to offer.


Which do you think the relative pronoun that is the object of, has or offer?

That is to say... which is right?

(a) This project has everything to offer.
(b) This project has to offer everything.

I am always confused by this pattern. d'oh!

Thanks.
Topic: Determining modifiers in a sentence help
Posted: Saturday, July 5, 2014 1:18:59 PM
Hello, david.

As Dragon explained clearly, all preposition phrases are used as modifiers, either adjective or adverbial modifiers.

In your one, it was adverbial.

So it modifies not your object, but your verb.
Topic: English as Linguistics.
Posted: Saturday, July 5, 2014 12:17:23 PM
Hello, friends.
I would like to gladly share with you.

=1= English Phonetics


1. Consonants

1.1 point of articulation (조음점)

(1) bilabial (양순음) = {p,b,m,w}
(2) labiodental (순치음) = {f,v}
(3) interdental (치간음) = {ɵ,th}
(4) alveolar (치경음) = {t,d,s,z,n,l,r}
(5) palato-alveolar (경구개 치경음) = {ʃ,ʒ,ʧ,ʤ}
(6) palatal (경구개음) = {j}
(7) velar (연구개음) = {k,g}
(8) glottal (성문음) = {h}

1.2 manner of articulation (조음방식)

(1) plosive (파열음) = voiceless {p,t,k} + voiced {b,d,g}
(2) fricative (마찰음) = {f,ɵ,s,ʃ,h} + {v,th,z,ʒ}
(3) affricate (파찰음) = {ʧ} + {ʤ}
(4) nasal (비음) = {m,n,ƞ}
(5) lateral (설측음) = {l}
(6) approximant (접근음) = {j,w,r}

1.3 etc (other terminology)

(1) liquid (유음) = {l,r}
(2) glide (활음) = semi-vowel (반모음) = {w,j}
(3) continuant (지속음) = fricative + liquid + glide = {f,ɵ,s,ʃ,h,v,th,z,ʒ,l,r,w,j}
(4) noncontinuant (비지속음) = plosive + affricate + nasal = {p,t,k,b,d,g,ʧ,ʤ,m,n,ƞ}
(5) obstruent (저해음) = plosive + fricative + affricate
(6) sonorant (공명음) = nasal + liquid + glide = {m,n,ƞ,l,r,w,j}
(7) sibilant (치찰음) = fricative + affricate - {f,ɵ,h,v,th} = {s,z,ʃ,ʒ,ʧ,ʤ}
(8) strident (소음음) = sibilant + {f,v} = {s,z,ʃ,ʒ,ʧ,ʤ,f,v}

2. Vowels

2.1 height of tongue

(1) high vowels (고모음) = {i,ɪ,u,ʊ}
(2) mid vowels (중모음) = {e,ɛ,ə,ʌ,o,ɔ}
(3) low vowels (저모음) = {ɑ,ɒ}

2.2 usage of tongue

(1) front vowels (전설모음) = {i,ɪ,e,ɛ}
(2) middle vowels (중설모음) = {ə,ʌ}
(3) back vowels (후설모음) = {u,ʊ,o,ɔ,ɑ,ɒ}

2.3 form of lips

(1) round vowels (원순모음) = {u,ʊ,o,ɔ}
(2) unround vowels (평순모음) = vowels - {u,ʊ,o,ɔ}

2.4 degree of tense

(1) tense vowels (긴장모음) = {i,u,o,e}
(2) lax vowels (이완모음) = vowels - {i,u,o,e}

3. Syllables (음절)

* 1 syllable = onsets (초음) + nucleus (핵음) + codas (말음)
* rhyme (운) = nucleus + codas
* 1 syllable can have 0 to 3 onset(s) and 0 to 4 coda(s)

4. Suprasegmental Phoneme (초분절음소) or Prosodic Feature (음률자질)

4.1 stress (강세)

4.2 pitch (높낮이)

4.3 length (길이)

Topic: Please check these sentences.
Posted: Saturday, July 5, 2014 5:57:06 AM
tunaafi wrote:
The first is fine. In the second, pair should be pairs.


Tuna,

Thank you so much.
Topic: Please check these sentences.
Posted: Saturday, July 5, 2014 4:15:13 AM
Hello, friends.

Please check if there is something wrong in these.

Quote:
(a) How many fish did you catch yesterday?
(b) She gave me two pair of socks as a present.


Thank you.