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what did Saudi Arabia do regards their oil spill in 1991? Options
Christine
Posted: Sunday, May 30, 2010 12:07:05 PM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 4/3/2009
Posts: 3,917
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I can't find information regard my question. Anyone here can help me to get the information.

I think they successfully separate the oil from the water.

Why we can't?
LiquidFlame
Posted: Sunday, May 30, 2010 1:38:51 PM
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Joined: 5/8/2010
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Location: United States
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o6_LU4zHlSE

Hopefully everyone and anyone will put this into action.
saintvivant1
Posted: Sunday, May 30, 2010 9:28:43 PM
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Joined: 5/24/2009
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Location: United States
Check out Wikpedia: "Gulf War Oil Spill" According to this article there was no clean up in many areas and there are long term effects.
islanddreamer
Posted: Wednesday, June 16, 2010 5:32:19 AM
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Joined: 3/19/2010
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The following exerpt is from:
What Happened To The GULF Two Years After The World's Greatest Oil-Slick
Co-edited by Prof. Abdulaziz Abuzinda and Friedhelm Krupp

http://arabianwildlife.uaeinteract.com/archive/vol2.1/oilglf.htm

Question: So was there really as much oil as the more dramatic accounts claimed?
Answer: It was the "largest oil-spill in human history" and: "Nobody will ever be able to determine the exact amount of spilled oil. Estimates range from 2 to 11 million barrels but 6 to 8 million barrels (c.1 million tons) seems most likely".

Question: Where did all the oil go to?Answer: The vast majority of it was washed ashore. Over 700 kilometres of coastline from southern Kuwait to just north of Jubail were covered by a continuous band of oil. And, "Contrary to earlier predictions there is no evidence of any large-scale sinking of oil..."

Question: What happened to it?
Answer: Much of it is still there, soaked into the sand and inundating the inter-tidal. The fact that fresh white sand now covers the sticky goo of oil congealed sediments that created such a strong impression among visitors who came to see the slick's sickly bequest, does not mean that the oil has disappeared into thin air. It is still very much present as anyone who attempts to walk on or dig into these polluted shores will discover. That is not however the whole story for where there were particular habitats or species at risk sterling efforts were made to remove the oil to places where it could do no harm. Thus, for example, on Qurma island, immediately after the spill, International Maritime Organisation (IMO) contractors flushed free-flowing oil from heavily impacted mangrove areas, saving "numerous mangroves".
An even more dramatic operation took place on Karan island, famed nesting site for hundreds of turtles and thousands of terns, where "14,000 cubic metres of oiled sediment were removed from the shoreline and replaced by clean sand from the interior of the island", thus allowing "turtles a pollution free access to the beaches". Incidentally, an additional result of this most successful operation was that the accumulated debris of several years flotsam and jetsam were also removed giving the fortunate turtles not just a "pollution free access" but a clear run up the beaches. The oil recovery operations were not only aimed directly at wildlife protection however, but also at the primary aim of containing the slick and reducing its consequences for both man and wildlife. As part of this effort the report reminds us that: "By the end of June 1991 the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia had recovered a record amount of over one million barrels of oil and managed to protect the coastal infrastructures successfully".

Question: Wasn't this all part of an international effort?
Answer: Very much so. It was in fact a triumph of national and international cooperation. As the report puts it: "Saudi Arabia, with the help of many countries and international organisations, managed to contain this oil spill". The main organisations involved were the Ministry of Defence and Aviation in Saudi Arabia, through its agencies of the NCWCD and MEPA (Meteorological & Environmental Protection Agency); the Royal Commission for Jubail and Yanbu (RCYJ); Saudi ARAMCO, SABIC and the IMO, together with a number of private contractors. Organisations such as the UK based Royal Society for Protection of Cruelty to Animals (the RSPCA) played a valuable role in providing expertise on how to deal with oiled sea-birds.

Question: Well, what did happen in the end? Was the damage as great as everyone feared?Answer: The report by Professor Abuzinada and Dr Krupp is an interim one that takes us up to a period two years after the Gulf War oil spill. It is not the final story and there will be further scientific reports of the special team's findings, but answers are beginning to emerge. The good news is that underwater marine-life is in much better shape than even the most optimistic of pundits could have predicted. Thus the report tells us that; "....the damage to sublittoral benthic habitats was very limited"; and "Macroalgal beds, seagrass beds and coral-reefs escaped oil contamination..."; and "Two years after the war, it is obvious that there are no long- term effects of the oil spill on sublittoral ecosystems such as macroalgal beds, seagrass beds and coral-reefs. Fish populations, turtles and marine mammals are in a healthy condition". In support of the above comment on marine mammal, readers of Arabian Wildlife magazine (Vol.1 No.2) will have seen the report on the Gulf's flourishing post-war dugong population.
This is not however the complete answer to the question for just as life below tide-level escaped almost "scotfree" (this is the author's description, not that of the scientific editors of this erudite report!), so life in the intertidal, along over 700 kilometres of coastline was massively affected. Thus, we hear that, for example, "Large areas of salt-marshes and mangroves along with their associated fauna were killed. Among vertebrates, marine birds suffered most from the spill and oil covered cormorants struggling to escape from the slick will remain a symbol of this act of ecological terror".







Christine
Posted: Wednesday, June 16, 2010 7:26:33 AM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 4/3/2009
Posts: 3,917
Neurons: 15,842
islanddreamer, thanks for that site.
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