mailing list For webmasters
Welcome Guest
New London Bridge Opens (1831) Options
Posted: Friday, August 1, 2014 12:00:00 AM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 3/7/2009
Posts: 33,659
Neurons: 100,155
Location: Inside Farlex computers
New London Bridge Opens (1831)

The London Bridge of nursery-rhyme fame was built around 1200. Damaged by many fires over the years, it was replaced with a new, five-arched, granite bridge in 1831. The New London Bridge spanned the city's River Thames for over a century. In 1968, American entrepreneur Robert P. McCulloch purchased and reconstructed the bridge in Lake Havasu City, Arizona, where it has since become Arizona's second biggest tourist attraction after the Grand Canyon. How much did McCulloch pay for the bridge? More...
Posted: Friday, August 1, 2014 2:51:10 AM
Rank: Member

Joined: 5/20/2014
Posts: 130
Neurons: 183,010
Location: Sosnowiec, Silesian Voivodeship, Poland
I like Tower Bridge;)
Posted: Friday, August 1, 2014 2:59:18 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 6/30/2010
Posts: 10,965
Neurons: 32,652
Location: Toronto, Ontario, Canada
We had one of the parapets from this bridge mounted on a plinth between the library and music building at our school.
Posted: Friday, August 1, 2014 4:59:21 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/18/2014
Posts: 164
Neurons: 3,293,044
Location: Częstochowa, Silesian Voivodeship, Poland
It was purchased by the Missourian entrepreneur Robert P. McCulloch of McCulloch Oil for US$2,460,000
Posted: Friday, August 1, 2014 9:26:52 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 6/23/2011
Posts: 567
Neurons: 170,308
Location: Orillia, Ontario, Canada
Posted: Friday, August 1, 2014 9:54:46 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 7/23/2014
Posts: 1,705
Neurons: 5,916,381
Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Any bridge is a good thing. What people do after they cross is up to them.
Posted: Friday, August 1, 2014 3:05:50 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 2/4/2014
Posts: 8,768
Neurons: 7,550,582
Location: Bogotá, Bogota D.C., Colombia
Nursery Rhymes

Like many ancient verses, this nursery rhyme/song is grounded firmly in fact. The original capital of England was not London but Colchester—or Camulodunum as it was known in Roman times—but in AD 43, the Romans established Londinium, known later as London. The Romans built a number of bridges across the River Thames that didn't survive.

The London Bridge referred to in the song was commissioned by Henry II at considerable cost. In 1176, work was started on the stone structure, supervised by Peter of Colechurch. Henry died in 1189, but the bridge was not finished until 1209 under King John, of Magna Carta fame.

When London Bridge was completed it had shops and houses on it, and for five hundred years it was the only bridge across the Thames in London.
Folklorists Iona and Peter Opie reference a haunting theory behind the rhyme in the Oxford English Dictionary of Nursery Rhymes. The watchman appointed to protect the bridge is no ordinary man, but a supernatural guardian. They link the lyrics to primitive "foundation sacrifices," whereby a captive is buried alive to forever watch over the structure. They explain: "Bridge building is a hazardous undertaking, and it has long been thought sensible to propitiate the river with a sacrifice, a human life if possible."

The rhyme may or may not be connected to these types of legends, but the actual London Bridge thankfully shows no evidence of such sacrifices.
"London Bridge Is Falling Down" is included in the Roud Folk Song Index at 502. It is also known simply as "London Bridge" or "My Fair Lady".
According to the art historian and TV presenter Dan Cruikshank, who researched the original charter at the Corporation of London Archive, the authorities began planning London Bridge in 1173.

Once the bridge was built, it had to be maintained, and this, said Cruikshank, is the key to the nursery rhyme. The cost of maintenance was paid for out of tolls, on both people and ships, but sometimes the money went astray. In 1282, during the reign of Henry III, five of the bridge's 19 arches collapsed. About 5 years earlier, Henry had given the revenues from the bridge to his wife, Queen Eleanor, and she had spent it on herself!

Queen Eleanor is said to be the My Fair Lady alluded to in the rhyme (there are other candidates and explanations, but she seems the most likely one). This led to the City of London taking back the revenues from the bridge from the Crown and giving it to the people, the Bridge House Estates, which still exists today.
Posted: Friday, August 1, 2014 5:42:30 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 7/8/2010
Posts: 24,016
Neurons: 97,340
In my experience, a lot of people from different parts of the world confuse the name 'London Bridge' (a flat, quite understated elegantly functional bridge) and think it refers to Tower Bridge, (the one next to the Tower of London) with the towers and the lifting mechanism, and the suspension cables - all very spectacular!

Tower Bridge is downstream of (or in) the Pool of London and is raised to let ships through. London Bridge, slightly upstream, is a low arched bridge and no big ships would fit under that!

[image not available]

Users browsing this topic

Forum Jump
You cannot post new topics in this forum.
You cannot reply to topics in this forum.
You cannot delete your posts in this forum.
You cannot edit your posts in this forum.
You cannot create polls in this forum.
You cannot vote in polls in this forum.