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France's Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle Founded (1793) Options
Daemon
Posted: Tuesday, June 10, 2014 12:00:00 AM
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France's Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle Founded (1793)

The Jardin des Plantes, the main botanical garden in France, is situated near the left bank of the river Seine in Paris and is home to the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, France's museum of natural history, as well as an elaborate rose garden, numerous hothouses, and a zoo. The museum is now a center for research and education. Although it was founded during the French Revolution, the museum was born out of a medicinal plant garden created by what French monarch in 1635? More...
LucOneOff
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Its origins lie in the Jardin royal des plantes médicinales (Royal Medicinal Plant Garden) created by King Louis XIII in 1635.
monamagda
Posted: Tuesday, June 10, 2014 12:52:38 PM

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The Start of the Museum

The Royal Garden for Medicinal Plants was created by King Louis XIII in 1635 to complement the lectures given to the future apothecaries and doctors at the School of Medicine. Three disciplines were taught: plant chemistry, botany and human anatomy. The institution has a long standing educational tradition and an amphitheatre was built in 1788 to house 600 people; the lectures were open to the public free of charge.

In 1793, during the French Revolution, the garden became the Museum d’Histoire Naturelle and started out with 12 laboratories. Today the Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle (MNHN) is a scientific establishment managed by the Ministry of Education, Research and Universities. The organisation employs 1800 researchers, teachers, engineers, administrative, maintenance, and service personnel. Its 26 research laboratories are devoted to the study of natural sciences and its evolution and to the management of national natural history collections. The tradition of education continues and its public education mission concerns all parts of society.

http://www.bgci.org/education/1666/
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