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Mr. सिंह
Posted: Sunday, April 20, 2014 4:41:35 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 11/28/2013
Posts: 414
Neurons: 3,331
Location: Bhiwāni, Haryana, India
Hi friends,

There are few sentences which I failed to correct. We have to replace the bold part with the given options.
Will you please correct them for me.


1. I am used to hard work.
a) work hard b) work hardly
c) hard working d) no improvement.


I think answer should be "c".

2. What is needed for happy life are not large houses but small cottages and people having large hearts.
a)was b)were
c) is d) no improvement


I think answer should be "d" as what we need is also in plural form.

3. Would you find me absent, please don't forget to leave a message behind.
a)should b) unless
c) as d) no improvement


Ans: I think "d" but Given is "A".


Please give me your valuable suggestions.
Thanks a lot in advance.
IMcRout
Posted: Sunday, April 20, 2014 5:15:51 AM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/27/2011
Posts: 35,380
Neurons: 563,379
Location: Lübeck, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany
laddu wrote:
Hi friends, - Hello to you.

There are few sentences which I failed to correct. We have to replace the bold part with the given options.
Will you please correct them for me.


1. I am used to hard work.
a) work hard b) work hardly
c) hard working d) no improvement.


I think answer should be "c". - I think not. What could be said would be, "I am used to working hard." or "I am a hard-working person." But none of the given options really work in my understanding. I opt for D), but I'd rather wait for some native input.

2. What is needed for a happy life are not large houses but small cottages and people having large hearts.
a)was b)were
c) is d) no improvement


I think answer should be "d" as what we need is also in plural form. - I agree with the plural verb but think 'happy life' needs the indefinite article.

3. Would you find me absent, please don't forget to leave a message behind.
a)should b) unless
c) as d) no improvement


Ans: I think "d" but Given is "A". _ Yes, A) is definitely correct. "Should you find me absent.." is the same as "If you find me / In case you find me ...", they are forms to express a condition.


Please give me your valuable suggestions.
Thanks a lot in advance.
chromomancer
Posted: Sunday, April 20, 2014 7:32:25 AM
Rank: Newbie

Joined: 3/14/2013
Posts: 20
Neurons: 9,676
"I am used to hard work" is perfectly ok (in my dialect - I am english). But it does seem to be an idiom - "I am used to working hard" seems more regular and is also ok, "I am used to driving fast" (in my car) would be similar and is ok, "I am used to fast drive" is definitely wrong, and "I am used to fast driving" is ok, but "driving fast" seems more natural.

Hmmm. "I am used to a fast drive" would be acceptable, I think, for talking about some exceptional journeys (it wouldn't mean you drive like that all the time).

"Hard labour" is like "hard work" (but would connote a punishment of some kind).

All very subtle distinctions, and possibly not everybody would agree with my intuitions.


Mr. सिंह
Posted: Sunday, April 20, 2014 9:40:32 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 11/28/2013
Posts: 414
Neurons: 3,331
Location: Bhiwāni, Haryana, India
Chromomancer wrote :

I am used to fast drive
" is definitely wrong.

If this is wrong than how "I am used to hard work." is right.


As both the sentences have the same structure than how one is correct and other is wrong.
Will you please elaborate your view ?
Hope2
Posted: Sunday, April 20, 2014 9:49:11 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 7/6/2012
Posts: 4,907
Neurons: 16,769
Location: Toronto, Ontario, Canada
I agree with IMc.

For future reference here is added information for number two - Quote from TFD 'what' usage -

" When the verb of the what-clause and the complement of the main clause are both plural or both singular, the number of the verb of the main clause generally agrees with them. When the verb in the what-clause is singular and the complement in the main clause is plural, one finds both singular and plural verbs being used. Sentences similar to both of the following are found in respected writers: What drives me crazy is her frequent tantrums; What bothers him are the discrepancies in their accounts. When the complement of the main clause consists of two or more nouns, the verb of the main clause is generally singular if the nouns are singular and plural if they are plural: What pleases the voters is his honesty and his willingness to take on difficult issues; On entering the harbor what first meet the eye are luxurious yachts and colorful villas. Occasionally the choice of a singular or plural verb may be used to convey a difference in meaning. In the sentence What excite him most are money and power, the implication is that money and power are separable goals; in What excites him most is money and power, the implication is that money and power are inextricably bound together."
Barely literate
Posted: Sunday, April 20, 2014 9:57:17 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 8/29/2012
Posts: 2,920
Neurons: 19,621
Hi Laddu,

There would be nothing wrong in it if it were a noun.

You must use a noun after "Be used to". It be either a noun or a gerund form.

For instance...
I am used to Chinese food.
or
I am used to eating Chinese food.
both are okay.

But,

He is used to working hard.
He is used to hard-working.(because, "hard-working" is an adjective.}

Barely literate
Posted: Sunday, April 20, 2014 9:59:50 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 8/29/2012
Posts: 2,920
Neurons: 19,621
Hi Laddu,

There would be nothing wrong in it if it were a noun.

You must use a noun after "Be used to". It be either a noun or a gerund form.

For instance...
I am used to Chinese food.
or
I am used to eating Chinese food.
both are okay.

But,

He is used to working hard.
He is used to hard-working.(because, "hard-working" is an adjective.}

dave freak
Posted: Sunday, April 20, 2014 10:00:22 AM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 4/29/2013
Posts: 1,631
Neurons: 6,668
Hello a friend of mine, Laddu.

Although your questions have already been responded, I will share my view with you.

1. The only one that works is d.
2. The sentece lacks an indefinite article before the noun phrase 'happy life' as IMcRout has already pointed out to you. I see the sentence a bit differently than he, I hasted to add.

What is needed for a happy life are not large houses but small cottages and people having large hearts.
a)was b)were
c) is d) no improvement

To my mind, both c and d would work. I will explain why c also works to me.

What = The thing that
What is needed for a happy life = the subject of the sentence that simply means 'it'.
What is needed for a happy life = it

3. The only one correct is of course a, as again, IMcRout has indicated. He knows his onions. We've got an inversion applied here. In the 1st conditional, the inversion can be used only with the modal 'should', as is here:

If you should find me absent, please.... - no inversion
Should you find me absent, please... -inverted

I will be awaiting some native speakers' thoughts.
Mr. सिंह
Posted: Sunday, April 20, 2014 10:35:49 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 11/28/2013
Posts: 414
Neurons: 3,331
Location: Bhiwāni, Haryana, India
Thanks a lot friends.
Answers given by you all are really helpful.


Salesh wrote


There would be nothing wrong in it if it were a noun.

You must use a noun after "Be used to". It be either a noun or a gerund form.

For instance...
I am used to Chinese food.
(Here chinese is an adjective not an adverb and food is noun thats why neither is in progressive form.)

But in

I am used to eating Chinese food.

( here eat is verb thats why it is in progressive form )

In the same way in the original sentence

I am used to hard work.

( I think here the situation is different "hard" is not an adjective it's an adverb now and "work" is verb.
1. we also use progressive form of verb after a preposition.

2. If there is any auxiliary verb is used before "used to" then it acts like compound preposition.
But if not than we use it as a normal verb.

Examples

A. I use to solve problems in pragmatic ways.

B. She is used to taking tea.

Here "used to" has a specific meaning.)


Ultimately I think that new book is also not authentic.
Oh my God. Boo hoo! d'oh! Brick wall
Mr. सिंह
Posted: Sunday, April 20, 2014 10:37:43 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 11/28/2013
Posts: 414
Neurons: 3,331
Location: Bhiwāni, Haryana, India
Thanks a lot Dave and Hope actually 3rd sentence was not pretty clear to me.
But now it's quite clear.
dave freak
Posted: Sunday, April 20, 2014 12:39:49 PM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 4/29/2013
Posts: 1,631
Neurons: 6,668
Don't mention it, laddu. I am not yet a teacher - I am a student of English teachers training college. A year left to graduate, you know, which will formally allow me to teach English; one must live long to learn.
Barely literate
Posted: Sunday, April 20, 2014 2:38:14 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 8/29/2012
Posts: 2,920
Neurons: 19,621
Hi laddu,
"Wrong conclusion"; I would say it in one word. Because, you wrote...


laddu wrote:
Thanks a lot friends.
Answers given by you all are really helpful.


Salesh wrote


There would be nothing wrong in it if it were a noun.

You must use a noun after "Be used to". It be either a noun or a gerund form.

For instance...
I am used to Chinese food.
(Here chinese is an adjective not an adverb and food is noun thats why neither is in progressive form.)
Maybe the word "Chinese" is adjective; but the entire phrase is a noun phrase.

But in

I am used to eating Chinese food.

( here eat is verb thats why it is in progressive form )
Again, It is not in progressive form. Don't you know progressive form needs an auxiliary verb before that?
In the same way in the original sentence

I am used to hard work.

( I think here the situation is different "hard" is not an adjective it's an adverb now and "work" is verb.
1. we also use progressive form of verb after a preposition.

2. If there is any auxiliary verb is used before "used to" then it acts like compound preposition.
But if not than we use it as a normal verb.

Examples

A. I use to solve problems in pragmatic ways.

B. She is used to taking tea.

Here "used to" has a specific meaning.)

That is why chromomancer said in some dialects "hard work" is used as a noun. EXAMPLE:It's hard work shoveling snow.

Ultimately I think that new book is also not authentic.
Oh my God. Boo hoo! d'oh! Brick wall
Drag0nspeaker
Posted: Sunday, April 20, 2014 3:46:07 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 9/12/2011
Posts: 34,427
Neurons: 228,163
Location: Livingston, Scotland, United Kingdom
Wow! Everyone has been very busy today!

Hello Laddu (and everyone). Here is my opinion on the original questions - and some comments.

1. I am used to hard work.
a) work hard b) work hardly
c) hard working d) no improvement.

I think answer should be "c". I agree with IMcRout (and others) - the answer is 'd'.
"Work" is a noun, "hard" is an adjective. "Hard work" is a noun phrase.


2. What is needed for happy life are not large houses but small cottages and people having large hearts.
a)was b)were
c) is d) no improvement

I think answer should be "d" as what we need is also in plural form. I agree with IMcRout, that there should be an article 'a' before "happy life". However, as Hope2 shows, both (cd) and (d) are totally correct.
We have a singular subject "What" and plural complements "small cottages" and "people".
In that case, either the singular or plural verb may be used. It's a trick question.


3. Would you find me absent, please don't forget to leave a message behind.
a)should b) unless
c) as d) no improvement

Ans: I think "d" but Given is "A". Definitely (a) (I think dave freak is the person who explained that).

**********************
Now - all this other stuff.

"I am used to fast drive" is definitely wrong - because 'drive' is a countable noun (when it is a noun), so must have an article or other determiner. It has to be "I am used to a fast drive." (or some other phrasing altogether).

"I am used to hard work." is right - because "work" is an uncountable noun (when it is a noun), so does not have to have an article.

"I am used to Chinese food." - this is OK, because "Chinese food" is a noun.

"I am used to eating Chinese food." - this is OK as "eating" is a gerund.

"She is used to taking tea." - this is OK as "taking" is a gerund.

"I use to solve problems in pragmatic ways." - this does not work. It needs an object for the verb "use".
For example "I use a calculator to solve problems in pragmatic ways." or "I use logic to solve problems in pragmatic ways."

*************
Just so you know you are not going crazy - for some unknown reason, the verb "work" forms two different nouns - both meaning "the act of producing something using effort" ('work' and 'working'), and they are used in different ways. Brick wall
There probably is some logic somewhere behind the different usages, but I do not know what the logic is!

"Hard" can be used as both an adjective and as an adverb.

"Hard work" is the noun 'work' modified by the adjective 'hard'.
"Working hard" is a gerund phrase (noun phrase)
"Work hard" is the verb 'work' modified by the adverb 'hard'.
"Hard-working" is an adjective.

"I work hard every day." (verb)
"Hard work is good for you." (noun)
"Working hard is good for you." (noun/gerund)
"I am a hard-working man." (adjective).

"I am used to hard work." - 'work' is a noun.
"I am used to working hard." - 'working' is a gerund (noun-type word)
"I am used to hard working." - this does not work, because the phrase 'hard working' is an adjective.
Mr. सिंह
Posted: Tuesday, April 22, 2014 4:34:02 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 11/28/2013
Posts: 414
Neurons: 3,331
Location: Bhiwāni, Haryana, India
Thanks Salesh and thanks Dragon,

Now its quite clear that here "hard work" is a noun.

(Aur Salesh ji, ab samajh aa gya mujhe, inni b na bjao yar.
Sikh jaunga na dheere dheere.)
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