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The War of the Pacific Begins (1879) Options
Daemon
Posted: Friday, February 14, 2014 12:00:00 AM
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The War of the Pacific Begins (1879)

For much of the 19th century, the mineral-rich Atacama Desert was the object of conflicts between Chile, Bolivia, and Peru. Tensions boiled over in 1879, when a dispute over nitrate fields progressed to all-out war between Chile and a united Bolivia and Peru. Chile defeated both countries and took control of valuable mining areas in each. Bolivia lost its entire Pacific coast and was left landlocked, and Peru foundered economically for decades. What were the long-term effects of this outcome? More...
TheParser
Posted: Friday, February 14, 2014 6:36:22 AM
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Really, really interesting.

So sad that Chile will not give Bolivia just a teeny-weeny piece of territory on the Pacific.

But nationalism is so ingrained in human beings that the Chilean people would kick out any government that did so.

Of course, a truly charismatic leader might be able to get his people behind him to do so.

Let's hope for the best.
Marguerite
Posted: Friday, February 14, 2014 9:35:56 AM

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Another monstrous example of corporations in the name of a country, who elected leaders they bribed, wage war. The miners who were finally released in Chile have not received one cent from the corporation who owned the mine and didn't do even the most minor thing like have a second exit as required by law.
Guto André
Posted: Friday, February 14, 2014 9:46:12 AM

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The War of the Pacific had a profound impact on the societies of all three nations.

For Bolivians, the loss of the Litoral (the coast) remained a deeply emotional and practical issue, as was particularly evident during the 2003 natural gas riots.

For chileans, high nitrate profits lasted for several decades, but fell sharply once synthetic nitrates were developed during World War I. This led to a massive economic breakdown (known as the Nitrate Crisis). Many industrial factories had closed in the early 1880s to provide labor for the extraction industry. Loss of industry dramatically slowed the country's industrial development. When the saltpeter mines closed or became unprofitable, the British companies left the country, destroying many jobs.

The war and post-war period was one of profound political and social instability for Peru. The war shook the whole social order of Peru: armed indigenous peasants sacked and occupied haciendas of landed elite criollo "collaborationists" in the central Sierra, Chinese coolies revolted and even joined the Chilean Army, indigenous and mestizo Peruvians murdered Chinese shopkeepers in Lima, black slaves rose against their masters and fought equally the Chinese, Peruvian mobs sacked Chiclayo at the same time different criollo elite remained deeply divided in opposing camps.[136][137] The fear of disorder, opposing factions and armed peasants was for many Peruvians larger than that of the Chilean invaders.[137] In some cases, the delegations of European countries and the United States provided safety during riots and persecutions.
Desiree
Posted: Friday, February 14, 2014 10:15:00 PM

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TheParser:It is so easy to say why Chile will not give a teeny-weeny piece of territory on
the Pacific ? It's like to say why do you ,TheParser, give some rooms in your house,to those
poor people who don't have any ? Each people and each country defend its possesions,its home.
That is the first cause of wars around the world, and the result is for one "victory" and for the other "defeat", so wars will never end. But Chile is a pacific country . In 1975.- There
was an agreement between Bolivia, with the president Banzer and Chile, with president Pinochet
called "Acuerdo de Charaña" in which, Chile would give a strip of land to Bolivia in order to
have access to the sea. It was not possible because Peru opposed to that idea. Nowadays, Bolivia has access freely, (without paying a "peso")to his products through Arica port. But ,we will not
yield our land for nothing nor deprive land to his owners for more than two centuries.
dusty
Posted: Friday, February 14, 2014 10:37:23 PM

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I see they still haven't corrected the typo in the abstract for the article.

It should read "...and Peru floundered economically..."
TheParser
Posted: Saturday, February 15, 2014 6:35:23 AM
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Thank you, Desiree, for your informative comments.

It is, indeed, sad that el Peru would not agree with Chile to give Bolivia access to the Pacific.

Hopefully, sometime during this century the three countries can come to an agreement.


James


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