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subject / object Options
onsen
Posted: Thursday, October 14, 2021 7:41:59 AM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 9/14/2017
Posts: 1,254
Neurons: 11,149
Hello,

Quote:

subject n.
6. Grammar The noun, noun phrase, or pronoun in a sentence or clause that denotes the doer of the action or what is described by the predicate.

subject

Why is the thing defined in 6. in the above quote called 'subject'?


Quote:

object n.
4. Grammar
a. A noun, pronoun, or noun phrase that receives or is affected by the action of a verb within a sentence.
b. A noun or substantive governed by a preposition and typically following it.

object

Why is the thing defined in 4. in the above quote called 'object'?


Thank you.
tautophile
Posted: Thursday, October 14, 2021 11:04:12 AM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 3/14/2018
Posts: 1,882
Neurons: 45,536
"Subject" and "object" in the grammatical sense come from Latin grammar, and are loan-translations of the corresponding words in ancient Greek grammar.
thar
Posted: Thursday, October 14, 2021 11:15:02 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 7/8/2010
Posts: 25,197
Neurons: 102,283
there is an association with the words' meanings

the boy kicks the dog
the boy is the subject - who the sentence is about

the object is the dog - the thing the action is done to


the dog bites the boy
the dog is now the subject you are talking about
the boy is now the object that is bitten.

So it does make sense. But it is purely a grammatical label, and like any label, it means precisely what it is defined as.
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