mailing list For webmasters
Welcome Guest
calumniate Options
Daemon
Posted: Tuesday, September 21, 2021 12:00:00 AM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 3/7/2009
Posts: 35,369
Neurons: 105,285
Location: Inside Farlex computers
calumniate

(verb) To make maliciously or knowingly false statements about.

Synonyms: asperse, besmirch, defame, slander, smirch, denigrate, sully, smear

Usage: Martha knew it was wrong to calumniate her former employer, but she was still so angry about being fired that she could not help herself.
lazarius
Posted: Tuesday, September 21, 2021 1:28:56 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 8/27/2016
Posts: 1,222
Neurons: 1,679,240
Location: Pryamitsyno, Kursk, Russia
Daemon wrote:

Quote:
"My sweet Blanche," he said, "I am a gentleman, and never lay my hand upon a woman, save in the way of kindness. I only wish to correct little faults in your character. You women are too proud, and sadly lack humility, as Father Mole, I'm sure, would tell my Lady Steyne if he were here. You mustn't give yourselves airs: you must be meek and humble, my blessings. For all Lady Steyne knows, this calumniated, simple, good-humoured Mrs. Crawley, is quite innocent — even more innocent than herself..."

-
Vanity Fair, by William Makepeace Thackeray

-
lazarius
Posted: Tuesday, September 21, 2021 1:36:28 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 8/27/2016
Posts: 1,222
Neurons: 1,679,240
Location: Pryamitsyno, Kursk, Russia
Daemon wrote:
Usage: Martha knew it was wrong to calumniate her former employer, but she was still so angry about being fired that she could not help herself.

I've always wondered it it is correct to use a reflexive pronoun to mean what they mean.

-
thar
Posted: Tuesday, September 21, 2021 2:25:59 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 7/8/2010
Posts: 25,241
Neurons: 102,451
It is actually used in several different ways.

'to be unable to help yourself' is an idiom.


It is not a normal usage, although it can be used with the normal meaning of help if you are playing with the words.

Eg
Help me! Please!
> Help you? I can't even help myself. Sorry, but you will have to find your own way out of this mess.


But "_ can't help _self" is a specific idiom - being unable to resist temptation.
Being reflexive makes it clear.

Although it can be with an object, with a similar meaning of being powerless
I can't help falling in love with you.
I can't help but be scared.


Only ever with the negative in that sense, though.

To help yourself is also to take (eg, box free apples from our garden, "please help yourself" ) , or to steal.

"God helps those who help themselves but God help those who help themselves."

A warning to shoplifters.
The power of a subjunctive pun. Whistle



Calumny is used sometimes, but culumniate must be extremely rare.

lazarius
Posted: Tuesday, September 21, 2021 3:02:17 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 8/27/2016
Posts: 1,222
Neurons: 1,679,240
Location: Pryamitsyno, Kursk, Russia
thar wrote:
But "_ can't help _self" is a specific idiom - being unable to resist temptation.
Being reflexive makes it clear.

Although it can be with an object, with a similar meaning of being powerless
I can't help falling in love with you.
I can't help but be scared.

I thought it was just as in your last two examples - you can't help it:

https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/help

Quote:
6. (tr; preceded by can, could, etc; usually used with a negative)
a. to avoid or refrain from
we can't help wondering who he is
b. (usually foll by it)
to prevent or be responsible for
I can't help it if it rains

-
Collins English Dictionary. Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers

I'm aware of the -self version being listed in Collins COBUILD and Oxford Lexico but I have never considered these reliable.

-
Adyl Mouhei
Posted: Tuesday, September 21, 2021 7:41:33 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/1/2017
Posts: 6,593
Neurons: 1,914,111
Location: Casablanca, Grand Casablanca, Morocco
"Calumniate, calumniate; there will always be something which sticks."

Pierre Beaumarchais
Mehrdad77
Posted: Tuesday, September 21, 2021 8:20:17 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 12/22/2014
Posts: 2,610
Neurons: 668,925
Location: Tehrān, Tehran, Iran
calumniate (v.)
"to knowingly utter false charges," 1550s, from Latin calumniatus, past participle of calumniari "to accuse falsely," from calumnia "slander, false accusation" (see calumny). A doublet of challenge. Related: Calumniated; calumniating.
Mehrdad77
Posted: Tuesday, September 21, 2021 8:21:08 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 12/22/2014
Posts: 2,610
Neurons: 668,925
Location: Tehrān, Tehran, Iran
To calumniate is to make a false accusation against someone or spread lies about how awful they are. Don’t calumniate your rival in the race for class president, because when the truth comes out, you’ll be the bad guy.

Mehrdad77
Posted: Tuesday, September 21, 2021 8:21:35 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 12/22/2014
Posts: 2,610
Neurons: 668,925
Location: Tehrān, Tehran, Iran
The courts would say to calumniate is to slander. Everyone else would just say it’s mean. Calumniate is just a fancier way of saying “lie” — but specifically lying to tarnish someone's reputation. If your sister says you purposely broke a vase and you didn't, she calumniates you. If you get in trouble in class, you could calumniate to the principal about your teacher being a wretched mess — but the other students might speak up and prove you wrong.

Mehrdad77
Posted: Tuesday, September 21, 2021 3:41:27 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 12/22/2014
Posts: 2,610
Neurons: 668,925
Location: Tehrān, Tehran, Iran
In death, his legacy was politicized, calumniated — all but silenced.
Users browsing this topic
Guest


Forum Jump
You cannot post new topics in this forum.
You cannot reply to topics in this forum.
You cannot delete your posts in this forum.
You cannot edit your posts in this forum.
You cannot create polls in this forum.
You cannot vote in polls in this forum.