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onsen
Posted: Saturday, February 20, 2021 4:26:00 AM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 9/14/2017
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Hello,

Quote:

render verb 1 to render someone a service. SEE give.
2 to render a song. SEE perform.
3 to render someone speechless. SEE make.
(The Oxford Study Thesaurus)


Give, perform and make seem to be unrelated in meaning to each other.
Please explain how the word 'render' has come to mean the way it does now.


Thank you.
thar
Posted: Saturday, February 20, 2021 5:32:17 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 7/8/2010
Posts: 24,218
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Latin> reddo, > rendo.
French rendre

All come from broad meaning of Offer, give, put

But it has evolved into a lot of meanings that look very different on the surface. Render is öne of those utility words like 'do', where the meanings generally involve giving or producing a result.


The 'make' does not mean 'create', it means 'to cause something to happen.'
Eg the handcuffs render him helpless
- make him/cause him to be helpless.
- "Give him the state of helplessness"
It is something put by you upon him.

Give, perform are the same.
Give a performance, rendition, perform


Render - put/produce/cause a change in someone (render them speechless)

Render - produce a change in something, extract a pure substance (animal fat can be rendered down to make lard)


Render - produce a change (graphics rendering in computing)

Render - offer, give, perform (render a song)

Render - give, produce (render a verdict)

Render - give, do (render first aid to the victims)

Render- give, pay ("Render unto Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and unto God the things that are God's")

Render - give, offer, put a covering on a surface (render a wall with cement)



Rendition- performance of a song
Rendition- - giving something, handing it over (recently used as a euphemism for prisoner transport)


Surrender - give, put yourself under their control

So the 'give, put, offer' is there - it is just not obvious!

Latin reddo
Quote:
reddō (present infinitive reddere, perfect active reddidī, supine redditum); third conjugation

I give back, return, restore.
I give up, hand over, deliver, render, provide, assign
I surrender, resign.
I give or pay back; take revenge for, punish, inflict vengeance for.
I repeat, declare, report, narrate, recite, rehearse.
I represent, imitate, express, resemble.
I make something look in a certain way; I render quotations ▼
I return in profit. quotations ▼
Vestis virum reddit.
The clothes profit the man.
onsen
Posted: Saturday, February 20, 2021 6:57:45 AM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 9/14/2017
Posts: 1,043
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Thank you very much, thar, for your explanation with many examples.
My understanding of the word deepened.
thar
Posted: Saturday, February 20, 2021 9:13:38 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 7/8/2010
Posts: 24,218
Neurons: 98,094
It was interesting to think about it.

To render is quite a rare word in English. It is only used in a few specialised situations for each meaning. But in compiling that list it was surprising to see how many different uses the word actually has!
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