mailing list For webmasters
Welcome Guest
have been / had been Options
Elmmosa
Posted: Tuesday, September 15, 2020 8:10:37 AM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 8/17/2015
Posts: 122
Neurons: 2,331
Hello,
I have trouble using present perfect continuous and past perfect continuous correctly. I think I have understood the theory, but I'm struggling in practice.


Is it correct to say:

Stroking the cat, which has been part of the family for two weeks she switched off the TV.
She stroked the cat, which had been part of the family for two weeks and switched off the TV.

She is drinking the juice that has been in the fridge for 2 hours.
She opened the fridge and saw the juice that had been there for 2 hours.

She doesn't go to the park because it has been raining for two hours.
She had been watching TV for two hours when it started raining.

Are the sentences correct?
Thank you!

thar
Posted: Tuesday, September 15, 2020 9:17:55 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 7/8/2010
Posts: 22,677
Neurons: 92,022
Elmmosa wrote:
Hello,
I have trouble using present perfect continuous and past perfect continuous correctly. I think I have understood the theory, but I'm struggling in practice.


Is it correct to say:

Stroking the cat, which has been part of the family for two weeks she switched off the TV.
yes but you need to surround the relative clause with commas
stroking the cat, she switched off the tv
the time is set by the main verb
she switched off the tv
the action that happens at that same time is the participle - stroking the cat
since you are looking at the past relative to the past, it is a past perfect. to be is inherently progressive.

this requires her to be using the remote, unless she is carrying the cat.


She stroked the cat, which had been part of the family for two weeks and switched off the TV.
yes, except for the commas
this is one event after the other.
Again, you need to separate the detour with commas
she stroked the cat and switched off the tv.
this is two events in sequence in the past
the period of cat ownership is the past relative to the past, so the past perfect


She is drinking the juice that has been in the fridge for 2 hours.
yes, this is set in the present.
So even though she has taken the juice out, this assumes that was done recently. In terms of temperature, it is 'juice that has been in the fridge for the last two hours'.

She opened the fridge and saw the juice that had been there for 2 hours.
yes
past events -she opened, she saw
prior to that - the past relative to the past, it had been there.

She doesn't go to the park because it has been raining for two hours.
No, or at least unlikely. Only if you are narrating her life in the present tense, like a commentator!
the present simple is for a habit, truth or repeated action. It is timeless.
She doesn't go to the park because she is scared of dogs
she doesn't go to the part when it is raining
these are things that are true, and that is her habit, the way she always acts.

This is one event, and it must have at time.
past relative to present- she hasn't gone
present/future - she isnt' going
to fit the present situation - it has been raining (this is a continuous action ) for two hours

She had been watching TV for two hours when it started raining.
yes
past event
it started raining
past relative to the past, continuous for that period of time
she had been watching

Are the sentences correct?
Thank you!

Elmmosa
Posted: Wednesday, September 16, 2020 12:59:06 PM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 8/17/2015
Posts: 122
Neurons: 2,331
Thank you so much for your great help!
Users browsing this topic
Guest


Forum Jump
You cannot post new topics in this forum.
You cannot reply to topics in this forum.
You cannot delete your posts in this forum.
You cannot edit your posts in this forum.
You cannot create polls in this forum.
You cannot vote in polls in this forum.