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Algerian Leader Muhammad Boudiaf Assassinated (1992) Options
Posted: Monday, June 29, 2020 12:00:00 AM
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Algerian Leader Muhammad Boudiaf Assassinated (1992)

Boudiaf was an Algerian political leader and a founder of the National Liberation Front, which directed the Algerian War of Independence (1954-1962) against France. Boudiaf was captured in 1956 and imprisoned. He was freed after Algeria gained independence, but his opposition to the new regime led to a 27-year exile. In 1992, he was invited back to head the government and deal with rising religious influence in politics. Months later, he was assassinated by a bodyguard while doing what? More...
Posted: Monday, June 29, 2020 2:48:11 AM

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Why did Algeria fight for independence?
Some 300,000 Algerians died to win their nation's freedom. The war was fought brutally on both sides, but the need for a violent independence struggle was deeply rooted in the violence French imperialism had imposed on Algeria for over a century. ... France had colonised Algeria between 1830 and 1847.
Ashwin Vemuri
Posted: Monday, June 29, 2020 2:54:29 AM

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Adyl Mouhei
Posted: Monday, June 29, 2020 7:29:13 AM

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The President of Algeria's ruling Supreme State Council, which was installed after a military coup in January, was assassinated today.

The President, Mohammed Boudiaf, was 73 years old. He was shot in the back and head as he delivered an address this morning in Annaba, 280 miles east of Algiers, the Government announced. It was his first official visit outside the capital since he was installed as titular head of the Government on Jan. 16.

The assassin, who was said to be dressed in a military uniform and armed with an automatic weapon, was immediately shot dead by guards as a gunfight broke out among guards surrounding the President and other armed, uniformed men, according to witnesses interviewed on Algerian radio. The Government said 41 people were wounded in the attack.

Doctors at Ain Naadja military hospital in suburban Algiers told The Associated Press that Mr. Boudiaf was flown there for treatment and was still alive when official radio announced his death at 1 P.M. They said he actually died about three hours later.

The Government did not accuse any group of responsibility for the killing.

But in telephone interviews from Algiers, a number of senior officials who insisted on anonymity expressed a strong belief that the assassination was the work of the Islamic Salvation Front, Algeria's largest Muslim fundamentalist party. The front was on the verge of winning a parliamentary majority in the runoff elections in January when the army stepped in and annulled the vote.

"It is the FIS," said one senior official, using the French initials for the fundamentalist party. The official said he expected the army to respond with a new wave of arrests of Islamic Front adherents. "This time they are going to detention camps and they are staying there forever," the official said.
Ajike Omooba
Posted: Monday, June 29, 2020 6:54:49 PM

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On June 29, 1992, Boudiaf's term as HCE chairman was cut short when he was assassinated by a bodyguard during a televised public speech at the opening of a cultural center in Annaba, on his first visit outside Algiers as head of state. The murder caused intense shock in Algeria, and remains a moment of iconic importance in the country's modern history. Boudiaf himself has gained considerably in political stature after his death, and is now referred to by many political commentators as a martyr for Algeria, with many arguing that he could have been the country's savior.
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