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Atatürk
Posted: Tuesday, September 3, 2019 5:11:40 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 10/25/2018
Posts: 1,799
Neurons: 8,073
Location: İstoç, Istanbul, Turkey
Have you ever been to/in Istanbul?

What's the difference in meaning?
Kampong
Posted: Wednesday, September 4, 2019 4:47:44 AM
Rank: Member

Joined: 9/30/2017
Posts: 45
Neurons: 70,341
Location: Stavanger, Rogaland, Norway
The to is preferred in the context, otherwise the same.
It emphasizes that there is a movement in and then out of the city. Obviously if you travelled to Istanbul then it is assumed that you have been inside town.

Modern life makes it more complicated. I have taken flights to Stockholm [the airport (actually called Arlanda)] while never been [stayed] in Stockholm [the city]
In some languages the difference would be expressed with dative, and accusative - which doesn't exist in Modern English.
Atatürk
Posted: Friday, September 6, 2019 9:35:45 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 10/25/2018
Posts: 1,799
Neurons: 8,073
Location: İstoç, Istanbul, Turkey
Sorry, but I still don't understand the difference clearly.
FounDit
Posted: Friday, September 6, 2019 10:47:05 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 9/19/2011
Posts: 14,248
Neurons: 67,827
Atatürk wrote:
Sorry, but I still don't understand the difference clearly.


Both "in" and "to" can be used, and most people would think of visiting the city in both cases.

Kampong was making the point that in our modern world, we might say we have been "to" a city when all we did was see the airport as we changed planes. Someone asked me once if I had ever been "to" Hawaii. I answered, "Yes, but I only saw the airport".
Romany
Posted: Friday, September 6, 2019 11:04:11 AM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 6/14/2009
Posts: 17,538
Neurons: 56,667
Location: Brighton, England, United Kingdom

In English it's "been to" for hemispheres (Have you ever been to the Southern Hemisphere?) Countries, continents, towns, villages, cities, islands.

We use "in" for having lived in hemispheres, countries, continents, towns, villages, cities, islands. (Have you ever lived in the Southern Hemisphere/Paris/Italy...)
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