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Breathe out Options
Jigneshbharati
Posted: Tuesday, January 22, 2019 10:38:55 PM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 11/3/2016
Posts: 3,558
Neurons: 18,808
While holding the inhaler away from your mouth, breathe out as far as is comfortable
Ellipta inhaler
https://gskpro.com/en-gb/products/ellipta-inhaler/#

The above is one of the steps about using an Elipta inhaler.
How should I parse the phrase- breathe out as far as is comfortable
You (subject, imperative)
breathe out: phrasal verb
As far as : adverb
I don't understand the use of "is" here
Comfortable: what does it modify?
AndEng
Posted: Wednesday, January 23, 2019 9:35:21 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 11/30/2012
Posts: 417
Neurons: 28,497
Hi Jiqneshbharati,

these sentences are part of the instructions to use the inhaler.
In this sense, the verb is in the imperative mood, which, in this case, expresses a request rather than an order. Whoever uses this implement is requested to breathe out.
I would not call "to breathe out" a true phrasal verb. Breathing is made of two steps: inhaling (taking air into your lungs) and exhaling (blowing it out of your lungs).
The preposition "out" does not change so much the meaning of "to breathe" and in this sense, "to breathe out" is not a phrasal verb.
"As far as" is an adverb. It modifies the following verb "is" comfortable.
It means that before inhaling the content of the inhaler, you have to expel air from your lungs until (as far as) it is comfortable, that is you do not have to forcefully insist in expelling air.
As to your doubt about the usage of "is", I think that you would understand it if I added the pronoun "it" and replaced "as far as" with "until".
"Breathe out until it is comfortable". "it" refers to "breathe out". However in sentences with "as far as" or just "as" the pronoun "it" is omitted, like in "as is well known".
"Comfortable" modify "breathe out". You breathe out until the breathing out is comfortable.

Hope this helps.
AnEng
Jigneshbharati
Posted: Wednesday, January 23, 2019 11:59:26 AM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 11/3/2016
Posts: 3,558
Neurons: 18,808
Amazing!!! Thanks a lot
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