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The Basmachi Revolt Options
Daemon
Posted: Wednesday, October 18, 2017 12:00:00 AM
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The Basmachi Revolt

Begun in 1916, the Basmachi Revolt was a largely Turkic uprising against Russian rule in Central Asia that developed into a lengthy civil war between the Soviets and the rebels, who were called Basmachi, or "bandits," a deliberately pejorative term. The Soviet strategy of simultaneously acceding to ethnic demands and ruthlessly pursuing the guerrillas successfully quelled the revolt by the 1930s. How did the Soviets counter British and Turkish aid to the Basmachi? More...
KSPavan
Posted: Wednesday, October 18, 2017 4:27:12 AM

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The Basmachi Revolt
Begun in 1916, the Basmachi Revolt was a largely Turkic uprising against Russian rule in Central Asia that developed into a lengthy civil war between the Soviets and the rebels, who were called Basmachi, or "bandits," a deliberately pejorative term. The Soviet strategy of simultaneously acceding to ethnic demands and ruthlessly pursuing the guerrillas successfully quelled the revolt by the 1930s.
ChristopherJohnson
Posted: Wednesday, October 18, 2017 5:19:37 AM

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Russians have committed series of crimes against humanity with respect to Central Asian and many other peoples. The genocide of Kazakhs is outstanding among those crimes in its brutality. Estimated 4 million Kazakhs were exterminated.
Ursus Minor
Posted: Wednesday, October 18, 2017 6:08:47 AM

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ChristopherJohnson wrote:
Russians have committed series of crimes against humanity with respect to Central Asian and many other peoples. The genocide of Kazakhs is outstanding among those crimes in its brutality. Estimated 4 million Kazakhs were exterminated.


The famine in Kazakhstan (as well as some other territories) was the result of economic blunders made by the government led by
Stalin, Beriya and Ordzhonikidze. All three were Georgians. It's wrong to pile everything on Russians.
raghd muhi al-deen
Posted: Wednesday, October 18, 2017 9:35:03 AM

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basmachi
Also found in: Encyclopedia.
Basmachi Revolt
Basmachi movement
Part of World War I and the Russian Civil War
Date 1916–1934
Location Russian Turkestan
Result Soviet victory
Belligerents
Russian Empire (1916-1917) Russian Republic (1917) Russian SFSR

Flag of Turkestan ASSR 1919-1921.svg Turkestan ASSR

Khorezm SSR
Bukharan PSR
Soviet Union (from December 30, 1922[1]) Basmachi rebels Flag of the Emirate of Bukhara.svg Emirate of Bukhara

Bandera de Khiva 1917-1920.svg Khiva
Commanders and leaders
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Mikhail Frunze
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Magaza Masanchi
Fayzulla Khodzhayev Enver Pasha †
Irgash Bay
Madamin Bay
Junaid Khan Flag of the Emirate of Bukhara.svg Mohammed Alim Khan
Strength
120,000-160,000[2] Perhaps 30,000 at its height
Casualties and losses
Officially 516 killed and 925 wounded[3] Unknown
Theaters of Russian Civil War

October Revolution Left-wing uprisings

Northern

Finland Finnic peoples Estonia Latvia Lithuania

Southern

Ukraine West-Ukraine Poland

Ossetia Georgia Armenia and Azerbaijan

Tambov

Eastern

Siberia Yakutia

Central Asian

Basmachi

The Basmachi movement (Russian: Басмачество, Basmachestvo) or Basmachi Revolt was an uprising against Russian Imperial and Soviet rule by the Muslim, largely Turkic peoples of Central Asia.

The movement's roots lay in the 1916 violence that erupted over conscription of Muslims by the Russian Empire for service in World War I.[4] In the months following the October 1917 Revolution, renewed violence developed into a major uprising centered in the Ferghana Valley, soon spreading across all of Soviet Turkestan. Guerrilla and conventional warfare lasted for years in various regions, and the violence was both anti-Soviet and anti-Russian.

After major Red Army campaigns and concessions regarding economic and Islamic practices in the mid-1920s, the military fortunes and popular support of the Basmachi declined.[5] Although resistance flared up again in response to collectivization,[6] the Sovietization of Central Asia proceeded apace and the struggle ended.
Summary

The pattern for resistance to Russian rule was set by the ethnic violence of the 1916 uprising. After the Bolsheviks seized power in 1917 and the Russian Civil War began, Turkestani Muslim political movements attempted to cooperate with the Bolshevik Tashkent Soviet, forming the Kokand Autonomous Government in the Ferghana Valley. The Bolsheviks launched an assault on Kokand and carried out a general massacre, sparking an uprising that seized control of Ferghana and much of Turkestan. Basmachi movements also experienced success in Khiva and Bokhara when the Bolsheviks overthrew the Muslim regimes there.

with my pleasure
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