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Daemon
Posted: Wednesday, October 04, 2017 12:00:00 AM
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Military Dolphins

Several militaries have developed programs that train dolphins to perform a variety of tasks, such as rescuing divers and locating underwater mines. The US Navy's Marine Mammal Program, which played a role in both the Gulf and Iraq Wars, is comprised of approximately 75 dolphins. Rumors abound regarding the use of these mammals, and while the US denies training them to harm humans in any way, it was reported in 2000 that dolphins trained to kill by the Russian Navy had been sold to what country? More...
ChristopherJohnson
Posted: Wednesday, October 04, 2017 7:22:54 AM

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Interesting topic.
raghd muhi al-deen
Posted: Wednesday, October 04, 2017 9:50:47 AM

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military dolphin
Military dolphin
A U.S. Navy Marine Mammal Program dolphin named KDog, wearing a locating pinger, performed mine clearance work in the Persian Gulf during the Iraq War.

A military dolphin is a dolphin trained for military uses. The United States and Russian militaries have trained and employed oceanic dolphins for several reasons. Such military dolphins have been trained to rescue lost naval swimmers or to locate underwater mines.

The U.S. Navy trains dolphins and sea lions under the U.S. Navy Marine Mammal Program, which is based in San Diego, California. They get some of their dolphins from the Gulf of Mexico. Military dolphins were used by the U.S. Navy during the First and Second Gulf Wars.[1] About 75 dolphins are in the program.[2]

The Soviet Navy operated a research facility 44°34′48″N 33°24′08″E / 44.5800°N 33.4023°E to explore military uses of marine mammals at Kazachya Bukhta, near Sevastopol. The Russian military is believed to have closed its marine mammal program in the early 1990s. In 2000, the press reported that dolphins trained to kill by the Soviet Navy had been sold to Iran.[3]

Due to the secrecy of such practice, rumors of military dolphins include training them to lay underwater mines, to locate enemy combatants, or to seek and destroy submarines using kamikaze methods.[4] There has even been speculation about the potential development of sophisticated equipment, such as poison darts, sonar jamming devices, and so on for dolphins, and about combat between cetaceans of both superpowers. The U.S. Navy denies ever having trained its marine mammals to harm or injure humans in any fashion or to carry weapons to destroy ships.[5]

In 2005, there were press reports that some U.S. military dolphins based on Lake Pontchartrain had escaped during the Hurricane Katrina flooding.[6] The U.S. Navy dismissed these stories as nonsense or a hoax, though they may be taking on the status of an urban myth.[7]
United States Navy dolphins

The United States Navy implemented a program in 1960 to work with dolphins and sea lions in order to help with defense, mine detection, and design of new submarines and new underwater weapons. The Navy did many tests with several marine mammals to determine which would be best for the jobs they needed done. "More than 19 species were tested, including some sharks and birds." Eventually, the bottlenose dolphin and California sea lion were shown to be the best at what the Navy needed them for. The bottlenose dolphins' asset was their highly evolved biosonar, helping to find underwater mines, and the sea lions' asset was their impeccable underwater vision, which can help to detect enemy swimmers. In fiscal year 2007, the United States Navy spent $14 million on research on marine mammals as weapons and marine mammal training programs in object recovery and mine detection[citation needed]. Dolphins have contributed to saving more lives in open water than specially trained life savers.
Care of animals

The marine mammals used for the Navy's research and operations are taken care of with a full-time staff of veterinarians, veterinarian technicians, and highly trained marine biologists.[8] The doctors and staff are on call around the clock so that the animals get the care that they need. Their focus is to keep the dolphins and sea lions healthy and fit for duty with routine physicals, nutrition oversight, and extensive data collection and management.
Training

The dolphins and sea lions are trained by five teams of the Navy's Marine Mammal fleet members. One team specializes in swimmer detection, three teams in mine location, and another team in object recoveries. The quick-response goal of this fleet is to mobilize a team and be on site within 72 hours. Dolphins are trained much as police dogs and hunting dogs are. They are given rewards such as fish on correct completion of a task. Dolphins are trained to detect underwater mines and enemy swimmers and then report back to their handlers.[4]

Retired US Admiral Tim Keating claimed that military dolphins could be used to detect mines in the Strait of Hormuz, after Iran threatened to close the waterway in January 2012.[9]
Other countries

In March 2000 the Russian navy transferred their military dolphin project to Iran. Iran bought the animals and the chief trainer carried on his research at their new oceanarium.[10]
See also

Military animal
The Day of the Dolphin, a novel and later movie about training dolphins to carry out an assassination
Cetacean intelligence
U.S. Navy Marine Mammal Program
Animal borne bomb attacks

References

^ Dolphins Deployed as Undersea Agents in Iraq
^ Watkins, Thomas (2007-02-12). "Navy may deploy anti-terrorism dolphins". Associated Press. Retrieved 2007-05-01.
^ "Iran buys kamikaze dolphins". BBC News. March 8, 2000. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
^ a b Rehn, KW; Riggs, PK (2002). "Non-Lethal Swimmer Neutralization Study". U.S. Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center Technical Report. Document Number 3138. Retrieved 2008-09-25.
^ Frequently Asked Questions of the U.S. Navy Marine Mammal Program
^ Townsend, Mark (September 25, 2005). "Armed and dangerous - Flipper the firing dolphin let loose by Katrina". The Guardian (London). Retrieved May 12, 2010.
^ Dispelling a myth of dangerous Navy dolphins - Countdown with Keith Olbermann - MSNBC.com
^ "Animal health care". US Navy Marine Mammal Program. Retrieved 2008-09-25.
^ Singer, Peter (January 19, 2012). "Dolphins have no part in this dispute with Iran". The Guardian (London).
^

External links

Navy Marine Mammal Program
PBS The Story of Navy Dolphins
Year of the Dolphin Home
CBS news "Dolphins, Sea Lions Serve Military"

References

1. Anonymous. (May 2, 2003). "Searching the Sea". Scholastic News, 59(24), 2. Retrieved January 28, 2008, ProQuest. Gethings, Chris. Navy Newsstand - Eye on the Fleet. 28 Jan. 2008. <www.navy.mil/view_single.asp?id=28305>.

2. "Marine Mammal Health Care of the U.S. Navy Marine Mammal Program". U.S. Navy Marine Mammal Animal Health Care. Retrieved January 28, 2008, from www.spawar.navy.mil/sandiego/technology/mamm

with my pleasure
monamagda
Posted: Wednesday, October 04, 2017 10:44:20 AM

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The Soviet Union began training dolphins and other marine mammals to locate mines, mark underwater obstacles and detect – and if necessary kill – enemy frogmen in the 1960s. The program is shrouded in myth, but the dolphins are believed to have been trained to kill frogmen with special harpoons or knives fitted to their backs, or drag them to the surface to be captured.

They were also reported to be fitted with packets of explosives and trained to carry out suicide attacks against enemy vessels, using their natural sonar to distinguish Soviet submarines from potential targets.

With the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Ukraine inherited the animals and the experts who trained them at Sevastopol.

In 2000, Boris Zhurid, a former submariner who ran the training program in Sevastopol, sold 27 marine animals including walruses, sea lions and a Beluga whale to Iran, saying he had run out of food and medicine for them at the Black Sea base.

It is unclear whether the animals are still in the service of the Iranian military.

http://nationalpost.com/news/world/in-final-naval-insult-russia-seizes-ukrainian-spy-dolphins-trained-to-kill-enemies-and-find-underwater-mines
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