The Free Dictionary  
mailing list For webmasters
Welcome Guest Forum Search | Active Topics | Members

John Locke (1632) Options
Daemon
Posted: Tuesday, August 29, 2017 12:00:00 AM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 3/7/2009
Posts: 21,736
Neurons: 65,211
Location: Inside Farlex computers
John Locke (1632)

Locke was an English philosopher and founder of British Empiricism. He summed up the Enlightenment in his belief in the middle class and its right to freedom of conscience and right to property, in his faith in science, and in his faith in the goodness of humanity. His influence on philosophy and political theory has been incalculable. His 1690 Two Treatises of Government influenced the American and French revolutions. He once fled to Holland under suspicion of involvement in what plot? More...
KSPavan
Posted: Tuesday, August 29, 2017 2:50:12 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 1/28/2015
Posts: 1,780
Neurons: 1,912,715
Location: Kolkata, Bengal, India
Today's Birthday
John Locke (1632)
Locke was an English philosopher and founder of British Empiricism. He summed up the Enlightenment in his belief in the middle class and its right to freedom of conscience and right to property, in his faith in science, and in his faith in the goodness of humanity. His influence on philosophy and political theory has been incalculable. His 1690 Two Treatises of Government influenced the American and French revolutions.
KSPavan
Posted: Tuesday, August 29, 2017 2:50:13 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 1/28/2015
Posts: 1,780
Neurons: 1,912,715
Location: Kolkata, Bengal, India
Today's Birthday
John Locke (1632)
Locke was an English philosopher and founder of British Empiricism. He summed up the Enlightenment in his belief in the middle class and its right to freedom of conscience and right to property, in his faith in science, and in his faith in the goodness of humanity. His influence on philosophy and political theory has been incalculable. His 1690 Two Treatises of Government influenced the American and French revolutions.
KSPavan
Posted: Tuesday, August 29, 2017 2:55:18 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 1/28/2015
Posts: 1,780
Neurons: 1,912,715
Location: Kolkata, Bengal, India
Today's Birthday
John Locke (1632)
Locke was an English philosopher and founder of British Empiricism. He summed up the Enlightenment in his belief in the middle class and its right to freedom of conscience and right to property, in his faith in science, and in his faith in the goodness of humanity. His influence on philosophy and political theory has been incalculable. His 1690 Two Treatises of Government influenced the American and French revolutions.
raghd muhi al-deen
Posted: Tuesday, August 29, 2017 9:43:45 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 4/19/2017
Posts: 511
Neurons: 49,569
Location: Baghdad, Mayorality of Baghdad, Iraq
John Locke
John Locke JohnLocke.png
Born 29 August 1632
Wrington, Somerset, England
Died 28 October 1704 (aged 72)
Essex, England
Nationality English
Era 17th-century philosophy
(Modern philosophy)
Region Western Philosophy
School British Empiricism, Social Contract, Natural Law
Main interests Metaphysics, epistemology, political philosophy, philosophy of mind, education, economics
Notable ideas Tabula rasa, "government with the consent of the governed", state of nature; rights of life, liberty and property
Influenced by

Cicero, Plato, Aristotle, Aquinas, Grotius, Samuel Rutherford, Descartes, Hooker, Robert Filmer,[1] Hobbes, Polish Brethren (religious group, whose ideas were incorporated into Locke's theories)

Influenced

Hume, Kant, Schopenhauer, Berkeley, Burke, Paine, Smith, Voltaire, Condillac, Rousseau, La Mettrie, Toland, Carmichael, Hutcheson, Shaftesbury, Edwards, Collins, Astell, A. Tucker, many subsequent political philosophers (including the Founding Fathers of the United States)

Signature John Locke Signature.svg
Portrait of John Locke by Sir Godfrey Kneller (1697)
Part of a series on
John Locke

Social contract
Limited government
Tabula rasa
State of nature
Right to property
Labor theory of property
Lockean proviso

Works
(listed chronologically)

Fundamental Constitutions
of Carolina
A Letter Concerning Toleration
Two Treatises of Government
An Essay Concerning
Human Understanding
Some Thoughts
Concerning Education
Of the Conduct of
the Understanding

People

Robert Filmer
Thomas Hobbes
1st Earl of Shaftesbury
David Hume
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Adam Smith
Immanuel Kant
Thomas Jefferson

Related topics

Empiricism
Classical liberalism
Polish Brethren

John Locke FRS (/ˈlɒk/; 29 August 1632 – 28 October 1704), widely known as the Father of Classical Liberalism,[2][3][4] was an English philosopher and physician regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers. Considered one of the first of the British empiricists, following the tradition of Francis Bacon, he is equally important to social contract theory. His work had a great impact upon the development of epistemology and political philosophy. His writings influenced Voltaire and Rousseau, many Scottish Enlightenment thinkers, as well as the American revolutionaries. His contributions to classical republicanism and liberal theory are reflected in the United States Declaration of Independence.[5]

Locke's theory of mind is often cited as the origin of modern conceptions of identity and the self, figuring prominently in the work of later philosophers such as Hume, Rousseau and Kant. Locke was the first to define the self through a continuity of consciousness. He postulated that the mind was a blank slate or tabula rasa. Contrary to pre-existing Cartesian philosophy, he maintained that we are born without innate ideas, and that knowledge is instead determined only by experience derived from sense perception.[6]
Biography

Locke's father, also called John, was a country lawyer and clerk to the Justices of the Peace in Chew Magna,[7] who had served as a captain of cavalry for the Parliamentarian forces during the early part of the English Civil War. His mother was Agnes Keene. Both parents were Puritans. Locke was born on 29 August 1632, in a small thatched cottage by the church in Wrington, Somerset, about twelve miles from Bristol. He was baptised the same day. Soon after Locke's birth, the family moved to the market town of Pensford, about seven miles south of Bristol, where Locke grew up in a rural Tudor house in Belluton.

In 1647, Locke was sent to the prestigious Westminster School in London under the sponsorship of Alexander Popham, a member of Parliament and his father's former commander. After completing his studies there, he was admitted to Christ Church, Oxford. The dean of the college at the time was John Owen, vice-chancellor of the university. Although a capable student, Locke was irritated by the undergraduate curriculum of the time. He found the works of modern philosophers, such as René Descartes, more interesting than the classical material taught at the university. Through his friend Richard Lower, whom he knew from the Westminster School, Locke was introduced to medicine and the experimental philosophy being pursued at other universities and in the Royal Society, of which he eventually became a member.

Locke was awarded a bachelor's degree in 1656 and a master's degree in 1658. He obtained a bachelor of medicine in 1674, having studied medicine extensively during his time at Oxford and worked with such noted scientists and thinkers as Robert Boyle, Thomas Willis, Robert Hooke and Richard Lower. In 1666, he met Lord Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury, who had come to Oxford seeking treatment for a liver infection. Cooper was impressed with Locke and persuaded him to become part of his retinue.

Locke had been looking for a career and in 1667 moved into Shaftesbury's home at Exeter House in London, to serve as Lord Ashley's personal physician. In London, Locke resumed his medical studies under the tutelage of Thomas Sydenham. Sydenham had a major effect on Locke's natural philosophical thinking – an effect that would become evident in An Essay Concerning Human Understanding.

with my pleasure
Users browsing this topic
Guest


Forum Jump
You cannot post new topics in this forum.
You cannot reply to topics in this forum.
You cannot delete your posts in this forum.
You cannot edit your posts in this forum.
You cannot create polls in this forum.
You cannot vote in polls in this forum.

Main Forum RSS : RSS
Forum Terms and Guidelines. Copyright © 2008-2017 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.