The Free Dictionary  
mailing list For webmasters
Welcome Guest Forum Search | Active Topics | Members

Paryushana (Paryushan Parva) Options
Daemon
Posted: Saturday, August 26, 2017 12:00:00 AM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 3/7/2009
Posts: 21,726
Neurons: 65,181
Location: Inside Farlex computers
Paryushana (Paryushan Parva)

Like most other Jaina festivals, the Paryushana festival is observed by focusing on the 10 cardinal virtues: forgiveness, charity, simplicity, contentment, truthfulness, self-restraint, fasting, detachment, humility, and continence. Believers ask those whom they may have offended to forgive them, and friendships that have lapsed during the year are restored. The Paryushana festival is observed all over India in the month of Bhadrapada (August-September). More...
raghd muhi al-deen
Posted: Saturday, August 26, 2017 9:41:38 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 4/19/2017
Posts: 511
Neurons: 49,569
Location: Baghdad, Mayorality of Baghdad, Iraq

Paryushana
Also found in: Wikipedia.
Paryushana
Type of Holiday: Religious (Jain)
Date of Observation: August-September; Hindu month of Bhadrapada
Where Celebrated: India
Symbols and Customs: Ten Cardinal Virtues ORIGINS

Paryushana is a religious holiday in Jainism, which originated in India around the same time that Buddhist thought developed. Jains believe in a sequence of reincarnations: animals must become human and lay people must become monks in order to attain salvation from the world. Salvation, called mokhsa, is attained by liberating the soul from the contamination of matter (karma). This liberation results in omniscience and bliss for eternity.

One of the fundamental doctrines of Jainism is the separation of living matter (called jiva) and non-living matter (called ajiva). In order to achieve freedom from karma, Jains must completely avoid harming any living thing and practice perfect asceticism. Three concepts govern the affairs of the Jain people. These are known collectively as the Triratna (Three Jewels) and consist of right faith, right knowledge, and right conduct.

The name Jain comes from the Sanskrit word Jina, which means Conqueror. The conquerors honored by the Jains are people who have overcome and won enlightenment. The name Jinas also applies specifically to twenty-four spiritual guides from history and the legendary past who are collectively called the Tirthankaras (which means ford-markers). Each of the Tirthankaras achieved liberation, and by his model taught others how to do the same. There is no personal god in Jainism. Although several gods and goddesses are recognized (and a few of them are also included in the Hindu pantheon), they take a subordinate position to the twentyfour Tirthankaras.

Jainism teaches that the universe is eternal-it was not created, it has no beginning and will have no end. It passes through cycles during which civilizations rise and fall, men attain large size and life-spans lengthen. In each cycle, twenty-four Tirthankaras appear. The last (twenty-fourth) Tirthankara was Vardhamana Mahavira who lived about the same time as Buddha. Jain sects place the date of his death in 527 B . C . E ., and some researchers place the event in 477 B . C . E . Mahavira taught a path of passionless detachment and, according to Jain teaching, had achieved omniscience (knowledge of all things) before he started preaching.


with my pleasure
raghd muhi al-deen
Posted: Saturday, August 26, 2017 9:42:02 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 4/19/2017
Posts: 511
Neurons: 49,569
Location: Baghdad, Mayorality of Baghdad, Iraq

Paryushana
Also found in: Wikipedia.
Paryushana
Type of Holiday: Religious (Jain)
Date of Observation: August-September; Hindu month of Bhadrapada
Where Celebrated: India
Symbols and Customs: Ten Cardinal Virtues ORIGINS

Paryushana is a religious holiday in Jainism, which originated in India around the same time that Buddhist thought developed. Jains believe in a sequence of reincarnations: animals must become human and lay people must become monks in order to attain salvation from the world. Salvation, called mokhsa, is attained by liberating the soul from the contamination of matter (karma). This liberation results in omniscience and bliss for eternity.

One of the fundamental doctrines of Jainism is the separation of living matter (called jiva) and non-living matter (called ajiva). In order to achieve freedom from karma, Jains must completely avoid harming any living thing and practice perfect asceticism. Three concepts govern the affairs of the Jain people. These are known collectively as the Triratna (Three Jewels) and consist of right faith, right knowledge, and right conduct.

The name Jain comes from the Sanskrit word Jina, which means Conqueror. The conquerors honored by the Jains are people who have overcome and won enlightenment. The name Jinas also applies specifically to twenty-four spiritual guides from history and the legendary past who are collectively called the Tirthankaras (which means ford-markers). Each of the Tirthankaras achieved liberation, and by his model taught others how to do the same. There is no personal god in Jainism. Although several gods and goddesses are recognized (and a few of them are also included in the Hindu pantheon), they take a subordinate position to the twentyfour Tirthankaras.

Jainism teaches that the universe is eternal-it was not created, it has no beginning and will have no end. It passes through cycles during which civilizations rise and fall, men attain large size and life-spans lengthen. In each cycle, twenty-four Tirthankaras appear. The last (twenty-fourth) Tirthankara was Vardhamana Mahavira who lived about the same time as Buddha. Jain sects place the date of his death in 527 B . C . E ., and some researchers place the event in 477 B . C . E . Mahavira taught a path of passionless detachment and, according to Jain teaching, had achieved omniscience (knowledge of all things) before he started preaching.


with my pleasure
monamagda
Posted: Saturday, August 26, 2017 11:40:03 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 2/4/2014
Posts: 5,627
Neurons: 3,627,821
Location: Bogotá, Bogota D.C., Colombia
Users browsing this topic
Guest


Forum Jump
You cannot post new topics in this forum.
You cannot reply to topics in this forum.
You cannot delete your posts in this forum.
You cannot edit your posts in this forum.
You cannot create polls in this forum.
You cannot vote in polls in this forum.

Main Forum RSS : RSS
Forum Terms and Guidelines. Copyright © 2008-2017 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.