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It directed... Options
Volcano
Posted: Saturday, July 8, 2017 1:02:22 PM
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It directed that his estate be invested conservatively and that be used to establish annual prizes to be awarded.

Could you explain why be + verb3 instead to be verb3?

thar
Posted: Saturday, July 8, 2017 2:28:08 PM

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I don't know what verb 3 is - but look at the main verb.


It directed that x be done.


...requested that...
...ordered that....
...suggested that...

What mood is used after those particular verbs + 'that'?

But the second one needs a noun or pronoun. It has to parallel the first phrase.

...It directed
that the estate be invested
that an annual prize be established
that the income be used to fund the awards



It is not a good sentence. No wonder the pronoun is missing. It would make no sense even it if were there. An estate can't establish anything!
NKM
Posted: Saturday, July 8, 2017 5:05:10 PM

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Volcano wrote:
It directed that his estate be invested conservatively and that be used to establish annual prizes to be awarded.

Could you explain why be + verb3 instead to be verb3?

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I assume that "verb3" means the third main verb of the sentence ("used"). I assume, too, that "It" refers to a previously mentioned will or other document.

That said, I'm still not entirely sure what the question itself really means, so let me just correct the sentence.

- "It directed that his estate be invested conservatively and used to establish prizes to be awarded annually."



thar wrote:
An estate can't establish anything!

But an estate (and its proceeds) can be used to establish those prizes.

Drag0nspeaker
Posted: Saturday, July 8, 2017 6:14:57 PM

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This is something I learned recently - some grammar writers seem to like numbers (First Conditional, Second Conditional, Verb 1, verb 3)

So Volcano is asking why "be + past participle" rather than "to be + past participle"
(be invested and be used).
I assume that the missing 'it' is just a typing error.
Quote:

At school, students often learn by heart the base, past simple and past participle (sometimes called V1, V2, V3, meaning Verb 1, Verb 2, Verb 3) for irregular verbs. They may spend many hours chanting: sing, sang, sung; go, went, gone; have, had, had; etc.

English Club.com
Founder
Josef Essberger
Cambridge, England

As thar says, after the verb 'directed', one has to use 'be', not 'to be'. The past participle (verb 3) is simply used to form the passive.

Quote:
It directed that x be done.


"Be" is the subjunctive form of the verb "to be" - the subjunctive is used in several different forms of sentences.
One of those uses is in 'that clauses' after verbs which show that one person wanted or ordered another person to do something.
I wanted that she live well.
He ordered that all the work be done today.
The sign directed that we not walk on the grass.


Quote:
It directed that x be done.


The idea can be expressed in several ways:

It directed that his estate be invested conservatively and that it be used to establish annual prizes to be awarded.
It directed that his estate should be invested conservatively and used to establish annual prizes to be awarded.


If there is a direct object of the verb 'directed', you might see 'to invest':
It directed the executors to invest his estate conservatively and use it to establish annual prizes.
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