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Liliuokalani Becomes Hawaii's Last Monarch (1891) Options
Posted: Sunday, January 29, 2017 12:00:00 AM
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Liliuokalani Becomes Hawaii's Last Monarch (1891)

Liliuokalani ascended the throne in 1891 upon the death of her brother, King Kalakaua. Her refusal to recognize the constitutional changes inaugurated in 1887 precipitated a revolt, fostered largely by sugar planters—mostly American residents of Hawaii—that led to her dethronement early in 1893 and the establishment of a provisional government. Failing in an attempt to regain the throne in 1895, she formally renounced her royal claims. What well-known song was composed by Liliuokalani? More...
Posted: Sunday, January 29, 2017 2:20:25 PM

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Liliuokalani, like many of Hawaii’s royals, was also a notable songwriter who composed beautiful mele (songs) throughout her life.

Her most famous, and best known outside of the Islands, was written before she ascended the throne: “Aloha Oe (Farewell To Thee)” which she produced in an afternoon in 1878 at the age of 40. While riding horseback through the Koolau Mountains at Maunawili Ranch back to her home in Honolulu, Liliuokalani was struck by inspiration.

The “fond embrace” and “farewell” referenced in the lyrics, according to researcher Leslie Ann Hayashi’s book “Aloha Oe: The Song Heard Around the World,” centers around James Aalapuna Harbottle Boyd, a military official from Honolulu who served the Kalakaua family, of which there are varying accounts. What all agree on is that Liliuokalani was touring the island of Oahu, one of her first official acts as the appointed heir-apparent, and made a stop to Maunawili where the Boyds resided. It’s said as her riding party was leaving the home she witnessed the colonel receive a lei and aloha, a goodbye, from a young Hawaiian girl. One version, by author Helena G. Allen in “The Betrayal of Liluokalani, Last Queen of Hawaii,” claims the woman was Liliuokalani’s sister Princess Likelike, which the biographer contends Boyd was having a romantic affair with, infusing the lover's embrace of the song with a more unrequited subtext.

Whatever the song’s narrative source, Liliuokalani began humming what would become “Aloha Oe’s” melody. By the time she reached Washington Place, it was complete. It's said that years later following the overthrow that she revisited the song and transcribed it again while under house arrest, which is why today, "Aloha Oe" is also seen as a lament of a lost country.

There are countless versions and musical interpretations of this mele, a select handful we’ve gathered here. Be sure to see the lyrics below after the videos.


Haʻaheo ka ua i nā pali Proudly swept the rain by the cliffs)
Ke nihi aʻela i ka nahele As it glided through the trees
E hahai (uhai) ana paha i ka liko Still following ever the bud
Pua ʻāhihi lehua o uka The ʻahihi lehua of the vale

Hui (Chorus):
Aloha ʻoe, aloha ʻoe Farewell to you, farewell to you
E ke onaona noho i ka lipo The charming one who dwells in the shaded bowers
One fond embrace, One fond embrace,
A hoʻi aʻe au 'Ere I depart
Until we meet again Until we meet again

ʻO ka haliʻa aloha i hiki mai Sweet memories come back to me
Ke hone aʻe nei i kuʻu manawa Bringing fresh remembrances of the past
ʻO ʻoe nō kaʻu ipo aloha Dearest one, yes, you are mine own
A loko e hana nei From you, true love shall never depart

Maopopo kuʻu ʻike i ka nani I have seen and watched your loveliness
Nā pua rose o Maunawili The sweet rose of Maunawili
I laila hiaʻai nā manu And 'tis there the birds of love dwell
Mikiʻala i ka nani o ka lipo And sip the honey from your lip
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