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Daemon
Posted: Thursday, January 19, 2017 12:00:00 AM
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Joined: 3/7/2009
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petrous

(adjective) Of, relating to, or resembling rock, especially in hardness; stony.

Synonyms: stonelike

Usage: The veterinarian removed several rounded, petrous objects from the animal's wound.
RAJAT SINGH PARAMAR
Posted: Thursday, January 19, 2017 9:18:54 AM

Rank: Member

Joined: 7/24/2016
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Neurons: 25,884
Location: Mohali, Punjab, India
petrous
adjective
another term for petrosal.

petrosal
noun
1.the dense part of the temporal bone at the base of the skull, surrounding the inner ear.
adjective
2.relating to or denoting the petrosal, or the nerves which pass through it.

coag
Posted: Thursday, January 19, 2017 6:41:02 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 3/27/2010
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petrify
petroleum

Etymological relatives of "petrous", that I can think of.
thar
Posted: Thursday, January 19, 2017 10:21:40 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 7/8/2010
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Also:
Geography
Petra (the rock-cut city in Jordan)
Petra (town in Lesbos, Greece. Also places in Greece, Spain, Cyprus, US)


Geology
petrology (the study of rocks)
Petrography (writing about rocks) Whistle
Petrotome (instrument for cutting rock thin sections. As in 'slices' - like tomography)

As you mentioned:
Petrification. Petrified (turned to stone, as in Petrified Forest. Metaphorical origin of petrified, terrified, frozen in place by fear)
Petroleum (rock oil. Hence Petrol, petrochemicals, petrodollars etc)

Archaeology
Petroglyphs (ancient markings carved in rocks)
petrogram (drawing on rock, cave painting)
Petroform (rock constructions like stone circles, henges)
Petrograph (writing inscribed on rock)

Chemistry
Saltpetre (potassium nitrate, as used as fertiliser and in explosives. From sal petrae- salt of rock. Also used in curing meat)

Botany
Petrophile (shrubs called conebushes that like rocky soil)


Name:
Lots of names!
Petros, Peter, - rock:
Name given by Jesus to disciple Simon Bar-Jona (St Peter) was kefa - "stone" in Aramaic. (Latinized as Cephas). Translated into Greek as Petros.


Afrikaans: Pieter, Petrus
Albanian: Petro, Pjetër, Pjetri
Amharic: ጴጥሮስ ("Peṭros")
Arabic: بطرس (Boutros), بيار ("Pierre", mainly in Lebanon), بيتر ("Peter", exact transcription)
Aragonese: Pietro, Pero, Piero, Pier.
Azerbaijani: Pyotr
Armenian: Պետրոս (Bedros in Western dialect, Petros in Eastern dialect)
Asturian: Pedru
Basque: Peru, Pello (diminutive), Pedro, Piarres, Petri (Biblical), Kepa (neologism)
Belarusian: Пётр (Piotr), Пятро (Piatro), Пятрусь (Piatruś)
Breton: Pêr
Bulgarian: Петър (Petər), Пере, Перо (Pere, Pero), Петьо, Петю (Petyo, Petyu), Пеньо, Пеню, Пенко (Penyo, Penyu, Penko), Пельо, Пелю, Пелко (Pelyo, Pelyu, Pelko), Пешо (Pesho); Камен (Kamen) ("kamen, kamək" in Bulgarian means: stone)
Catalan: Pere
Cebuano: Pedro
Standard Chinese:
Protestant: 彼得 (Bǐdé)
Catholic: 伯多祿 (Bóduōlù)
Cornish: Peder
Croatian: Petar, Pero, Periša, Pera, Pejo, Nino
Czech: Petr
Danish: Peter, Peder, Per, Peer, Pelle
Dutch: Pieter, Peter (Note: The form "Peer" also occurs, albeit less commonly. The Biblical Peter is translated as "Petrus".)
Emiliano-Romagnolo: Pèdar
Esperanto: Petro
Estonian: Peeter, Peep, Peetrus
Faroese: Pætur, Petur, Per
Frisian: Piter, Pier
Finnish: Pietari, Pekka, Petri, Petteri
French: Pierre (Note: the word for stone in French is also "pierre")
Galician: Pedro
Georgian: პეტრე (Petre)
German: Peter (Note: The form "Peer" also occurs, albeit less commonly. The Biblical Peter is translated as "Petrus".)
Greek: Πέτρος (Petros), Παναγιώτης (Panagiotis)
Guarani Peru
Gujarati: પીટર (Pīṭar)
Haitian Creole: Pyè. The name is spelled "Pierre" and pronounced "pyè"; also meaning "stone".
Hausa: Bitrus
Hindi: Pathrus, पीटर (Pīṭar)
Hebrew: פטרוס (Petros), פיטר (literally Peter)
Hungarian: Péter; Petya, Peti (diminutive)
Icelandic: Pétur, Pési (diminutive)
Indonesian: Petrus
Irish: Piaras, Peadar
Italian: Pietro, Piero (Note: the word for stone in Italian is "pietra")
Khmer: Pathra
Korean: 베드로 (Bedeuro; or, less commonly, 페트루스; Peteuruseu), 피터 (Piteo)
Japanese:
Protestant: ピーター (Pītā)
Catholic: ペトロ (Petoro), ペテロ (Petero),
Biblical contexts: ペトロス (Petorosu)
Konkani: Pedru
Lao: ເປໂຕ (Peot)
Latin: Petrus
Latvian: Pēteris
Lingala: Petelo
Lithuanian: Petras
Lombard: Peder
Low German: Petrus
Luxembourgish: Pit, Pier
Macedonian: Петар (Petar), Питер (Piter), Петре (Petre), Перо (Pero), Пере (Pere), Перица (Perica)
Malayalam: പത്രോസ് (Patrōs), പീരി("Peeri", from Pierre)
Maltese: Pietru
Manx: Peddyr
Māori: Petera, Pita
Marathi: पेत्र (petrə), पेद्रो (pedro)
Mongolian: Петр (Pyetr)
Montenegrin: Petar (Петар), Pero (Перо)
Nepali: पत्रुस (Patrus)
Norman: Pierre
Northern Sami: Piera, Biera, Bierril, Bierža
Norwegian: Peter, Petter, Per, Pelle, Peder
Nahuatl: Pedro
Occitan: Pèire, Pèir, Pèr
Persian: پطرس (Petros)
Polish: Piotr. Diminutives/hypocoristics include Piotrek, Piotruś, and Piotrunio. Piotr has several name days in Poland.
Portuguese: Pedro, Pêro (old Portuguese)
Punjabi: ਪਤਰਸਨੂੰ (Patarasanū)
Quechua: Pidru
Romanian: Petru, Petre, Petrică (diminutive), Petrișor (diminutive)
Russian: Пётр (Pyotr), Петя (Petya) (diminutive), Питер (Piter)
Samoan: Petelo
Sardinian: Pedru, Perdu, Pretu
Scottish Gaelic: Petar, Pater
Serbian: Петар (Petar), Перо (Pero), Пера (Pera), Перица (Perica), Периша (Periša)
Serbo-Croatian: Petar (Петар), Pero (Перо), Pera (Пера), Perica (Перица), Periša (Периша),
Sicilian: Pietru
Silesian: Pyjter, Piter
Sinhala: Peduru
Slovak: Peter, Petr
Slovene: Peter
Spanish: Pedro
Swahili: Petero
Swedish: Peter, Petter, Peder, Per, Pehr, Pär, Pelle, Pälle (Note: The Biblical Peter is translated as "Petrus".)
Syriac: ܦܛܪܘܣ (Peṭrus)
Tamil: Pethuru, Raayappar (in biblical contexts)
Telugu: Peturu
Thai: ปีเตอร์ (Pitoer)
Turkish: Petro, Petrus
Ukrainian: Петро (Petro), Пітер (Piter), Петрик (Petryk) (diminutive), Петрусь (Petrus') (diminutive)
Urdu: پیٹر
Uzbek: Piter
Venetian: Piero
Vietnamese: Phật Tổ, Phi Thơ, Phêrô
Võro: Piitre
Welsh: Pedr
West Frisian: Petrus
Yoruba: Peteru
Zulu: Petru

Irma Crespo
Posted: Thursday, February 2, 2017 11:54:52 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 12/24/2014
Posts: 1,555
Neurons: 109,750
Location: Panamá, Panama, Panama
Adj. 1. petrous - (of bone especially the temporal bone) resembling stone in hardness
stonelike
hard - resisting weight or pressure
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
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