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who or whom Options
Quay
Posted: Tuesday, November 15, 2016 7:47:34 AM

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Joined: 9/15/2013
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Location: Brooklyn, New York, United States
Which is correct
You will be able to tell which book is for whom.
You will be able to tell which book is for who.
Ashwin Joshi
Posted: Tuesday, November 15, 2016 11:02:04 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 8/3/2016
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Location: Jandiāla Guru, Punjab, India
Who and whom are pronouns.
1. asking for information

You use who when you are asking about someone's identity. Who can be the subject, object, or complement of a verb. It can also be the object of a preposition.
Who invited you?
Who are you?

Be Careful!
When who is the object of a verb or preposition, it is followed by an auxiliary verb, the subject, and then the main verb. When who is the object of a preposition, the preposition must go at the end of the clause. Don't use a preposition in front of who.
Who are you going to invite?
Who did you dance with?

Whom is a formal word which is sometimes used instead of 'who'. Whom can only be the object of a verb or preposition.
Whom shall we call?
By whom are they elected?

Be Careful!
When whom is the object of a preposition, the preposition must go in front of whom. Don't use it at the end of a clause. Don't say, for example 'Whom are they elected by?'
2. used in reported clauses

Who is often used in reported clauses.
She didn't know who I was.
We have to find out who did this.
3. used in relative clauses

Who and whom are used in both defining and non-defining relative clauses.
He's the man who I saw last night.
Joe, who was always early, was there already.
The writer was Philip Pullman, for whom I have great respect.

In relative clauses, you can use either who or which after a collective noun such as family, committee, or group. After who you usually use a plural verb. After which you use a singular verb.
It is important to have a family who love you.
He is a member of a group which does a lot of charitable work.

Be Careful!
When who is the subject of a non-defining clause, don't use another pronoun after it. Don't say, for example, 'He told his mother, who she was very shocked'. Say 'He told his mother, who was very shocked'.
(TFD)
Quay
Posted: Tuesday, November 15, 2016 1:13:33 PM

Rank: Newbie

Joined: 9/15/2013
Posts: 40
Neurons: 137,710
Location: Brooklyn, New York, United States
Since for is a preposition the correct choice is for whom?
NKM
Posted: Tuesday, November 15, 2016 5:23:54 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 2/14/2015
Posts: 5,266
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Location: Corinth, New York, United States
Yes. Technically, "whom" is the correct object form.

But many people would say "who" instead of "whom" — so many people, in fact, that most of us would barely notice the error, as long as the meaning is clear.

Drag0nspeaker
Posted: Wednesday, November 16, 2016 12:10:01 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 9/12/2011
Posts: 34,067
Neurons: 222,398
Location: Livingston, Scotland, United Kingdom
Quay wrote:
Which is correct
You will be able to tell which book is for whom.
You will be able to tell which book is for who.

Hello Quay.

A 'fairly simple' way to check is change the 'who/whom' to 'I/me'.
If 'I' sounds right, then you should use 'who'.
If 'me' sounds right, then you should use 'whom'.

"Which book is for I?" sounds very odd.
"Which book is for me?" sounds right.
Therefore use 'whom'.

However, as NKM says, almost no-one would notice, except in a grammar test.
Ashwin Joshi
Posted: Tuesday, November 22, 2016 9:52:33 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 8/3/2016
Posts: 1,612
Neurons: 86,166
Location: Jandiāla Guru, Punjab, India
"Whom is right.
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