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atavism Options
Posted: Sunday, July 31, 2016 12:00:00 AM
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(noun) A reappearance of an earlier characteristic.

Synonyms: throwback, reversion

Usage: Perhaps some deep-rooted atavism urges the wanderer back to lands which his ancestors left in the dim beginnings of history.
Posted: Sunday, July 31, 2016 12:54:30 PM

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The term atavism can be pointed towards parents and scientists. Many humans and animals have been born with unique and very old types of traits described as atavisms. In the research paper of “Atavisms: Medical, Genetic, and Evolutionary Implications” it proclaims that traits thought to be extinct in history of multiple species occasionally come back apparently out of the blue. Some of these strange straits are extra nipples or tails for humans, hind limbs in whales, teeth in birds, or wings in wingless stick insects show us that things from the past remind us that certain genetic information is not completely lost, but it can be returned to modern day… However, it is still not clear what controls and trigger these reactivations of dormant traits that hide, atavisms are a challenge to evolutionary biologists and geneticists (Tomíć 1). In the excerpt it explains how scientists are baffled by the occurrence of atavisms since nothing is certain of how atavisms appeared or how they work; the paper thinks that scientists are the primary suspect to read this research paper rather than parents. With this being said the primary audience of this term would be scientists, whereas parents and future parents are secondary. In the article “How Atavisms Work” the author states that many millions of years ago, the elders of whales walked on land just like humans. As time passed, the whales went from land walkers to sea creatures, possibly searching for food, and lost many traits such as their legs they wouldn't need in the ocean (Lambert 1). The author of this excerpt seems express facts and feelings about the scientific research of atavisms and not information for parents; this provides greater evidence towards the primary audience of scientists for this term. With this being stated, the secondary audience are parents due to their children having the possibility of being born with atavisms. Many parents should understand what atavism means so they can be prepared for it. But knowing what the primary and secondary audiences are, both of the author’s weaknesses of having atavisms pointed more towards scientists can hurt the education gathered by parents if they have a child with an atavism.

Mikaylah Mitchell
Irma Crespo
Posted: Wednesday, August 3, 2016 6:14:57 PM

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Joined: 12/24/2014
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Location: Panamá, Panama, Panama
Noun 1. atavism - a reappearance of an earlier characteristic
throwback, reversion
recurrence, return - happening again (especially at regular intervals); "the return of spring"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
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