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Steamship RMS Queen Mary Is Launched (1934) Options
Daemon
Posted: Tuesday, September 26, 2017 12:00:00 AM
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Steamship RMS Queen Mary Is Launched (1934)

Construction on the Queen Mary ocean liner began in Scotland in 1930. In 1934, British King George V's consort, Queen Mary, christened the ship in her own name. Operated by the Cunard Line, the glamorous luxury ship carried passengers between New York and England for decades—except during World War II, when it was painted grey and converted to carry troops. In the 1960s, air travel rendered transatlantic passenger ships obsolete, and the Queen Mary was retired. Where is it now? More...
KSPavan
Posted: Tuesday, September 26, 2017 2:21:35 AM

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This Day in History
Steamship RMS Queen Mary Is Launched (1934)
Construction on the Queen Mary ocean liner began in Scotland in 1930. In 1934, British King George V's consort, Queen Mary, christened the ship in her own name. Operated by the Cunard Line, the glamorous luxury ship carried passengers between New York and England for decades—except during World War II, when it was painted grey and converted to carry troops. In the 1960s, air travel rendered transatlantic passenger ships obsolete, and the Queen Mary was retired.
raghd muhi al-deen
Posted: Tuesday, September 26, 2017 9:22:18 AM

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RMS Queen Mary
RMS Queen Mary
RMS Queen Mary RMS Queen Mary
RMS Queen Mary at Long Beach, California
Career
Namesake: Mary of Teck
Operator: 1936-1949: Cunard White Star Line
1949-1967: Cunard Line
Port of registry: Liverpool
Ordered: 3 April 1929
Builder: John Brown and Company
Clydebank, Scotland
Yard number: 534
Laid down: 1 December 1930
Launched: 26 September 1934
Sponsored by: Queen Mary
Christened: 26 September 1934
Out of service: 9 December 1967 (retired)
Identification: Radio Callsign GBTT
Status: Hotel / restaurant / museum ship,
Long Beach, California
General characteristics
Type: Ocean liner
Tonnage: 81,237 GRT
Displacement: 81,961 tonnes
Length: 1,019.4 ft (310.7 m) LOA
965 ft (294.1 m) LBP
Beam: 118 ft (36.0 m)
Height: 181 ft (55.2 m)
Draft: 39 ft (11.9 m)
Installed power: 24 × Yarrow boilers
Propulsion: 4 × Parsons single-reduction geared steam turbines
4 shafts, 160,000 shp (120,000 kW)
Speed: approximately 28.5 knots (52.8 km/h; 32.8 mph)
Capacity: 2,139 passengers: 776 first (cabin) class, 784 tourist class, 579 third class
Crew: 1101
RMS Queen Mary
U.S. National Register of Historic Places
RMS Queen Mary is located in California
Coordinates: 33°45′11″N 118°11′23″W / 33.75306°N 118.18972°W
NRHP Reference#: 92001714[1]
Added to NRHP: 15 April 1993

RMS Queen Mary is a retired ocean liner that sailed primarily in the North Atlantic Ocean from 1936 to 1967 for the Cunard Line (known as Cunard-White Star when the vessel entered service). Built by John Brown & Company in Clydebank, Scotland, Queen Mary along with her running mate, the RMS Queen Elizabeth, were built as part of Cunard's planned two-ship weekly express service between Southampton, Cherbourg, and New York City. The two ships were a British response to the superliners built by German and French companies in the late 1920s and early 1930s. Queen Mary was the flagship of the Cunard Line from May 1936 until October 1946 when she was replaced in that role by Queen Elizabeth. The vessel also held the Blue Riband from 1936 to 1937 and then from 1938 to 1952 when she was beaten by the new SS United States.

Queen Mary sailed on her maiden voyage on 27 May 1936 and captured the Blue Riband in August of that year; she lost the title to SS Normandie in 1937 and recaptured it in 1938. With the outbreak of World War II, she was converted into a troopship and ferried Allied soldiers for the duration of the war. Following the war, Queen Mary was refitted for passenger service and along with Queen Elizabeth commenced the two-ship transatlantic passenger service for which the two ships were initially built. The two ships dominated the transatlantic passenger transportation market until the dawn of the jet age in the late 1950s. By the mid-1960s Queen Mary was aging and though still among the most popular transatlantic liners, was operating at a loss.

After several years of decreased profits for Cunard Line, Queen Mary was officially retired from service in 1967. She left Southampton for the last time on 31 October 1967 and sailed to the port of Long Beach, California, United States, where she remains permanently moored. Much of the machinery including two of the four steam turbines, three of the four propellers, and all of the boilers were removed, and the ship now serves as a tourist attraction featuring restaurants, a museum, and hotel. The ship is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Construction and naming

With Germany launching Bremen and Europa into service, Britain did not want to be left behind in the shipbuilding race. White Star Line began construction on their 60,000 ton Oceanic in 1928, while Cunard planned a 75,000 ton unnamed ship of their own.
Overhead view of Queen Mary docked at Long Beach in 2008

Construction on the ship, then known only as "Hull Number 534",[2] began in December 1930 on the River Clyde by the John Brown & Company Shipbuilding and Engineering shipyard at Clydebank in Scotland. Work was halted in December 1931 due to the Great Depression and Cunard applied to the British Government for a loan to complete 534. The loan was granted, with enough money to complete Queen Mary and to build a running mate, Hull No. 552 which became Queen Elizabeth. One condition of the loan was that Cunard would merge with the White Star Line, which was Cunard's chief British rival at the time and which had already been forced by the depression to cancel construction on its Oceanic. Both lines agreed and the merger was completed on 10 May 1934. Work on Queen Mary resumed immediately and she was launched on 26 September 1934. Completion ultimately took 3 1&fras1;2 years and cost 3.5 million pounds sterling.[3] Much of the ship's interior was designed and constructed by the Bromsgrove Guild.[4]

The ship was named after Mary of Teck, consort of King George V. Until her launch the name she was to be given was kept a closely guarded secret. Legend has it that Cunard intended to name the ship Victoria, in keeping with company tradition of giving its ships names ending in "ia", but when company representatives asked the king's permission to name the ocean liner after Britain's "greatest queen", he said his wife, Queen Mary, would be delighted.[5] And so, the legend goes, the delegation had of course no other choice but to report that No. 534 would be called Queen Mary.[5] This story was denied by company officials, and traditionally the names of sovereigns have only been used for capital ships of the Royal Navy. Some support for the story was provided by Washington Post editor Felix Morley, who sailed as a guest of the Cunard Line on Queen Mary's 1936 maiden voyage. In his 1979 autobiography, For the Record, Morley wrote that he was placed at table with Sir Percy Bates, chairman of the Cunard Line. Bates told him the story of the naming of the ship "on condition you won't print it during my lifetime." The name Queen Mary could also have been decided upon as a compromise between Cunard and the White Star Line, as both lines had tradition of using names either ending in "ic" with White Star and "ia" with Cunard.[5]

with my pleasure
monamagda
Posted: Tuesday, September 26, 2017 10:26:49 AM

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The Queen Mary is so corroded that it's at urgent risk of flooding or collapse, and the price tag for fixing up the 1930s ocean liner could near $300 million, according to a survey done by experts.

It would likely take five years to rehab the ship, a tourist destination docked permanently in Long Beach Harbor south of Los Angeles, according to documents obtained by the Long Beach Press-Telegram.

The Queen Mary made Long Beach its permanent home in 1967. Now a floating hotel with shops, restaurants and event spaces, the ship attracts some 1.3 million visitors annually.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/03/15/queen-maryship-corroded-fixes-could-near-300-million/

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