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Uruguay Declares Its Independence from Brazil (1825) Options
Daemon
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Uruguay Declares Its Independence from Brazil (1825)

In 1811, José Gervasio Artigas, who would become Uruguay's national hero, launched a successful revolution against the Spanish authorities who ruled a combined Uruguay and Argentina. Ten years later, the eastern province of Uruguay was annexed by Brazil, which was still under Portuguese rule. Brazil became independent from Portugal the following year, and in 1825, Uruguay declared independence from Brazil. Why is the country now called the Oriental Republic of Uruguay? More...
KSPavan
Posted: Friday, August 25, 2017 2:55:38 AM

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Uruguay Declares Its Independence from Brazil (1825)
In 1811, José Gervasio Artigas, who would become Uruguay's national hero, launched a successful revolution against the Spanish authorities who ruled a combined Uruguay and Argentina. Ten years later, the eastern province of Uruguay was annexed by Brazil, which was still under Portuguese rule. Brazil became independent from Portugal the following year, and in 1825, Uruguay declared independence from Brazil.
raghd muhi al-deen
Posted: Friday, August 25, 2017 9:56:23 AM

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Uruguay
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Uruguay (disambiguation).

Oriental Republic of Uruguay
República Oriental del Uruguay (Spanish)
Flag of Uruguay
Flag
Coat of arms of Uruguay
Coat of arms
Motto: "Libertad o Muerte" (Spanish)
"Freedom or Death"
Anthem: Himno Nacional de Uruguay
National Anthem of Uruguay
Uruguay (orthographic projection).svg
Location of Uruguay
Capital
and largest city Montevideo
34°53′S 56°10′W / 34.883°S 56.167°W
Official languages Spanish
Ethnic groups (2016[1])

88% White
8% Mestizo
4% Black

Demonym Uruguayan
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
• President
Tabaré Vázquez
• Vice President
Raúl Sendic
Legislature General Assembly
• Upper house
Senate
• Lower house
Chamber of Representatives
Independence
• from the Empire of Brazil
25 August 1825
• from the Empire of Brazil
27 August 1828
• Constitution
18 July 1830
Area
• Total
176,215 km2 (68,037 sq mi) (89th)
• Water (%)
1.5
Population
• 2016 estimate
3,427,000[2] (134th)
• 2011 census
3,286,314[3]
• Density
18.6/km2 (48.2/sq mi) (198th)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$77.800 billion[2] (91st)
• Per capita
$22,271[2] (61st)
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$58.123 billion[2] (78th)
• Per capita
$16,638[2] (45th)
Gini (2014) 41.6[4]
medium
HDI (2015) Steady 0.795[5]
high · 54th
Currency Uruguayan peso (UYU)
Time zone UYT (UTC−3)
Drives on the right
Calling code +598
ISO 3166 code UY
Internet TLD .uy

Uruguay (/ˈjʊərəɡwaɪ/;[6] Spanish pronunciation: [uɾuˈɣwai̯]), officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (Spanish: República Oriental del Uruguay), is a sovereign state in the southeastern region of South America. It borders Argentina to its west and Brazil to its north and east, with the Río de la Plata (River of Silver) to the south and the Atlantic Ocean to the southeast. Uruguay is home to an estimated 3.42 million people,[2] of whom 1.8 million live in the metropolitan area of its capital and largest city, Montevideo. With an area of approximately 176,000 square kilometres (68,000 sq mi), Uruguay is geographically the second-smallest nation in South America,[7] after Suriname.

Uruguay was inhabited by the Charrúa people for approximately 4,000 years before the Portuguese established Colonia del Sacramento, one of the oldest European settlements in the region, in 1680. Montevideo was founded as a military stronghold by the Spanish in the early 18th century, signifying the competing claims over the region. Uruguay won its independence between 1811 and 1828, following a four-way struggle between Spain, Portugal, Argentina and Brazil. It remained subject to foreign influence and intervention throughout the 19th century, with the military playing a recurring role in domestic politics until the late 20th century. Modern Uruguay is a democratic constitutional republic, with a president who serves as both head of state and head of government.

Uruguay is ranked first in Latin America in democracy, peace, lack of corruption,[8] e-government,[9] and is first in South America when it comes to press freedom, size of the middle class and prosperity.[8] On a per-capita basis, Uruguay contributes more troops to United Nations peace-keeping missions than any other country.[8] It ranks second in the region on economic freedom, income equality, per-capita income and inflows of FDI.[8] Uruguay is the third-best country on the continent in terms of HDI, GDP growth,[10] innovation and infrastructure.[8] It is regarded as a high-income country (top group) by the UN.[9] Uruguay is also the third-best ranked in the world in e-Participation.[9] Uruguay is an important global exporter of combed wool, rice, soybeans, frozen beef, malt and milk.[8] Nearly 95% of Uruguay's electricity comes from renewable energy, mostly hydroelectric facilities and wind parks.[11]

The Economist named Uruguay "country of the year" in 2013,[12] acknowledging the innovative policy of legalizing the production, sale and consumption of cannabis. Same-sex marriage and abortion are also legal, leading Uruguay to be regarded as one of the most progressive nations in the world, and one of the most socially developed, outstanding regionally,[13] and ranking highly on global measures of personal rights, tolerance, and inclusion issues.[14]



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