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The July 20 Plot Options
Daemon
Posted: Tuesday, October 24, 2017 12:00:00 AM
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The July 20 Plot

Even before the start of World War II, some Nazi officials sought to remove Adolf Hitler from power. As the war dragged on, Nazi leaders desiring to assassinate Hitler and seek more favorable peace terms from the Allies hatched the so-called July 20 Plot. On that day in 1944, German colonel Claus von Stauffenberg planted a bomb in a briefcase at a meeting with Hitler, but the Führer escaped with minor injuries. How many people were arrested and executed in the Gestapo's subsequent investigation? More...
KSPavan
Posted: Tuesday, October 24, 2017 2:11:03 AM

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Article of the Day
The July 20 Plot
Even before the start of World War II, some Nazi officials sought to remove Adolf Hitler from power. As the war dragged on, Nazi leaders desiring to assassinate Hitler and seek more favorable peace terms from the Allies hatched the so-called July 20 Plot. On that day in 1944, German colonel Claus von Stauffenberg planted a bomb in a briefcase at a meeting with Hitler, but the Führer escaped with minor injuries.
ChristopherJohnson
Posted: Tuesday, October 24, 2017 3:43:53 AM

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This v. Stauffenberg is a traitor rather than a hero. Plotting and conspiring to kill the military and political leader of your country in wartime is high treason. By glorifying v. Stauffenberg as a "hero", modern elites encourage terrorism. Terrorists always believe they are right because they serve some "just cause".
IMcRout
Posted: Tuesday, October 24, 2017 4:20:32 AM

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ChristopherJohnson wrote:
This v. Stauffenberg is a traitor rather than a hero. Plotting and conspiring to kill the military and political leader of your country in wartime is high treason. By glorifying v. Stauffenberg as a "hero", modern elites encourage terrorism. Terrorists always believe they are right because they serve some "just cause".


What a load of bullshit! Sorry for the language, but that is what it is.
You apparently belong to the ancient elites which supported tyranny.
Some people never learn.

I totally take back all those times I didn't want to nap when I was younger. (Anon)
TheParser
Posted: Tuesday, October 24, 2017 4:44:11 AM
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ChristopherJohnson wrote:
Plotting and conspiring to kill the military and political leader of your country in wartime is high treason.



This whole issue of "neutralizing" political leaders is very complicated.

I certainly do NOT know the answer.

The United States, for example, tried several times to neutralize the leader of a nearby island nation. Every effort failed.

I believe that there is now a law that prohibits the American government from neutralizing foreign leaders.

Personally, I do consider Colonel von Stauffenberg to be, at the very least, a very brave man.

I have read that the punishment given to the conspirators was gruesome.

(General Rommel also wanted to "retire" Herr Hitler. Because the general was so admired, he was allowed to take his own life, instead of being executed.)





raghd muhi al-deen
Posted: Tuesday, October 24, 2017 9:25:45 AM

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July 20 Plot
July 20 Plot
20 July Plot
The conference room at the Wolf's Lair soon after the assassination attempt
The Wolf's Lair conference room soon after the explosion.
Date

20 July 1944 (bombing)
1944–1945 (arrests / executions of plot's supporters)

Location

Rastenburg, East Prussia, Germany
(today Kętrzyn, Warmia-Masuria, Poland)
54°04′46″N 21°29′37″E / 54.079344°N 21.493544°E

Result Military coup d'état against the Nazi government fails. Nazi government victory.
Belligerents
German Empire Weimar Republic Military-led German resistance Nazi Germany Nazi government
Commanders and leaders

Ludwig Beck
Henning von Tresckow
Eduard Wagner
Eugen Bolz
Albrecht von Bernstorff
Claus von Stauffenberg
C-H von Stülpnagel



Adolf Hitler
Wilhelm Keitel
Alfred Jodl
Walter Warlimont

Casualties and losses

4,980 executed
7,000 arrested



3 officers
1 assistant

On 20 July 1944, an attempt was made to assassinate Adolf Hitler, Führer of the Third Reich, inside his Wolf's Lair field headquarters near Rastenburg, East Prussia. The apparent purpose of the assassination attempt was to seize political control of Germany and its armed forces from the Nazi Party (including the SS) in order to obtain peace as soon as possible. The underlying desire of many of the involved high ranking Wehrmacht officers was apparently to show to the world that all Germans were not like Hitler and the NSDAP. However, no details of intended peace initiatives to be proposed by the conspirators have been identified.[1][2][3]

The plot was the culmination of the efforts of several groups in the German Resistance to overthrow the Nazi-led German government. The failure of both the assassination and the military coup d'état which was planned to follow it led to the arrest of at least 7,000 people by the Gestapo.[4] According to records of the Führer Conferences on Naval Affairs, 4,980 of these were executed.[4]
Background

Since 1938, conspiratorial groups planning an overthrow of some kind had existed in the German Army (Wehrmacht Heer) and in the German Military Intelligence Organization (Abwehr). Early leaders of these plots included Brigadier-General Hans Oster, General Ludwig Beck and Field Marshal Erwin von Witzleben. Oster was the deputy head of the Military Intelligence Office. Beck was a former Chief-of-Staff of the German Army High Command (Oberkommando des Heeres, OKH). Von Witzleben was the former commander of the German 1st Army and the former Commander-in-Chief of the German Army Command in the West (Oberbefehlshaber West, or OB West). They soon established contacts with several prominent civilians, including Carl Goerdeler, the former mayor of Leipzig, and Helmuth James Graf von Moltke, the great-grandnephew of the hero of the Franco-Prussian War.

Military conspiratorial groups exchanged ideas with civilian, political and intellectual resistance groups in the Kreisauer Kreis (which met at the von Moltke estate in Kreisau) and in other secret circles. Moltke was against killing Hitler; instead, he wanted him placed on trial. Moltke said, "we are all amateurs and would only bungle it". Moltke also believed killing Hitler would be hypocritical. Hitler and National Socialism had turned "wrong-doing" into a system, something which the resistance should avoid.[5]

Plans to stage an overthrow and prevent Hitler from launching a new world war were developed in 1938 and 1939, but were aborted because of the indecision of Army Generals Franz Halder and Walther von Brauchitsch, and the failure of the western powers to oppose Hitler's aggressions until 1939. This first military resistance group delayed their plans after Hitler's extreme popularity following the unexpectedly rapid success in the battle for France.[citation needed]

In 1942, a new conspiratorial group formed, led by Colonel Henning von Tresckow, a member of Field Marshal Fedor von Bock's staff, who commanded Army Group Centre in Operation Barbarossa. Tresckow systematically recruited oppositionists to the Group's staff, making it the nerve centre of the Army resistance. Little could be done against Hitler as he was heavily guarded, and none of the plotters could get near enough to him.[6]

During 1942, Oster and Tresckow nevertheless succeeded in rebuilding an effective resistance network. Their most important recruit was General Friedrich Olbricht, head of the General Army Office headquarters at the Bendlerblock in central Berlin, who controlled an independent system of communications to reserve units throughout Germany. Linking this asset to Tresckow's resistance group in Army Group Centre created a viable coup apparatus.[7]

In late 1942, Tresckow and Olbricht formulated a plan to assassinate Hitler and stage an overthrow during Hitler's visit to the headquarters of Army Group Centre at Smolensk in March 1943, by placing a bomb on his plane. The bomb failed to detonate, and a second attempt a week later with Hitler at an exhibition of captured Soviet weaponry in Berlin also failed. These failures demoralised the conspirators. During 1943 Tresckow tried without success to recruit senior Army field commanders such as Field Marshal Erich von Manstein and Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt, to support a seizure of power. Tresckow in particular worked on his Commander-in-Chief of Army Group Centre, Field Marshal Günther von Kluge to persuade him to move against Hitler and at times succeeded in gaining his consent, only to find him indecisive at the last minute.[8]

with my pleasure
ibj_ldn
Posted: Tuesday, October 24, 2017 1:17:45 PM

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2008: Valkyrie, with Tom Cruise as Stauffenberg.

What a fine movie that is.
taurine
Posted: Tuesday, October 24, 2017 3:52:33 PM

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"The apparent purpose of the assassination attempt was to seize political control of Germany".

Traitors are traitors.

A small group of people thought that they may change the minds of majority. The prevailing number of Deutch were not against A.H. but against the wrong turn of the War. It should have stopped after France.
It was in the 1940 time when the German soldiers defeated the French soldiers so utterly for the first time in the history.

[Jewish plight putting aside. Nazi ideology was detrimentally skewed against Jews. Many people still don't know the history behind Jews' expulsion from Israel. It happened because Jews did not want to worship other God. The Jews' resistance to worship the god of Roman Empire was the only reason behind to remove the whole Nation out of their country. And forbidding them to have any other land]. So, IMcRout, some people never learn.

As to the movie starring with T. Cruise I may say: disgusting.
I still do keep in my memory the song of Feindflug: Rotter Schnee.
[every seven second died a German soldat]

As to the IMcRout:

The plight of German solders might have be seen in stark contrast to the words criticizing ChristopherJohnson

What a load of bullshit! Sorry for the language, but that is what it is.
You apparently belong to the ancient elites which supported tyranny.
We don't need to belong to the ancient elites, because A.H. had been chosen by the "workers". The people who worked like in Ford company on assembly line. Erich Maria Remarque had written books about how Germany looked like in the early 1930's.

Even though the leaders of the National Party of German Workers took advantage of the funding from wealthy industrialists, the German Nation in their entirety benefited from it. But again, which political party did not take money from the people who suppoprted them?
Some people never learn.

For some people loyalty can be bought.


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