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Zambia Gains Independence (1964) Options
Daemon
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Zambia Gains Independence (1964)

The area that is now Zambia came under British control in the early 1900s with the development of the copper mining industry. After decades of nationalist struggle, the British protectorate of Northern Rhodesia became the independent Republic of Zambia. Kenneth Kaunda, a former schoolteacher who had been jailed for nationalist political activities prior to independence, became its first president. Zambia may have been the first country to do what during the Olympics? More...
raghd muhi al-deen
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Zambia
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Encyclopedia.
Related to Zambia: Zimbabwe, Gabon
This article is about the African nation. For the 18th-century BC king of Isin, see Zambiya.

Republic of Zambia
Flag of Zambia
Flag
Coat of arms of Zambia
Coat of arms
Motto:
"One Zambia, One Nation"
Anthem: National Anthem of Zambia
Location of Zambia
Location of Zambia
Capital
and largest city Lusaka
15°25′S 28°17′E / 15.417°S 28.283°E
Official languages English
Recognised regional languages
> 0.5%

33.5% Bemba
14.8% Nyanja
11.4% Tonga
5.5% Lozi
4.5% Chewa
3.0% Nsenga
2.6% Tumbuka
1.9% Lunda
1.9% Kaonde
1.8% Lala
1.8% Lamba
1.7% English
1.5% Luvale
1.3% Mambwe
1.2% Lenje
1.2% Namwanga
1.0% Bisa
0.9% Ushi
0.7% Ila
0.7% Mbunda
0.7% Ngoni
0.7% Senga
0.6% Lungu
0.5% Toka-Leya
4.7% Others

Ethnic groups (2010[1])
> 0.5%

21.0% Bemba
13.6% Tonga
7.4% Chewa
5.7% Lozi
5.3% Nsenga
4.4% Tumbuka
4.0% Ngoni
3.1% Lala
2.9% Kaonde
2.8% Namwanga
2.6% Lunda (Northern)
2.5% Mambwe
2.2% Luvale
2.1% Lamba
1.9% Ushi
1.6% Bisa
1.6% Lenje
1.2% Mbunda
0.9% Lunda (Luapula)
0.9% Senga
0.8% Ila
0.8% Lungu
0.7% Tabwa
0.7% Soli
0.7% Kunda
0.6% Ngumbo
0.5% Chishinga
0.5% Chokwe
0.5% Nkoya
5.4% Other ethnics
0.8% Major racial
0.4% Unclassified

Religion Christianity
Demonym Zambian
Government Unitary Presidential republic
• President
Edgar Lungu
• Vice President
Inonge Wina
Legislature National Assembly
Independence from the United Kingdom
• North-Western Rhodesia
27 June 1890
• Barotziland-North-Western Rhodesia
28 November 1899
• North-Eastern Rhodesia
29 January 1900
• Amalgamation of Northern Rhodesia
17 August 1911
• Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland
1 August 1953
• Republic of Zambia
24 October 1964
• Current constitution
5 January 2016
Area
• Total
752,618 km2 (290,587 sq mi)[2] (39th)
• Water (%)
1
Population
• 2015 estimate
16,212,000[3] (68th)
• 2010 census
13,092,666[4]
• Density
17.2/km2 (44.5/sq mi) (191st)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$68.64 billion[5]
• Per capita
$3,982[5]
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$23.137 billion[5]
• Per capita
$1,342[5]
Gini (2010) 57.5[6]
high
HDI (2015) Increase 0.579[7]
medium · 139th
Currency Zambian kwacha (ZMW)
Time zone CAT (UTC+2)
Drives on the left
Calling code +260
ISO 3166 code ZM
Internet TLD .zm

Zambia (/ˈzæmbiə/), officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country in Southern Africa,[8] neighbouring the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west. The capital city is Lusaka, in the south-central part of Zambia. The population is concentrated mainly around Lusaka in the south and the Copperbelt Province to the northwest, the core economic hubs of the country.

Originally inhabited by Khoisan peoples, the region was affected by the Bantu expansion of the thirteenth century. After visits by European explorers in the eighteenth century, Zambia became the British protectorate of Northern Rhodesia towards the end of the nineteenth century. For most of the colonial period, Zambia was governed by an administration appointed from London with the advice of the British South Africa Company.

On 24 October 1964, Zambia became independent of the United Kingdom and prime minister Kenneth Kaunda became the inaugural president. Kaunda's socialist United National Independence Party (UNIP) maintained power from 1964 until 1991. Kaunda played a key role in regional diplomacy, cooperating closely with the United States in search of solutions to conflicts in Rhodesia (Zimbabwe), Angola, and Namibia.[9] From 1972 to 1991 Zambia was a one-party state with the UNIP as the sole legal political party under the motto "One Zambia, One Nation". Kaunda was succeeded by Frederick Chiluba of the social-democratic Movement for Multi-Party Democracy in 1991, beginning a period of social-economic growth and government decentralisation. Levy Mwanawasa, Chiluba's chosen successor, presided over Zambia from January 2002 until his death in August 2008, and is credited with campaigns to reduce corruption and increase the standard of living. After Mwanawasa's death, Rupiah Banda presided as Acting President before being elected President in 2008. Holding office for only three years, Banda stepped down after his defeat in the 2011 elections by Patriotic Front party leader Michael Sata. Sata died on 28 October 2014, the second Zambian president to die in office.[10] Guy Scott served briefly as interim president until new elections were held on 20 January 2015,[11] in which Edgar Lungu was elected as the sixth President.

In 2010, the World Bank named Zambia one of the world's fastest economically reformed countries.[12] The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) is headquartered in Lusaka.

Etymology
Further information: Rhodesia (name)

The territory of what is now Zambia was known as Northern Rhodesia from 1911. It was renamed Zambia at independence in 1964. The new name of Zambia was derived from the Zambezi river (Zambezi may mean "River of God").
History
Main article: History of Zambia
Pre-historic era

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ibj_ldn
Posted: Tuesday, October 24, 2017 12:29:48 PM

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Location: Londrina, Parana, Brazil
Zambia Gains Independence (1964)

The flag of Zambia is the national flag of Zambia. It was adopted upon independence on October 24, 1964. Before that, Zambia was the British protectorate of Northern Rhodesia and used a defaced Blue Ensign as its flag.

The current flag is used as both national flag and ensign. It is green with an orange-coloured African fish eagle in flight over a rectangular block of three vertical stripes, coloured, from left to right: red, black and orange. The placement of the eagle and block of stripes at the flag's fly is notable as most emblems and devices on flags are placed at centre or at the hoist. The colours used in the flag of Zambia are rich in symbolism. Green stands for the nation's lush flora, red for the nation's struggle for freedom, black for the Zambian people, and orange for the land's natural resources and mineral wealth. Additionally, the eagle flying above the coloured stripes is intended to represent the people's ability to rise above the nation's problems.

The Zambian flag was slightly modified in 1996. The shade of green used in the 1964 flag was replaced with a brighter and lighter green and the eagle was slightly altered so as to be more like the one used in the Zambian coat of arms.

(...)

The flag's colours and emblems are rich in symbolism. Each of the four colours represents an aspect of Zambia: green for the country's natural resources and vegetation; red for its struggle for freedom; black for its people and orange for its mineral wealth (primarily copper). The eagle is an African fish eagle, which also appears in the national coat of arms and represents the people's ability to rise above the nation's problems.

(...)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_Zambia

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