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The Hungarian Republic Is Officially Proclaimed (1989) Options
Daemon
Posted: Monday, October 23, 2017 12:00:00 AM
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The Hungarian Republic Is Officially Proclaimed (1989)

The defeat of the Central Powers in WWI brought the dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary to an end and led to the creation of an independent Hungarian republic, which, in 1949, came under Communist control. Though a 1956 uprising was suppressed, Hungary became the most tolerant of the Soviet bloc nations of Europe and finally replaced Communism with a multi-party democracy with free elections in 1989. Hungary's relative freedom compared to other Eastern bloc countries led to what satirical nickname? More...
KSPavan
Posted: Monday, October 23, 2017 1:18:36 AM

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This Day in History
The Hungarian Republic Is Officially Proclaimed (1989)
The defeat of the Central Powers in WWI brought the dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary to an end and led to the creation of an independent Hungarian republic, which, in 1949, came under Communist control. Though a 1956 uprising was suppressed, Hungary became the most tolerant of the Soviet bloc nations of Europe and finally replaced Communism with a multi-party democracy with free elections in 1989.
ChristopherJohnson
Posted: Monday, October 23, 2017 4:52:10 AM

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Russians go home!
raghd muhi al-deen
Posted: Monday, October 23, 2017 9:46:47 AM

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Hungary
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Encyclopedia.
This article is about the country. For other uses, see Hungary (disambiguation).

Hungary
Magyarország (Hungarian)
Flag of Hungary
Flag
Coat of arms of Hungary
Coat of arms
Anthem: "Himnusz" (Hungarian)[1]
"Hymn"
Location of Hungary (dark green)– in Europe (green & dark grey)– in the European Union (green) – [Legend]
Location of Hungary (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green) – [Legend]
Capital
and largest city Budapest
47°26′N 19°15′E / 47.433°N 19.250°E
Official language
and national language Hungarian[2]
Ethnic groups (2011)

80.7% Hungarians
14.7% not declared
3.1% Roma
1.3% Germans[3]

Religion

76% Christianity
21% No religion
3% Other religions[4]

Demonym Hungarian
Government Unitary parliamentary
constitutional republic
• President
János Áder
• Prime Minister
Viktor Orbán
• Speaker of the National Assembly
László Kövér
Legislature Országgyűlés (National Assembly)
Foundation
• Principality of Hungary
895[5]
• Christian Kingdom
25 December 1000[6]
• Golden Bull of 1222
24 April 1222
• Battle of Mohács
29 August 1526
• Liberation of Buda
2 September 1686
• Revolution of 1848
15 March 1848
• Austro-Hungarian Empire
20 March 1867
• Treaty of Trianon
4 June 1920
• Third Republic
23 October 1989
• Joined the European Union
1 May 2004
Area
• Total
93,030[7] km2 (35,920 sq mi) (108th)
• Water (%)
0.74%
Population
• 2016 estimate
9,830,485[8] (88th)
• Density
105.9/km2 (274.3/sq mi) (103rd)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$284.266 billion[9] (57th)
• Per capita
$28,965[9] (45th)
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$125.297 billion[9] (58th)
• Per capita
$12,767[9] (54th)
Gini (2014) 27.9[10]
low · 16th
HDI (2015) Increase 0.836[11]
very high · 43rd
Currency Forint (HUF)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
CEST (UTC+2)
Date format yyyy/mm/dd
Drives on the right
Calling code +36
Patron saint Virgin Mary
ISO 3166 code HU
Internet TLD .hua

Also .eu as part of the European Union.

Hungary (/ˈhʌŋɡəri/; Hungarian: Magyarország [ˈmɒɟɒrorsaːɡ]) is a unitary parliamentary republic in Central Europe.[2] It covers an area of 93,030 square kilometres (35,920 sq mi), situated in the Carpathian Basin, and is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, Slovenia to the west, Austria to the northwest, and Ukraine to the northeast.[12] With about 10 million inhabitants, Hungary is a medium-sized member state of the European Union.[13] The official language is Hungarian, which is the most widely spoken Uralic language in the world.[14] Hungary's capital is Budapest and its largest city and metropolis, a significant economic hub, classified as leading global city.[15] Major urban areas include Debrecen, Szeged, Miskolc, Pécs and Győr.

Following centuries of successive habitation by Celts, Romans, Slavs, Gepids and Avars, the foundation of Hungary was laid in the late 9th century by the Hungarian grand prince Árpád in the conquest of the Carpathian Basin.[16][17] His great-grandson Stephen I ascended the throne in 1000, converting the country to a Christian kingdom. By the 12th century, Hungary became a middle power within the Western world, reaching a golden age by the 15th century.[18] Following the Battle of Mohács in 1526 and about 150 years of partial Ottoman occupation (1541–1699), Hungary came under Habsburg rule, and later formed the great power Austro–Hungarian Empire together with Austria.[19]

Hungary's current borders were established in 1920 by the Treaty of Trianon after World War I, when the country lost 71% of its territory, 58% of its population, and 32% of ethnic Hungarians.[20][21][22] Following the interwar period, Hungary joined the Axis Powers in World War II, suffering significant damage and casualties.[23][24] Hungary became a satellite state of the Soviet Union, which contributed to the establishment of a socialist republic spanning four decades (1947–1989).[25] The country gained widespread international attention regarding the Revolution of 1956 and the seminal opening of its previously-restricted border with Austria in 1989, which accelerated the collapse of the Eastern Bloc.[26][27] On 23 October 1989, Hungary again became a democratic parliamentary republic.[28]

In the 21st century, Hungary is a middle power[29][30] and has the world's 57th largest economy by nominal GDP, as well as the 58th largest by PPP, out of 191 countries measured by IMF. As a substantial actor in several industrial and technological sectors,[31] it is the world's 35th largest exporter and 34th largest importer of goods. Hungary is an OECD high-income economy with a very high standard of living.[32][33] It keeps up a social security and universal health care system, and a tuition-free university education.[34][35] Hungary performs well in international rankings: it is 20th in quality of life, 24th in Good Country Index, 28th in inequality-adjusted human development, 32nd in the Social Progress Index, 33rd in Global Innovation Index and ranks as the 15th safest country in the world.

Hungary joined the European Union in 2004 and has been part of the Schengen Area since 2007.[36] Hungary is a member of the United Nations, NATO, WTO, World Bank, the AIIB, the Council of Europe, the Visegrád Group and more.[37] Well known for its rich cultural history, Hungary has contributed significantly to arts, music, literature, sports and science and technology.[38][39][40][41] Hungary is the 11th most popular country as a tourist destination in Europe, attracting 14.3 million international tourists in 2015.[42] It is home to the largest thermal water cave system and the second largest thermal lake in the world, the largest lake in Central Europe and the largest natural grasslands in Europe.[43][44]
Etymology
Main article: Name of Hungary

The "H" in the name of Hungary (and Latin Hungaria) is most likely due to early ill-founded historical associations with the Huns, who had settled Hungary prior to the Avars. The rest of the word comes from the Latinized form of Medieval Greek Oungroi (Οὔγγροι). According to an explanation the Greek name was borrowed from Proto-Sla

with my pleasure
monamagda
Posted: Monday, October 23, 2017 3:50:10 PM

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"A LEGVIDÁMABB BARAKK I - THE HAPPIEST BARRACK

Goulash Communism (Hungarian: gulyáskommunizmus) or Kadarism[1] (after János Kádár) refers to the variety of communism as practised in the Hungarian People's Republic, from the 1960s until the Central European collapse of communism in 1989. With elements of free market economics, as well as an improved human rights record, it represented a quiet reform and deviation from the Soviet principles applied to Hungary in the previous decade.

The name is a semi-humorous metaphor derived from "goulash", a popular Hungarian dish. As goulash is made with an assortment of unlike ingredients, it represents how Hungarian communism was a mixed ideology and how it no longer strictly adhered to Marxist–Leninist interpretations as in the past.[2] Sometimes described as "the happiest barracks in the socialist camp,"[further explanation needed] Hungary in this particular period enjoyed many amenities not available in the rest of the Eastern Bloc.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goulash_Communism
whatson
Posted: Monday, October 23, 2017 4:36:44 PM
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Joined: 2/19/2016
Posts: 264
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Location: Toronto, Ontario, Canada
*
wiki: "goulash is made with an assortment of unlike ingredients"

Then it must be something like the exotic hot chocolate - I can't imagine

more unlike ingredients than powdered (!) cocoa and liquid (!) milk.

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