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Earthquake Destroys Basel, Switzerland (1356) Options
Daemon
Posted: Wednesday, October 18, 2017 12:00:00 AM
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Earthquake Destroys Basel, Switzerland (1356)

Estimated to have been greater than 6.0 in magnitude, the Basel earthquake of 1356 may have been the most serious seismological event in the recorded history of central Europe. The main earthquake struck around 10 PM. In the Swiss city of Basel, all the major buildings—including castles and churches—were destroyed by the quake and subsequent fires. Three hundred people are thought to have been killed. The event was felt across Europe, including as far away as what locations? More...
KSPavan
Posted: Wednesday, October 18, 2017 4:35:26 AM

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This Day in History
Earthquake Destroys Basel, Switzerland (1356)
Estimated to have been greater than 6.0 in magnitude, the Basel earthquake of 1356 may have been the most serious seismological event in the recorded history of central Europe. The main earthquake struck around 10 PM. In the Swiss city of Basel, all the major buildings—including castles and churches—were destroyed by the quake and subsequent fires. Three hundred people are thought to have been killed.
raghd muhi al-deen
Posted: Wednesday, October 18, 2017 9:36:08 AM

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1356 Basel earthquake
1356 Basel earthquake
1356 Basel earthquake
Basel earthquake envisioned by the Swiss painter Karl Jauslin.
1356 Basel earthquake is located in Switzerland
Magnitude 6.2-6.5 Mw
Epicenter 47°30′N 7°36′E / 47.5°N 7.6°E
Countries or regions Switzerland, Basel
Casualties 1,000
Erdbebenkreuz ("Earthquake cross") in Reinach

The Basel earthquake of 18 October 1356 is the most significant seismological event to have occurred in Central Europe in recorded history[1] and may have had a Mw magnitude as strong as 7.1.[2]

The earthquake destroyed the town of Basel, Switzerland, sited near the southern end of the Upper Rhine Graben, and caused much destruction in a vast region extending into France and Germany. Though major earthquakes are common at the seismically active edges of tectonic plates in Turkey, Greece and Italy, intraplate earthquakes are rare events in Central Europe: according to the Swiss Seismological Service, of more than 10,000 earthquakes in Switzerland over the past 800 years, only half a dozen of them have registered more than 6.0 on the Richter scale.[3]

Due to the limited records of the event a variety of epicenters have been proposed for the earthquake. Some of the proposed locations include a north-northeast to south-southwest fault along the Basel-Rheinach scarp that bounds the Rhine Graben or an east-west fault beneath the Jura Mountains.[1] Another study placed the epicenter 10 km (6.2 mi) south of Basel.[4]

The earthquake could be felt as far away as Zürich, Konstanz and even in Île-de-France. The maximum seismic intensity registered on the MSK scale was of IX–X. Notably, the macroseismic map was established on the basis of damages reported by the region's 30 to 40 castles.[5][6]

From this macroseismic data, various studies have been conducted to estimate the Mw magnitude of the earthquake, which have resulted in various values of 6.2 (BRGM 1998);[2][6] 6.0 (GEO-TER 2002);[2] 6.9

with my pleasure
ChristopherJohnson
Posted: Wednesday, October 18, 2017 10:00:31 AM

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Alps are in the seismic zone of course. Still, such disastrous earthquakes are not very common for Europe.
monamagda
Posted: Wednesday, October 18, 2017 4:40:03 PM

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Digging Deeper
Basel, Switzerland is currently a city of nearly 200,000 people. Its origins date back to at least Roman times and possibly even pre-Roman Celtic times. During its perhaps 2000 odd years history, the town and then city has risen and fallen a number of times due to both man made and natural catastrophes. For example, in 917 A.D., Magyars (the ancestors of Hungarians) destroyed Basel, eventually burning down notable monasteries in the area

Nevertheless, the worst disasters to befall Medieval Basel occurred in the mid-1300s. For much of Europe, in fact, the mid-1300s was probably about the closest moment in their history to ever seem like the Apocalypse outside of World War II. This century was, after all, the era of the Black Death. In June 1349, when the plague reached Basel, the town’s guilds scapegoated Jews as being responsible, torturing and executing several by January, even forbidding Jews from returning to the town for some 200 years, although Jewish money would be used to help rebuild after the next disaster struck.

That next disaster struck just a few years later when an earthquake with a magnitude thought to be over 7.0 (a major earthquake) struck the region. The human casualties numbered perhaps a thousand with 300 dead in Basel, but the physical destruction was massive. As many as thirty to forty castles sustained damages in and even outside of Basel, as the earthquake was also felt in France. As has happened in other major earthquakes (such as the 1906 San Francisco earthquake), what ultimately destroyed the town was not necessarily the damage from shaking, but rather an inferno that came afterwards. A fire started when candles fell in Basel’s wooden houses. As the fire spread, the town became engulfed in the uncontrollable blaze. When all was said and done, every notable castle and church within several miles of Basel were destroyed. The seismic event was the second time in Medieval history that Basel had been essentially wiped out.

https://www.historyandheadlines.com/basel-switzerland-completely-destroyed-earthquake/


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