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Cornerstone of the White House Is Laid in Washington, DC (1792) Options
Posted: Friday, October 13, 2017 12:00:00 AM
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Cornerstone of the White House Is Laid in Washington, DC (1792)

Originally called the "President's Palace," the official residence of the president of the United States was designed by Irish-American architect James Hoban with guidance from President George Washington, whose term ended before he was able to move in. Some slaves took part in the construction, which lasted eight years. Today, the White House is the oldest public building in Washington. Very little of the original structure survived an 1814 fire, set by British troops in retaliation for what? More...
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Posted: Friday, October 13, 2017 6:05:08 AM

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White House
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia.
Related to White House: Lincoln Memorial
For other uses, see White House (disambiguation) and 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue (disambiguation).
See also: Executive Office of the President of the United States, White House Office, and List of residences of Presidents of the United States
White House
White House north and south sides.jpg
Top: the northern facade with a columned portico facing Lafayette Square
Bottom: the southern facade with a semi-circular portico facing The Ellipse
White House is located in Central Washington, D.C.
White House
White House is located in the US
White House
Location in Washington, D.C.
General information
Architectural style Neoclassical, Palladian
Address 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue
NW Washington, D.C. 20500 U.S.
Coordinates 38°53′52″N 77°02′11″W / 38.8977°N 77.0365°W
Current tenants Donald Trump, President of the United States and the First Family
Construction started October 13, 1792
Completed November 1, 1800[1]
Design and construction
Architect James Hoban
Aerial view of the White House complex, viewed from north. In the foreground is Pennsylvania Avenue, closed to traffic. Center: Executive Residence (1792-1800) with North Portico (1829); left: East Wing (1942); right: West Wing (1901), with the Oval Office (1909) at the south-east corner
White House complex, setting viewed from north with Potomac River, Jefferson Memorial and Washington Monument to south

The White House is the official residence and workplace of the President of the United States, located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW in Washington, D.C. It has been the residence of every U.S. president since John Adams in 1800. The term White House is often used as a metonym for the president and his advisers, as in "The White House announced that...".

The residence was designed by Irish-born architect James Hoban[2] in the Neoclassical style. Construction took place between 1792 and 1800 using Aquia Creek sandstone painted white. When Thomas Jefferson moved into the house in 1801, he (with architect Benjamin Henry Latrobe) added low colonnades on each wing that concealed stables and storage.[3] In 1814, during the War of 1812, the mansion was set ablaze by the British Army in the Burning of Washington, destroying the interior and charring much of the exterior. Reconstruction began almost immediately, and President James Monroe moved into the partially reconstructed Executive Residence in October 1817. Exterior construction continued with the addition of the semi-circular South portico in 1824 and the North portico in 1829.

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The War of 1812 and the burning of the White House

Almost forgotten in Britain today, the War of 1812 is perhaps one of the most important North American events of the 19th century. It marked a permanent shift in British-American relations, forged a sense of national unity in Canada, changed US politics and ended British support for native American tribes in the Mid-West. Perhaps best known for the burning of Washington DC and the White House in 1814, the war also saw the birth of the ‘Star Spangled Banner’ national anthem.

By 1814 the war in Europe was over, and the British were able to send in reinforcements. The first point of call for these reinforcements would be Washington DC, an area on the eastern seaboard which was seen as relatively undefended. A total of 17 ships were dispatched from Bermuda and arrived in Maryland on August 19th. Once on the mainland the British quickly overwhelmed the local militia and continued into Washington. Once the army had reached the city, a flag of truce was sent, but this was ignored and the British were instead attacked by local American forces.

The British quickly defeated the insurgency and as punishment, set fire to both the White House and the Capitol. A Union Flag was subsequently raised over Washington. Although other government buildings were destroyed in the process (including the US Treasury and the headquarters of a newspaper seen as inciting anti-British propaganda), the British decided to leave the residential areas of the city intact.
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