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Profile: Sanmayce
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User Name: Sanmayce
Forum Rank: Advanced Member
Occupation: a timewaster
Interests: English language n-grams
Gender: Male
Home Page http://www.sanmayce.com
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Last Visit: Thursday, September 21, 2017 2:37:55 PM
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  Last 10 Posts
Topic: Etymology of 'dragon'
Posted: Tuesday, September 19, 2017 2:45:20 PM
Verbatim wrote:
Dragonlore, we must not forget what we are dragoncrafting here! Dancing


Nice, two more!

Dragonlore refers to folklore about dragons, including legends, oral history, fairy tales, and stories.[1]
When asked in what place, if any, there has been an accumulation of dragonlore George R. R. Martin replied, '"Valyria, the Citadel, Dragonstone, probably some of the Free Cities as well. Maybe Asshai in the far east."[2]

Source: http://awoiaf.westeros.org/index.php/Dragonlore

Many thanks, shame on me, didn't know 'craft' being a verb too!

So, 'Dragonstone' as well.

For some reason 'dragoncrafted' makes me think of 'battlehardened'.

Verbatim, your add-ons open one new level, the derivatives of e.g. 'folklor*':

folklorama
folklorists
folklorist
folkloric
folkloristics
folklorish
folklores
folkloristic

Source: http://www.thefreedictionary.com/s/folklor

Let's add them:

#135 dragoncrafted leprechauncrafted
#136 dragoncrafting leprechauncrafting
#137 dragonlore leprechaunlore
#138 dragonlorists leprechaunlorists
#139 dragonlorist leprechaunlorist
#140 dragonloric leprechaunloric
#141 dragonloristics leprechaunloristics
#142 dragonlorish leprechaunlorish
#143 dragonlores leprechaunlores
#144 dragonloristic leprechaunloristic
#145 dragonstone leprechaunstone
#146 dragonstones leprechaunstones
#147 dragonlorama leprechaunlorama

Thank you Drag0nspeaker, Irish, Welsh, Scots hold old words that English should adopt, in my humble opinion.

>Originally non-gendered.
Let's not force it to genderize it, but what is the plural?

#148 dragonwyf leprechaunwyf

@palapaguy
Why not? What constitutes English Vocabulary?
In order to strengthen your faith in the potential *might* of English, tell me whether you wanna see how many "new" words to the OED/Heritage dictionaries does add the full wordlist of all books by J.R.R. Tolkien?

He learns not to learn and reverts to what all men pass by.
Topic: Etymology of 'dragon'
Posted: Monday, September 18, 2017 7:28:19 AM
Oh, how can the 'Richard the Lionheart, a name for Richard I of England' counterpart be dismissed?

Quickly, following the template, here comes:

lionhearted
adj.
exceptionally courageous or brave.
[1700–10]
lionheart`edness, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

http://www.thefreedictionary.com/lionhearted

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_the_Lion-Hearted_(1923_film)

lionheartedly
Etymology
lionhearted +‎ -ly
Adverb
lionheartedly (comparative more lionheartedly, superlative most lionheartedly)
In a lionhearted manner; courageously; bravely.


https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/lionheartedly

#131 dragonheart leprechaunheart after lionheart
#132 dragonhearted leprechaunhearted after lionhearted
#133 dragonheartedness leprechaunheartedness after lionheartedness
#134 dragonheartedly leprechaunheartedly after lionheartedly

Simply, Dragon trumps Lion, so 'dragonhearted' is reserved for beyond outstanding bravery/supremacy.



Tale of Ronin‏ @taleofronin 13 Dec 2016
Of the same flesh and blood. Immortality is their Destiny. #dragon #samurai



While browsing the beautiful art by Yu Cheng Hong and seeing the title of the drawing below 'Fallen Angel', instantly occurred to me the possibility dragons to be fallen angels, if so, it will explain the "impossible" mix of divinity and monstrosity.




He learns not to learn and reverts to what all men pass by.
Topic: Etymology of 'dragon'
Posted: Sunday, September 17, 2017 2:06:22 PM
Verbatim wrote:
Dragonaria; Dragonarium; Dragonize(d); Dragonoscope;
Am I beside de point?


I reckon not! Thank you Verbatim for sharing these!

- Dragonaria;
- Dragonize(d); Already in the list.
- Dragonarium; LOVE IT! I thought some days ago about terraRIUM, aquaRIUM but knowing only the second use case failed to look up and see the first one:
- Dragonoscope;

-aria
1. (taxonomy) Used to form taxonomic names

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/-aria

-scopy
Etymology
From Ancient Greek σκοπέω (skopéō, “to see”).
1. observation, viewing

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/-scopy#English

ozonoscope
English
Etymology
ozono +‎ -o- +‎ -scope
Noun
ozonoscope (plural ozonoscopes)
1. (chemistry) An apparatus used to detect ozone.

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Category:English_words_suffixed_with_-scope

An apparatus used to detect Dragons/Leprechauns, how cool would that be?!

-arium

1. A place associated with a specified thing.
2. A device associated with a specified function.

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/-arium#English

Abode of dragons, nice.

So the new coinages:

#109 Dragonaria Leprechaunaria
#110 Dragonarium Leprechaunarium
#111 Dragonariums Leprechaunariums
#112 Dragonoscope Leprechaunoscope
#113 Dragonoscopes Leprechaunoscopes
#114 Dragonoscopy Leprechaunoscopy

Thanks, again.

Suffixes allow to concentrate a notion onto the target and convey it literally in a word.

-ica
Etymology

Latin -ica (“(plural suffix)”), plural form of -icum (“(singular suffix)”).

Note that etymologically this is not -ic + -a (“(plural ending)”), as -ic is the English form, having dropped the -um, though adding an -a to an English word ending in -ic does produce a superficial etymologically.

1. a collection of things that relate to a specific place, person, theme, etc.


https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/-ica

As in Encyclopedia Judaica/Satanica/...





Good, but it gives not the whole picture, so let us look into the trinity:

-icus m (feminine -ica, neuter -icum); first/second declension

1. belonging to
2. derived from
3. of or pertaining to; connected with; -ish

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/-icus#Latin

-trope

1. (sciences) something that turns, affects, changes, responses, moves.

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/-trope#English

-tropy

1. (sciences) exhibiting a behavior.
2. (sciences) turning, affecting, change, response, movement.


https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/-tropy

-tropism

1. (sciences) movement, turning.
2. (biology) growth towards.


https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/-tropism#English

-ine

1. (chiefly non-productive) Of or pertaining to.
asinine, marine, bovine, cervine


https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/-ine

-ity

1. Used to form a noun from an adjective; especially, to form the noun referring to the state, property, or quality of conforming to the adjective's description.
2. Used to form other nouns, especially abstract nouns.


https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/-ity#English

-head

1. Used to create nouns indicating a state, similar to the suffix -hood.

-head

1.Used to form (usually derogatory) words for people who regularly have their mind focused upon a particular subject, activity, or a specified drug or other substance, or who are addicted in some way.
motorhead, metalhead, pothead
2. Used to form words to describe people who are dedicated fans of something, especially music.


https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/-head#English

-icity

1. Used to form nouns, denoting a quality or condition, from adjectives, especially ones ending in -ic (in which case "ic" is not duplicated).

Italian /ɪˈtæl.jən/ — Italianicity /ɪˈtæl.jən.ɪs.ɪ.ti/
electric /ɪˈlɛk.tɹɪk/ — electricity /ˌiː.lekˈtrɪs.ɪ.ti/ (not /ɪˈlɛk.tɹɪk.ɪ.ti/, nor *electricicity /ɪˈlɛk.tɹɪkɪs.ɪ.ti/)


https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/-icity#English

tropism (n.) Look up tropism at Dictionary.com
1899, "tendency of an animal or plant to turn or move in response to a stimulus," 1899, abstracted from geotropism or heliotropism, with the second element taken in an absolute sense; ultimately from Greek tropos "a turning" (from PIE root *trep- "to turn").

http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=tropism&allowed_in_frame=0

And the coinages:

#115 dragon-icus leprechaun-icus
#116 dragon-ica leprechaun-ica
#117 dragon-icum leprechaun-icum

#118 dragon-trope leprechaun-trope
#119 dragon-tropy leprechaun-tropy
#120 dragon-tropic leprechaun-tropic
#121 dragon-tropism leprechaun-tropism
#122 dragon-tropisms leprechaun-tropisms
#123 dragon-tropist leprechaun-tropist
#124 dragon-tropists leprechaun-tropists

#125 dragon-ine leprechaun-ine
#126 dragon-inity leprechaun-inity

#127 dragon-head leprechaun-head
#128 dragon-hood leprechaun-hood

#129 dragon-ian-icity leprechaun-ian-icity
#130 dragon-ic-icity leprechaun-ic-icity

Just listen to the ring that it has, 'dragonicicity', Boo hoo! , as for 'leprechaun-ian-icity', just music Whistle

One good counterpart for #123 was found in 'Tao of the Zentropist':
https://zentropist.wordpress.com/2009/05/28/when-you-meet-a-swordsman/

zentropic

1. The state of someone who has a shallow understanding of Zen, and uses it to excuse the fact that she does absolutely nothing, on the basis that she is in tune with the Tao.
2. Jim smokes marijuana every day, and he sits at home contemplating the universe. He's so zentropic he hasn't left the house in months. OR He fixed me with his best calm pond look, the zentropic bastard.

http://www.diclib.com/cgi-bin/d1.cgi?l=en&st=1&page=showid&start=0&base=amslang&id=11468&letter=Z#.Wb6k4Lh4Qfw

One day, I would love to see Encyclopedia Leprechaunica, Irish publishers, yo!

He learns not to learn and reverts to what all men pass by.
Topic: Etymology of 'dragon'
Posted: Saturday, September 16, 2017 11:16:53 AM
Few years ago I collected some quick info about one superb species.

Fact #1 Dragonflies are ancient insects.
Long before the dinosaurs walked the Earth, dragonflies took to the air. If we could transport ourselves back 250 million years, we would immediately recognize the familiar sight of dragonflies flying in pursuit of prey. Griffenflies, the gigantic precursors of our modern dragonflies, took flight in the Carboniferous period over 300 million years ago.

Fact #2 Dragonflies have excellent vision.
Relative to other insects, dragonfly vision is extraordinarily good. The head consists almost entirely of two huge compound eyes, which gives the dragonfly nearly 360° vision. Each compound eye contains as many as 30,000 lenses, or ommatidia. A dragonfly uses about 80% of its brain to process all this visual information. They can see a wider spectrum of colors than humans. This remarkable vision helps them detect the movement of other insects and avoid collisions in flight.

Fact #3 Dragonflies are masters of flight.
Dragonflies can move each of their four wings independently. In addition to flapping each wing up and down, they can rotate their wings forward and back on an axis. This flexibility enables them to put on an aerial show like no other insect. Dragonflies can move straight up or down, fly backwards, stop and hover, and make hairpin turns, at full speed or in slow motion. A dragonfly can fly forward at a speed of 100 body lengths per second, or up to 30 miles per hour. Scientists at Harvard University used high-speed cameras to study dragonfly flight. They photographed dragonflies taking flight, catching prey, and returning to a perch, all within the a time span of just 1-1.5 seconds.

Article #1

Dragonflies are valuable insects to have in your garden. These predatory insects feed on mosquitoes and other bugs and help keep ponds and pools in your yard bug-free.

Large, multi-faceted eyes, two sets of wings and a long, needle-like body characterize dragonflies. The compact eyes of a dragonfly allow it to see everything within almost 360 degrees around them. And even though they have legs, dragonflies are unable to walk.

Dragonflies are found mostly near ponds and streams. They lay their eggs in water, and the young larvae are called nymphs. The nymphs live underwater, sometimes for as long as five years. When they are ready to become adults, they climb from the water and immediately begin to breathe and prepare to live on land. At this stage, their wings appear and they seek out mates. This winged phase only lasts a few weeks.

Dragonflies are not true flies. They are from an entirely different order of insects. Some form of dragonfly has existed on earth for over 300 million years. The dragonfly has adapted to be a much smaller insect in this time. A fossilized dragonfly was found with a wingspan of over 3 feet. Today, over 5000 species of dragonflies have been recorded worldwide, with 450 species alone residing in the US.

The flight speed of a dragonfly is extremely fast for an insect. They have been recorded at 30 miles an hour. This is a critical reason for their success as flying insect predators.

Myths about dragonflies have existed throughout centuries. These creatures will not harm humans in any way, but they will fly close and hover near people, which can be disconcerting. Dragonflies have the ability to fly in any direction and will often dart back and forth quickly, positioning themselves to catch their prey on the wing.

[Source: http://www.pest-control.com/other-pests/dragonflies/]

Article #2

African lions roar and strut and act the apex carnivore, but they’re lucky to catch 25 percent of the prey they pursue. Great white sharks have 300 slashing teeth and that ominous soundtrack, and still nearly half their hunts fail.

Dragonflies, by contrast, look dainty, glittery and fun, like a bubble bath or costume jewelry, and they’re often grouped with butterflies and ladybugs on the very short list of Insects People Like. Yet they are also voracious aerial predators, and new research suggests they may well be the most brutally effective hunters in the animal kingdom.

When setting off to feed on other flying insects, dragonflies manage to snatch their targets in midair more than 95 percent of the time, often wolfishly consuming the fresh meat on the spur without bothering to alight. “They’ll tear up the prey and mash it into a glob, munch, munch, munch,” said Michael L. May, an emeritus professor of entomology at Rutgers. “It almost looks like a wad of snuff in the mouth before they swallow it.”

These highly developed insects can pinpoint their prey, predict its trajectory and chomp through a victim’s body in midflight.

Next step: grab more food. Dragonflies may be bantam, but their appetite is bottomless. Stacey Combes, who studies the biomechanics of dragonfly flight at Harvard, once watched a laboratory dragonfly eat 30 flies in a row. “It would have happily kept eating,” she said, “if there had been more food available.”

In a string of recent papers, scientists have pinpointed key features of the dragonfly’s brain, eyes and wings that allow it to hunt so unerringly. One research team has determined that the nervous system of a dragonfly displays an almost human capacity for selective attention, able to focus on a single prey as it flies amid a cloud of similarly fluttering insects, just as a guest at a party can attend to a friend’s words while ignoring the background chatter.

Other researchers have identified a kind of master circuit of 16 neurons that connect the dragonfly’s brain to its flight motor center in the thorax. With the aid of that neuronal package, a dragonfly can track a moving target, calculate a trajectory to intercept that target and subtly adjust its path as needed.

The scientists found evidence that a dragonfly plots its course to intercept through a variant of “an old mariner’s trick,” said Robert M. Olberg of Union College, who reported the research with his colleagues in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. If you’re heading north on a boat and you see another boat moving, say, 30 degrees to your right, and if as the two of you barrel forward the other boat remains at that 30-degree spot in your field of view, vector mechanics dictate that your boats will crash: better slow down, speed up or turn aside.

In a similar manner, as a dragonfly closes in on a meal, it maintains an image of the moving prey on the same spot, the same compass point of its visual field. “The image of the prey is getting bigger, but if it’s always on the same spot of the retina, the dragonfly will intercept its target,” said Paloma T. Gonzalez-Bellido, an author of the new report who now works at the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, Mass.

As a rule, the hunted remains clueless until it’s all over. “Before I got into this work, I’d assumed it was an active chase, like a lion going after an impala,” Dr. Combes said. “But it’s more like ambush predation. The dragonfly comes from behind and below, and the prey doesn’t know what’s coming.”

Dragonflies are magnificent aerialists, able to hover, dive, fly backward and upside down, pivot 360 degrees with three tiny wing beats, and reach speeds of 30 miles per hour, lightning for an arthropod. In many insects, the wings are simple extensions of the thoracic box and are moved largely as a unit, by flexing the entire thorax. In the dragonfly, the four transparent, ultraflexible wings are attached to the thorax by separate muscles and can each be maneuvered independently, lending the insect an extraordinary range of flight options.

“A dragonfly can be missing an entire wing and still capture prey,” Dr. Combes said.

Dragonflies are true visionaries. Their eyes are the largest and possibly the keenest in the insect world, a pair of giant spheres each built of some 30,000 pixel-like facets that together take up pretty much the entire head.

“They have a full field of vision,” Dr. Olberg said. “They can see you when they’re flying toward you and still see you when they’re flying away.”

Their other senses get short shrift. Dragonflies can’t really hear, and with their stubby little antennas they’re not much for smelling or pheromonal flirtations.

For neuroscientists, the dragonfly’s large head capsule, eyes and brain cells hold particular appeal. “It’s that much easier to insert tiny electrodes into single neurons and make neural recordings from inside the brain,” said Steven Wiederman of the University of Adelaide in Australia.

As they reported in Current Biology, Dr. Wiederman and his colleague David O’Carroll explored how dragonflies single out one target from a chaotic swarm. Working with the two-inch-long Emerald dragonfly often seen darting around Australian ponds, the researchers inserted an electrode about 1/1500th the width of a human hair into a dragonfly neuron known to be involved in visual processing. They then positioned the dragonfly in front of an L.C.D. screen and showed it first one and then two moving targets at a time.

The scientists predicted that the dragonfly’s probed neuron would react to the competing targets as simpler nervous systems do, with the addition of the second target altering and degrading the response to the first. Instead, the scientists were amazed to find that the dragonfly attended to multiple stimuli in primate-like style, concentrating first on one target while ignoring the other, and then suddenly switching full attention to Target B, and then back to Target A — rather as we humans can sequentially shift our focus at a busy party from friend to friend, to a wineglass in need of a refill.

“It suggests the possibility of a top-down process of selective attention of the sort we normally associate with high order thinking,” Dr. Wiederman said. “So here we have a simple brain of less than a million neurons behaving like our own brain of 100 billion neurons.” The scientists have yet to determine what cues might prompt a dragonfly to decide, ah, there’s the target I will pursue.

Perhaps not surprisingly, much dragonfly research both here and abroad is supported by the United States military, which sees the insect as the archetypal precision drone.

Dragonflies are not a very species-rich group. Their order, Odonata, which means toothed ones — after the notably serrated mandibles that crush prey to snuff — includes only some 7,000 species worldwide, compared with hundreds of thousands of beetle and butterfly species. (And that 7,000 figure includes dragonflies, with their stiff wings, and the related damselflies, which can fold back their wings.)

Yet dragonflies are rich in history, their ancient lineage dating to the Carboniferous period, some 300 million years ago. Back then the atmosphere’s high oxygen content helped give rise to supersize dragonflies with wingspans the length of an arm, three or four times the dimensions of today’s biggest tropical specimens.

Adults spend the great bulk of their days aloft, and not only to hunt and eat. Males spar with other males in midair and relentlessly swoop after females, and mating itself takes place on the wing, with male and female forming a circle that can look somewhat heart-shaped but is an awkward, aggressive affair.

Grasping the female’s head in his mating pincers, the male first must transfer his sperm from a storage site on his lower abdomen to a copulatory organ inconveniently located on his upper abdomen. Then he must induce his headlocked mate to curl her genitals up toward that loaded midbelly penis, and wouldn’t you know it, she’s already mated and the male must pause to expand a little bristled lobe to scrape out the previous suitor’s sperm.

Some dragonfly species migrate long distances each year, a still mysterious phenomenon not unlike the celebrated flight of the monarch butterfly. Recent studies have shown that green darner dragonflies migrate in sizable swarms each fall and spring between the northern United States and southern Mexico, while the globe skimmer dragonfly lives up to its name: it has been tracked crossing between India and Africa, a round trip, multigenerational pilgrimage that may exceed 10,000 miles.

Dragonflies migrate to maximize breeding opportunities, to find warm freshwater ponds in which they can safely lay their eggs. From those eggs hatch dragonfly larvae: astonishing gilled predators that will spend weeks to years hydrojetting through water and shooting their mouthparts after aquatic prey, until they’re ready to spread their wings and take the hunt to the sky.

A version of this article appears in print on April 2, 2013, on page D1 of the New York edition with the headline: Nature’s Drone, Pretty and Deadly.

[Source: www.nytimes.com/2013/04/02/science/dragonflies-natures-deadly-drone-but-prettier.html]

He learns not to learn and reverts to what all men pass by.
Topic: MASAKARI: The people's choice 'General Purpose Grade' English wordlist
Posted: Saturday, September 16, 2017 9:34:41 AM
Finished building English Wikipedia phrase-check corpus.
Slowly but surely have been reaching for a final package allowing Phrase-Checking against the whole English Wikipedia, meaning, using its phrases as "checkbase".

After all the final preparations will do an walkthrough, wanna show how beautiful phrasing as 'very_impressionable' and "Kazehana_s_mannerisms' could be spotted and enrich one's vocabulary.
"Kusano (草野, Sekirei #108), commonly referred to as "Kuu-chan" or "Ku", is the youngest of Minato's Sekirei, and is also known as the "Green Girl" (緑の少女 Midori no Shōjo) by other Sekirei. At the beginning of the story, she was hiding in a botanical garden after being traumatized when Mikogami attempted to forcibly wing her. Kusano communicated with Minato telepathically and led him through the garden until he found her. Kusano refers to Minato as Onii-chan (big brother), and is the most attached to him. She does not like fighting or quarreling and she can be seen stopping them when they start. She is also very impressionable and often copies Musubi, Tsukiumi and Kazehana's mannerisms. She is extremely determined to be Minato's wife when she grows up, and is highly possessive of him at times, ..."
An excerpt from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Sekirei_characters

The corpus that will be used as checkbase.



Also, added the needed buttons (feature of revision 4). The purple buttons on the bottom-right will check the file selected (the inverse darkblue line):





Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. should rethink the usefulness of their search options.
After finishing the package will upload it somewhere, if you have 50GB shareable on your Internet drive, please cooperate to upload it to your drive.

He learns not to learn and reverts to what all men pass by.
Topic: Etymology of 'dragon'
Posted: Saturday, September 16, 2017 9:12:52 AM
Thanks for the feedback, got me thinking which resulted in an add-on:

#107 DragonerieS LeprechaunerieS
#108 DragonCRAFT LeprechaunCRAFT

Jyrkkä Jätkä wrote:
So, how would you put dragonfly? Leprechaunerie?

And how about hobgoblings?

Haven't occurred to me until you mentioned it, that 'dragonfly' imposes a problema, being a separate noun altogether it "demands" nestedness i.e. stemming within stemming, in my view, 'dragonfly' should be included in this dragonish (meaning formidable here) while also generating "recursively" all the possible variants similar to the previous level. For example, next to 'dragonESQUEly' the recursion will yield 'dragonflyESQUEly', one real example:

"The AI-powered drone proved dragonflyESQUEly effective, reaching 95% hit ratio."

"African lions roar and strut and act the apex carnivore, but they’re lucky to catch 25 percent of the prey they pursue. Great white sharks have 300 slashing teeth and that ominous soundtrack, and still nearly half their hunts fail.
Dragonflies, by contrast, look dainty, glittery and fun, like a bubble bath or costume jewelry, and they’re often grouped with butterflies and ladybugs on the very short list of Insects People Like. Yet they are also voracious aerial predators, and new research suggests they may well be the most brutally effective hunters in the animal kingdom."

See next post, dedicated to the awesomeness of these 350,000,000 old piece of art creatures.

You see wordcraft is not easy ('dragonfly' is problematic) with words not having "precedents" - similar words already established, e.g. Leprechaun-erie has no issues since 'courtisan-erie' is a precedent. Also 'http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Japonerie'

courtisanerie (plural courtisaneries)
1. The practice or profession of being a courtesan.

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/courtisanerie

I would extend the single definition, jokingly, to courtisan-ology - the domain of courtisans, the craft of courtisans, courtisancraft.

Japonism (redirected from Japonerie)
Jap·o·nism (jăp′ə-nĭz′əm)
n.
1. Something characteristically Japanese.
2. The influence of Japan on European art, especially in impressionism.
[French japonisme, from Japon, Japan.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


See http://www.thefreedictionary.com/-ery
Also:

diablerie (dɪˈɑːblərɪ; French djɑbləri)
n
1. (Other Non-Christian Religions) magic or witchcraft connected with devils
2. (Other Non-Christian Religions) demonic lore or esoteric knowledge of devils
3. (Other Non-Christian Religions) the domain of devils
4. devilry; mischief
[C18: from Old French, from diable devil, from Latin diabolus; see devil]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

di•a•ble•rie (diˈɑ blə ri, daɪˈæb lə-)

n.
1. diabolic magic or art; sorcery; witchcraft.
2. the lore of devils; demonology.
3. reckless mischief; deviltry.
[1745–55; < French, Old French, =diable devil + -erie -ery]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


As for 'hobgoblings', it baffles me, the ending 'lin' is same as the suffix 'lin(g)', it yields 'hobgoblinLING(s)', not that weird on a second thought.
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/-lin

To me, Leprechaunerie is the magic(k) of Leprechauns, their mojo, the same goes for Dragonerie.

He learns not to learn and reverts to what all men pass by.
Topic: Etymology of 'dragon'
Posted: Wednesday, September 13, 2017 5:14:01 PM
Couldn't resist the urge to put side-by-side the 'dragon' counterparts to one of my favorite words (reasons explained in my MASAKARI thread), so let us roll:

#001: dragon leprechaun
#002: dragondom leprechaundom similar to devildom noun (a) the dominion or rule of a devil or the Devil, exercise of diabolic power; (b) the domain of the Devil, the condition of devils: L17.
#003: dragonerie leprechaunerie similar to diablerie (my favorite by far); gaminerie - the impish or mischievous behaviour of a gamin or gamine
#004: dragonESE leprechaunESE
#005: dragonESQUE leprechaunESQUE
#006: dragonESQUEly leprechaunESQUEly
#007: dragoness leprechauness similar to demoness (not mentioned in HERITAGE but with 5 occurrences in 5 corpora, I tend to believe that this creature is more enigmatic than the unicorn)
#008: dragonesses leprechaunesses similar to demonesses (not mentioned in HERITAGE but with 4 occurrences in 4 corpora, funny even the Smurfette was one-of-a-kind i.e. there were no other smurfesses, but who knows)
#009: dragonhead leprechaunhead similar to devilhead noun (long arch. rare) devilhood ME.
#010: dragonhood leprechaunhood similar to devilhood noun the condition and estate of a devil or the Devil E17.
#011: dragonIAN leprechaunIAN
#012: dragonic leprechaunic similar to diabolic/demonic
#013: dragonical leprechaunical similar to diabolical
#014: dragonically leprechaunically similar to diabolically
#015: dragonicalness leprechaunicalness similar to diabolicalness
#016: dragonicidal leprechaunicidal similar to tyrannicidal adjective E19.
#017: dragonicide leprechaunicide similar to tyrannicide, noun. M17. 1. The killing of a tyrant. M17. 2. A person who kills a tyrant. M17. - tyrannicidal adjective E19.
#018: dragonics leprechaunics similar to humanics, noun. M19. [from HUMAN adjective & noun + -ICS.] The branch of knowledge that deals with human affairs.
#019: dragonifiable leprechaunifiable similar to personifiable, adj.
#020: dragonification leprechaunification similar to humanify, verb trans. E17. [from HUMAN adjective + -I- + -FY.] Make human. - humanification noun L19.
#021: dragonified leprechaunified similar to personified; zombified adjective (colloq.) made into a zombie; dull, apathetic: L20.
#022: dragonifier leprechaunifier similar to personifier; beautifier
#023: dragonifiers leprechaunifiers
#024: dragonifies leprechaunifies similar to personifies
#025: dragonify leprechaunify similar to beautify, verb trans. E16. [from BEAUTY + -FY.] Make beautiful; adorn, embellish. - beautifier noun L16.
#026: dragonifying leprechaunifying similar to personifying
#027: dragonifyings leprechaunifyings
#028: dragonish leprechaunish
#029: dragonishly leprechaunishly similar to devilishly
#030: dragonishness leprechaunishness similar to devilishness
#031: dragonism leprechaunism similar to devilism: noun, a system of action or conduct appropriate to a devil, devilish quality M17.
#032: dragonIST leprechaunIST
#033: dragonISTS leprechaunISTS
#034: dragonitarian leprechaunitarian similar to humanitarian, noun & adjective. E19. [from HUMANIT(Y + -ARIAN, after equalitarian, unitarian, etc.] A. noun. 1. A person believing in the humanity but not the divinity of Christ. Now rare. E19. ...
#035: dragonitarianism leprechaunitarianism similar to humanitarianism, noun: humanitarian principles or practice M19.
#036: dragonitary leprechaunitary similar to humanitary, adjective. rare. M19. [formed as HUMANITARIAN + -ARY1. Cf. French humanitaire.] 1. Of or pertaining to the human race. M19. 2. Humanitarian, philanthropic. L19.
#037: dragonITE leprechaunITE
#038: dragonity leprechaunity similar to humanity, noun. LME. [Old & mod. French humanité from Latin humanitas, from humanus: see HUMAN, -ITY.] I. Rel. to HUMAN. 1. The quality, condition, or fact of being human. LME. ...
#039: dragonizABILITY leprechaunizABILITY
#040: dragonizABLE leprechaunizABLE =leprechaunize+ABLE
#041: dragonization leprechaunization similar to demonization
#042: dragonize leprechaunize similar to demonize
#043: dragonized leprechaunized similar to demonized
#044: dragonizes leprechaunizes similar to demonizes
#045: dragonizing leprechaunizing similar to demonizing
#046: dragonkin leprechaunkin similar to devilkin noun a little devil, an imp M18.
#047: dragonkind leprechaunkind similar to humankind, noun. L16. [from HUMAN adjective + KIND noun, after MANKIND.] The human race; = MANKIND noun 1.
#048: dragonless leprechaunless similar to sailorless adjective having no sailors E19.
#049: dragonlet leprechaunlet similar to devilet noun (a) a little devil; (b) dial. the swift: L18.
#050: dragonlets leprechaunlets
#051: dragonlike leprechaunlike similar to devil-like adjective & adverb diabolical(ly) L15.
#052: dragonling leprechaunling similar to godling, noun. Freq. joc. or derog. L16. [from GOD noun + -LING1.] A small or minor god; a representation of such a god. "R. Kipling: Till ye become little Gods again—Gods of the jungle—..Godlings of the tree."
#053: dragonlings leprechaunlings
#054: dragonLY leprechaunLY similar to humanely, adverb. Also †humanly. L15. [from HUMANE adjective + -LY2.] In a humane manner, compassionately. Formerly also = HUMANLY.
#055: dragonment leprechaunment similar to devilment, noun. L18. 1. Action befitting a devil; mischief, wild spirits, reckless daring. L18. 2. A devilled dish of food. rare. L18. 3. A devilish device or invention, a devilish or strange phenomenon. L19.
#056: dragonments leprechaunments similar to devilments (not mentioned in HERITAGE but with 3 occurrences in 3 corpora)
#057: dragonness leprechaunness similar to humanness, noun. E18. [formed as HUMANLY + -NESS.] The quality, condition, or fact of being human.
#058: dragonocracy leprechaunocracy similar to demonocracy noun the rule of demons M18.
#059: dragonographer leprechaunographer similar to demonographer noun a writer on demons M18.
#060: dragonographers leprechaunographers
#061: dragonoid leprechaunoid similar to zomboid adjective (colloq.) zombie-like L20.
#062: dragonolater leprechaunolater similar to iconolatry, noun. E17. [ecclesiastical Greek eikonolatreia, formed as ICONO-: see -LATRY.] The worship of religious images or icons. - iconolater noun a person who practises iconolatry M17.
#063: dragonolaters leprechaunolaters
#064: dragonolatries leprechaunolatries similar to iconolatries/demonolatries
#065: dragonolatrous leprechaunolatrous similar to demonolatrous adjective of, pertaining to, of the nature of, or practising demon-worship M19.
#066: dragonolatry leprechaunolatry similar to demonolatry noun demon-worship M17.
#067: dragonologic leprechaunologic similar to demonologic
#068: dragonological leprechaunological similar to demonological
#069: dragonologist leprechaunologist similar to demonologist
#070: dragonologists leprechaunologists similar to demonologists (not mentioned in HERITAGE but with 4 occurrences in 4 corpora)
#071: dragonomachy leprechaunomachy similar to iconomachy, noun. L16. [from ecclesiastical Greek eikonomakhein to fight against images, formed as ICONO-: see -MACHY.] A war against images; hostility to images, esp. their use in worship.
#072: dragonomancy leprechaunomancy similar to botanomancy, noun: (rare) divination by means of plants E17.
#073: dragonomania leprechaunomania similar to demonomania noun a mental illness in which the patient believes himself or herself possessed by an evil spirit M19.
#074: dragonomaniac leprechaunomaniac similar to demonomaniac adjective a person suffering from demonomania M19.
#075: dragonomaniacs leprechaunomaniacs
#076: dragononology leprechaunonology similar to demonology
#077: dragonophile leprechaunophile similar to xenophile
#078: dragonophiles leprechaunophiles
#079: dragonophilia leprechaunophilia similar to xenophilia
#080: dragonophilous leprechaunophilous similar to xenophilous
#081: dragonophobe leprechaunophobe similar to xenophobe
#082: dragonophobes leprechaunophobes
#083: dragonophobia leprechaunophobia similar to xenophobia
#084: dragonophobic leprechaunophobic similar to xenophobic
#085: dragonries leprechaunries similar to devilries (devilry=deviltry)
#086: dragonry leprechaunry similar to goblinry, noun: the practices of a goblin or goblins E19.
#087: dragons leprechauns
#088: dragonship leprechaunship similar to devilship noun (a) (chiefly joc. as a title) a person having the status of a devil; (b) the condition or quality of a devil; the position or office of devil: ME.
#089: dragonwise leprechaunwise
#090: dragonY leprechaunY
#091: dragoncephaly leprechauncephaly similar to micrencephaly !?
#092: dragonOcephalic leprechaunOcephalic similar to microcephalic
#093: dragonOcephalism leprechaunOcephalism similar to microcephalism
#094: dragonOcephaly leprechaunOcephaly similar to microcephaly
#095: dragonOcephalus leprechaunOcephalus similar to cynocephalus
#096: dragonOcephali leprechaunOcephali similar to cynocephali
#097: dragonOcephalous leprechaunOcephalous similar to cynocephalous
#098: dragononomy leprechaunonomy similar to organonomy
#099: dragononomic leprechaunonomic similar to organonomic
#100: dragonophilism leprechaunophilism similar to necrophilism
#101: dragonophiliac leprechaunophiliac similar to necrophiliac adj. & n.
#102: dragonophilic leprechaunophilic similar to keratinophilic; necrophilic adj.
#103: dragonisms leprechaunisms similar to hooliganisms
#104: dragonette leprechaunette similar to kitchenette
#105: dragonries leprechaunries similar to wardenries- The office, duties, or jurisdiction of a warden.
#106: dragonoids leprechaunoids similar to humanoids

With proper digging into suffix realm, I fully expect 20 more to pop up.

He learns not to learn and reverts to what all men pass by.
Topic: a real dragon?
Posted: Wednesday, September 13, 2017 4:03:23 PM
"Kindness is a mark of faith. and whoever is not kind has no faith."

Where does this originate from?

As for real dragons, how can one dismiss their existence seeing a similar creature as T-rex:



He learns not to learn and reverts to what all men pass by.
Topic: Bemeism
Posted: Saturday, September 09, 2017 2:32:31 PM
First off, the new word 'Bemeism', very cool one!

Today found worthy video narrations at Trevor Ilesley's YouTube channel, love his sharings, his voice and content is a wonderful educational source in several ways, mostly as English audiobooks, simple wording in calm form. Highly recommend at least the 7-8 themes touched 20 minutes long that I viewed/heard.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MnRmdLby9eA



He learns not to learn and reverts to what all men pass by.
Topic: Etymology of 'dragon'
Posted: Friday, September 08, 2017 10:14:07 AM
Drag0nspeaker wrote:
... The dragon's eye has always had a mystique - both the symbol and the eye itself ...


Do people in Scotland call 'Ley-Lines' 'Dragon Lines' as Welsh people do?

"Ley lines are one of the most enduring earth mysteries. A network of prehistoric pathways criss-crossing the country, some believe them to have mystical significance. Ley lines, also known as "leys" and "dragon lines" are phenomena most people have heard of but few really understand. Indeed it would be fair to say that no-one understands them fully, as they remain largely unexplained."

"[Ley lines are] alignments and patterns of powerful, invisible earth energy said to connect various sacred sites, such as churches, temples, stone circles, megaliths, holy wells, burial sites, and other locations of spiritual or magical importance". (Harper's Encyclopaedia of Mystical and Paranormal Experience)."

Source: http://www.bbc.co.uk/gloucestershire/content/articles/2005/06/29/ley_lines_feature.shtml

"This brings us back to why the Welsh call ley lines dragon lines. The Welsh called them this as the white dragon represented all what is good and wholesome in the world. Whereas the black dragon represented all that is bad and evil in the world, which then in turn brings us back to the Eastern philosophy of Ying and Yang the dark and the light."

Source: https://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/mapas_ocultotierra/esp_mapa_ocultotierra_07.htm



Source: http://www.ancient-wisdom.com/leylines.htm

"The St. Michael Line of traditional dragons sites in south-west England (…) is remarkable for its length and accuracy. It appears to be set between two prominent Somerset hills, both dedicated to St. Michael with ruined churches on their summit..."



Source: http://bigthink.com/strange-maps/527-the-st-michael-line-a-straight-story

"Ley Lines, corridors of ancient and sacred sites, like standing stones and circles, churches, abbeys, cathedrals and burial grounds have been a peculiarly British interest for decades, partly because there are so many of them and partly because the island has an excellent coverage of 1 inch O.S. maps. So often scoffed at by scientists of all designations, the work of one dedicated Earth Energy researcher from Scotland has brought a breath of fresh air to the subject."

"David R. Cowan, in his first book on the subject, “Ley Lines and Earth Energies” shows how our ancestors several thousand years ago built a highly complicated pattern of energy fields across Scotland. The castles of Edinburgh and Stirling, he found, are sitting on top of their volcanic plugs emitting waves of natural energy like the spokes of a bicycle wheel. Where these energies cross, our ancestors built their clan burial grounds (illustration 1). The box at the top is the section he walked, following these leys with his divining rods to establish this theory."

"Eventually he realized that there were other obvious triangles of this nature. Robin Heath, in his book “Powerpoints” cites the remarkable right-angled triangle of capital cities in the United Kingdom, from Edinburgh, capital of Scotland, south to Cardiff, capital of Wales and East to London. Using his theory that many leys were emitted from volcanic anomalies, David found that the new Scottish parliament had been carefully placed between the volcanic plugs of Calton Hill and Arthur’s Seat to power this system. This particular site was against the wishes of most of that citys conventional city planners."

"Much later he discovered that his home town of Crieff in Perthshire has three of its main streets forming a right angled triangle, with streams of vertical waves of energy (2-3 metres wavelength) emitted from three volcanic plugs, two of them with castles on top, one with an ancient four-stone circle. This right-angled triangle is only part of a complicated six-pointed star with outlying clan burial grounds and other sacred sites, like standing stones and circles for instance (illustration 2). A volcanic plug is an extinct volcano with its surrounding ash eroded away. Scotland has 14 of these plugs on its mainland, with other outlying islands. Castles, like Edinburgh Castle were built on these plugs."

Source: http://aetherforce.com/ley-lines-of-the-uk-and-usa-by-david-cowan/

"This is the map of ley lines from the recumbent stone at Connachan Farm.
Note that this powerful stone sits on top of the Highland Boundary Fault .
The energy which powers this circuit also comes from the volcanic island of Boreray beating against the volcanic plug of North Berwick Law, to the East of Edinburgh.
Also important is the number of ancient burial grounds which this energy serves."



Source: http://www.ley-man.co.uk/

"The Chinese art of 'Feng-shui', or 'wind and water', also means 'that which cannot be seen and cannot be grasped'. The duty of the practitioners of the art was to determine the flow of 'lung-mei', or 'Dragon currents'. Every building, stone and planted tree was so placed into the landscape as to conform to the 'dragon currents' which flowed along these lines."

As far as I know, those lines are real, here in Bulgaria on such zone is Рупите, a zone with hidden powers loved by our famous seeress Ванга. Similar story is Pythia in Delphi. Rupite and Delphi being zones of power.

He learns not to learn and reverts to what all men pass by.

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