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Profile: Calcifer Y
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User Name: Calcifer Y
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Joined: Wednesday, May 13, 2015
Last Visit: Sunday, March 26, 2017 5:20:44 PM
Number of Posts: 730
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Topic: Kanji of the Day
Posted: Sunday, March 26, 2017 5:20:43 PM
Topic: Kanji of the Day
Posted: Sunday, March 26, 2017 5:20:23 PM
Daemon wrote:
connoisseur

(noun) A person with expert knowledge or training, especially in the fine arts.

Synonyms: cognoscente

Usage: I brought the painting to the world's best art connoisseurs, and they all agreed that it was an authentic Picasso and would fetch millions at auction.


Kanji of the Day



シキ shí zhì


Jōyō Kanji : 5th Grade (JLPT שְׁתַּיִם)

RADICAL 149

Strokes 19-7-12

Frequency 591

▶DISCRIMINATE ▶KNOWLEDGE

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ discriminate, discern, recognize

power of discrimination, discernment

Buddhism consciousness

識別する shikibetsu suru discriminate, discern, recognize しきべつする

認識 ninshiki cognition, perception; understanding にんしき

鑑識する kanshiki suru identify, judge; discern かんしきする

鑑識家 kanshikika cognoscente...connoisseur かんしきか



Liar connoisseur Not talking


彼は鑑識家に慈悲を求めた。 Kare wa kanshikika ni jihi o motometa. He begged the connoisseur for mercy. かれはかんしきかにじひをもとめた。

眼識 ganshiki insight, discrimination がんしき

意識する ishiki suru be conscious of, be aware of いしきする

六識 rokushiki six consciousnesses ろくしき

❷ (acquired) knowledge, sense, wisdom, learning

識見 shikiken knowledge, judgment, discernment しきけん

知識 chishiki knowledge ちしき

常識 jōshiki common sense, common knowledge じょうしき

良識 ryōshiki good sense りょうしき

有識者 yūshikisha learned [informed, intellectual] people, the wise ゆうしきしゃ

学識 gakushiki learning, scholarship がくしき

❸ⓐ know, be acquainted with

ⓑ acquaintance

識字 shikiji teaching illiterate people how to read しきじ

面識 menshiki acquaintance めんしき

相識の sōshiki no mutually acquainted そうしきの

問題意識 mondaiishiki awareness of the issues, (having a) critical mind, concerns もんだいいしき

④ write down, record

式後 shikigo editor’s note; preface; postscript しきご

❺ landmark, sign

道路標識 dōro hyōshiki signpost どうろひょうしき

SYNONYMS

WISDOM



チ NAMES さと さとし さとる とも のり とし zhì


PHILOSOPHY



テツ zhé


knowledge



チ しる しらせる zhī


HOMOPHONES

shiki ➳ 

☄ ART RELATION ☄










Erwin Blumenfeld, Masked Ball, 1919
Collage, 7 ½ x 7 inches (19 x 18 cm)
Topic: Kanji of the Day
Posted: Sunday, March 26, 2017 5:20:08 PM
Topic: Kanji of the Day
Posted: Friday, March 24, 2017 5:53:58 PM
Topic: Kanji of the Day
Posted: Friday, March 24, 2017 5:53:37 PM
Daemon wrote:
prejudicious

(adjective) Causing harm or injury.

Synonyms: damaging, detrimental, prejudicial

Usage: The reporter's coverage resulted in prejudicious publicity for the defendant.


Kanji of the Day



ガイ hài


Jōyō Kanji : 4th Grade (JLPT שְׁלוֹשָׁה)

RADICAL 40

Strokes 10-3-7

Frequency 376

▶HARM

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ harm, evil, ill effect

ⓑ harm, injure, damage

害毒 gaidoku harm, evil, evil influence がいどく

被害 higai damage, harm はいがい

弊害 heigai civil, abuse, vice へいがい

有害な yūgai na harmful, pernicious, noxious ゆうがいな

有害的 yūgaiteki prejudicial, detrimental, damaging, prejudicious ゆうがいてき



Drool prejudicious Whistle


国民に関する固定観念がどれほど有害的かを理解するには、少数の外国人と親しくなるだけで十分だ。 Kokumin ni kansuru kotei kan'nen ga dorehodo yūgai-teki ka o rikai suru ni wa, shōsū no gaikoku hito to shitashiku naru dakede jūbunda. You only have to make a few foreign friends to understand how prejudicious national stereotypes are. こくみんにかんするこていかんねんがどれほどゆうがいてきかをりかいするにわ、しょうすうのがいこくひととしたしくなるだけでじゅうぶんだ。

害虫 gaichū harmful insect がいちゅう

傷害 shōgai injury, bodily, harm しょうがい

侵害 shingai infringement, violation しんがい

❷ damage; pollution

公害 kōgai environmental pollution こうがい

災害 saigai calamity, disaster, accident さいがい

損害 songai damage, harm そんがい

冷害 reigai damage from cold weather れいがい

損害保険 songaihoken...damage insurance そんがいほけん

水害 suigai flood damage すいがい

❸ [formerly also 碍] [original meaning] stand in the way, hinder, obstruct, interfere with

障害 shōgai obstacle, hindrance; (physical) disorder しょうがい

妨害する bōgai suru disturb, hinder, obstruct, hamper, impede, interfere ぼうがいする

阻害する sogai suru obstruct, check, impede, hinder そがいする

④ kill

殺害する satsugai (=setsugai) suru murder, kill, assassinate さつがいする

自害 jigai suicide じがい

❺ vital point

要害 yōgai stronghold, strategic position ようがい

INDEPENDENT

【gai 害】 harm, evil, ill effect; damage

飲酒の害 inshu no gai ill effects of drinking いんしゅのがい

【gaisuru 害する】 harm, injure, damage

SYNONYMS

WOUND



ショウ きず いたむ いためる shāng


hinder



ショウ さわる zhàng


INTERRUPT



シャ さえぎる zhē


HOMOPHONES

gai ➳ 

✺ ART RELATION ✺










Max Ernst, Two Children Are Threatened by a Nightingale, 1924
Oil on wood with painted wood elements and frame, 27 ½ x 22 ½ x 4 ½" (69.8 x 57.1 x 11.4 cm)
Topic: Kanji of the Day
Posted: Friday, March 24, 2017 5:53:17 PM
Topic: Kanji of the Day
Posted: Thursday, March 23, 2017 6:05:57 PM
Topic: Kanji of the Day
Posted: Thursday, March 23, 2017 6:05:42 PM
Daemon wrote:
buffoon

(noun) A person given to clowning and joking.

Synonyms: merry andrew, clown, goof, goofball

Usage: At a country fair there was a buffoon who made all the people laugh by imitating the cries of various animals.


Kanji of the Day



シャ もの zhě


Jōyō Kanji : 3rd Grade (JLPT אַרְבָּעָה)

RADICAL 125

Strokes 8-4-4

Frequency 26

▶PERSON

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ person

ⓑ person concerned, party

弱者 jakusha weak person, the weak じゃくしゃ

死者 shisha dead person, the deceased ししゃ

三者会談 sansha-kaidan tripartite conference さんしゃかいだん

第三者 daisansha third party だいさんしゃ

❷ [also suffix] person [one] who performs an action or holds an occupation: -er (as in reader)

読者 dokusha reader, subscriber どくしゃ

学者 gakusha scholar, learned man がくしゃ

記者 kisha journalist, reporter; editor きしゃ

著者 chosha author, writer ちょしゃ

医者 isha doctor いしゃ

打者 dasha batter, hitter だしゃ

賛成者 sanseisha approver, supporter さんせいしゃ

被爆者 hibakusha victim of atomic air raid ひばくしゃ

科学者 kagakusha scientist かがくしゃ

❸ used to designate a thing or person

前者 zensha the former ぜんしゃ

後者 kōsha the latter こうしゃ

両者 ryōsha both りょうしゃ

歩行者天国 hokōshatengoku...pedestrian mall, car-free mall, pedestrian paradise ほこうしゃてんごく

KUN

【mono 者】 person, fellow, somebody

若者 wakamono young person [fellow], youth わかもの

怠け者 namakemono idle [lazy] fellow なまけもの

悪者 warumono bad fellow, ruffian わるもの

道化者 dōkemono goofball, goof, clown, merry andrew, buffoon どうけもの



Dancing buffoon Boo hoo!


サーカスの道化者は子供たちを楽しませた。 Sākasu no dōkemono wa kodomo-tachi o tanoshima seta. The buffoon at the circus pleased my children. さあかすのどうけものはこどもたちをたのしませた。

SPECIAL READINGS

猛者 mosa stalwart; veteran もさ

SYNONYMS

(unmarried) female worker



ジョウ niáng


PROFESSION SUFFIX



シ shì


workman



コウ ク グ gōng


HOMOPHONES

mono ➳ 

۩ ART RELATION ۩










Clown by Hannah Höch, 1924, Photocollage of halftone elements, 1924
Initialed in ink on the recto; credit, title and notations in pencil on the reverse of the mount., 5 x 3in. (12.7 x 9.5cm.) Framed.
Topic: Kanji of the Day
Posted: Thursday, March 23, 2017 6:05:27 PM
Topic: Kanji of the Day
Posted: Wednesday, March 22, 2017 5:31:46 PM
Daemon wrote:
ninepin

(noun) A wooden pin used in the game of ninepins.

Synonyms: skittle

Usage: He threw the ball so hard that it knocked the ninepin into the neighbor's yard.


Kanji of the Day



ヒ こうむる おおう かぶる かぶせる bèi


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8th Grade ~ JLPT שְׁתַּיִם)

RADICAL 145

Strokes 10-5-5

Frequency 782

▶BE SUBJECTED TO

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ be subjected to, undergo, suffer

ⓑ auxiliary verb for forming the passive voice similar to the English be

被害 higai damage, harm ひがい

被弾 hidan being bombed ひだん

被災 hisai suffering, affection ひさい

被傭者(=被用者) hiyōsha employee ひようしゃ

被害者 higaisha skittle...ninepin ひがいしゃ



Pray ninepin Dancing


赤十字は災害の被害者を直ちに救援する。 Sekijūji wa saigai no higaisha o tadachini kyūen suru. The Red Cross gets help to the victims who are going down like ninepins without delay. せきじゅうじはさいがいのひがいしゃをただちにきゅうえんする。

被爆者 hibakusha victim of atomic air raid ひばくしゃ

被告人 hikokunin defendant ひこくにん

被保険者 hihokensha insured person ひほけんしゃ

被選挙権 hisenkyoken eligibility for election ひせんきょけん

❷ⓐ cover, envelope; wear

ⓑ cover(ing), clothing

被覆 hifuku covering, coating ひふく

被膜 himaku tunic, capsule ひまく

被服 hifuku clothing ひふく

外被 gaihi outer cover がいひ

法被 happi (workman's) livery coat はっぴ

花被 kahi perianth, floral envelope かひ

KUN

【kōmu(ru) 被る】 [also 蒙る] be subjected to, undergo, receive, sustain

損害を被る songai o kōmuru suffer a loss そんがいをこうむる

恩恵を被る onkei o kōmuru share in the benefit おんけいをこうむる

【ō(u) 被う】 [usu. 覆う] cover, veil

被い ōi cover, mantle おおい

雪で被われる yuki de ōwareru be covered with snow ゆきでおおわれる

【kabu(ru) 被る】 put on headgear, wear; pour (as water) on oneself, be covered with; take upon oneself; photography be fogged

猫被り nekokaburi hypocrisy, false modesty; hypocrite, wolf in a lamb’s skin ねこかぶり

引っ被る hikkaburu pull (a thing) over one's head ひっかぶる

泥を被る doro o kaburu be covered with mud; take another’s fault upon oneself どろをかぶる

【kabu(seru) 被せる】 cover, put (a thing) on, plate (a thing) with, pour, dash (water) on; pin (a crime) on, frame

土を被せる tsuchi o kabuseru cover with earth つちをかぶせる

歯に金を被せる ha ni kin o kabuseru crown a tooth with gold はにきんをかぶせる

押っ被せる okkabuseru put a thing on top of another おっかぶせる

SYNONYMS

WRAP



ホウ つつむ bāo


put on footwear



はく


be subjected to



ジュ うける -うけ うかる shòu


USAGE

kōmuru

被る

[also 蒙る] be subjected to, undergo, receive, sustain

蒙る

[also 被る] same as 被る

HOMOPHONES

kōmuru ➳ 

ōu ➳ 覆 蓋 掩 蔽

❦ ART RELATION ❦










Hans Richter, Portrait visionnaire de Emmy Hennings, 1917
38.5 X 55, collection particulière

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