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Daemon
Posted: Sunday, January 18, 2015 12:00:00 AM
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Montesquieu

Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de la Brède et de Montesquieu, was a French social and political philosopher whose ideas profoundly influenced European and American political thought, particularly that of America's founding fathers. He spent 15 years working on his masterpiece, De l'Esprit des loisOn the Spirit of the Laws—an immense comparative analysis of various forms of government comprising more than 600 chapters. What concept did he famously put forth in this work? More...
striker
Posted: Sunday, January 18, 2015 10:23:55 AM
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great spirit and belief in the law
CheVegas ☁️ ✈ ☁️
Posted: Sunday, January 18, 2015 12:54:01 PM

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His concept? Separation of Power.
monamagda
Posted: Sunday, January 18, 2015 1:34:55 PM

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Montesquieu, like most early political thinkers after Machiavelli, was essentially concerned with the problem of the relationship of right and might, of law and power. In considering the problem of adjusting right and might, law and power, Montesquieu did not attempt to solve the problem. He was convinced the problem could not be solved but only understood and dealt with in more rational and equitable ways than societies had used in the past. Thus, he was no more a political moralist than he was a political utopian. Montesquieu’s political theory rested on the following assumptions: First, there is no universal solution to the problems of politically structuring a society, because there are only kinds of solutions; second, different cultures require different solutions; third, whatever the solution in a given society, it cannot be arbitrary and will not be accidental—it will depend on the cultural tradition and factors of history and geography; fourth, there is no ideal solution for any culture, only better and worse solutions; fifth, no solution is permanent but is subject to change by conscious or unconscious action and corruption; and, sixth, any workable solution must be the result of rational analysis of objective factors.


http://www.enotes.com/topics/spirit-laws

Verbatim
Posted: Sunday, January 18, 2015 3:07:16 PM
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When Monarchy was supposed to be inspired by the principle of Honor, Republics by the principle of Virtue, and Despotism simply by Fear,
yet to conceive of Separation of Powers must have been well beyond the sad reality that, separate or not, power is eventually going to be grabbed.
Fredric-frank Myers
Posted: Sunday, January 18, 2015 9:28:50 PM

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Though he was an advocate of, "Separation of Power", I'm afraid he would be very sad when viewing how the US of A turned out.
NeuroticHellFem
Posted: Sunday, January 18, 2015 10:03:01 PM

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Regarding Montesquieu's meteorological climate theory, I know the Australian summers get me hot & bothered.
Quote:
He goes so far as to assert that certain climates are superior to others, the temperate climate of France being ideal. His view is that people living in very warm countries are "too hot-tempered," while those in northern countries are "icy" or "stiff."



When you make an assumption, you make an ass of u & umption! - NeuroticHellFem
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