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Oswaldo Cruz (1872) Options
Daemon
Posted: Tuesday, August 5, 2014 12:00:00 AM
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Oswaldo Cruz (1872)

Cruz was a Brazilian physician, scientist, and the founder of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute for research and development in biomedical sciences in Rio de Janeiro. As the Director General of Public Health, Cruz took strong measures to combat the bubonic plague, smallpox, and yellow fever in Brazil. He instituted sanitary reforms that included isolating the sick and exterminating the rat population in Rio. What happened when he tried to reinstate a law imposing mandatory smallpox vaccination? More...
MechPebbles
Posted: Tuesday, August 5, 2014 1:07:41 AM

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The public revolted because they feared smallpox vaccination!
JUSTIN Excellence
Posted: Tuesday, August 5, 2014 1:32:22 AM

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Happy Birthday Dr. Oswaldo Cruz Boo hoo! Boo hoo!











über laboratorium dauernd zur Naturtreue
JUSTIN Excellence
Posted: Tuesday, August 5, 2014 1:34:31 AM

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Inspired by the great work of Louis Pasteur, who had developed the germ theory of disease, four years later Dr Oswaldo went to Paris to specialize in bacteriology at the Pasteur Institute, which gathered the great names of this branch of science of that time. He was financed by his father-in-law, a wealthy Portuguese merchant.








über laboratorium dauernd zur Naturtreue
JUSTIN Excellence
Posted: Tuesday, August 5, 2014 1:44:02 AM

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This is to answer the question of the King Daemon, your Highness!
A law imposing smallpox vaccination of children had existed since 1837 but had never been put into practice. Therefore, on June 9, 1904, following a proposal by Oswaldo Cruz, the government presented a bill to the Congress requesting the reestablishment of obligatory smallpox vaccination. The extremely rigid and severe provisions of this instrument terrified the people. Popular opposition against Cruz increased sharply and opposition newspapers started a violent campaign against this measure and the federal government in general. Members of the parliament and labor unions protested. An anti-vaccination league was organized.





über laboratorium dauernd zur Naturtreue
Alenka
Posted: Tuesday, August 5, 2014 2:45:02 AM
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Bubonic-plague in Europe was really terrible.
stefan
Posted: Tuesday, August 5, 2014 4:47:36 AM

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Just to complete JUSTIN's answer: "On November 10, the Vaccine Revolt exploded in Rio. Violent confrontations with the police ensued, with strikes, barricades, and shootings in the streets, as the population rose in protest against the government. On November 14, the Military Academy adhered to the revolt, but the cadets where dispersed after an intense shooting. The government declared a state of siege. On November 16, the uprising was controlled and the obligatory vaccination was suspended"
monamagda
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The Vaccine Revolt

In 1904, a smallpox epidemic struck the city. In the first five months alone, 1,800 people had been admitted with the disease to the São Sebastião Hospital. Although compulsory vaccination of children against the disease had been written into law since 1837, it had never been enforced. Therefore, on June 29th, 1904, the Government submitted a project reinstating the obligatory vaccination against smallpox.
The law included the vaccination of children below six months of age as well as that of the military, the revaccination every seven years and the requirement of a vaccination certificate for those applying for civil service positions, enrolling in a school, marrying or traveling. It also authorized the sanitary police to invite all dwellers in a focus area to vaccinate. Those who refused were submitted to observation in an adequate location, having to pay for their stay.
The law also determined punishments and fines for doctors who wrote fake vaccination and revaccination certificates, as well as forced school deans to comply with student immunization determinations and obliged all births to be notified.
Such draconian measures shocked the population and the antagonism to Oswaldo Cruz grew to its apex. Newspapers launched a violent campaign against the measure. Congressmen and unions protested and a League against Mandatory Vaccination was formed.
Riots during the revolt
Riots during the revolt
On November 13th, the Vaccine Revolt broke out. Clashes with the police, strikes, barricades, riots and shootings in the streets: the population rose against the government. On the 14th, the Military School at Praia Vermelha joined the rebellion, but after intense shootings, cadets were dismissed.
At the Rio de Janeiro neighborhood of Saúde, the city’s Port Arthur, the protest continued. Finally, the Government declared martial law and tumbled the insurrection on the 16th, but made vaccination no longer mandatory.
Oswaldo Cruz ended winning the battle. In 1907, yellow fever was eradicated on Rio de Janeiro. In 1908, an aggressive smallpox epidemic caused the population to go en masse to vaccination posts. Brazil finally recognized Oswaldo Cruz’s worth.

His reputation in the international scientific world was undisputed. In 1907, at the 14th International Congress of Hygiene and Demography, in Berlin, he received a gold medal for his sanitation work in Rio de Janeiro. He also reformed the sanitary law and restructured all health and hygiene agencies in the country.

http://www.invivo.fiocruz.br/cgi/cgilua.exe/sys/start.htm?UserActiveTemplate=english&infoid=1106&sid=45
nkelsey
Posted: Tuesday, August 5, 2014 1:14:13 PM
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Applause
Gary98
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Truly great human beingApplause
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