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onsen
Posted: Sunday, August 12, 2018 9:15:21 PM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 9/14/2017
Posts: 225
Neurons: 4,721
Hello,

Quote:
They’ve gone to a concert in town tonight.

go, Macmillan Dictionary


Q1
Is the phrase 'in town' an adjectival phrase or an adverbial phrase?
Q2
Which does the phrase 'in town' modify, the phrase '’ve gone' or the phrase 'a concert'?

My answers:an adjectival phrase, a concert

Thank you
FounDit
Posted: Monday, August 13, 2018 10:08:47 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 9/19/2011
Posts: 9,568
Neurons: 50,771
onsen wrote:
Hello,

Quote:
They’ve gone to a concert in town tonight.

go, Macmillan Dictionary


Q1
Is the phrase 'in town' an adjectival phrase or an adverbial phrase?
Q2
Which does the phrase 'in town' modify, the phrase '’ve gone' or the phrase 'a concert'?

My answers:an adjectival phrase, a concert
I think you are correct, and I would call it a prepositional phrase, but perhaps today it might be called an adjectival phrase.

Thank you


We should look to the past to learn from it, not destroy our future because of it — FounDit
Drag0nspeaker
Posted: Tuesday, August 14, 2018 7:20:56 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 9/12/2011
Posts: 30,147
Neurons: 176,959
Location: Livingston, Scotland, United Kingdom
My British (possibly slightly 'outdated')education would say the same.
A preposition phrase often (usually) modifies what came before it in the sentence.
At least in more formal British English, the adverbial preposition would more likely be 'into'.

They’ve gone to a concert in town tonight.
"In town" modifies "concert". (adjectival preposition phrase)
"To a concert in town" modifies "they've gone". (adverbial preposition phrase)
"Tonight" modifies "They've gone to a concert in town". (adverb)

They’ve gone into town tonight to a concert.
"Into town" modifies "they've gone" (adverbial preposition phrase)
"tonight" modifies "they've gone into town" (adverb)
"to a concert" modifies "They've gone into town tonight" (adverbial preposition phrase)

Whether you decide to call it a "preposition phrase" or an "adjectival phrase" depends on whether you are more interested in form or function.
Different books (or grammar sites) use different descriptions - both are correct but you need to know which type of description your book/teachers/examiners prefer. I think you couldn't go wrong using the full "adverbial preposition phrase".

Wyrd bið ful aræd - bull!
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