The Free Dictionary  
mailing list For webmasters
Welcome Guest Forum Search | Active Topics | Members

TEnSe Options
D00M
Posted: Tuesday, July 10, 2018 1:59:38 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 3/24/2017
Posts: 1,264
Neurons: 6,258
Hello respected teachers,
My grammar book says that "simple present" is used in four main cases.

1) to make factual statements
2) to express customs and habitual activity
3) to express future time with a future time word or phrase
4) to express opinions, sense perceptions, emotions and possession.

Now I wonder which of the above the following sentence belongs to.

Why do you have your eyes closed and your fingers crossed?

I am looking forward to your answers.
BobShilling
Posted: Tuesday, July 10, 2018 2:39:09 PM
Rank: Member

Joined: 4/1/2018
Posts: 302
Neurons: 2,340
Location: Beroun, Stredocesky, Czech Republic
None of them. The words are about a current state.
D00M
Posted: Tuesday, July 10, 2018 2:40:34 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 3/24/2017
Posts: 1,264
Neurons: 6,258
Thanks.

So we can also use simple present to express a current state, yes?

I am looking forward to your answers.
BobShilling
Posted: Tuesday, July 10, 2018 3:15:55 PM
Rank: Member

Joined: 4/1/2018
Posts: 302
Neurons: 2,340
Location: Beroun, Stredocesky, Czech Republic
D00M wrote:
Thanks.

So we can also use simple present to express a current state, yes?


Yes. We frequently do.

I live in Beroun.
My wife likes living in Beroun.
I feel tired.

Drag0nspeaker
Posted: Wednesday, July 11, 2018 2:13:16 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 9/12/2011
Posts: 29,564
Neurons: 170,411
Location: Livingston, Scotland, United Kingdom
Hello D00M.

The four general uses you give at the beginning are 'generally true' for 'dynamic verbs' - ones which show some action or change of state.

You could say that the usage with stative verbs is rather an extension of those same uses.

"I have my eyes closed" is a factual statement (but only temporary). It is past, present and future.
"I have brown hair" is a factual statement and a 'possession'.
"I am a stamp-collector" is a customary/habitual activity (expressed as a state) and is factual.
"I am the driver on our trip tomorrow" shows future time.


Wyrd bið ful aræd - bull!
Audiendus
Posted: Wednesday, July 11, 2018 6:35:57 AM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 8/24/2011
Posts: 4,999
Neurons: 878,269
Location: London, England, United Kingdom
D00M wrote:
Why do you have your eyes closed and your fingers crossed?


In England (or at least in southern England) the normal spoken form, referring to the present, would be:
"Why have you got your eyes closed and your fingers crossed?"

"Why do you have...?" would suggest a habitual state.

Users browsing this topic
Guest


Forum Jump
You cannot post new topics in this forum.
You cannot reply to topics in this forum.
You cannot delete your posts in this forum.
You cannot edit your posts in this forum.
You cannot create polls in this forum.
You cannot vote in polls in this forum.

Main Forum RSS : RSS
Forum Terms and Guidelines | Privacy policy | Copyright © 2008-2018 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.