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Which is the correct verb? Options
Koh Elaine
Posted: Wednesday, April 11, 2018 10:19:55 PM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 7/4/2012
Posts: 4,188
Neurons: 16,901
When I saw a few misspelt words, I realised that the copy of the document
has/had not been proofread.

Which is the correct verb?

Thanks.

palapaguy
Posted: Wednesday, April 11, 2018 10:31:49 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 10/28/2013
Posts: 1,137
Neurons: 10,685
Location: Calabasas, California, United States
had
BobShilling
Posted: Thursday, April 12, 2018 1:14:49 AM
Rank: Member

Joined: 4/1/2018
Posts: 451
Neurons: 3,098
Location: Beroun, Stredocesky, Czech Republic
Koh Elaine wrote:
When I saw a few misspelt words, I realised that the copy of the document
has/had not been proofread.

Which is the correct verb?
Both forms are possible. We can consider this in three ways.

1. 'had' - the normal backshifting of a reported present tense-form ('has') in indirect speech introduced by a past-tense verb.
2. 'had' - the reference to a past-time (non)action (proofrreading)occurring before a later past-time action (realizing).
3. 'has' - the presentation by the speaker of the non-proofreading as an act with present reference/relevance.

I would recommend that learners use 'had' n an exercise or test.
Koh Elaine
Posted: Thursday, April 12, 2018 12:26:03 PM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 7/4/2012
Posts: 4,188
Neurons: 16,901
Thanks to both of you.
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