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D00M
Posted: Wednesday, February 07, 2018 10:02:54 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 3/24/2017
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Hello respected teachers,

In the biblical tradition, as described in the book of Genesis, God created Adam and "whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof."

What type of clause is the underlined part please? I think it is independent because of the conjunction "and" preceding it.

I am looking forward to your answers.
Drag0nspeaker
Posted: Wednesday, February 07, 2018 10:26:46 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 9/12/2011
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Location: Livingston, Scotland, United Kingdom
I think so too - it is a sentence quoted from the Bible.

It can stand alone as a sentence. The grammar is a bit 'odd' (it is five hundred years old!)

When Adam said some animal had a name, then that became its name.



Wyrd bið ful aræd - bull!
You know who I am
Posted: Wednesday, February 07, 2018 2:37:16 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 1/13/2017
Posts: 602
Neurons: 4,727
Location: Olinda, Pernambuco, Brazil
Hello Dear.

The underlined part is a complete sentence, as Dragon said.
A complete sentence containing a subordinate clause (whatsoever Adam called every living creature) acting as the subject of the independent clause (that was the name thereof)

"That" replaced the real subject, which is "whatsoever Adam called every living creature", which is a subordinate (or dependent) clause acting as a noun. And a noun, as you know, can be the subject of a sentence. Such subject inversions happen a lot; I will provide more examples later.


Normally, the sentence would be rewritten as following: Whatsoever Adam called every living creature was the name thereof.

Being:

Whatsoever Adam called every living creature the subject of the sentence
was the verb
the name - complement
thereof - adverb (considered to be an adjunt because it is not necessary for the sentence to be complete, that is, it is an optional part)

However, sometimes you can make an inversion, other examples of inversions are:

What I did, that was what he talked about - He talked about what I did.

Such inversions are normally made to emphasize a specific part of a sentence.

Hope it's helped.


I am the way, and the truth and the life, no one comes to the Father except through Me. - John 14:6
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