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Jigneshbharati
Posted: Friday, November 10, 2017 3:35:53 AM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 11/3/2016
Posts: 991
Neurons: 5,343
Test-takers often confuse different relative pronouns, making grammar mistakes. To improve your grammar skills and avoid such mistakes, complete this online lesson.


http://ielts-up.com/writing/grammar-lesson-7.html

Is "making grammar mistakes" a present participial phrase" acting as an adjective modifying the subject- test-takers?
Drag0nspeaker
Posted: Saturday, November 11, 2017 10:30:46 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 9/12/2011
Posts: 27,115
Neurons: 149,215
Location: Livingston, Scotland, United Kingdom
Hello again.

It is definitely a present-participle phrase - or 'present participial phrase'.

However, its action in the sentence is not (to me) really an adjective.

It seems more like a shortened clause saying a result of the action 'confuse different relative pronouns'. It is not a clause, but it is a phrase replacing a clause.

So, I would say that it acts rather like an adverbial of result.

Test-takers often confuse different relative pronouns, and so they make grammar mistakes.

*********
If it were placed after the noun, it would be more likely to be seen as an adjectival phrase:
Test-takers, making grammar mistakes, often confuse different relative pronouns.

EDITED to remove an incorrect word.

Wyrd bið ful aræd - bull!
Jigneshbharati
Posted: Saturday, November 11, 2017 12:59:52 PM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 11/3/2016
Posts: 991
Neurons: 5,343
Thanks Drago!
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