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ing or to infintive Options
D00M
Posted: Saturday, September 09, 2017 11:58:44 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 3/24/2017
Posts: 532
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Hello respected teachers,

Are all of the following constructions correct?

Another thing the government can do to ease the problem is holding/to hold/hold language classes.

I am looking forward to your answers.
NKM
Posted: Saturday, September 09, 2017 2:10:38 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 2/14/2015
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Location: Corinth, New York, United States
I'm not sure "hold" is the right verb here.

That said, I think the "to" form is the best of the three choices.

- "Another thing the government can do to ease the problem is to provide language classes."
(or)
- "Another thing the government could do to ease the problem would be to offer language classes."

D00M
Posted: Saturday, September 09, 2017 2:40:25 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 3/24/2017
Posts: 532
Neurons: 2,802
Thank you, NKM, for your invaluable answer.

I remember that once one of my teachers at a language school said that the construction "do+be+ing" is ungrammatical. There should be either bare or full infinitive.

cf.,
The only thing you need to do is leaving this village.

I would like to know if this rule applies to the context in question?

Actually the infinitive phrase in between is causing me concern regarding the rule mentioned above.

Another thing the government can do to ease the problem is holding/to hold/hold language classes.



I am looking forward to your answers.
thar
Posted: Saturday, September 09, 2017 3:19:02 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 7/8/2010
Posts: 15,670
Neurons: 62,577
Don't think of it as one after the other.

These are parallel. The same structure repeated, with parts omitted from the repeat.
They are linked by 'is' which equates two similar things.
They have to be the same structure.
Think of what the subject +verb is. The subject and inflected verb is not repeated, but each part uses it.
To do. To leave. To hold .
What you are saying is this:

There is only one thing you need to do.
You need to do one thing.
You need to leave the village.

Another thing the government can do to ease the problem is
[the government can] hold language classes.

Similarly, whichever structure is in the first part must be matched.

What the government is doing is holding classes.
What the government wanted to do was to hold classes.
D00M
Posted: Saturday, September 09, 2017 3:26:28 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 3/24/2017
Posts: 532
Neurons: 2,802
What a great explanation, thar! Applause

I am looking forward to your answers.
thar
Posted: Saturday, September 09, 2017 3:39:15 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 7/8/2010
Posts: 15,670
Neurons: 62,577
Thankyou!

D00M wrote:
Thank you, NKM, for your invaluable answer.

I remember that once one of my teachers at a language school said that the construction "do+be+ing" is ungrammatical. There should be either bare or full infinitive.

cf.,
The only thing you need to do is leaving this village.

I would like to know if this rule applies to the context in question?

Actually the infinitive phrase in between is causing me concern regarding the rule mentioned above.

Another thing the government can do to ease the problem is holding/to hold/hold language classes.

g

This is adverbial. The use of 'to + infinitive' to show purpose.
...in order to ease the problem.

Eg, it could be moved, but is not as good here. It is best after the verb 'can do'.
To ease the problem, another thing the government can do is hold language classes.
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