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The Sea Peoples Options
Posted: Monday, March 20, 2017 12:00:00 AM
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The Sea Peoples

Sea Peoples, seafaring raiders who ravaged and settled the Mediterranean coasts between the 12th and 13th centuries BCE, are mentioned in a number of records from ancient civilizations. Scholars believe that the warriors were actually members of a confederacy of several ethnic groups, and a number of hypotheses exist regarding the identities and motives of the Sea Peoples. Which empire's decline is believed to have resulted from the activities of the Sea Peoples? More...
Posted: Monday, March 20, 2017 7:21:19 AM

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Sea Peoples and the Phoenicians:
A Critical Turning Point in History

Based on the paper presented by Sanford Holst
at Al Akhawayn University in Ifrane, Morocco
on June 28, 2005

Relentless attacks by groups known as the Sea Peoples around 1200 BC virtually destroyed all the major powers of the Mediterranean, and cleared the way for the rise of the Greeks, Romans and Western civilization.[i] Surprisingly for such a pivotal moment in world history, the events which took place at that time are not well understood and are widely debated. Many theories have been advanced to explain these times, and their participants have been declared to come from Anatolia, or the Aegean, or even Atlantis. We will consider the various theories, as well as a new composite view which does not appear to have been considered previously.

An important element mentioned by many sources, and yet given consideration by virtually none, is the simple fact that—in the midst of a cataclysm which destroyed almost every city in the eastern Mediterranean area—the Phoenician cities remained untouched. This turns out to be one of the keys which help to unlock the mystery of the Sea Peoples—an event which changed the course of history.

The main current theory advanced to explain the origin and actions of the Sea Peoples has been described by Eliezer D. Oren[iii] as “the collapse of the two great empires of that day—the Hittite in Anatolia and the Mycenaean in Greece—brought about their (peoples’) mass migrations to the coastlands of the Levant and Cyprus.” The collapse of those two empires was basically laid to economic and environmental factors.

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Posted: Monday, March 20, 2017 3:18:08 PM

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To all likelihood, they were various tribes from Aegean region. Some Indo-European, like Greeks, some Non-Europeans, like Etruscans or Pelasgians.
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