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Es gibt so viele Gründe, (um?) glücklich zu sein Options
CharlesEnglish
Posted: Friday, February 24, 2017 6:45:43 AM
Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 8/10/2012
Posts: 124
Neurons: 24,882
Location: Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Hello!

There is something I really can't understand about the last sentence of: Es gibt so viele Gründe, glücklich zu sein. Would somebody please explain why "um" isn't used?
pjharvey
Posted: Tuesday, February 28, 2017 6:14:00 AM
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Joined: 4/13/2012
Posts: 785
Neurons: 47,266
Die Konjunktion "um" drückt den Zweck aus.
Er... auf Englich...
"Um" is used to define the aim - it is a conjunction expressing the purpose.
"Grund" means "reason", "cause", and not "aim". That's why it is followed by "für" or "zu", and, when it introduces a clause, simply by the infinitive.
IMcRout
Posted: Tuesday, February 28, 2017 12:05:39 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/27/2011
Posts: 34,222
Neurons: 486,641
Location: Lübeck, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany
Wie pjharvey richtig beschrieben hat, dient 'um' dazu, einen Zweck auszudrücken. 'In order to', wäre ein mögliches englisches Äquivalent.

Ein Beispiel dafür: Ich brauche nicht viel Geld um glücklich zu sein.


I totally take back all those times I didn't want to nap when I was younger. (Anon)
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