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Kanji of the Day Options
Calcifer Y
Posted: Sunday, March 20, 2016 8:58:06 PM

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Daemon wrote:
celerity

(noun) Swiftness of action or motion; speed.

Synonyms: rapidity, quickness

Usage: These rapid attentions were bestowed with the celerity and skill of a practiced surgeon.


Kanji of the Day



ソク はやい はや- はやめる すみやか sù


Jōyō Kanji : 3rd Grade (JLPT 3)
RADICAL 162
Strokes 10-3-7
Frequency 681

COMPOUNDS
❶ⓐ [original meaning] quick, speedy, fast, rapid, swift, prompt, hasty
quickly, swiftly
速報 sokuhō prompt report, news flash そくほう
快速 kaisoku quickness...rapidity…celerity かいそく



celerity


超音速 chōonsoku supersonic speed ちょうおんそく

KUN
【haya(i) 速い】
ⓐ (acting or moving quickly) quick, speedy, fast, rapid, swift
ⓑ [usu. 早い] (requiring little time) quick, prompt
速さ hayasa speed はやさ
足速い ashibayai swift-footed, light-footed あしばやい
素速い subayai quick, nimble, agile すばやい
耳が速い mimi ga hayai be quick-earned みみがはやい
【haya- 速―】 [usu. 早-] quick, fast, rapid
速口 hayakuchi fast [rapid] talking はやくち
速業 hayawaza quick work, (clever) feat はやわざ
速分かり hayawakari quick understanding; guide, handbook はやわかり
【haya(meru) 速める】 quicken, accelerate, speed up, hasten
足を速める ashi o hayameru quicken one’s pace [steps] あしをはやめる
【sumi(yaka) 速やか】
速やかな sumiyaka na swift, quick, prompt すみやかな
速やかに sumiyaka ni swiftly, quickly, promptly, immediately すみやかに
速やかさ sumiyakasa swiftness, promptness すみやかさ

SYNONYMS
❶ fast
fast



シツ jí


fast



カイ こころよい kuài


rapid



キュウ いそぐ いそぎ jí


SWIFT



ジン xùn


NIMBLE



ビン mǐn


IMMEDIATE



ソク つく つける すなわち jí


⧻ ART RELATION ⧻







Jean Arp, Arabische Acht (Arabic Eight) from 7 Arpaden, 1923
One from a portfolio of seven lithographs, composition (irreg.): 6 1/8 x 3 7/8" (15.5 x 9.8 cm); sheet: 17 ¾ x 13 ¾" (45.1 x 34.9 cm)
Publisher: Merzverlag (Kurt Schwitters), Hannover, Germany
Printer: unknown
Edition: 50, MOMA, New York
Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, March 21, 2016 9:15:02 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, March 21, 2016 9:15:22 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, March 21, 2016 9:15:40 PM

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Daemon wrote:
melange

(noun) A mixture.

Synonyms: mishmash, farrago, hodgepodge, mingle-mangle, oddments, odds and ends, omnium-gatherum, ragbag

Usage: The movie was a strange melange of romance, science fiction, comedy, and drama.


Kanji of the Day



コウ まじわる まじえる まじる まざる まぜる -かう かわす こもごも jiāo


Jōyō Kanji : 2nd Grade (JLPT 2)
RADICAL 8
Strokes 6-2-4
Frequency 178

COMPOUNDS
❶ⓐ intercourse, friendly relations, association, friendship
交際 kōsai association, friendship, intercourse こうさい
国交 kokkō diplomatic relations, national friendship こっこう
外交 gaikō diplomacy, foreign relations がいこう
文化交流 bunka kōryū cultural exchange ぶんかこうりゅう
虚実混交 kyokitsukonkō ragbag, omnium-gatherum, odds and ends, oddments, mingle-mangle, hodgepodge, farrago, mishmash, melange きょじつこんこう



melange


【ma(jiru) 交じる】 vi be mingled, be mixed, intermingle (with the constituents remaining distinct)
白髪交じりの髪 shiragamajiri no kami grizzly hair しらがまじりのかみ
子供に交じって遊ぶ kodomo ni majitte asobu...join children at play こどもにまじってあそぶ

SYNONYMS
friendship



コウ このむ すく よい いい hǎo hào


PERSONAL RELATIONS



チュウ なか zhòng


take turns



リン わ lún


MIX



コン まじる -まじり まざる まぜる こむ hùn hún


MIXED



ザツ ゾウ zá


MIXED UP



サク シャク cuò


HOMOPHONES
majiru ➳ 
mazaru ➳ 
mazeru ➳ 

✱ ART RELATION ✱







Man Ray, Sans tire (untitled) 1922
rayographe, épreuve gélatino-argentique (rayographie, Gelatin silver print) 22.2 x 17.5 cm
feuillet 3 (folio 3), from Les Champs delicieux (The delicious Fields)
Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, March 21, 2016 9:16:03 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, March 21, 2016 9:16:25 PM

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eraigames
Posted: Tuesday, March 22, 2016 6:57:46 PM
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This character can be pronounced "toh" or "noh-boh-rue" and it has long been a favorite of mine and not just because it appears in my name!

While it is generally used nowadays to mean "to climb/ascend", it used to also carry the connotation of perseverance as in "to strive toward something".
Calcifer Y
Posted: Tuesday, March 22, 2016 9:58:33 PM

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Nice to know that... eraigames!
Calcifer Y
Posted: Tuesday, March 22, 2016 10:10:35 PM

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Daemon wrote:
acquittance

(noun) A written release from an obligation, specifically a receipt indicating payment in full.

Synonyms: release

Usage: After years of haggling over debts and money owed, the two men resolved their dispute and drew up an acquittance.


Kanji of the Day



ジョ ジ のぞく -よけ chú


Jōyō Kanji : 6th Grade (JLPT 3)
RADICAL 170
Strokes 10-3-7
Frequency 643

COMPOUNDS
❶ rid of, clear away, remove, eliminate
解除 kaijo release, acquittance かいじょ



acquittance


控除 kōjo (tax) deduction...subtraction こうじょ
❷ get rid of the old in favour of the new
除夜 joya New Year's Eve じょや

INDEPENDENT
【jo 除】 math division
【josuru 除する】 exclude; math divide

SYNONYMS
take off



はずす wài


REMOVE



ダツ ぬぐ ぬげる tuō


EXCLUDE



ハイ pái pǎi


ELIMINATE



キャク かえって què


HOMOPHONES
yoke ➳ 

 ART RELATION 







Jean Arp, Concrete Relief [Konkretes Relief] 1916-1923
Wood relief, 10 9/10 × 8 2/5 × 2 4/5 in, 27 7/10 × 21 2/5 × 7 cm
bpk, Berlin / Nationalgalerie, Staatliche Museen, Berlin, Germany / Photo: Reinhard Friedrich / Art Resource, NY
Calcifer Y
Posted: Tuesday, March 22, 2016 10:11:23 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Wednesday, March 23, 2016 9:15:22 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Wednesday, March 23, 2016 9:15:44 PM

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Daemon wrote:
apiary

(noun) A place where bees and beehives are kept, especially a place where bees are raised for their honey.

Synonyms: bee house

Usage: She had started her apiary with a small capital, a book of practical hints, and a second-hand queen.


Kanji of the Day



ヨウ やしなう yǎng


Jōyō Kanji : 4th Grade (JLPT 1)
RADICAL 184
Strokes 15-9-6
Frequency 731

COMPOUNDS
❶ⓐ foster, bring up, raise to maturity, rear, support, care for
ⓑ (affording parental care) foster (parent), adopted
breed, raise (animals or plants), keep
養子 yōshi foster [adopted] child ようし
養蜂場 yōhōba bee house, apiary ようほうば



apiary


養父 yōfu foster father ようふ
滋養 jiyō nourishment...nutrition じよう

KUN
【yashina(u) 養う】 foster, bring up, raise to maturity, rear, support, care for; breed, raise animals, keep; foster (one’s character), cultivate, develop; foster one’s physical strength, nurse, cure
養い yashinai bringing up, nurture; nutrition, nourishment, sustenance やしない
養い子 yashinaigo ... foster child やしないご

SYNONYMS
RAISE



イク そだつ そだち そだてる はぐくむ yù


NOURISH



ジ zī


TRAIN



レン ねる ねり- liàn


train



タン きたえる duàn


HOMOPHONES
yashina(u) ➳ 

Ƹ̵̡Ӝ̵̨̄Ʒ ART RELATION Ƹ̵̡Ӝ̵̨̄Ʒ







Jean Arp, Table of Contents from 7 Arpaden (7 Arcade) 1923
Letterpress, Page: 17 5/8 x 13 ¾" (44.8 x 34.9 cm)
Publisher: Merzverlag (Kurt Schwitters), Hannover, Germany
Printer: unknown
Edition: 50, MOMA, New York
Calcifer Y
Posted: Wednesday, March 23, 2016 9:16:11 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Thursday, March 24, 2016 9:18:25 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Thursday, March 24, 2016 9:18:47 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Thursday, March 24, 2016 9:19:13 PM

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Daemon wrote:
coagulum

(noun) A lump of material formed from the content of a liquid.

Synonyms: clot

Usage: His nose began to bleed again when a hearty sneeze dislodged the coagulum that had formed inside his nostril.


Kanji of the Day



カイ かたまり kuài


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8th Grade ~ JLPT 1)
RADICAL 32
Strokes 13-3-10
Frequency 1856

COMPOUNDS
● lump, mass; ingot; nugget

塊土 kaido lump of earth かいど
塊鉱 kaikō lump ore かいこう
地塊 chikai block, landmass ちかい
凝塊 gyōkai clot, coagulum ぎょうかい



coagulum


山塊 sankai...mountain mass さんかい
金塊 kinkai nugget, gold ingot きんかい

SYNONYMS
● bodies

BODY



タイ テイ からだ tǐ tīn


BALL



キュウ たま qiú


HOMOPHONES
katamari ➳ 

❦ ART RELATION ❦







Irving Penn, George Grosz, 1948
Stiftung Archiv der Akademie der Künste (Foundation Archives of the Academy of Arts)
Calcifer Y
Posted: Saturday, March 26, 2016 8:51:09 PM

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Daemon wrote:
libelous

(adjective) Harmful and often untrue; tending to discredit or malign.

Synonyms: calumnious, defamatory, denigrating, libellous, slanderous

Usage: The article, being libelous, had to be returned as impossible; and I had to renounce my dream of dragging its author into the limelight.


Kanji of the Day



ドウ おなじ tóng tòng


Jōyō Kanji : 2nd Grade (JLPT 3)
RADICAL 30
Strokes 6-3-3
Frequency 18

COMPOUNDS
❶ [also prefix]
same, similar, equal
ⓑ (the one previously mentioned) the same (as above), the said, the aforementioned
同好 dōkō similar tastes どうこう
同音語 dōongo homophone ➳ homonym どうおんご
言語同断 gongodōdan slanderous, libellous, denigrating, defamatory, calumnious, scandalous, libelous ごんごどうだん



libelous


同情 dōjō sympathy, compassion どうじょう
共同する kyōdō suru work together, cooperate きょうどうする

❸ abbrev. of 同支社大学 dōshisha daigaku: Doshisha University
同大 dōdai Doshisha University; the said university どうだい

SYNONYMS
EQUAL



トウ ひとしい など -ら děng


equal



ヘイ ビョウ ヒョウ たいら -だいら ひら ひら- píng


TOGETHER



ヘイ あわせる bìng bīng


side by side



ヘイ なみ なみ ならべる ならぶ ならびに bìng bīng


COMPOUND FORMATION
同胞 dōhō
同胞 'brothers, etc.' refers to persons of the same (同) womb (胞) or mother...

≡ ART RELATION ≡







George Grosz, Postkart an Paul Westheim, 1947
collage, 13.5 x 9 cm
Akademie der Künste, © VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn, 2009
Calcifer Y
Posted: Saturday, March 26, 2016 8:51:40 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Saturday, March 26, 2016 8:51:58 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, March 28, 2016 8:52:54 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, March 28, 2016 8:53:20 PM

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Kanji of the Day



ケイ かたむく かたむける かしげる qīng


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8th Grade ~ JLPT 2)
RADICAL 9
Strokes 13-2-11
Frequency 831

COMPOUNDS
❶ⓐ [original meaning] incline, lean, tilt, slant
ⓑ inclination, tilt
❷ⓐ incline toward, be inclined to, tend to, lean to
ⓑ (trend toward) inclination, tendency
❸ devote oneself to, concentrate on
④ topple, bring down, cause the downfall of
傾城 keisei courtesan, harlot; beautiful woman けいせい
下向き傾斜 shitamukikeisha descent, decline, declination, declension, downslope, fall, declivity したむきけいしゃ



Daemon wrote:
declivity

(noun) A downward slope or bend.

Synonyms: fall, downslope, declension, declination, decline, descent

Usage: As best I could, I stumbled after him down a steep declivity beginning at the forest's edge.


傾国 keikoku beautiful woman; courtesan けいこく

KUN

【katamu(keru) 傾ける】 vt incline, lean, tilt, slant; devote oneself to, concentrate on; ruin, squander
首を傾ける kubi o katamukeru incline one’s head くびをかたむける
愛情を傾ける aijō o katamukeru fix one's affection on あいじょうをかたむける
清代を傾ける shindai o katamukeru squander one’s fortunes しんだいをかたむける

SYNONYMS
OBLIQUE



シャ ななめ はす xié


ONE-SIDED



ヘン かたよる piān


tendency



コウ むく むき -むき むける -むけ むかう むこう むこう- xiàng


CONCENTRATE



チュウ そそぐ さす つぐ zhù


HOMOPHONES
katamuku ➳ 

COMPOUND FORMATION

傾国 keikoku

傾国 ‘beautiful woman...courtesan’ derives from an ancient Chinese legend of a beautiful siren that brought on the downfall (傾) of a nation (国) with her voluptuous charms.

\ ART RELATION /







Paul Citroen, Metropolis-Selbstportrait [Metropolis Self-Portrait] 1920–1923
Collage on paper, 5 3/8 x 4 3/8 inches (13.7 x 11.1 cm)
Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, March 28, 2016 8:54:18 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Tuesday, March 29, 2016 9:17:25 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Tuesday, March 29, 2016 9:17:53 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Tuesday, March 29, 2016 9:18:20 PM

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Daemon wrote:
perquisite

(noun) A payment or profit received in addition to a regular wage or salary, especially a benefit expected as one's due.

Synonyms: fringe benefit, perk

Usage: We had promised her a liberal perquisite in the event of our success.


Kanji of the Day



トク える うる dé děi de


Jōyō Kanji : 4th Grade (JLPT 3)
RADICAL 60
Strokes 11-3-8
Frequency 321

COMPOUNDS
利得 ritoku profit, benefit, gain りとく
役得 yakutoku perk, fringe benefit, perquisite やくとく



perquisite


得意 tokui one's forte; pride; customer とくい

INDEPENDENT
【toku 得】 gain, profit; advantage, benefit
得な toku na profitable, advantageous, economical とくな
得になる toku ni naru bring profit, do (a person) good とくになる
【tokusuru 得する】 profit, gain, benefit

KUN
【e(ru) 得る】

。。。せざるを得ない ...sezaru o enai cannot help (doing) せざるをえない
【u(ru) 得る】
。。。し得る ...shiuru can, be able to しうる

SYNONYMS
obtain



力久 える huò


TAKE IN



シユウ おさめる おさまる shōu


PROFIT



ヱキ ヤク ます yì


HOMOPHONES
eru ➳ 
mie ➳ 見え 見栄 見得

COMPOUND FORMATION

❶ 得意 tokui

得意 ‘one's forte, etc.’ is to satisfactorily achieve (得❸ⓑ) one's desires (意) and take pride in one's achievements.

❷ 説得 settoku

説得する 'persuade' is to persuade (説) a person so as to achieve (得❸ⓑ) one's ends.

♦ ART RELATION ♦







Raoul Hausmann, Le Portrait corrigé (The corrected Portrait) 1946/1947
Musée départemental d’art contemporain de Rochechouart. © Adagp, Paris 2004
Calcifer Y
Posted: Wednesday, March 30, 2016 9:51:26 PM

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Daemon wrote:
anonym

(noun) A pseudonym.

Synonyms: nom de guerre, pseudonym

Usage: Aware that all kinds of people would be reading the bulletin board, he used an anonym when posting messages on it.


Kanji of the Day



メイ ミョウ な -な míng


Jōyō Kanji : 1st Grade (JLPT 4)
RADICAL 30
Strokes 6-3-3
Frequency 147

COMPOUNDS
❶ⓐ [also suffix] name, first name
ⓑ (mere designation) name
名字(=苗字) myōji surname, family name みょうじ
匿名 tokumei pseudonym, nom de guerre, anonym とくめい



anonym


本名 honmyō one's real name ほんみょう

❸ [also prefix]
ⓐ (of well known name) famous, noted, celebrated
first-rate, master, excellent, fine, great
名曲 meikyoku excellent [exquisite] piece of music, famous tune めいきょく
名投手 meitōshu star pitcher めいとうしゅ
名探偵 meitantei great detective めいたんてい

❺ abbrev. of 名古屋 nagoya: Nagoya
名大 meidai Nagoya University めいだい

KUN
【na 名】 name, first name; (mere designation) name; (reputation, esp. good reputation) name, fame, reputation; pretext, plea, justification
名ばかりの王 na bakari no ō a king in name only なばかりのおう
名も無い人 na mo nai hito nameless [insignificant] person...nobody なもないひと

SYNONYMS
name (inscribed by maker)



メイ míng


FAMILY NAME



シ うじ -うじ shì zhī


reputation



セイ ショウ こえ こわ- shēng


EXCELLENT



シユウ ひいでる xiù


without match



ゼツ たえる たやす たつ jué


MARVELOUS



ミョウ たえ miào


HOMOPHONES
-na ➳ -字

COMPOUND FORMATION

苗字(=名字) myōji

According to one theory, 苗字 ‘surname, family name’ refers to the name (字) of one's ancestors, who are likened to a seedling (苗).

✬ ART RELATION ✬







Raoul Hausmann, Autoportrait nu sur la plage (Naked self-portrait on the beach) ca. 1930.
Tirage argentique d’époque (Vintage silver print) 8 x 4.8 cm
Provenance: Collection Marthe Prévost à l'actuel propriétaire. (Collection Marthe Prevost to the current owner.)
Bibliographie: “Raoul Hausmann Kamerafotografien 1927 - 1957”, Schirmer/Mosel, 1979, p.36 (variante)
Calcifer Y
Posted: Wednesday, March 30, 2016 9:52:14 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Wednesday, March 30, 2016 9:52:34 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Thursday, March 31, 2016 10:33:38 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Thursday, March 31, 2016 10:34:08 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Thursday, March 31, 2016 10:34:22 PM

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Daemon wrote:
watchword

(noun) A slogan used to rally support for a cause.

Synonyms: cry

Usage: "Fight and fall, but fly not," that was our watchword.


Kanji of the Day



ヨウ は は yè xié


Jōyō Kanji : 3rd Grade (JLPT 3)
RADICAL 140
Strokes 12-3-9
Frequency 451

COMPOUNDS
❶ [original meaning] leaf, foliage
❷ various leaflike objects, as:
ⓐ (sheet of paper) leaf, sheet, page, paper
ⓑ counter for leaves or sheets
anat lobe, lobule
ⓓ plane (of an aircraft)
三葉虫 san'yōchū trilobite さにょうちゅう
前頭葉 zentōyō frontal lobe ぜんとうよう
複葉機 fukuyōki biplane ふくようき
❸ part of a historical period divided into three 初葉 shoyō initial period, beginning of an epoch

INDEPENDENT
【yō 葉】 anat lobe, lobule

KUN
【ha' 葉】 leaf, foliage; needle; blade, spear
【ha’ 葉】 [in compounds] fragment, piece -- historically sometimes interchangeable with 端, as in the word hagaki, which is now always written 葉書
葉書 hagaki postcard はがき
言葉 kotoba word, term; wording; language ことば
合言葉 aikotoba cry, watchword あいことば



watchword


SPECIAL READINGS
紅葉 momiji red leaves, crimson foliage, autumn tints; Japanese maple もみじ

SYNONYMS
PAGE



ケツ ぺえじ yè


counter for sheets



チョウ てい ちん ひのと dīng zhēng


counter for letters



ツウ ツ とうる とうり -とうり -どうり とうす とうし -どうし かよう tōng tòng


WING (of birds or aircraft)



ヨク つばさ yì


HOMOPHONES
ha ➳ 

COMPOUND FORMATION

言葉 kotoba

言葉 'word, etc.' consists of 言 koto 'word' and 葉 ha ‘fragment ... piece’. In ancient times, 言 koto referred to both a word and its meaning. Later, 葉 was attached to 言 to show that it is used in the sense of 'word'. Now, however, 言 is used only in the latter sense.

▒ ART RELATION ▒







Man Ray with Pip, Gelatin silver print
5 3/16 x 3 ¼ in.
J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, © Man Ray Trust ARS-ADAGP
Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, April 01, 2016 10:15:59 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, April 01, 2016 10:17:03 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
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Daemon wrote:
propinquity

(noun) The property of being close together.

Synonyms: proximity

Usage: She loved Emma Jane, but it was a friendship born of propinquity and circumstance, not of true affinity.


Kanji of the Day



カン ケン あいだ ま あい jiān jiàn


Jōyō Kanji : 2nd Grade (JLPT 4)
RADICAL 169
Strokes 12-8-4
Frequency 28

COMPOUNDS
❶ [also suffix] (space between) interval, space, opening, distance
東京大阪間 tōkyō-ōsaka-kan between Tokyo and Osaka とうきょうおおさかかん

❸ [also suffix] between, among, midway
人間 ningen human being, man; people, mankind にんげん

INDEPENDENT
【kan 間】 (space between) interval, space opening, distance; (time between) interval, duration of time, period

KUN
【aida 間】
我我の間で wareware no aida de among ourselves われわれのあいだで
【ma 間】
手間 tema labour, trouble; time (required for a task) てま
仲間 nakama company, fellow, comrade, associate なかま
間近 madika proximity, propinquity まぢか



propinquity


応接間 ōsetsuma drawing room, guest room おうせつま
【ai 間】
[also 合い or 合]
間狂言 aikyōgen interlude (in a noh drama) あいきょうげん

SYNONYMS
DISTANCE



キョ jù


EXTENT



テイ ほど -ほど chéng


TIME



ジ とき -どき shí


inter-



サイ きわ -ぎわ jì


HOMOPHONES
ai ➳ 

COMPOUND FORMATION

人間 ningen 世間 seken

人間 'human being, etc.' and 世間 ‘world...society, etc.’ originally meant among (間) the people (人) and among (間) society (世).

◈ ART RELATION ◈







John Heartfield, Illustration zu Grimm - Märchen von der Katze und der Maus [Illustration for Grimm’s Fairy Tale of the Cat and the Mouse]
Volks-Illustrierte (VI, Prague, March 2, 1938)
Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, April 01, 2016 10:17:36 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Sunday, April 03, 2016 8:45:09 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
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