The Free Dictionary  
mailing list For webmasters
Welcome Guest Forum Search | Active Topics | Members

Kanji of the Day Options
Calcifer Y
Posted: Tuesday, November 07, 2017 6:02:47 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 901
Neurons: 5,783
Location: Napa, California, United States
Daemon wrote:
rattlebrained

(adjective) Giddy and talkative; foolish.

Synonyms: rattlepated, scatterbrained, scatty

Usage: Grandpa's rattlebrained, crackpot ideas always made us laugh.


Kanji of the Day



バ マ うま うま- ま mǎ


Jōyō Kanji : 2nd Grade (JLPT שְׁלוֹשָׁה)

RADICAL 187
Standard form: 馬 uma 'horse'
Left variant: 🏇 umahen
Description: used in characters related to horses or their qualities

Strokes 10-10-0

Frequency 531

▶HORSE

COMPOUNDS

❶ [also suffix] [original meaning] horse

馬車 basha horse-drawn carriage, coach, wagon ばしゃ

馬力 bariki horsepower; energy, effort; cart, wagon ばりき

馬身 bashin horse's length ばしん

馬肉 baniku horsemeat ばにく

乗馬 jōba horse riding じょうば

競馬 keiba horse racing けいば

竹馬の友 chikuba no tomo childhood friend, old playmate ちくばのとも

関西馬 kansaiba Kansai horse かんさいば

❷ name of chess piece in shogi (Japanese chess): keima, knight; narikaku, promoted bishop

桂馬 keima keima, knight けいま

竜馬 ryūme narikaku, promoted bishop りゅうめ

❸ candidate (for an election)

出馬する shutsuba suru come forward as a candidate; go in person しゅつばする

有力馬 yūryokuba hopeful [promising, strong] candidate ゆうりょくば

④ used phonetically for ba or ma

馬鹿 baka fool, blockhead; nonsense ばか

馬く maruku (Deutsche) mark ㍆

馬鹿馬鹿しい bakabakashī scatty, scatterbrained, rattlepated, rattlebrained ばかばかしい



Pray Applause rattlebrained Eh?


彼の話は馬鹿馬鹿しいと言ってもいいくらいだった。 Kare no hanashi wa bakabakashī to itte mo ī kuraidatta. His speech verged on the rattlebrained. かれのはなしはばかばかしいといってもいいくらいだった。

巴奈馬 panama...Panama ぱなま

KUN

【uma 馬】

➀ⓐ horse, pony

ⓑ vaulting horse

馬が合う uma ga au get on well (with a person) うまがあう

勝馬 kachiuma winning horse かちうま

竹馬 takeuma (=chikuba) stilts たけうま

keima, narikaku (shogi chess pieces) (⇒❷)

③ stepping ladder

④ person who accompanies a reveler home to collect payment

付け馬 tsukeuma person who accompanies a reveler home to collect payment つけうま

【uma- 馬-】 the larger of a species of animals or plants

馬蝿 umabae horse botfly うまばえ

【ma 馬】 [in compounds] horse

馬子 mago packhorse driver まご

絵馬 ema votive picture of a horse えま

SYNONYMS

FLEET STEED



シュン スン NAMES する とし はやし jùn


HORSE (elegant)



ク こま jū


the Horse



ゴ うま wǔ


USAGE

uma



➀ⓐ horse, pony

ⓑ vaulting horse

keima, narikaku (shogi chess pieces)

③ stepping ladder

④ person who accompanies a reveler home to collect payment



seventh sign of the Oriental zodiac: the Horse

HOMOPHONES

uma ➳ 

COMPOUND FORMATION

馬鹿 baka

馬鹿 ‘fool, blockhead; nonsense’ is a unrelated to its constituent elements of 馬 ④ ‘horse’ and 鹿 ‘deer’, but is a transliteration of the Sanskrit word moha ‘ignorance’.

♜ ART RELATION ♜










Catherine Wermester, Grosz, L'homme le plus triste d'Europe, Ed. Allia
Pour les francophones : c'est un fantastique et brillant ouvrage consacré à la vie et l'oeuvre de George Grosz!
(The saddest man in Europe, Ed. Allia
For francophones: it is a fantastic and brilliant book dedicated to the life and work of George Grosz!)
Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, November 10, 2017 5:32:53 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 901
Neurons: 5,783
Location: Napa, California, United States
Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, November 10, 2017 5:33:07 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 901
Neurons: 5,783
Location: Napa, California, United States
Daemon wrote:
agonistic

(adjective) Striving to overcome in argument.

Synonyms: combative

Usage: The incumbent's aggressive, agonistic approach to the debate alienated many of his supporters.


Kanji of the Day



ヤク くすり yào


Jōyō Kanji : 3rd Grade (JLPT שָׁלוֹשׁ)

RADICAL 140

Strokes 16-3-13

Frequency 911

▶DRUG

COMPOUNDS

❶ [also suffix] [original meaning] drug, medicine, remedy, pharmaceutical

薬剤 yakuzai medicine, drugs やくざい

薬品 yakuhin medicine, drug; chemicals やくひん

薬局 yakkyoku drugstore, pharmacy やっきょく

薬効 yakkō effect of a medicine やっこう

麻薬 mayaku narcotic, drug まやく

医薬 iyaku medicine, drug; medical practice and dispensary いやく

製薬 seiyaku pharmaceutical manufacture せいやく

妙薬 myōyaku miracle drug, golden remedy みょうやく

作用薬 sayōyaku combative...agonistic さようやく



Shame on you Whistle agonistic Eh?


彼の言葉は私の作用薬心をあおった Kare no kotoba wa watashi no sayō-yaku kokoro o aotta His words aroused my agonistic spirit かれのことばはわたしのさようやくこころをあおった

胃腸薬 ichōyaku medicine for the stomach and bowels いちょうやく

❷ chemical, compound

農薬 nōyaku agricultural chemicals のうやく

試薬 shiyaku (chemical) reagent しやく

火薬 kayaku gunpowder かやく

爆薬 bakuyaku explosive compound, blasting powder ばくやく

INDEPENDENT

【yaku 薬】 slang dope, narcotics

薬を打つ yaku o utsu inject a unit of dope やくをうつ

KUN

【kusuri 薬】 drug, medicine, remedy; powdered medicine, pill; chemical; enamel, glaze; benefit

生薬 kigusuri crude drug, crude medicine, natural remedy きぐすり

薬屋 kusuriya drugstore くすりや

飲み薬 nomigusuri medicine, internal medicine のみぐすり

風邪薬 kazegusuri remedy for a cold かぜぐすり

上薬 uwagusuri glaze, enamel うわぐすり

薬になる kusuri ni naru be beneficial (to), do (a person) good くすりになる

SYNONYMS

❶ medicines

PREPARATION



ザイ jì


PILL



ジョウ dìng


pill suffix



ガン まる まる まるい まるめる wán


HOMOPHONES

yaku ➳ 

ஐ ART RELATION ஐ










Nic Aluf, Sophie Taeuber Arp, 1920
Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, November 10, 2017 5:33:22 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 901
Neurons: 5,783
Location: Napa, California, United States
Calcifer Y
Posted: Tuesday, November 14, 2017 7:52:02 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 901
Neurons: 5,783
Location: Napa, California, United States
Calcifer Y
Posted: Tuesday, November 14, 2017 7:52:16 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 901
Neurons: 5,783
Location: Napa, California, United States
Daemon wrote:
dissonance

(noun) The auditory experience of sound that lacks musical quality; sound that is a disagreeable auditory experience.

Synonyms: noise, racket

Usage: Maddening church bells of all degrees of dissonance, sharp and flat, cracked and clear, fast and slow, made the brick-and-mortar echoes hideous.


Kanji of the Day



キョウ xié


Jōyō Kanji : 4th Grade (JLPT שְׁתַּיִם)

RADICAL 24

Strokes 8-2-6

Frequency 186

▶COOPERATE

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ [original meaning] cooperate, collaborate, work together; be in harmony

ⓑ [also suffix] abbrev. of 協会 kyōkai and 協同組合 kyōdōkumiai: association, cooperative

協力する kyōryoku suru cooperate, collaborate, work together きょうりょくする

協同 kyōdō cooperation, collaboration, association きょうどう

協調 kyōchō cooperation, harmony きょうちょう

協賛 kyōsan support, cooperation きょうさん

協奏曲 kyōsōkyoku concerto きょうそうきょく

不協和音 fukyōwaon racket...noise...dissonance ふきょうわおん



Pray Boo hoo! dissonance Eh?


大きな意見の不協和音があることが時々ある。 Ōkina iken no fukyōwaon ga aru koto ga tokidoki aru. It sometimes is the case that there is a lot of dissonance. おうきないけんのふきょうわおんがあることがときどきある。

協会 kyōkai association, society きょうかい

世界ボクシング協 sekai bokushingu-kyō World Boxing Association せかいぼくしんぐきょう

農協 nōkyō agricultural cooperative のうきょう

協力者 kyōryokusha cooperative worker きょうりょくしゃ

生協 seikyō cooperative association [society] せいきょう

日米協 nichibeikyō Japan United States Cultural Exchange Association にちべいきょう

❷ⓐ reach an agreement, agree upon, make an agreement

ⓑ abbrev. of 協議会 kyōgikai: conference, council

協議 kyōgi conference, deliberation きょうぎ

協議会 kyōgikai conference, council きょうぎかい

協商 kyōshō entente, agreement きょうしょう

協約 kyōyaku pact, convention, agreement きょうやく

協定 kyōtei agreement, pact きょうてい

妥協 dakyō compromise, agreement, understanding だきょう

経協 keikyō Management Conference けいきょう

SYNONYMS

join hands



ケイ たずさえる たずさわる xié


union



ソ くむ くみ -ぐみ zǔ


ALLIANCE



メイ méng míng


HOMOPHONES

kyō ➳ 

┼ ART RELATION ┼










George Grosz, Twiligh. Study for the Central Figure of «Twilight» (verso), 1922
Watercolour and ink on paper, 52.3 x 40.5 cm
Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid
© Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid
Calcifer Y
Posted: Tuesday, November 14, 2017 7:52:44 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 901
Neurons: 5,783
Location: Napa, California, United States
Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, November 17, 2017 6:11:50 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 901
Neurons: 5,783
Location: Napa, California, United States
Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, November 17, 2017 6:12:08 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 901
Neurons: 5,783
Location: Napa, California, United States
Daemon wrote:
exhilaration

(noun) The state of being stimulated, refreshed, or elated.

Synonyms: excitement

Usage: Few Yosemite visitors ever see snow avalanches and fewer still know the exhilaration of riding on them.


Kanji of the Day



ゲン ガン もと yuán


Jōyō Kanji : 2nd Grade (JLPT שָׁלוֹשׁ)

RADICAL 10

Strokes 4-2-2

Frequency 356

▶ORIGIN

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ origin, beginning, original state

ⓑ original, first, basic

ⓒ beginning of a new period, first year of a new era

還元 kangen restoration; reduction, deoxidization かんげん

元祖 ganso originator, pioneer がんそ

紀元二千年 kigen nisennen year 2000 of the Christian era きげんにせんえん

元禄 genroku Genroku era (1688.9.30-1704.3.13) げんろく

❷ primordial energy of the universe

元気 genki vigor, energy; spirits; health げんき

元気印 genkijirushi excitement...exhilaration げんきじるし



Applause Boo hoo! exhilaration Eh?


元気印の連続に、あっというまもなく30分のショウタイムが過ぎてしまいました。 Genkijirushi no renzoku ni, atto iu mamonaku 30-bu no shōtaimu ga sugite shimaimashita. In all the exhilaration the 30 minute show-time passed in a flash. げんきじるしのれんぞくに、あっというまもなく30ぶのしょうたいむがすぎてしまいました。

❸ (original amount) principal, capital

元金 gankin principal, capital がんきん

④ⓐ element, unit, basic element, essence, entity

math element, dimension

二元論 nigenron dualism にげんろん

単位元 tan’igen unit element たんいげん

math unknown quantity

多元方程式 tagen hōteishiki plural equation たげんほうていしき

❻ (Chinese monetary unit) yuan

百元 hyakugen 100 yuan ひゃくげん

❼ Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368 A.D.) (Chinese dynasty ruled by the Mongols)

元寇 genkō the Mongolian Invasions げんこう

❽ⓐ [original meaning] head

ⓑ (leading figure) head, leader, chief, eldest

元首 genshu ruler, sovereign げんしゅ

INDEPENDENT

【gen 元】 yuan; Yuan Dynasty; math element

KUN

【moto 元】

➀ⓐ origin, beginning, genesis

ⓑ [also suffix] place of origin, source

ⓒ one’s origin, one's antecedents, one’s past

ⓓ (something that brings about a result) origin, cause

火の元 hi no moto origin of a fire ひのもと

ガスの元栓を切る gasu no motosen o kiru turn the gas off at the main がすのもとせんをきる

身元(=身許) mimoto one's birth, one’s identity, one's background みもと

② [also prefix] former, ex-, one-time, past

元の通り moto no tōri as it was before もとのとおり

③ capital, principal; prime cost

元が掛かる moto ga kakaru cost much, be expensive もとがかかる

④ [formerly also 許] in the vicinity of, near (a person), with (someone), under (someone's roof)

⇒ see 許

⑤ [formerly also 素] raw material, base

⇒ see 素

SYNONYMS

beginning



ショ はじめ はじめて はつ はつ- うい- -そめる -ぞめ chū


Qing Dynasty



セイ ショウ シン きよい きよまる きよめる qīng


former



セン さき まず xiān


USAGE

moto



➀ⓐ origin, beginning, genesis

ⓑ [also suffix] place of origin, source

ⓒ one’s origin, one's antecedents, one’s past

ⓓ (something that brings about a result) origin, cause

② [also prefix] former, ex-, one-time, past

③ capital, principal; prime cost

④ [formerly also 許] in the vicinity of, near (a person), with (someone), under (someone’s roof)

⑤ [formerly also 素] raw material, base



➀ (the most important thing) basis, essential thing, principle

②ⓐ root (of a tree)

ⓑ counter for plants with roots

③ first half of a tanka poem



(underlying support) basis, foundation, grounds, authority



➀ lower part, bottom

② [in the form of 下に moto ni] (subject to the influence of) under (the supervision of)



[now usu. 元] in the vicinity of, near (a person), with (someone), under (someone's roof)



[now usu. 元] raw material, base

HOMOPHONES

moto ➳ 本 基 下 許 素

COMPOUND FORMATION

元気 genki

元気 ‘vigor (vigour) energy; spirits; health’ originally referred to the primordial energy (気) of the universe (元❷)

元服 genpuku

元服 ‘ceremony of attaining manhood’ originally referred to the ceremonial hat that was donned (服) on the head (元❽ⓐ)

🎢 ART RELATION 🎢










Probably Tristan Tzara, Poster for the Mouvement Dada : 8.Dada-Soirée, lithograph with collage additions, 69 x 99 cm,
Elaine Lustig Cohen Dada Collection,
The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundations
Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, November 17, 2017 6:12:36 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 901
Neurons: 5,783
Location: Napa, California, United States
Users browsing this topic
Guest


Forum Jump
You cannot post new topics in this forum.
You cannot reply to topics in this forum.
You cannot delete your posts in this forum.
You cannot edit your posts in this forum.
You cannot create polls in this forum.
You cannot vote in polls in this forum.

Main Forum RSS : RSS
Forum Terms and Guidelines. Copyright © 2008-2017 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.