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Calcifer Y
Posted: Saturday, July 1, 2017 6:17:02 PM

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Daemon wrote:
acquiescent

(adjective) Willing to carry out the orders or wishes of another without protest.

Synonyms: biddable

Usage: She was too acquiescent to challenge authority and did everything she was told.


Kanji of the Day



モク だまる もだす mò


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8TH Grade ~ JLPT אַחַת)

RADICAL 203

Strokes 15-11-4

Frequency 1337

▶SILENT

COMPOUNDS

silent, taciturn

ⓑ (unexpressed) silent, tacit

黙秘する mokuhi suru keep silent, keep secret もくひする

黙禱 mokutō silent prayer もくとう

黙読する mokudoku suru read silently もくどくする

沈黙 chinmoku silence, reticence, taciturnity ちんもく

寡黙な kamoku na silent, taciturn, reticent かもくな

黙認 mokunin tacit [silent] approval, toleration もくにん

黙認の mokunin no biddable...acquiescent もくにんの



Liar Boo hoo! acquiescent Shame on you


日本人女性が黙認ので、いつも夫にしたがうというのは嘘です。 Nipponjinjosei ga mokunin'node, itsumo otto ni shitagau to iu no wa usodesu. The idea that Japanese women are acquiescent and always obedient to their husbands is a lie. にっぽんじんじょせいがもくにんので、いつもおっとにしたがすというのはうそです。

熟思黙想 jukushimokusō considering (a matter) carefully and silently, being lost in silent contemplation じゅくしもくそう

黙許 mokkyo tacit permission もっきょ

暗黙の anmoku no tacit あんもくの

INDEPENDENT

【mokusuru 黙する】 keep silent

KUN

【dama(ru) 黙る】 become silent, shut one’s mouth

黙り danmari silence; taciturnity; refusing explanation; pantomime だんまり

黙り込む damarikomu sink into silence だまりこむ

【moda(su) 黙す】 be silent; leave something unattended

黙し難い modashigatai be unable to decline もだしがたい

SYNONYMS

QUIET



セイ ジョウ しず- しずか しずまる しずめる jìng


quiet



ジャク セキ さび さびしい さびれる さみしい jì


QUIET



カン xián


HOMOPHONES

moku ➳ 

✯ ART RELATION ✯










George Grosz, “Daum” marries her pedantic automaton “George” in May 1920
John Heartfield is very glad of it, 1920
Watercolor and collage, 42 x 30.2 cm
Galerie Nierendorf, Berlin
Calcifer Y
Posted: Saturday, July 1, 2017 6:17:33 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, July 3, 2017 9:32:54 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, July 3, 2017 9:33:23 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, July 3, 2017 9:33:52 PM

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Daemon wrote:
apposite

(adjective) Strikingly appropriate and relevant.

Synonyms: apt, pertinent

Usage: The governor approached the warriors humbly and proclaimed their heroism loudly, flattering them with his well-timed and apposite compliments.


Kanji of the Day



テキ まと dì dí de


Jōyō Kanji : 4th Grade (JLPT שְׁתַּיִם)

RADICAL 106

Strokes 8-5-3

Frequency 37

▶TARGET ▶ADJECTIVAL SUFFIX

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ target, mark, bull’s eye

ⓑ right on target, accurate

標的 hyōteki target, mark ひょうてき

射的 shateki target practice, shooting しゃてき

目的 mokuteki object, purpose もくてき

的中する tekichū suru hit the mark, hit (on) it てきちゅうする

的確な tekikaku na precise, accurate, exact てきかくな

合目的的 gōmokutekiteki pertinent...apt...apposite ごうもくてきてき



Pray Applause apposite Sick


理論的側面については、ピーターソンの主張は我々の議論に合目的的関係がある Riron-teki sokumen ni tsuite wa, pītāson no shuchō wa wareware no giron ni gōmokutekiteki kankeigāru As for the theoretical side, Peterson’s claim is apposite to our discussion りろんてきそくめんについては、ぴたあそんのしゅちょうはわれわれのぎろんにごうもくてきてきかんけいがある

反射的 hanshateki reflexive, reflecting はんしゃてき

❷ suffix for forming adjective from nouns or word elements -- used to express resemblance, relation or the like (similar to English -tic or -al)

劇的な gekiteki na dramatic げきてきな

歴史的 rekishiteki historical れきしてき

合理的な gōriteki na national, logical, reasonable ごうりてきな

法的 hōteki legal, legalistic ほうてき

私的な shiteki na private, personal してきな

規則的 kisokuteki systematic, regular きそくてき

知的 chiteki intellectual, mental ちてき

国際的な kokusaiteki na international こくさいてきな

❸ suffix indicating endearment or derision -- often attached to a person's name (similar to boy in Jimmy Boy)

権的 gonteki nickname for 権兵衛 gonbē ごんてき

KUN

【mato 的】 target, mark; object, target

的外れの mato hazure no out of focus; off the point まとはずれの

的に達しない mato ni tasshinai fall short of the mark まとにたっしない

SYNONYMS

aim



モク ボク め -め ま- mù


MARK



ヒョウ biāo


modifier suffix



ジョ にょ ごとし rú


HOMOPHONES

teki ➳ 

✪ ART RELATION ✪










Man Ray, Reproduction d'une photographie de la Mariée Mise à Nu par ses célibataires (Reproduction of a photograph of the Bride Last Nude by her Bachelors)
Même de Marcel Duchamp lors de l'exposition de la société anonyme au Brooklyn Museum en 1926-1927, vers 1930
Négatif au gélatino bromure d'argent sur verre (Negative gelatin silver bromide glass) 18 x 13 cm
Paris, Centre Pompidou.
Calcifer Y
Posted: Saturday, July 22, 2017 6:11:03 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Saturday, July 22, 2017 6:11:24 PM

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Daemon wrote:
pathos

(noun) A quality, as of an experience or a work of art, that arouses feelings of pity, sympathy, tenderness, or sorrow.

Synonyms: poignancy

Usage: The documentary film captured the pathos of the refugee's situation, and there was not a dry eye in the theater when the movie ended.


Kanji of the Day



ヒ かなしい かなしむ bēi


Jōyō Kanji : 3rd Grade (JLPT שְׁלוֹשָׁה)

RADICAL 61

Strokes 12-4-8

Frequency 1025

▶SAD

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ sad, sorrowful, pathetic

ⓑ [original meaning] feel sad, feel sorrow

ⓒ sorrow, grief

悲痛な hitsū na sad, grievous ひつうな

悲惨な hisan na miserable, wretched, tragic, pitiable ひさんな

悲壮な hisō na pathetic, tragic ひそうな

悲劇 higeki tragedy, tragic drama ひげき

悲鳴 himei shriek, scream ひめい

悲観する hikan suru be pessimistic, lose heart ひかんする

悲嘆 hitan grief, sorrow, lamentation ひたん

悲哀 hiai sorrow, sadness ひあい

悲喜 hiki joy and sorrow ひき

悲喜こもごも hikikomogomo bittersweet, having mingled feelings of joy and sorrow, joy and sorrow alternating in one's heart ひきこもごも

悲喜交交 hikikomogomo bittersweet, having mingled feelings of joy and sorrow, joy and sorrow alternating in one’s heart ひきこもごも

悲喜交々 hikikomogomo bittersweet, having mingled feelings of joy and sorrow, joy and sorrow alternating in one's heart ひきこもごも

❷ⓐ Buddhism mercy, compassion

ⓑ merciful, compassionate

慈悲 jihi mercy, compassion じひ

大慈大悲 daijidaihi great mercy and compassion だいじだいひ

悲願 higan one’s pathetic wish; vows resulting from the compassion of the Buddhas ひがん

INDEPENDENT

【hi 悲】 Buddhism mercy, compassion

KUN

【kana(shii) 悲しい】

ⓐ (low in spirit) sad, unhappy, sorrowful

ⓑ [formerly also 哀しい] (causing sorrow) sad, sorrowful, pathetic

悲しさ kanashisa sadness, sorrow, grief かなしさ

悲しげに kanashige ni sadly, with a sad look かなしげに

悲しがる kanashigaru be sad, feel sorrow かなしがる

【kana(shimu) 悲しむ】 feel [be] sad, grieve, feel sorrow; lament, regret

悲しみ kanashimi poignancy...pathos かなしみ



Pray Anxious pathos Eh?


例えば、「喜び」の反対語は「悲しみ」です。 Tatoeba, `yorokobi' no hantaikotoba wa `kanashimi'desu. For instance, "delight" is the opposite of "pathos." たとえば、「よろこび」のはんたいことばは「かなしみ」です。

悲しむべき境遇 kanashimubeki kyōgū pitiable condition かなしむべききょうぐう

SYNONYMS

LONESOME



ジャク セキ さび さびしい さびれる さみしい jì


grieve



ショウ きず いたむ いためる shāng


MOURN



トウ いたむ dào


USAGE

kanashii

悲しい

ⓐ (low in spirit) sad, unhappy, sorrowful

ⓑ [formerly also 哀しい] (causing sorrow) sad, sorrowful, pathetic

哀しい

[now usu. 悲しい] (causing sorrow) sad, sorrowful, pathetic

HOMOPHONES

kanashii ➳ 

▲ ART RELATION ▲










Max Ernst, illustration pour “Rencontre de deux sourires”, Les Malheurs des Immortels révélés par Paul Eluard et Max Ernst (illustration for "Meeting of two smiles," The Misfortunes of the Immortals revealed by Paul Eluard and Max Ernst)
ed. Paris, Librairie Six, 1922, Bibliothèque Doucet, Paris
Calcifer Y
Posted: Saturday, July 22, 2017 6:11:38 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Saturday, July 29, 2017 6:46:11 PM

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Calcifer Y
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Daemon wrote:
tenuity

(noun) Relatively small dimension through an object as opposed to its length or width.

Synonyms: thinness, slenderness

Usage: She marveled at the tenuity of the cotton threads delicately woven together to create a durable fabric.


Kanji of the Day



キ ケ まれ xī


Jinmeiyō Kanji : Grade 9 (JLPT אַחַת ~ התייחסות)

RADICAL 115

Strokes 12-5-7

Frequency ___

COMPOUNDS

❶ [now replaced by 希 ki, ke or 希 mare] (not frequent) rare, uncommon, unusual, scarce

稀代の kitai (=kidai) no uncommon, rare きたいの

稀有な keu (=kiyū) na rare, unusual, uncommon けうな

稀少な kishō na scarce, rare きしょうな

古稀 koki three score and ten, seventy years of age こき

稀少価値 kishōkachi slenderness...thinness...tenuity きしょうかち



Pray Boo hoo! tenuity Eh?


そのことが我々が抱える問題に新しい稀少価値を加える Sono koto ga wareware ga kakaeru mondai ni atarashī kishō kachi o kuwaeru That adds a new tenuity to our problem そのことがわれわれがかかえるもんだいにあたらしいきしょうかちをくわえる

稀な mare na rare, uncommon, scarce, unique まれな

類稀 taguimare unique, rare, exceptional, unparalleled, incomparable たぐいまれ

類い稀 taguimare unique, rare, exceptional, unparalleled, incomparable たぐいまれ

❷ [now replaced by 希 ki]

ⓐ [original meaning] (thin in density) rare, rarefied, dilute, thin

ⓑ [also prefix] chem dilute

稀薄な kihaku na dilute, thin, rare, sparse きはくな

稀釈 kishaku dilution きしゃく

稀硫酸 kiryūsan dilute sulfuric acid きりゅうさん

SYNONYMS

DAINTY



サイ ほそい ほそる こまか こまかい xì


fine



セン xiān


DELICATE



ジョウ ジャク デキ なよやかな しなやか たおやか niǎo


HOMOPHONES

mare ➳ 

COMPOUND FORMATION

古稀 koki

古稀 ‘three score and ten, etc.’ derives from the passage 人生七十古来希なり Jinsei shichijū korai mare nari meaning that since ancient times (古) a life of seventy years has been a rare (稀) phenomenon.

✬ ART RELATION ✬










391, Paris, n°18, 1924, photo by Man Ray
"Rrose Sélavy :
Oh, do shit again!... Oh douche it again!...
Du dos de la cuillère au cul de la dousirière!
Les poètes portent leur cerveau dans une gourde.
Où va la peinture moderne? Aux chiottes! E. P."

(The back of the spoon to the dowager ass!
Poets are their brain in a bottle.
Where does modern painting go? The crapper! E. P.)
Calcifer Y
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Calcifer Y
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Calcifer Y
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Daemon wrote:
facet

(noun) A distinct feature or element in a problem.

Synonyms: aspect

Usage: He carefully studied every facet of the question before offering his response.


Kanji of the Day



ダイ テイ dì


Jōyō Kanji : 3rd Grade (JLPT שְׁתַּיִם)

RADICAL 118

Strokes 11-6-5

Frequency 85

▶ORDINAL NUMBER PREFIX

COMPOUNDS

❶ prefix for forming ordinal numbers

第五 daigo the fifth, No. 5 だいご

第一印象 daiichi-inshō first impression だいいちいんしょう

第一 daiichi the first, number one; the best; to begin with, above everything else だいいち

第三者 daisansha third party だいさんしゃ

面目次第 menbokushidai aspect...facet めんぼくしだい



Pray Boo hoo! facet Eh?


彼都市生活の面目次第で便利な面を強調した Kare toshi seikatsu no menbokushidai de benrina men o kyōchō shita He stressed the convenient facets of city life かれとしせいかつのめんぼくしだいでべんりなめんをきょうちょうした

第六感 dairokkan the sixth sense, intuition だいろっかん

❷ [original meaning] order, sequence

次第 shidai order; circumstances, reasons; as soon as しだい

第二部長 dainibuchō assistant chief of staff, g2 だいにぶちょう

❸ examination (originally referred to grades into which successful candidates in the imperial examinations in China were placed)

及第する kyūdai suru pass an examination きゅうだいする

落第 rakudai failure in an examination らくだい

④ hist mansion or residence of a high official

聚楽第 jurakudai (=jurakutei) mansion of Toyotomi Hideyoshi (16th century) じゅらくだい

INDEPENDENT

【dai 第】 examination in ancient China; mansion or residence of a high official

SYNONYMS

NUMBER (numerical designation)



ゴウ hào háo


fixed number



イン yuán yún yùn


NUMBER (mathematical unit)



スウ ス かず かぞえる shù shŭ shuò


HOMOPHONES

dai ➳ 

ஐ ART RELATION ஐ










Otto Dix, Skat Players (Die Skatspieler) 1920
Oil on canvas with photomontage and collage, 43 5/16 x 34 ¼" (110 x 87 cm)
Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Nationalgalerie
© 2006 Nationalgalerie. Staatliche Museen zu Berlin-Preussischer Kulturbesitz
Calcifer Y
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Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, August 7, 2017 6:25:38 PM

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Calcifer Y
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Daemon wrote:
ingenuous

(adjective) Lacking in cunning, guile, or worldliness.

Synonyms: artless

Usage: His ingenuous delight in it was a delight to her, and a new and mutual love-thrill was theirs—because of a flower.


Kanji of the Day



ザツ ゾウ zá


Jōyō Kanji : 5th Grade (JLPT שְׁתַּיִם)

RADICAL 172

Strokes 14-8-6

Frequency 820

▶MISCELLANEOUS ▶MIXED

COMPOUNDS

❶ [also prefix] miscellaneous, various, sundry, motley

雑多 zatta miscellaneous, various ざった

雑誌 zasshi magazine, journal ざっし

雑用 zatsuyō miscellaneous business ざつよう

雑費 zappi miscellaneous expenses ざっぴ

雑貨 zakka sundries, general cargo; miscellaneous goods ざっか

雑文家 zatsubunka miscellaneous writer, miscellanist ざつぶんか

雑木 zōki miscellaneous trees ぞうき

雑歌 zōka miscellaneous poems ぞうか

雑所得 zatsushotoku miscellaneous [sundry] incomes ざつしょとく

❷ⓐ [original meaning] mixed, blended

ⓑ mixed up, disorderly, confused, intricate

雑種 zasshu mixed breed, hybrid ざっしゅ

雑居地 zakkyochi mixed residential quarter ざっきょち

雑然とした zatsuzen to shita promiscuous, disorderly ざつぜんとした

無雑作 muzōsa artless...ingenuous むぞうさ



Whistle Boo hoo! ingenuous Shhh


彼女は髪を無雑作に束ねている。 Kanojo wa kami o mu zōsa ni tabanete iru. She is doing her hair ingenuously. かのじょはかみをむぞうさにたばねている。

複雑な fukuzatsu na complicated, complex, involved, intricate ふくざつな

混雑した konzatsu shita confused, disorderly; congested こんざつした

乱雑な ranzatsu na disorderly, confused らんざつな

繁雑な hanzatsu na complicated, intricate, confused はんざつな

錯雑 sakuzatsu complication, intricacy さくざつ

❸ coarse, rough, low class, ordinary

雑草 zassō weed ざっそう

雑音 zatsuon noise, jarring and grating; jamming; interference ざつおん

雑巾 zōkin rag; mop ぞうきん

雑木林 zōbokurin grove of mixed trees, copse ぞうぼくりん

雑言 zōgon foul language, abuse ぞうごん

雑兵 zōhyō ordinary soldiers, rank and file ぞうひょう

雑人 zōnin low-call people ぞうにん

粗雑な sozatsu na coarse, rough, crude そざつな

INDEPENDENT

【zatsu 雑】 miscellany

雑な zatsu na coarse, rough, crude ざつな

雑の部 zatsu no bu (=zō no bu) miscellany ざつのぶ

SPECIAL READINGS

雑魚 zako small fish, small fry; lesser fry ざこ

SYNONYMS

MANIFOLD



ショ shù


intermingle



コウ まじわる まじえる まじる まざる まぜる -かう かわす こもごも jiāo


MIXED UP



サク シャク cuò


HOMOPHONES

zatsu ➳ 

▓ ART RELATION ▓










Exposition Dada Max Ernst, page 1
Paris: Au sans pareil (The unparalleled) 1921
Text by André Breton
Calcifer Y
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Calcifer Y
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Calcifer Y
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Daemon wrote:
ignoble

(adjective) Not of the nobility; common.

Synonyms: ungentle, untitled

Usage: The princess loved the stable boy, but he was of ignoble birth, and her father refused to let them marry.


Kanji of the Day



ダイ tí


Jōyō Kanji : 3rd Grade (JLPT שָׁלוֹשׁ)

RADICAL 181

Strokes 18-9-9

Frequency 96

▶TITLE ▶TOPIC ▶PROBLEM

COMPOUNDS

❶ title, caption, heading, headline

題目 daimoku title, heading; theme; prayer of the Nichiren sect だいもく

題名 daimei title だいめい

表題 hyōdai title, heading, caption ひょうだい

改題 kaidai change of title かいだい

❷ topic, subject, theme

題材 daizai subject matter, theme だいざい

主題 shudai subject, theme しゅだい

話題 wadai topic [subject] of conversation わだい

題名無し daimeinashi untitled...ungentle...ignoble だいめいなし



Pray Boo hoo! ignoble Eh?


そんな事件は題名無しにある。 Sonna jiken wa daimeinashi ni aru. Such incidents are quite ignoble. そんなじけんはだいめいなしにある。

演題 endai subject of a speech, speech title えんだい

議題 gidai topic for discussion ぎだい

閑話休題 kanwakyūdai to return to the subject かんわきゅうだい

❸ⓐ problem, question

ⓑ counter for problems

問題 mondai problem, question, issue, matter もんだい

課題 kadai task, assignment; problem かだい

難題 nandai difficult problem [question] なんだい

拉致問題 rachimondai abduction issue (esp. of those Japanese abducted by North Korea) らちもんだい

出題する shutsudai suru set a problem しゅつだいする

宿題 shukudai homework しゅくだい

五題 godai five problems [questions] ごだい

④ [original meaning, now archaic] forehead

INDEPENDENT

【dai 題】 title, caption; topic, subject, theme

題を付ける dai o tsukeru entitle だいをつける

作文の題 sakubun no dai subject of a composition さくぶんのだい

【daisuru 題する】 entitle

SYNONYMS

SURNAME



セイ ショウ xìng


name (inscribed by maker)



メイ míng


FAMILY NAME



シ うじ -うじ shì zhī


COMPOUND FORMATION

閑話休題 kanwakyūdai

閑話休題 'to return to the subject' means “we have been engaging in idle (閑) talk (話) and have stopped (休) the main topic (題), so let’s get back to the subject”

HOMOPHONES

dai ➳ 

∬ ART RELATION ∬










Hannah Höch, Sans Titre (Untitled) 1920
photomontage, 30 x 23 cm, collection particulière
Calcifer Y
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Calcifer Y
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Calcifer Y
Posted: Wednesday, August 16, 2017 5:38:40 PM

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Daemon wrote:
lore

(noun) Accumulated facts, traditions, or beliefs about a particular subject.

Synonyms: traditional knowledge

Usage: He had taught the children something of the forest lore that he had himself learned from Tiger Lily and Tinker Bell, and knew that in their dire hour they were not likely to forget it.


Kanji of the Day



シユウ ジュ ならう ならい xí


Jōyō Kanji : 3rd Grade (JLPT שְׁלוֹשָׁה)

RADICAL 124

Strokes 11-6-5

Frequency 637

▶LEARN ▶CUSTOM

COMPOUNDS

❶ learn, acquire, be taught, study

習得 shūtoku learning, acquirement しゅうとく

学習 gakushū study, learning がくしゅう

練習 renshū practice, training れんしゅう

講習 kōshū short training course こうしゅう

独習 dokushū self-study, self-teaching どくしゅう

実習 jisshū practice, training じっしゅう

演習 enshū exercise, practice; military maneuvers; seminar えんしゅう

自学自習 jigakujishū traditional knowledge...lore じがくじしゅう



Not talking Brick wall lore Speak to the hand


そういう事は自学自習の及ばない事だ。 Sō iu koto wa jigakujishū no oyobanai kotoda. Such matters are beyond the bounds of human lore. そういうことはじがくじしゅうのおよばないことだ。

補習 hoshū supplementary lessons ほしゅう

❷ custom, habit, practice, tradition

習慣 shūkan custom, habit しゅうかん

慣習 kanshū custom, usage, tradition かんしゅう

風習 fūshū manners and customs ふうしゅう

悪習 akushū bad habit あくしゅう

奇習 kishū strange custom きしゅう

❸ be familiar with, become attached to

近習 kinju attendant きんじゅ

KUN

【nara(u) 習う】 learn, be taught, study; practice

見習い minarai apprenticeship, apprentice みならい

習い事 naraigoto practice ならいごと

言い習わす iinarawasu to be handed down, to have a habit of saying いいならわす

言習わす iinarawasu to be handed down, to have a habit of saying いいならわす

【nara(i) 習い】 habit, custom, practice

習わし narawashi custom, practice ならわし

SYNONYMS

RESEARCH



ケン とぐ yán


established practice



レイ たとえる lì


HABIT



ヘキ くせ くせに pǐ


USAGE

narau

習う

learn, be taught, study; practice

倣う

copy after, copy from, imitate, follow an example

HOMOPHONES

narau ➳ 

♨ ART RELATION ♨










Paul Eluard, Carte postale à Tristan Tzara [postcard to Tristan Tzara] Cologne, 1923
Bibliothèque Doucet, Fonds Tristan Tzara, Paris.
Calcifer Y
Posted: Wednesday, August 16, 2017 5:39:31 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, August 21, 2017 6:26:13 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, August 21, 2017 6:26:27 PM

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Daemon wrote:
smug

(adjective) Exhibiting or feeling great or offensive satisfaction with oneself or with one's situation; self-righteously complacent.

Synonyms: self-satisfied

Usage: On his face was the smug look of a toad breakfasting on fat marsh flies.


Kanji of the Day



ドク ひとい dú


Jōyō Kanji : 5th Grade (JLPT שְׁתַּיִם)

RADICAL 94

Strokes 9-3-6

Frequency 468

▶ALONE ▶GERMANY

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ alone, by oneself, single, sole, solo

ⓑ act arbitrarily, act without the advice of others

独奏 dokusō running alone; easy victory, walkover どくそう

独演 dokuen solo recital どくえん

独奏する dokusō suru play solo, play alone どくそうする

独立 dokuritsu independence, self-reliance どくりつ

独学 dokugaku self-study, self-teaching どくがく

独身 dokushin single life; celibacy どくしん

独占 dokusen exclusive possession, monopoly どくせん

独善的 dokuzenteki self-satisfied...smug どくぜんてき



Pray Boo hoo! smug Eh?


彼の独善的な態度は頭にくる。 Kare no dokuzen-tekina taido wa atamanikuru. His smug attitude gets on my nerves. かれのどくぜんてきなたいどはあたまにくる。

独裁 dokusai dictatorship, autocracy どくさい

単独の tandoku no single, independent, sole, alone たんどくの

孤独の kodoku no solitary, lonely, alone こどくの

独断 dokudan arbitrary decision, dogmatism どくだん

独善 dokuzen self-righteousness どくぜん

❷ⓐ Germany

ⓑ German (language)

西独 seidoku West Germany せいどく

独文 dokubun German literature どくぶん

和独辞典 wadoku jiten Japanese-German dictionary わどくじてん

INDEPENDENT

【doku 独】 Germany

KUN

【hito(ri) 独り】

ⓐ alone, solitary, by oneself

独りぼっち hitoribocchi aloneness, loneliness, solitude ひとりぼっち

独り法師 hitoribocchi aloneness, loneliness, solitude ひとりぼっち

ⓑ single, unmarried

独りぼっちの hitoribotchi no solitary ひとりぼつちの

独り旅 hitoritabi traveling alone, solitary journey ひとりたび

独り者 hitorimono single [unmarried] man [woman] ひとりもの

SYNONYMS

SOLITARY



コ gū


arbitrary



オウ よこ héng hèng


SPAIN



セイ サイ ス にし xī


USAGE

hitori

独り

ⓐ alone, solitary, by oneself

ⓑ single, unmarried

一人

ⓐ one person

ⓑ only (child, son or daughter)

HOMOPHONES

hitori ➳ 一人

Ẍ ART RELATION Ẍ










Anonyme, Marcel Duchamp and Hans Richter with Rotoreliefs, 1947
Gelatin silver print, 9 3/8 x 7 3/16 inches (23.8 x 18.3 cm) Sheet: 10 3/16 x 8 inches (25.8 x 20.3 cm)
Philadelphia Museum of Art
Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, August 21, 2017 6:26:45 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Wednesday, August 30, 2017 8:01:52 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Wednesday, August 30, 2017 8:02:06 PM

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Daemon wrote:
sanguinary

(adjective) Accompanied by bloodshed.

Synonyms: butcherly, gory, slaughterous

Usage: A sanguinary encounter seemed daily imminent between the two parties in the streets of Baltimore.


Kanji of the Day



ケツ ち xuè xiě


Jōyō Kanji : 3rd Grade (JLPT שְׁתַּיִם)

RADICAL 143

Strokes 6-6-0

Frequency 689

▶BLOOD

COMPOUNDS

❶ [also suffix] [original meaning] blood

血液 ketsueki blood けつえき

血管 kekkan blood vessel けっかん

血圧 ketsuatsu blood pressure けつあつ

血小板 kesshōban platelet けっしょうばん

赤血球 sekkekkyuu red blood cell, erythrocyte せっけっきゅう

献血 kenketsu blood donation けんけつ

貧血 hinketsu anemia, anaemia ひんけつ

出血 shukketsu bleeding; hemorrhage; sacrifice しゅっけつ

❷ hot-blooded, lively

血気 kekki hot blood of youth, youthful vigor けっき

冷血な reiketsu na cold-blooded, coldhearted, heartless れいけつな

熱血漢 nekketsukan hot-blooded man ねっけつかん

❸ blood (relation), lineage

血族 ketsuzoku blood relative けつぞく

血統 kettō lineage...blood...bloodline けっとう

混血 konketsu mixed-blood, racial mixture こんけつ

KUN

【chi 血】 blood; blood (relation), lineage

血眼 chimanako bloodshot eye ちまなこ

血まみれの chimamire no bloodstained, bloody ちまみれの

血塗れ chimamire slaughterous, gory, butcherly, sanguinary ちまみれ



Pray Boo hoo! sanguinary Eh?


時流の河に血塗れで飛び込み。 Jiryū no kawa ni chimamirede tobikomi. Drive into the sanguinary current of time. じりゅうのかわにちまみれでとびこみ。

鼻血 hanaji nosebleed はなじ

血筋 chisuji blood relationship, lineage ちすじ

血の繋がり chi no tsunagari blood relationship ちのつながり

SYNONYMS

LINEAGE



ケイ xì jì


vein



ミャク すじ mài mò


RIFT



キン ちぬる すき ひま xìn


HOMOPHONES

chi ➳ 

▒ ART RELATION ▒










Otto Dix, Fleischerladen (Butcher Shop) drypoint, 29.8 x 25.6 cm, 1920
Calcifer Y
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Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, September 1, 2017 8:39:00 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, September 1, 2017 8:39:18 PM

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Daemon wrote:
uncongenial

(adjective) Not suitable to your tastes or needs.

Synonyms: incompatible

Usage: I married early, and was happy to find in my wife a disposition not uncongenial with my own.


Kanji of the Day



オウ -ノウ こたえる yīng yìng


Jōyō Kanji : 5th Grade (JLPT שְׁתַּיִם)

RADICAL 61

Strokes 7-4-3

Frequency 443

▶RESPOND

COMPOUNDS

❶ (act in return) respond to (a situation), react, act in accordance with, cope with

応募 ōbo application, subscription, enlistment おうぼ

応援する ōen suru aid, reinforce; support; cheer おうえんする

応酬する ōshū suru respond, reply; counter おうしゅうする

応接 ōsetsu reception おうせつ

応力 ōryoku phys stress おうりょく

反応する hannō suru react, respond はんおうする

対応する taiō suru correspond to, answer to; be equivalent; deal [cope] with たいおうする

適応する tekiō suru adapt (oneself) to, adjust (things) to てきおうする

順応 junnō adaptation, accommodation, adjustment じゅんおう

❷ (make a reply) respond, answer, reply

応答 ōtō answer, response, reply おうとう

呼応して koō shite in concert, in response こおうして

ステップ応答 suteppuōtō step response すてっぷおうとう

❸ [original meaning] comply with, accede to, consent

応諾する ōdaku suru consent, assent おうだくする

④ suitable, appropriate

応用 ōyō practical application おうよう

応分の ōbun no appropriate, reasonable (in view of one's position), within one's power [means] おうぶんの

非対応 hitaiō incompatible...uncongenial ひたいおう



Shame on you Whistle uncongenial Speak to the hand


我々の利益は彼らの利益と非対応 Wareware no rieki wa karera no rieki to hi taiō Our interests are uncongenial to theirs われわれのりえきはかれらのりえきとひたいおう

相応する sōō suru be suitable, befit, correspond そうおうする

❺ used phonetically for ō

一応(=一往) ichiō once; in outline; tentatively; for the time being いちおう

INDEPENDENT

【ō 応】 yes, all right

応と答える ō to kotaeru say yes おうとこたえる

【ōjiru (=ōzuru) 応じる(=応ずる)】 (act in return) respond to (a situation), act in accordance with; (make a reply) respond, answer; comply with, accede to, consent; be suitable [appropriate]

力に力で応じる chikara ni chikara de ōjiru meet force with force ひからにちからでおうじる

求めに応じる motome ni ōjiru answer a request もとめにおうじる

場合に応じて baai ni ōjite in accordance with the situation ばあいにおうじて

KUN

【kota(eru) 応える】

➀ come home to (one), strike home, have effect on; be a great strain

暑さが応える atsusa ga kotaeru feel the heat very much あつさがこたえる

② repay, reward

親切に応える shinsetsu ni kotaeru repay a kindness しんせつにこたえる

SYNONYMS

reply



ヘン かえす -かえす かえる -かえる fǎn


ANSWER



トウ こたえる こたえ dá dā


solve



カイ ゲ ごく とかす とける ほどく わかる jiě jiè xiè


HOMOPHONES

kotaeru ➳ 

COMPOUND FORMATION

一応(=一往) ichiō

一応 ‘once, etc.’ formerly written 一往, originally meant to proceed (往) one time (一). Later, 応 was phonetically substituted for 往

❦ ART RELATION ❦










Max Ernst, "Ce singe, serait-il catholique, par hasard?" (This monkey, is it Catholic, by chance?)
pour La femme 100 têtes (40 collages), Chapitre II, planche 33
Editions du Carrefour, Paris, 1929.
Calcifer Y
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Calcifer Y
Posted: Tuesday, September 5, 2017 9:50:03 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Tuesday, September 5, 2017 9:50:18 PM

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Daemon wrote:
pestilential

(adjective) Likely to spread and cause an epidemic disease.

Synonyms: pestiferous, plaguey

Usage: I have a notion, and more than a notion, that I shall never pass back alive through these pestilential swamps.


Kanji of the Day



ケン けわしい xiǎn


Jōyō Kanji : 5th Grade (JLPT שְׁלוֹשָׁה)

RADICAL 170

Strokes 11-3-8

Frequency 615

▶DANGER ▶STEEP

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ danger, risk, hazard

dangerous, risky, hazardous

危険な kiken na dangerous きけんな

保険 hoken insurance ほけん

険悪な ken’aku na dangerous, threatening, serious けんあくな

冒険 bōken adventure, risk ぼうけん

冒険的 bōkenteki plaguey...pestiferous...pestilential ぼうけんてき



Pray Boo hoo! pestilential Shhh


暴力団を見張るのは冒険的な冒険だった Bōryokudan o miharu no wa bōken-tekina bōkendatta Spying on gangsters was a pestilential venture ぼうりょくだんをみはるのはぼうけんてきなぼうけんだった

自動車保険料 jidōshahokenryō car insurance premium じどうしゃほけんりょう

探険(=探検) tanken exploration, expedition たんけん

❷ⓐ [formerly also 嶮] steep, precipitous

ⓑ [original meaning] steep [inaccessible] place, steep pass, stronghold

険路 kenro steep pass けんろ

険阻(=嶮阻) kenso steepness, precipice けんそ

峻険な shunken na steep, precipitous しゅんけんな

天険 tenken natural stronghold てんけん

❸ sinister, vicious

陰険な inken na sly, crafty, treacherous いんけんな

④ (figuratively) sharp (look), stern (expression)

険相 kensō uncanny look けんそう

INDEPENDENT

【ken 険】 [formerly also 嶮] steep place, impregnable pass, stronghold; stern expression

アルプスの険 arupusu no ken steep pass in the Alps あるぷすのけん

険の有る目 ken no aru me sharp look けんのあるめ

KUN

【kewa(shii) 険しい】 (sharply inclined and difficult to climb) steep, precipitous; craggy; severe, grim, fierce, angry

険しさ kewashisa steepness; severity, grimness けわしさ

険しい山 kewashii yama steep [craggy] mountain けわしいやま

険しい顔 kewashii kao grim face けわしいかお

SYNONYMS

steep



キュウ いそぐ いそぎ jí


DANGEROUS



キ あぶない あやうい あやぶむ wēi


high and steep



シュン NAMES たか たかし ちか とし jùn


HOMOPHONES

ken ➳ 

COMPOUND FORMATION

保険 hoken

保険 ‘insurance’ means to guarantee (保) against hazards (険❶ⓐ).

ᴥ ART RELATION ᴥ










Max Ernst, Sans Titre (Untitled) 1920
Cut-and-pasted hand-tinted printed paper on printed paper with gold metallic paint and pencil, 7 1/8 x 9 ½" (18.1 x 24.1 cm)
New York, MOMA
Calcifer Y
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