The Free Dictionary  
mailing list For webmasters
Welcome Guest Forum Search | Active Topics | Members

Kanji of the Day Options
Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, May 05, 2017 8:59:01 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Daemon wrote:
marionette

(noun) A jointed puppet manipulated from above by strings or wires attached to its limbs.

Synonyms: puppet

Usage: They appeared to me clear-cut and very small, with affected voices and stiff gestures, like a procession of rigid marionettes upon a toy stage.


Kanji of the Day



ソウ みさお あやつる cāo


Jōyō Kanji : 6th Grade (JLPT אֶחַד)

RADICAL 64

Strokes 16-3-13

Frequency 948

▶MANIPULATE

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ manipulate, handle, operate (a machine)

ⓑ [original meaning] hold in the hand

操作 sōsa operation, manipulation, handling そうさ

操縦する sōjū suru manage, control; steer; pilot, fly そうじゅうする

操業 sōgyō operation, work そうぎょう

操車 sōsha marshaling (in a classification yard) そうしゃ

操舵 sōda steering そうだ

❷ exercise, drill

体操 taisō gymnastics, physical exercise たいそう

柔軟体操 jūnantaisō calisthenics じゅうなんたいそう

❸ⓐ constancy, integrity, fidelity, moral principles

ⓑ chastity

情操 jōsō sentiment じょうそう

節操 sessō constancy, fidelity, integrity, honor, honour せっそう

髞守 sōshu preserving one’s chastity, adhering to moral principles そうしゅ

貞操 teisō chastity, virginity ていそう

KUN

【misao 操】 constancy, fidelity; chastity

操を守る misao o mamoru preserve one’s chastity; adhere to one's principles みさおをまもる

【ayatsu(ru) 操る】

ⓐ (operate skillfully with the hands) manipulate, handle, work, operate (a machine); steer (a ship)

ⓑ (influence skillfully) manipulate, pull strings, mastermind

操り ayatsuri manipulation; puppet あやつり

操人形 ayatsuriningyō puppet...marionette あやつりにんぎょう



Pray Dancing marionette Boo hoo!


操人形はワイヤーで動く。 Ayatsuriningyō wa waiyā de ugoku. The marionettes are controlled by wires. あやつりにんぎょうわわいやあでうごく。

巧みに操る takumi ni ayatsuru manipulate, maneuver たくみにあやつる

英語を操る eigo o ayatsuru have a good command of English えいごをあやつる

世論を操る seron o ayatsuru manipulate public opinion せろんをあやつる

SYNONYMS

WIELD



キ ふるう huī


SINCERITY



セイ まこと chéng


faith



ギ yì


HOMOPHONES

 ➳ 

ಞ ART RELATION ಞ










Hannah Höch, The Puppet Balsamine, 1927
Calcifer Y
Posted: Sunday, May 07, 2017 6:11:44 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Calcifer Y
Posted: Sunday, May 07, 2017 6:12:17 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Daemon wrote:
pandemonium

(noun) A state of extreme confusion and disorder.

Synonyms: bedlam, chaos, topsy-turvydom

Usage: Instantly the avenue was a pandemonium of clashing blades, cursing warriors, and squealing throats.


Kanji of the Day



デン テン との -どの diàn


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8th Grade ~ JLPT שְׁתַּיִם)

RADICAL 79

Strokes 13-4-9

Frequency 1139

▶PALACE

▶FORMAL HONORIFIC TITLE

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ (large stately building) palace, hall, mansion

ⓑ (residence of nobility) palace, shrine, temple

ⓒ suffix after names of large buildings, esp. within the court or shrine grounds

殿堂 dendō hall, palace, shrine; sanctuary でんどう

寝殿 shinden main house しんでん

殿中で denchū de in the palace でんちゅうで

宮殿 kyūden palace (of a royal person) きゅうでん

御殿 goten palace ごてん

神殿 shinden shrine, sanctuary しんでん

伏魔殿 fukumaden topsy-turvydom, chaos, bedlam, pandemonium ふくまでん



Whistle Boo hoo! pandemonium Applause


火事で劇場の中は伏魔殿になった Kaji de gekijō no naka wa fukumaden ni natta The fire caused a pandemonium in the theater かじでげきじょうのなかはふくまでんになった

紫宸殿 shishinden Hall for State Ceremonies ししんでん

❷ [also suffix] formal honorific title

殿下 denka His Imperial Highness でんか

貴殿 kiden you きでん

保善院殿 hozen'inden His Lordship Hozen of Blessed Memory ほぜんいんでん

❸ [formerly 澱 den] settle, precipitate

沈殿 chinden precipitation, settlement ちんでん

④ the rear, the rear guard

殿軍 dengun rear guard でんぐん

殿 shingari...rear, rear unit guard, anchor (man) しんがり

KUN

【tono 殿】

➀ⓐ lord; my lord, his lordship

ⓑ gentleman

殿様 tonosama feudal lord とのさま

若殿 wakatono young lord わかとの

殿方 tonogata men, gentlemen とのがた

② part of a building, stately building

高殿 takadono stately mansion; two-[three-]storied house たかどの

湯殿 yudono bathroom ゆどの

【-dono -殿】 formal honorific title; Esquire, Esq., Mister

山田太郎殿 yamada tarō-dono Taro Yamada, Esq. やまだたろうどの

議長殿 gichōdono Mr. Chairman ぎちょうどの

SYNONYMS

BUILDING



シャ shè


BLOCK



トウ むね むな- dòng


FAMILIAR TITLE (peers)



クン きみ -ぎみ jūn


♠ ART RELATION ♠










Max Ernst, Der chinese nachtigall, (Le rossignol chinois, The Chinese Nightingale) 1920
collage et encre de chine sur papier monté sur carton (Collage and ink on paper mounted on cardboard) 12.2 x 8.8 cm
Grenoble, Musée de Grenoble
Calcifer Y
Posted: Sunday, May 07, 2017 6:12:59 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, May 12, 2017 6:32:08 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, May 12, 2017 6:33:18 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Daemon wrote:
pinafore

(noun) A sleeveless garment similar to an apron, worn especially by small girls as a dress or an overdress.

Synonyms: jumper, pinny

Usage: Dolly came into the yard sobbing and crying, with her little blue frock and white pinafore spattered all over with mud.


Kanji of the Day



シン み shēn


Jōyō Kanji : 3rd Grade (JLPT שְׁתַּיִם)

RADICAL 158

Strokes 7-7-0

Frequency 305

▶BODY ▶ONE’S PERSON

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ (material) body, human body (esp. vs. mind), one’s person, the flesh

ⓑ body length, height

身体 shintai body しんたい

身長 shinchō stature, height しんちょう

身障者 shinshōsha physically handicapped person, disabled person しんしょうしゃ

全身 zenshin the whole body ぜんしん

心身 shinshin mind and body しんしん

焼身 shōshin burning oneself (to death), self-immolation しょうしん

変身 henshin transformation, metamorphosis へんしん

馬身 bashin horse's length ばしん

艇身 teishin boat’s length ていしん

長身 chōshin tall figure, high stature ちょうしん

❷ body or main part of a thing, esp. a sword or gun

刀身 tōshin sword blade とうしん

銃身 jūshin barrel of a gun, gun barrel じゅうしん

❸ one's person, one's own person, oneself, self

身辺 shinpen one’s person, one’s immediate surroundings しんぺん

自身 jishin self, oneself; itself じしん

出身地 shusshinchi one’s native place しゅっしんち

独身 dokushin single life; celibacy どくしん

単身 tanshin alone, by oneself, unaccompanied たんしん

前身 zenshin one’s former self, one’s past life; predecessor ぜんしん

保身 hoshin self-protection ほしん

献身 kenshin self-sacrifice, devotion けんしん

④ social status, social standing

身代 shindai fortune, one’s property しんだい

立身する risshin suru establish oneself in life りっしんする

小身 shōshin humble position しょうしん

❺ life

終身 shūshin all through life しゅうしん

捨身 shashin becoming a priest; risking one’s life for others しゃしん

KUN

【mi 身】

➀ body, one’s person

身に着ける mi ni tsukeru put on, wear みにつける

身軽な migaru na light, agile, nimble みがるな

細身 hosomi slender figure; narrow blade ほそみ

不死身 fujimi immortality, invulnerability ふじみ

身支度 mijitaku pinny...jumper...pinafore みじたく



Pray Applause pinafore Eh?


母は私に真っ白い身支度 を作ってくれた。 Haha wa watashi ni masshiroi mijitaku o tsukutte kureta. Mother made me a pure white pinafore. はははわたしにまっしろいみじたくをつくってくれた。

② body or main part of a thing

中身 nakami content, substance; interior なかみ

黄身 kimi yolk, vitellus きみ

抜き身 nukimi naked sword ぬきみ

③ one's person, one's own person, oneself, self

身の上 minoue one’s career, one’s condition, one’s fortune みのうえ

身近な mijika na near oneself, close to one, familiar みじかな

身元(=身許) mimoto one’s birth, one’s identity, one’s background みもと

身寄り miyori relative, relation, kinsfolk みより

身投げ minage suicide by drowning or jumping from a high place みなげ

身柄 migara one’s person; social standing みがら

身勝手 migatte selfishness, egoism, egotism みがって

④ (one's) social status, one’s station in life; one’s position

身の程 minohodo one’s social position, one’s own place みのほど

身代金要求 minoshirokinyōkyū ransom demand みのしろきにょうきゅう

身分 mibun social position [standing]; circumstances; rank, identity みぶん

⑤ heart, soul, mind

身を入れる mi o ireru devote oneself to, exert oneself みをいれる

身に染みる mi ni shimiru go to one’s heart, come home to みにしみる

⑥ meat, flesh

脂身 aburami fat, fatty meat あぶらみ

刺身 sashimi sashimi, sliced raw flesh (esp. of fish) さしみ

⑦ life

身を捨てる mi o suteru throw away one’s life みをすてる

SYNONYMS

GRADE



キュウ jí


grade



ダン タン duàn


CLASS



トウ ひとしい など -ら děng


COMPOUND FORMATION

身寄り miyori

身寄り ‘relative, etc.’ refers to persons near (寄り) one’s person (身) or self.

HOMOPHONES

mi ➳ 

♝ ART RELATION ♝










Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Munich, c. 1913
Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, May 12, 2017 6:34:25 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Calcifer Y
Posted: Wednesday, May 17, 2017 7:20:53 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Calcifer Y
Posted: Wednesday, May 17, 2017 7:21:43 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Daemon wrote:
conniption

(noun) A fit of violent emotion, such as anger or panic.

Synonyms: fit, tantrum, scene

Usage: When he discovered that his soup was only lukewarm, he had a conniption and stormed out of the restaurant.


Kanji of the Day



ダ タ tuó duò


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8th Grade ~ JLPT אַחַת)

RADICAL 187

Strokes 14-10-4

Frequency 1576

▶GOOD FOR NOTHING

COMPOUNDS

❶ [also prefix] good for nothing, no good, poor, shabby, useless, worthless

駄目 dame go cross that does not constitute a territory; no good, useless; No! だめ

駄作 dasaku poor piece of writing ださく

駄菓子 dagashi cheap sweets だがし

駄洒落 dajare poor joke, pun だじゃれ

駄駄を捏ねる dada o koneru scene, tantrum, fit, connipition だだをこねる



Shame on you Anxious connipition Speak to the hand


彼は駄駄を捏ねる私をののしり始めた。 Kare wa dadawokoneru watashi o nonoshiri hajimeta. He had a connipition and began calling me names. かれはだだをこねるわたしをののしりはじめた。

無駄な muda na no good, fruitless, wasteful むだな

❷ clogs, sandals

下駄 geta geta, wooden clogs げた

足駄 ashida high clogs, rain clogs あしだ

雪駄 setta leather-soled sandals せった

❸ⓐ carry by packhorse

ⓑ horse load, pack

ⓒ counter for horse loads

駄賃 dachin packhorse charge; tip だちん

駄馬 daba packhorse, workhorse, hack だば

駄馬 dauma packhorse...workhorse...hack だうま

荷駄 nida horse load, pack にだ

薪二駄 takigi nida two horse loads of firewood たきぎにだ

SYNONYMS

WASTE



ハイ すたれる すたる fèi


shabby



ヘイ bì


BAD



アク オ わるい わる- あし è wù ě wū


HOMOPHONES

DA ➳ 

▲ ART RELATION ▲










Sophie Taeuber-Arp, in collaboration with Jean Arp: Dada Object, c. 1918-19.
Wood box with gilded edges containing stuffed silk and wool forms, 6x5x4% in. Private collection
Calcifer Y
Posted: Wednesday, May 17, 2017 7:22:27 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, May 22, 2017 6:08:21 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, May 22, 2017 6:08:51 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Daemon wrote:
degage

(adjective) Showing lack of emotional involvement.

Synonyms: detached, uninvolved

Usage: Mrs. Smith was not easily impressed by excuses, and she adopted a degage pose on the arm of the easy chair as her son tried to explain why he missed dinner.


Kanji of the Day



ジ シ みずから おのずから おのずと zì


Jōyō Kanji : 2nd Grade (JLPT שָׁלוֹשׁ)

RADICAL 132

Strokes 6-6-0

Frequency 54

▶SELF

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ [also prefix] self, oneself

ⓑ one’s own, one’s

自分 jibun self, oneself じぶん

自己 jiko oneself, self, ego じこ

自身 jishin self, oneself; itself じしん

自信 jishin self-confidence じしん

自殺 jisatsu suicide じさつ

自供 jikyō (voluntary) confession じきょう

自衛 jiei self-defense, self-protection じえい

自慢 jiman pride, self-praise, vanity じまん

独自の dokuji no original; personal, individual どくじの

自宅 jitaku one's house, one's home じたく

自国 jikoku one’s own country じこく

❷ by itself, naturally, spontaneously

自然 shizen nature しぜん

自動車 jidōsha automobile じどうしゃ

自転 jiten rotation (of the earth) じてん

自発的 jihatsuteki spontaneous, voluntary じはつてき

自然体 shizentai uninvolved...detached...degage しぜんたい



Pray Boo hoo! degage Eh?


それは自然体でもらった Sore wa shizentai de moratta I got it degage それはしぜんたいでもらった

❸ as one pleases

自由 jiyū freedom じゆう

自在に jizai ni freely, unrestrictedly, at will じざいに

自適 jiteki easy and comfortable living じてき

④ [also prefix] from, as of, since

自今 jikon hereafter じこん

自東京 jitōkyō from Tokyo じとうきょう

❺ abbrev. of 自由民主党 jiyūminshutō: Liberal Democratic Party

自公民 jikōmin Liberal Democratic Party, Komeito and Democratic Socialist Party じこうみん

自民党 jimintō Liberal Democratic Party, LDP じみんとう

❻ abbrev. of 自動車 jidōsha: automobile

自販 jihan automobile sales じはん

自工 jikō automobile industry じこう

❼ intransitive verb

自他 jita oneself and others; transitive and intransitive じた

❽ [original meaning, now obsolete] nose

KUN

【mizuka(ra) 自ら】 oneself; in person, personally

自らの mizukara no one’s own, personal みずからの

【ono(zukara) 自ずから】 naturally, by itself, spontaneously

自ずから明らかな onozukara akiraka na self-evident おのずからあきらかな

【ono(zuto) 自ずと】 naturally, by itself, spontaneously

SYNONYMS

I (familiar)



ボク しもべ pú pū


I (elegant)



ゴ われ わが- あ- NAMES あ wú


I (pompous)



ヨ あまる あまり あます yú


COMPOUND FORMATION

自由 jiyū

自由 ‘freedom’ is a state resulting from (由) following one’s own heart or free will (自)

自然 shizen

自然 ‘nature’ is to be (然) in a spontaneous or natural (自) state

HOMOPHONES

shi ➳ 

✪ ART RELATION ✪










John Heartfield, Zum Krisen-Parteitag der SPD [On The Crisis Party Congress of the SPD (German Social DEmocratic Party)]
in Arbeiter-Illustrierte-Zeitung (AIZ, Berlin)
no. 24, 1931, p. 477. Cat. no. 207
Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, May 22, 2017 6:09:41 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Calcifer Y
Posted: Wednesday, May 24, 2017 6:29:35 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Calcifer Y
Posted: Wednesday, May 24, 2017 6:30:25 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Daemon wrote:
impermanent

(adjective) Not lasting or durable; not permanent.

Synonyms: temporary

Usage: After weeks of carefully constructing the beautiful sand mandala, the Tibetan monks quietly swept it away in a ceremony emphasizing the impermanent nature of existence.


Kanji of the Day



ザン しばらく zàn


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8th Grade ~ JLPT אֶחַד)

RADICAL 72

Strokes 15-4-11

Frequency 1586

▶SHORT WHILE

COMPOUNDS

ⓐ [original meaning] short while, a while

ⓑ for the time being, temporary, provisional

暫時 zanji short while, a moment ざんじ

暫定の zantei no provisional, tentative ざんていの

暫定案 zanteian provisional plan ざんていあん

暫定的 zanteiteki temporary...impermanent ざんていてき



Pray Applause impermanent Speak to the hand


暫定的の議事内容を送付しました。 Zantei-teki no giji naiyō o sōfu shimashita. Attached is the impermanent agenda. ざんていてきのぎじないようをそうふしました。

KUN

【shibara(ku) 暫く】 awhile, a moment; good while, long time; for the time being

暫くですね Shibaraku desu ne It's been a while しばらくですね

SYNONYMS

moment



ケイ ころ ごろ -ごろ qǐng


INSTANT



シュン またたく shùn


hour



ジ とき -どき shí


NOTE

★do not confuse with

HOMOPHONES

zan ➳ 

۞ ART RELATION ۞










Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Dr. Complex (Marionette for Konig Hirsch by Carlo Gozzi) 1918
Turned, painted wood; overall, 15'/s x 8Vi in.
Museum Bellerive, Zurich
Calcifer Y
Posted: Wednesday, May 24, 2017 6:31:05 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, May 26, 2017 10:55:41 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, May 26, 2017 10:56:17 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Daemon wrote:
invertebrate

(adjective) Lacking a backbone or spinal column; not vertebrate.

Synonyms: spineless

Usage: The sixth grade class groaned in unison as the students learned that they would be dissecting worms during their study of invertebrates.


Kanji of the Day



ドウ うごく うごかす dòng


Jōyō Kanji : 3rd Grade (JLPT שָׁלוֹשׁ)

RADICAL 19

Strokes 11-2-9

Frequency 88

▶MOVE

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ [original meaning] move, be in action, vibrate, pulsate

ⓑ [also prefix] dynamic, moving, kinetic

ⓒ [also suffix] phys motion, vibration, action

動物 dōbutsu animal どうぶつ

動揺する dōyō suru shake, tremble; be disturbed, waver どうようする

運動 undō motion, movement; exercise; campaign うんどう

自動 jidō automatic operation; automatic じどう

移動する idō suru move, shift, transfer いどうする

不動産 fudōsan immovable property, real estate ふどうさん

機動性 kidōsei mobility, maneuverability きどうせい

動安定 dōantei dynamic stability どうあんてい

動摩擦 dōmasatsu kinetic friction どうまさつ

波動 hadō wave motion, undulation はどう

動脈 dōmyaku artery どうみゃく

反動 handō backlash, recoil, reaction はんどう

上下動 jōgedō vertical motion [shock] じょうげどう

❷ⓐ (set in motion, esp. machines) move, drive, operate

move (personnel) to another position; make a motion

(be active) move, change, vary

動力 dōryoku power どうりょく

駆動 kudō drive (of a machine) くどう

始動 shidō starting (machines) しどう

原動力 gendōryoku motive force げんどうりょく

伝動 dendō transmission, drive, gearing でんどう

電動の dendō no electric powered でんどうの

動議 dōgi a motion どうぎ

人事異動 jinji idō personnel changes, reshuffle じんじいどう

動向 dōkō trend, tendency, movement どうこう

活動 katsudō activity, action; function かつどう

変動 hendō change, fluctuation へんどう

❸ⓐ move to action, arouse, stir

ⓑ be moved with emotion, be excited, be startled

動員する dōin suru mobilize (an army) どういんする

動機 dōki motive, incentive どうき

出動する shutsudō suru take the field, be dispatched, turn out しゅつどうする

扇動する sendō suru instigate, agitate せんどうする

発動する hatsudō suru exercise, invoke; move, put in motion はつどうする

動転する dōten suru be frightened, be stunned どうてんする

感動する kandō suru be moved, be impressed かんどうする

④ⓐ behave, act

ⓑ behavior, behaviour, conduct


動作 dōsa action, movement; bearing, behavior, behaviour どうさ

行動 kōdō action, conduct, behaviour, behavior こうどう

挙動 kyodō deportment, conduct, behavior, action, behaviour きょどう

言動 gendō speech and behavior [conduct] げんどう

❺ fall into disorder, be disturbed

動乱 dōran upheaval, disturbance, agitation どうらん

騒動 sōdō disturbance, uproar; strife; confusion そうどう

暴動 bōdō riot, disturbance, uprising ぼうどう

❻ abbrev. of 動物 dōbutsu: animal

動植物 dōshokubutsu animals and plants どうしょくぶつ

無脊椎動物 musekitsuidōbutsu spineless...invertebrate むせきついどうぶつ



Pray Boo hoo! invertebrate Sick


無脊椎動物を踏むと雨が降るという人がいる。 Mu sekitsuidōbutsu o fumu to amegafuru to iu hito ga iru. Some people say stepping on an invertebrate makes it rain. むせきついどうぶつをふむとあめがふるというひとがいる。

❼ abbrev. of 動詞 dōshi: verb

動名詞 dōmeishi gerund どうめいし

他動 tadō transitive verb たどう

❽ abbrev. of 動力車 dōryokusha : railway motive power

動労 dōrō National Railway Motive Power Union どうろう

INDEPENDENT

【dō 動】 motion, vibration; phys action

動と反動 dō to handō action and reaction どうとはんどう

【dōjiru (=dōzuru) 動じる(=動ずる)】 be moved with emotion

KUN

【ugo(ku) 動く】 vi move, shift, stir, shake; work, run, operate; change vary; (take action) move, act, be active; be moved, be touched

動き ugoki movement, motion, activity; trend, development うごき

動き回る ugokimawaru move about; get about; be busily engaged うごきまわる

身動きする miugoki suru move (about), stir みうごきする

電気で動く denki de ugoku run by electricity でんきでうごく

値動き neugoki fluctuation [movement] in prices ねうごき

陰で動く kage de ugoku act behind the scenes かげでうごく

心が動く kokoro ga ugoku feel inclined to こころがうごく

【ugo(kasu) 動かす】vi move, shift, remove; set in motion, drive, operate; change, alter; (exert influence) move, affect, touch 

机を動かす tsukue o ugokasu move [shift] a desk つくえをうごかす

揺り動かす yuriugokasu shake, swing; shock ゆりうごかす

動かし難い ugokashigatai immovable; unshakable, undeniable うごかしがたい

心を動かされる kokoro o ugokasareru be moved こころをうごかされる

SYNONYMS

SHIFT



イ うつる うつす yí


inertia



ダン ひく -ひき はずむ たま はじく はじける dàn tàn


FAN



セン おうぎ shàn shān


COMPOUND FORMATION

機動性 kidōsei

機動性 'mobility, maneuverability' originally referred to the capacity (性) of a machine (機) in action (動)

HOMOPHONES

 ➳ 

▒ ART RELATION ▒




═══════════════════════════════




═══════════════════════════════




George Grosz in Der Blutige Ernst (The Bloody Ernst) n°4, Berlin, 1919
Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, May 26, 2017 10:56:48 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Calcifer Y
Posted: Thursday, June 08, 2017 7:24:14 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Calcifer Y
Posted: Thursday, June 08, 2017 7:24:55 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Daemon wrote:
overweening

(adjective) Unrestrained, especially with regard to feelings.

Synonyms: extravagant, exuberant, excessive

Usage: It may be all right, sir, but I have no overweening reliance on the faith of these marquesses, or marquis, as they call themselves.


Kanji of the Day



ト tú


Jōyō Kanji : High School (JLPT שְׁלוֹשָׁה)

RADICAL 162

Strokes 10-3-7

Frequency 745

▶WAY

COMPOUNDS

❶ [original meaning] way, route, course, road, path

途中で tochū de on the way とちゅうで

中途で chūto de halfway, in the middle ちゅうとで

発展途上国 hatten-tojōkoku developing countries はってんとじょうこく

後発発展途上国 kōhatsuhattentojōkoku least developed among developing nations こうはつはってんとじょうこく

後発発々上国 kōhatsuhattentojōkoku least developed among developing nations こうはつはってんとじょうこく

前途 zento one’s future, prospects; distance yet to cover ぜんと

途轍も無い totetsumonai excessive, exuberant, extravagant, overweening とてつもない



Pray Boo hoo! overweening Eh?


たまに彼女の自由途轍も無いな態度は無礼に見えることがある。 Tamani kanojo no jiyū totetsu mo nai na taido wa burei ni mieru koto ga aru. Sometimes her overweening manner seems rude. たまにかのじょのじゆうとてつもないなたいどはぶれいにみえることがある。

帰途 kito one's way home, return trip きと

❷ (method of doing) way, means

方途 hōto means, way, measure ほうと

用途 yōto use, service, application ようとお

金の使途 kane no shito how money is used かねのしと

別途積立金 bettotsumitatekin...special reserve (fund), contingent reserve べっとつみたてきん

❸ [formerly also 杜] shut out, stop, prevent

途絶 tozetsu stoppage, interruption, cessation とぜつ

INDEPENDENT

【to 途】 way

帰国の途に就く kikoku no to ni tsuku leave for home きこくのとにつく

SYNONYMS

WAY (path)



ドウ トウ みち dào


forked road



キ ギ qí


STYLE



シキ shì


COMPOUND FORMATION

用途 yōto

用途 ‘use, service, application’ is the way (途) of using (用) something

HOMOPHONES

to ➳ 

۩ ART RELATION ۩










Paul Citroen, Metropolis-Selbstportrait [Metropolis Self-Portrait] 1920–1923
Collage on paper, 5 3/8 x 4 3/8 inches (13.7 x 11.1 cm)
Calcifer Y
Posted: Thursday, June 08, 2017 7:25:34 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Calcifer Y
Posted: Tuesday, June 13, 2017 10:53:17 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Calcifer Y
Posted: Tuesday, June 13, 2017 10:54:07 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Daemon wrote:
bridgehead

(noun) A forward position seized by advancing troops in enemy territory as a foothold for further advance.

Synonyms: foothold

Usage: The soldiers made a brave attempt to secure a bridgehead behind enemy lines.


Kanji of the Day



キョウ はし qiáo


Jōyō Kanji : 3rd Grade (JLPT שְׁתַּיִם)

RADICAL 75

Strokes 16-4-12

Frequency 339

▶BRIDGE

COMPOUNDS

ⓐ [also suffix] [original meaning] bridge

anat pons

橋梁 kyōryō bridge きょうりょう

橋脚 kyōkyaku bridge pier きょうきゃく

架橋 kakyō bridge building かきょう

橋頭堡 kyōtōho foothold...bridgehead きょうとうほ



Pray Applause bridgehead Whistle


私は橋頭堡をつけた。 Watashi wa kyōtōho o tsuketa. I have made a bridgehead. わたしはきょうとうほをつけた。

鉄橋 tekkyō iron bridge てっきょう

歩道橋 hodōkyō pedestrian bridge ほどうきょう

脳僑 nōkyō pons のうきょう

INDEPENDENT

【kyō 僑】 anat pons

KUN

【hashi 橋】 [also suffix] bridge

橋渡し hashiwatashi mediation, good offices はしわたし

釣り橋 tsuribashi suspension bridge つりばし

可動僑 kadōkyō movable bridge かどうきょう

丸木橋 marukibashi log bridge まるきばし

吉野川橋 yoshinogawa-bashi Yoshinogawa Bridge よしのがわばし

SYNONYMS

PLANK BRIDGE



サン zhàn


bank



イ シ yí


stone bridge



トウ dèng


USAGE

hashi



[also suffix] bridge



➀ end, extremity, tip

② edge, margin, brink, border; side

③ beginning

④ unwanted piece, scrap, fragment



chopsticks

HOMOPHONES

hashi ➳ 端 箸

✨ ART RELATION ✨










Hannah Höch, Imaginäre Brücke [Imaginary Bridge], (Zwei Köpfe [Two Head]), 1926
oil on canvas, 65.5 x 72.5 cm
© Hannah Höch. Licensed by Bild-Kunst & VISCOPY, Australia
Calcifer Y
Posted: Tuesday, June 13, 2017 10:54:52 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Calcifer Y
Posted: Sunday, June 25, 2017 7:58:46 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Calcifer Y
Posted: Sunday, June 25, 2017 7:59:27 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Daemon wrote:
eloquence

(noun) Powerful and effective language.

Synonyms: fluency, smoothness

Usage: The preacher's eloquence attracted a large congregation.


Kanji of the Day



コウ ク くち kŏu


Jōyō Kanji : 1st Grade (JLPT אַרְבָּעָה)

RADICAL 30

Strokes 3-3-0

Frequency 244

▶MOUTH

COMPOUNDS

❶ [original meaning] (oral cavity) mouth

口腔 kōkō mouth, oral cavity こうこう

口内 kōnai in the mouth こうない

口角 kōkaku corners of one’s mouth こうかく

経口の keikō no oral けいこうの

閉口する heikō suru be dumbfounded [stumped], be silenced へいこうする

❷ [also suffix] (mouthlike opening) mouth, opening, hole, aperture

口径 kōkei caliber, bore; diameter こうけい

河口 kakō river mouth, estuary かこう

火口 kakō crater かこう

銃口 jukō muzzle (of a rifle) じゅこう

排気口 haikikō exhaust port はいきこう

突破口 toppakō breach, breakthrough とっぱこう

❸ⓐ give mouth to, mouth, speak, talk

ⓑ (expression in words) mouth, speech

口論 kōron argument こうろん

口語 kōgo colloquial language こうご

口外する kōgai suru tell, divulge こうがいする

口実 kōjitsu excuse, pretext, pretense こうじつ

口調 kuchō tone, expression くちょう

口説く kudoku persuade; seduce くどく

口述 kōjutsu oral statement, dictation こうじゅつ

悪口 akkō (=warukuchi) slander, abuse, foul language あっこう

異口同音に ikudōon ni with one voice, unanimously いくどうおんに

利口(=悧巧)な rikō na clever, bright, sharp, shrewd りこうな

④ number of persons (mouths to feed)

人口 jinkō population じんこう

戸口 kokō houses and inhabitants, population ここう

❺ⓐ subdivision of a whole, unit, item

ⓑ counter for swords

口座 kōza (bank) account こうざ

口銭 kōsen commission こうせん

一口の剣 ikkō no en a sword いっこうのけん

❻ unclassified compounds

口惜しい(=悔しい) kuyashii vexing, mortifying, regrettable くやしい

KUN

【kuchi 口】

➀ⓐ (oral cavity) mouth

ⓑ counter for mouthfuls

ⓒ (one's) taste, (one’s) palate

口の小さい kuchi no chiisai small mouthed くちのちいさい

口元(=口許) kuchimoto mouth, shape of the mouth くちもと

口紅 kuchibeni lipstick, rouge くちべに

口達者 kuchidassha smoothness...fluency...eloquence くちだっしゃ



Pray Boo hoo! eloquence Eh?


彼はキケロの様な口達者家だ。 Kare wa kikero no yōna kuchidassha-kada. He is a Cicero in eloquence. かれはきけろのようなくちだっしゃかだ。

一口食べる hitokuchi taberu eat a mouthful ひとくちたべる

口に合う kuchi ni au suit one’s taste, be palatable くちにあう

口当たり kuchiatari taste くちあたり

②ⓐ (mouthlike opening) mouth (as of a receptacle or river), opening, hole

ⓑ [also suffix] entrance, exit, entranceway, doorway, gateway, door

急須の口 kyūsu no kuchi spout of a teapot きゅうすのくち

口金 kuchigane metal clasp, snap; metal cap くちがね

窓口 madoguchi window, wicket; clerk at a window まどぐち

間口 maguchi frontage, front; width まぐち

入り口 iriguchi entrance いりぐち

入り口 irikuchi entrance, entry, gate, approach, mouth いりくち

入り口 hairiguchi entrance, entry, gate, approach, mouth はいりぐち

入り口 hairikuchi entrance, entry, gate, approach, mouth はいりくち

西口 nishiguchi westside entrance [exit] にしぐち

非常口 hijōguchi emergency exit ひじょうぐち

改札口 kaisatsuguchi ticket barrier [gate], wicket かいさつぐち

③ (expression in words) mouth, tongue, speech, talk, words

口が巧い(=口が上手い) kuchi ga umai honey-mouth, fair-spoken くちがうまい

口を出す kuchi o dasu butt [chip] in くちをだす

口口に kuchiguchi ni mutually; unanimously くちぐちに

口癖 kuchiguse way [habit] of saying, one’s favorite [favourite] phrase くちぐせ

無駄口 mudaguchi idle talk むだぐち

無口 mukuchi taciturnity, reticence むくち

④ⓐ (place from which an ascent to a mountain is made) route, ascent

ⓑ suffix after names of ascents

登山口 tozanguchi place where an ascent to a mountain is made とざんぐち

吉田口 yoshidaguchi Yoshida route [ascent] よしだぐち

⑤ mouths to feed, number of persons

口が多い kuchi ga ōi have a large family to support くちがおおい

口減らし kuchiberashi reducing the mouths to feed くちべらし

⑥ⓐ employment, job, position; vacancy

ⓑ call, engagement

口が無い kuchi ga nai be unable to find a job くちがない

就職口 shūshokuguchi employment, work しゅうしょくぐち

口を掛ける kuchi o kakeru call for (a doctor); apply for (a job) くちをかける

⑦ⓐ share, item, lot

ⓑ counter for shares, items or lots

ⓒ kind, sort

小口 koguchi small lot, small sum [amount]; end, edge こぐち

大口 ōguchi large amount; big mouth; tall talk おおぐち

一口 hitokuchi an item, a share, a unit ひとくち

品物が十口 shinamono ga jukkuchi goods of ten lots しなものがじゅっくち

手口 teguchi way of doing, method, trick てぐち

この👄の品 kono kuchi no shina this kind of goods このくちのしな

⑧ beginning

糸口 itoguchi [formerly also 緒] beginning, first step; clue いとぐち

SYNONYMS

CAVE



ドウ ほら dòng


STATE



ジュツ のべる shù


DOOR



コ と と hù


HOMOPHONES

kuyashii ➳ 悔しい 口惜しい

itoguchi ➳ 緒 糸口

COMPOUND FORMATION

口座 kōza

口座 ‘(bank) account’ refers to the place (座) where account items (口) are recorded.

⌇ ART RELATION ⌇










Sophie Taeuber Arp, Untitled, c. 1917-18.
Gouache, 19 x 11 in.
Kunstmuseum, Winterthur, Switzerland
Calcifer Y
Posted: Sunday, June 25, 2017 8:00:09 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Calcifer Y
Posted: Tuesday, June 27, 2017 9:27:57 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Calcifer Y
Posted: Tuesday, June 27, 2017 9:28:42 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Daemon wrote:
ineffable

(adjective) Incapable of being expressed.

Synonyms: indescribable, unspeakable, untellable, unutterable, indefinable

Usage: There was an expression of ineffable sadness on her face as she spoke, and I could not but feel that she knew that I knew her secret.


Kanji of the Day



ヨウ は は yè xié


Jōyō Kanji : 3rd Grade (JLPT שְׁתַּיִם)

RADICAL 140

Strokes 12-3-9

Frequency 451

▶LEAF

COMPOUNDS

❶ [original meaning] leaf, foliage

葉脈 yōmyaku veins of a leaf ようみゃく

葉緑素 yōryokuso chlorophyll ようりょくそ

紅葉 kōyō (=momiji) red leaves, crimson foliage, autumn tints こうよう

落葉 rakuyō fall of leaves; fallen leaves らくよう

子葉 shiyō seed leaf, cotyledon しよう

針葉樹 shin’yōju conifer しんようじゅ

枝葉末節 shiyōmassetsu unimportant details しようまっせつ

❷ various leaflike objects, as:

ⓐ (sheet of paper) leaf, sheet, page, paper

ⓑ counter for leaves or sheets

anat lobe, lobule

ⓓ plane (of an aircraft)

薄葉 usuyō Japanese tissue うすよう

前葉 zen’yō preceding page [leaf] ぜんよう

紙二葉 kami niyō two sheets of paper かみによう

三葉虫 san’yōchū trilobite さんようちゅう

肝葉 kan’yō lobe of the liver かんよう

前頭葉 zentōyō frontal lobe ぜんとうよう

単葉飛行機 tan'yō-hikōki monoplane たにょうひこうき

複葉機 fukuyōki biplane ふくようき

❸ part of a historical period divided into three

初葉 shoyō initial period, beginning of an epoch しょよう

INDEPENDENT

【yō 葉】 anat lobe, lobule

KUN

【ha 葉】 leaf, foliage; needle; blade, spear

草の葉 kusa no ha blade of grass くさのは

松葉 matsuba pine needle まつば

落ち葉 ochiba fallen leaves おちば

【ha 葉】 [in compounds] fragment, piece―historically sometimes interchangeable with 端, as in the word hagaki, which is now always written 葉書

葉書 hagaki postcard はがき

言葉 kotoba word, term; wording; language ことば

言葉に表せない kotobaniarawasenai indefinable, unutterable, untellable, unspeakable, indescribable, ineffable ことばにあらわせない



Pray Boo hoo! ineffable Shhh


彼女はけっして美人ではないが、何とも言葉に表せない愛敬がある。 Kanojo wa kesshite bijinde wa naiga, nantomo kotoba ni arawasenai aikyō ga aru. She is not at all a beauty, but she has an ineffable charm. かのじょはけっしてびじんではないが、なんともことばにあらわせないあいこうがある。

話言葉 hanashikotoba spoken language...colloquial expression はなしことば

SPECIAL READINGS

紅葉 momiji red leaves, crimson foliage, autumn tints; Japanese maple もみじ

SYNONYMS

page (of a newspaper)



メン おも おもて つら miàn


counter for pages



ケツ ぺえじ yè


WING (of birds or aircraft)



ヨク つばさ yì


HOMOPHONES

ha ➳ 

COMPOUND FORMATION

言葉 kotoba

言葉 ‘word, etc.’ consists of 言 koto 'word' and 葉 ha 'fragment, piece'. In ancient times, 言 koto referred to both a word and its meaning. Later, 葉 was attached to 言 to show that it is used in the sense of 'word'. Now, however, 言 is used only in the latter sense.

✬ ART RELATION ✬










Max Ernst, from his second collage-novel ”Rêve d’une Petite Fille qui voulut entrer au Carmel (A Little Girl Dreams of Taking the Veil)”
Éditions du Carrefour, Paris, 1930s
Calcifer Y
Posted: Tuesday, June 27, 2017 9:29:32 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Calcifer Y
Posted: Thursday, June 29, 2017 5:47:35 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Calcifer Y
Posted: Thursday, June 29, 2017 5:48:35 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Daemon wrote:
ungainly

(adjective) Lacking grace or ease of movement or form.

Synonyms: clumsy, clunky, gawky, unwieldy

Usage: He was a gawky lad with long ungainly legs, but she thought he was the most handsome boy she had ever seen.


Kanji of the Day



キ うつわ qì


Jōyō Kanji : 4th Grade (JLPT שְׁתַּיִם)

RADICAL 30

Strokes 15-3-12

Frequency 543

▶VESSEL ▶INSTRUMENT

COMPOUNDS

❶ [original meaning] vessel, receptacle, container

容器 yōki receptacle, container, vessel ようき

陶器 tōki pottery, porcelain, chinaware とうき

便器 benki toilet bowl, urinal べんき

食器 shokki tableware, dinner set しょっき

花器 kaki flower vase [bowl] かき

❷ [also suffix] instrument, device, appliance, implement, utensil

器具 kigu utensil, implement, appliance きぐ

器械 kikai instrument, apparatus, appliance きかい

楽器 gakki musical instrument がっき

機器 kiki machinery and tools, apparatus きき

計器 keiki meter, gauge; instrument けいき

兵器 heiki arms, weapon, ordnance へいき

注射器 chūshaki syringe ちゅうしゃき

消火器 shōkaki fire extinguisher しょうかき

電熱器 dennetsuki electric heater, electric cooker でんえつき

聴診器 chōshinki stethoscope ちょうしんき

❸ [also suffix] organ (of the body)

器官 kikan (body) organ きかん

臓器 zōki internal organs, viscera ぞうき

呼吸器 kokyūki respiratory organs こきゅうき

消化器 shōkaki digestive organs しょうかき

④ capacity, ability, talent

器量 kiryō ability, capacity; personal appearance; dignity きりょう

器用な kiyō na skillful, clever, ingenious きような

大器 taiki person of great talent たいき

不器用 bukiyō unwieldy, gawky, clunky, clumsy, ungainly ぶきよう



Pray Boo hoo! ungainly Eh?


基本的に、不器用な人だから・・・それが崇っているんだろう Kihontekini, bukiyōna hitodakara sore ga Takashi tte iru ndarou She's basically ungainly so...I guess she looks up to that sort of thing きほんてきに、ぶきようなひとだから。。。それがたかしいっているんだろう

INDEPENDENT

【ki 器】 capacity, ability; person of capability

宰相の器 saishō no ki person qualified for prime minister さいしょうのき

KUN

【utsuwa 器】 vessel, receptacle; capacity, ability

奇麗な器 kirei na utsuwa beautiful bowl きれいなうつわ

その器ではない sono utsuwa de wa nai not be fit for, not be equal to そのうつわではない

SYNONYMS

BASKET



ロウ かご こめる こもる lóng lǒng


measuring instrument



ギ yí


MACHINE



キ はた jī


HOMOPHONES

ki ➳ 

✨ ART RELATION ✨










Sophie taeuber Arp, Angela (Marionette for Konig Hirsch by Carlo Gozzi)
1918. Turned, painted wood; overall, 19 x 4 in.
Museum Bellerive, Zurich
Calcifer Y
Posted: Thursday, June 29, 2017 5:49:39 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Calcifer Y
Posted: Saturday, July 01, 2017 6:15:47 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 907
Neurons: 5,813
Location: Napa, California, United States
Users browsing this topic
Guest


Forum Jump
You cannot post new topics in this forum.
You cannot reply to topics in this forum.
You cannot delete your posts in this forum.
You cannot edit your posts in this forum.
You cannot create polls in this forum.
You cannot vote in polls in this forum.

Main Forum RSS : RSS
Forum Terms and Guidelines. Copyright © 2008-2017 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.