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Calcifer Y
Posted: Saturday, April 08, 2017 6:42:09 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
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Location: Napa, California, United States
Daemon wrote:
ferrule

(noun) A metal ring or cap placed around a pole or shaft for reinforcement or to prevent splitting.

Synonyms: collet

Usage: The walking stick was quite old, and the large brass ferrule at its tip was worn down and dented.


Kanji of the Day



トツ つく tū


Jōyō Kanji : High School (JLPT שְׁלוֹשָׁה)

RADICAL 116

Strokes 8-5-3

Frequency 518

▶DASH ▶THRUST

COMPOUNDS

❶ dash forward, thrust, charge

突進する tosshin suru dash [rush] forward, push ahead とっしんする

突貫する tokkan suru charge at, make a dash at (the enemy’s position) とっかんする

突入する totsunyū suru dash into, thrust into, rush into とつにゅうする

突撃する totsugeki suru charge at, make a dash at (the enemy’s position) とつげきする

突破する toppa suru break [smash] through; surmount; exceed とっぱする

❷ (strike with violence) dash against, collide, crash against

衝突する shōtotsu suru collide (with), crash (into); conflict [clash] (with) しょうとつする

追突する tsuitotsu suru collide with from behind ついとつする

激突 gekitotsu crash, collision げきとつ

❸ protruding, projecting, sticking out

突角 tokkaku convex angle とっかく

突出する tosshutsu suru project, protrude, stick out, jut out とっしゅつする

突起 tokki projection, protuberance とっき

石突き ishiduki collet...ferrule いしづき



Pray Think ferrule Boo hoo!


この石突きぼうしはあなたのものですか。 Kono ishidzuki bōshi wa anata no monodesu ka. Does this ferrule belong to you? このいしdずきぼうしはあなたのものですか。

突端 tottan tip, point とったん

突堤 tottei pier, breakwater とってい

④ abruptly, suddenly, unexpectedly

突然 totsuzen abruptly, suddenly, unexpectedly とつぜん

突如 totsujo suddenly, unexpectedly とつじょ

突風 toppū squall, sudden gust とっぷう

突飛な toppi na wild, extravagant, extraordinary とっぴな

唐突に tōtotsu ni abruptly とうとつに

❺ chimney

煙突 entotsu chimney, smokestack えんとつ

KUN

【tsu(ku) 突く】

➀ (penetrate with a pointed end) thrust, pierce, stab, prick

突き刺す tsukisasu stab, pierce, thrust つきさす

突き殺す tsukikorosu stab to death つきころす

突き抜く tsukinuku pierce through つきぬく

突き破る tsukiyaburu break [smash] through, pierce つきやぶる

② (strike forcibly with a pointed end) thrust, push, give a push [thrust]; poke, strike (a bell)

突き tsuki thrust, push; lunge つき

突き出す tsukidasu thrust out, push out; push out of a sumo ring つきだす

突き放す tsukihanasu to thrust away, to refuse bluntly, to forsake つきはなす

突き当たる tsukiataru hit against, run into; come to the end of (a street) つきあたる

突っ込む tsukkomu thrust in, ram into, stuff into; dash [run] into つっこむ

鐘を突く kane o tsuku strike a bell かねをつく

③ [sometimes also 衝く] attack, strike at

中堅を突く chūken o tsuku strike [attack] at the center [heart] ちゅうけんをつく

④ [sometimes also 衝く] brave, face courageously

嵐を突いて進む arashi o tsuite susumu proceed in the face of a storm あらしをついてすすむ

⑤ [sometimes also 衝く] stimulate (the senses), be pungent

鼻を突く hana o tsuku assail the nostrils はなをつく

SYNONYMS

COLLIDE



ショウ つく chōng chòng


RISE



キ おきる おこる おこす たつ qǐ


sudden



ゲキ はげしい jī


USAGE

tsuku

突く

➀ (penetrate with a pointed end) thrust, pierce, stab, prick

② (strike forcibly with a pointed end) thrust, push, give a push [thrust]; poke, strike (a bell)

③ [sometimes also 衝く] attack, strike at

④ [sometimes also 衝く] brave, face courageously

⑤ [sometimes also 衝く] stimulate (the senses), be pungent

衝く

➀ [usu. 突く] attack, strike, at

② [usu. 突く] brave, face courageously

③ [usu. 突く] stimulate (the senses), be pungent

④ unclassified compounds

HOMOPHONES

tsuku ➳ 

❃ ART RELATION ❃










Sophie Taeuber, Munich, 1912
Droits réservés
Calcifer Y
Posted: Saturday, April 08, 2017 6:43:30 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Saturday, April 08, 2017 6:44:04 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Tuesday, April 11, 2017 6:54:34 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Tuesday, April 11, 2017 6:55:37 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
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Daemon wrote:
pincer

(noun) A grasping structure on the limb of a crustacean or other arthropods.

Synonyms: chela, nipper, claw

Usage: The front pair of legs terminate in very strong and heavy pincers.


Kanji of the Day



テイ くぎ dīng dìng


Jinmeiyō Kanji : 9th Grade (התייחסות)

RADICAL 167

Strokes 10-8-2

Frequency ___

COMPOUNDS

❶ nail

釘頭 teitō nailhead ていとう

釘刺し試験 kugisashishiken...nail penetration test (of batteries) くぎさししけん

釘抜き kuginuki claw, nipper, chela, pincer くぎぬき



Pray Dancing pincer Boo hoo!


釘抜きを貸してくださいますか。 Kuginuki o kashite kudasaimasu ka. Could you lend me a pair of pincers? くぎぬきをかしてくださいますか。

釘吋ゖ kugizuke nailing; pegging; being stationary くぎずけ

釘を差す kugi o sasu remind (a person) of, give a warning くぎをさす

合い釘 aikugi double-pointed nail, dowel あいくぎ

合釘 aikugi double-pointed nail, dowel あいくぎ

間釘 aikugi double-pointed nail, dowel あいくぎ

釘を刺す kugiwosasu to give a warning, to remind (a person) of くぎをさす

釘をさす kugiwosasu to give a warning, to remind (a person) of くぎをさす

釘を差す kugiwosasu to give a warning, to remind (a person) of くぎをさす

釘を挿す kugiwosasu to give a warning, to remind (a person) of くぎをさす

❷ [now replaced by 丁 tei] book binding

装釘する sōtei suru bind (a book) そうていする

SYNONYMS

tweezers



セツ ジョウ ニョウ けぬき niè


nail



ソウ つめ つま- zhuǎ zhǎo


CLAWS



ゴウ はさみ áo


HOMOPHONES

tei ➳ 

◉ ART RELATION ◉










Anonyme, George Grosz portant le masque de la mort (George Grosz wearing a death mask), 1919-1920
photographie
Calcifer Y
Posted: Tuesday, April 11, 2017 6:56:39 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Saturday, April 15, 2017 6:26:06 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Saturday, April 15, 2017 6:26:44 PM

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Daemon wrote:
plexor

(noun) A small hammer with a rubber head used in percussive examinations of the chest and in testing reflexes.

Synonyms: percussor, plessor

Usage: When the doctor tapped my knee with the plexor, my reflex was so strong that I almost kicked him in the head!


Kanji of the Day



サイ cái


Jōyō Kanji : 2nd Grade (JLPT שְׁלוֹשָׁה)

RADICAL 64

Strokes 3-3-0

Frequency 718

▶TALENT ▶AGE SUFFIX

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ talent, natural ability, gift, genius

ⓑ person of talent, man of ability, capable person

才能 sainō talent, ability さいのう

才気 saiki talent さいき

才知 saichi wit and intelligence さいち

英才 eisai [formerly also 頴才] talent, genius; gifted person, talented person えいさい

詩才 shisai poetic genius しさい

商才 shōsai business ability [talent] しょうさい

俊才 shunsai genius, person of exceptional talent しゅんさい

才量 sairyou wisdom and magnanimity さいりょう

天才 tensai (person of) genius てんさい

秀才 shūsai (person of) genius しゅうさい

❷ [also 歳] age suffix

十二才 jūnisai 12 years old じゅうにさい

何才 nansai how old, what age なんさい

❸ sai:

ⓐ unit of volume equiv. to approx. 0.0278 cubic cm or 1 cubic shaku (尺), used esp. for measuring lumber or freight

ⓑ unit of capacity equiv. to approx. 1/10 of a shaku (勺)

ⓒ unit of sq. measure equiv. to approx. 1 sq. foot, used for measuring textiles

④ used phonetically for sai

漫才 manzai comic dialogue, comic backchat, manzai まんざい

才槌頭 saiduchiatama plessor...percussor...plexor さいづちあたま



Pray Applause plexor Boo hoo!


彼女は彼を才槌頭で殴った。 Kanojo wa kare o saidzuchiatama de nagutta. She hit him with a plexor. かのじょはかれをさいdずちあたまでなぐった。

INDEPENDENT

【sai 才】 talent, ability, gift; wit; sai (⇒❸)

語学の才 gogaku no sai talent for languages ごがくのさい

外交の才 gaikō no sai diplomatic talent がいこうのさい

SYNONYMS

SKILL



ギ わざ jì


skill



ワン うで wàn


DOCTOR



ハク バク bó


HOMOPHONES

sai ➳ 

✞ ART RELATION ✞










Jedermann sein eigner Fussball (Everyone his own Football) - February 1919 [edited by John Heartfield]
Calcifer Y
Posted: Saturday, April 15, 2017 6:27:43 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, April 17, 2017 7:50:58 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, April 17, 2017 7:51:30 PM

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Daemon wrote:
escritoire

(noun) A writing table; a desk.

Synonyms: secretaire, writing table, secretary

Usage: In the large shining mahogany escritoire Mr. Osborne had a drawer especially devoted to his son's affairs and papers.


Kanji of the Day



キ つくえ jī


Jōyō Kanji : 6th Grade (JLPT שְׁתַּיִם)

RADICAL 75

Strokes 6-4-2

Frequency 1566

▶DESK

COMPOUNDS

● desk, table

机上 kijō top of desk; academic, theoretical きじょう

机辺 kihen around the desk [table] きへん

机下(=几下) kika under the desk きか

KUN

【tsukue 机】 [also suffix] desk, table

机でする仕事 tsukue de suru shigoto desk work [job] つくえでする

勉強机 benkyōzukue (writing) desk べんきょうずくえ

事務机 jimuzukue secretary, writing table, secretaire, escritoire じむずくえ



Pray Whistle escritoire Boo hoo!


中央には事務机が据えられていて、赤い革張りの回転椅子がそえてあった。 Chūō ni wa jimuzukue ga sue rarete ite, akai kawa-bari no kaiten isu ga soete atta. An escritoire stood in the centre, with a red leather swivel-chair. ちゅうおうにはじむずくえがすえられていて、あかいかわばりのかいてんいすがそえたあった。

八足の机 yatsuashinotsukue eight-legged table (used as a stand for religious offerings, etc.) やつあしのつくえ

八足の机 hassokunotsukue...eight-legged table (used as a stand for religious offerings, etc.) はっそくのつくえ

八つ足の机 yatsuashinotsukue eight-legged table (used as a stand for religious offerings, etc.) やつあしのつくえ

SYNONYMS

TABLE



タク zhuō


STAND



ダイ タイ tái tāi


table



キ ゴ それ その だい jī


HOMOPHONES

ki ➳ 

🎢 ART RELATION 🎢










Anonyme, Exposition “Entartete Kunst” (art dégénéré) au “Galeriegebäude am Münchener Hofgarten”, Ouverture le 19 juillet 1937. Mur sud : oeuvre de Georges Grosz, Nehmen Sie Dada ernst, es lohnt sich ! (Prenez Dada au serieux, ça vaut la peine!)
(degenerate art) to "Galeriegebäude am Münchner Hof Garten" Opening July 19, 1937. South wall: work of Georges Grosz, Ernst Nehmen Sie Dada, lohnt es sich! (Take Dada seriously, it's worth it!)
© ADAGP
Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, April 17, 2017 7:52:13 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Wednesday, April 19, 2017 7:36:57 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Wednesday, April 19, 2017 7:37:28 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

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Daemon wrote:
bonhomie

(noun) A pleasant and affable disposition.

Synonyms: affability, affableness, amiableness, geniality, amiability

Usage: The good humor and bonhomie called up by this last evening amongst his old friends had disappeared.


Kanji of the Day



レイ NAMES たま あきら líng


Jinmeiyō Kanji : 9th Grade (JLPT אַחַת)

RADICAL 96

Strokes 9-4-5

Frequency 2046

▶TINKLING OF JADES

COMPOUNDS

❶ tinkling of jades, sound of jewels

玲玲 reirei [archaic] tinkling of jades れいれい

❷ brilliant, translucent, clear and bright

玲瓏たる reirōtaru clear...translucent...brilliant, sweetly ringing (as tinkling of jades) れいろうたる

八面玲瓏 hachimenreirō amiability, geniality, amiableness, affableness, affability, bonhomie はちめんれいろう



Applause Shame on you bonhomie Pray


彼女は、八面玲瓏のある笑顔で私に挨拶した。 Kanojo wa, hachimenreirō no aru egao de watashi ni aisatsu shita. She greeted me with a lovely smile and bonhomie. かのじょは、はちめんれいろうのあるえがおでわたしにあいさつした。

NAMES

玲子 reiko female name れいこ

玲二 reiji male name れいじ

SYNONYMS

reverberation



キョウ ひびく xiǎng


SOUND



オン -ノン イン おと ね yīn


VOICE



セイ ショウ こえ こわ- shēng


HOMOPHONES

rei ➳ 

▥ ART RELATION ▥










Hannah Höch, Love, 1931
Calcifer Y
Posted: Wednesday, April 19, 2017 7:38:06 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, April 21, 2017 6:33:23 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
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Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, April 21, 2017 6:34:10 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

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Daemon wrote:
arduous

(adjective) Demanding great effort or labor; difficult.

Synonyms: backbreaking, grueling, laborious, toilsome, punishing, hard, heavy

Usage: The roofer's work was so arduous that he was forced to take numerous medications to relieve the pain in his back.


Kanji of the Day



シン すすむ すすめる jìn


Jōyō Kanji : 3rd Grade (JLPT שְׁלוֹשָׁה)

RADICAL 162

Strokes 11-3-6

Frequency 169

▶ADVANCE

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ [original meaning] (move forward in position) advance, go forward, proceed

ⓑ (move forward in rank) advance in rank, become promoted


進行する shinkō suru advance, make progress, go forward しんこうする

進路 shinro course, route しんろ

進出 shinshutsu advance, march; debouchment しんしゅつ

前進する zenshin suru advance, go ahead ぜんしんする

行進する kōshin suru march, parade こうしんする

突進する tosshin suru dash [rush] forward, push ahead とっしんする

二進する nishin suru advance to second (base) にしんする

進学 shingaku entering a school of higher grade しんがく

進級 shinkyū promotion (to a higher grade) しんきゅう

昇進 shōshin promotion, advancement しょうしん

❷ⓐ (make progress) advance, make progress, improve

ⓑ (aid the program of) advance, promote, further

進歩 shinpo progress, advancement, improvement しんぽ

進展 shinten development, progress しんてん

進化 shinka evolution, progress しんか

先進国 senshinkoku advanced [developed] nation [country] せんしんこく

躍進 yakushin rapid advance [progress] やくしん

推進する suishin suru propel, drive; promote すいしんする

促進する sokushin suru promote, spur on, facilitate そくしんする

増進する zōshin suru promote, improve, advance ぞうしんする

❸ⓐ present to a superior, proffer, offer

ⓑ do something for someone, esp. superior

進呈する shintei suru proffer, present しんていする

進物 shinmotsu gift しんもつ

寄進 kishin contribution, donation きしん

刻苦精進 kokkushōjin heavy, hard, punishing, toilsome, laborious, grueling, backbreaking, arduous こっくしょうじん



Whistle Dancing arduous Boo hoo!


なんと刻苦精進かばんだ! Nanto kokkushōjin kabanda! What an arduous bag! なんとこっくしょうじんかばんだ!

進取 shinshu...enterprise しんしゅ

進言 shingen counsel, advice (to a superior) しんげん

進講 shinkō lecturing to the emperor しんこう

注進 chūshin information, report (to a superior) ちゅうしん

KUN

【susu(mu) 進む】 

➀ⓐ (move forward in position) advance, go forward

ⓑ (of clocks) go too fast

進み出る susumideru step forward すすみでる

② (make progress) advance, make progress, be promoted

進み susumi progress すすみ

分明が進むに連れて bunmei ga susumu ni tsurete with the advance of civilization ぶんめいがすすむにつれて

大学へ進む daigaku e susumu enter a university だいがくへすすむ

③ feel inclined to

食が進む shoku ga susumu have a good appetite しょくがすすむ

【susu(meru) 進める】

➀ⓐ (cause to move forward in position) advance, move forward

ⓑ (raise in rank) advance, raise, promote

ⓒ set (a clock) ahead

軍を進める gun o susumeru move troops forward ぐんをすすめる

②ⓐ (aid the progress of) advance, promote, further

ⓑ stimulate, hasten

計画を進める keikaku o susumeru carry a plan forward けいかくをすすめる

工事を進める kōji o susumeru hasten [speed up] the works こうじをすすめる

SYNONYMS

BRIBE



ワイ まかなう huì


ENCOURAGE



ショウ すすめる jiǎng


encourage



カン すすめる quàn


USAGE

susumeru

進める

➀ⓐ (cause to move forward in position) advance, move forward

ⓑ (raise in rank) advance, raise, promote

ⓒ set (a clock) ahead

②ⓐ (aid the progress of) advance, promote, further

ⓑ stimulate, hasten

勧める

➀ⓐ urge, persuade, advise

ⓑ [sometimes also 奨める] encourage, promote, stimulate

② offer, present

奨める

[usu. 勧める] encourage, promote, stimulate

薦める

recommend (a person to a post or a product to a person)

HOMOPHONES

susumeru ➳ 勧 奨 薦

┏✿ ART RELATION ✿┓










Max Ernst, Les Cormorans, (groupe D, Cologne) The Cormorants 1920
collage, collection particulière (private collection), Paris.
Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, April 21, 2017 6:34:58 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Sunday, April 23, 2017 8:45:24 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Sunday, April 23, 2017 8:45:52 PM

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Location: Napa, California, United States
Daemon wrote:
apostasy

(noun) Abandonment of one's religious faith, a political party, one's principles, or a cause.

Synonyms: defection, renunciation

Usage: He had been very devoted to his cause, so when he declared his apostasy to the crowd, there was an audible gasp.


Kanji of the Day



リ はなれる はなす lí


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8th Grade ~ JLPT אַחַת)

RADICAL 172

Strokes 18-8-10

Frequency 578

▶SEPARATE

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ (be or become disconnected) separate (from), be separated, be detached, disjoin, scatter

ⓑ (be apart) separated, distant

離散する risan suru scatter, disperse, be broken up りさんする

電離 denri electrolytic dissociation, ionization でんり

支離滅裂な shirimetsuretsu na incoherent, inconsistent, disconnected しりめつれつな

離島 ritō outlying island りとう

距離 kyori distance, range; interval きょり

❷ (sever relations) separate from, withdraw, be estranged, be alienated

離婚 rikon divorce りこん

離反 rihan estrangement, alienation, desertion りはん

乖離 kairi estrangement, alienation, detachment かいり

❸ⓐ (part company) separate, part from, be separated

ⓑ leave, depart, go away, quit, secede

離別する ribetsu suru part from, be separated from; divorce りべつする

離合 rigō meeting and parting りごう

離陸 ririku takeoff りりく

離村する rison suru desert one’s village りそんする

離農 rinō giving up farming りのう

離宮 rikyū imperial villa, royal villa りきゅう

離散集合 risanshūgō renunciation...defection...apostasy りさんしゅうごう



Pray Applause apostasy Boo hoo!


僕は彼女の突然の離散集合にとても驚いた Boku wa kanojo no totsuzen no risanshūgō ni totemo odoroita I was very much surprised by her apostasy ぼくはかのじょのとつぜんのりさんしゅうごうにとてもおどろいた

④ third of the eight trigrams in the Book of Changes; south, the fire

KUN

【hana(reru) 離れる】

vi

➀ⓐ separate, be separated, become disjointed

ⓑ be (a long time or distance) away

離れ離れになる hanarebanare ni naru get separated, be dispersed はなればなれになる

現実離れする genjitsubanare suru become disconnected from reality げんじつばなれする

② be estranged from, cut oneself off

③ leave, quit, go away

都会を離れる tokai o hanareru leave town とかいをはなれる

【hana(su) 離す】

vt

➀ⓐ separate, part, divide

ⓑ detach, keep apart, isolate

切り離す kirihanasu cut [chop] off, sever, detach きりはなす

引き離す hikihanasu draw apart, separate; get a lead on ひきはなす

② estrange

SYNONYMS

GO AWAY



キョ コ さる -さる qù


GO OUT



シュツ スイ でる -で だす -だす いでる いだす chū


WITHDRAW



テツ chè


USAGE

❶ hanareru

離れる

➀ⓐ separate, be separated, become disjointed

ⓑ be (a long time or distance) away

② be estranged from, cut oneself off

③ leave, quit, go away

放れる

free oneself of, get free

❷ hanasu

離す

➀ⓐ separate, part, divide

ⓑ detach, keep apart, isolate

② estrange

放す

ⓐ (set free) let go, release, free, turn loose

ⓑ (release one's hold) let go (one's hold of), leave go

HOMOPHONES

hanareru ➳ 

hanasu ➳ 

ψ ART RELATION ψ










Erwin Blumenfeld, Minotaur / Dictator [Minotaure / Dictateur], Paris, vers 1937
Épreuve gélatino-argentique, tirage d’époque (Test Gelatin Silver, vintage print)
Collection Yvette Blumenfeld Georges Deeton / Art+Commerce, New York, Gallery Kicken Berlin, Berlin.
© The Estate of Erwin Blumenfeld
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Daemon wrote:
walloping

(noun) A sound thrashing or defeat.

Synonyms: debacle, drubbing, thrashing, trouncing, whipping, slaughter

Usage: The tournament was an embarrassment, with our team receiving a thorough walloping from the opponent.


Kanji of the Day



シツ うしなう うせる shī


Jōyō Kanji : 4th Grade (JLPT שְׁלוֹשָׁה)

RADICAL 37

Strokes 5-3-2

Frequency 479

▶LOSE ▶SLIP

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ lose, miss

ⓑ lose one's memory, forget

失業する shitsugyō suru be out of work, lose one’s job しつぎょうする

失礼 shitsurei impoliteness, rudeness; bad manners; I beg your pardon / Good-by しつれい

失望する shitsubō suru be disappointed, lose hope しつぼうする

紛失 funshitsu loss ふんしつ

喪失 sōshitsu loss, forfeit そうしつ

遺失する ishitsu suru lose, leave behind いしつする

失念 shitsunen lapse of memory, oblivion しつねん

❷ abbrev. of 失業 shitsugyō: loss of employment, unemployment

失保 shitsuho unemployment insurance しつほ

失対 shittai measure against unemployment しったい

❸ⓐ slip (up), make a slip, make a mistake

ⓑ slip, oversight, mistake, error


baseball error

失言 shitsugen slip of the tongue しつげん

失笑する shisshō suru burst out laughing しっしょうする

失策 shissaku blunder, slip, error しっさく

失敗 shippai failure, mistake しっぱい

大失敗 daishippai slaughter, whipping, trouncing, thrashing, drubbing, debacle, walloping だいしっぱい



Pray Not talking walloping Boo hoo!


彼はあんなことを言ったから、大失敗れるのも当然だ。 Kare wa an'na koto o ittakara, dai shippai reru no mo tōzenda. He wants a thorough walloping for saying that. かれはあんなことをいったから、だいしっぱいれるのもとうぜんだ。

過失 kashitsu error, fault, mistake; negligence かしつ

捕失 hoshitsu catcher’s error ほしつ

④ improper, mis-

栄養失調 eiyō shitchō...malnutrition えいようしtちょう

❺ disappear, vanish

消失する shōshitsu suru disappear, vanish; die away しょうしつする

INDEPENDENT

【shitsu 失】 loss; error, fault

【shissuru 失する】 lose, miss; forget; be excessive

KUN

【ushina(u) 失う】 lose, miss, be deprived of

見失う mishinau lose sight of みしなう

両親を失う ryōshin o ushinau be bereft of one's parents りょうしんをうしんあう

【u(seru) 失せる】 disappear, vanish, be gone; be lost, be missing

失せろ! Usero! Get out of my sight! / Beat it! うせろ!

SYNONYMS

LOSS, lose



ソン そこなう -そこなう そこねる -そこねる sŭn


lose



ソウ も sāng sàng


MISTAKE



ゴ あやまる -あやまる wù


HOMOPHONES

shitsu ➳ 

♞ ART RELATION ♞










George Grosz, “The Convict”: Monteur John Heartfield after Franz Jung’s Attempt to Get Him Up on His Feet (“Der Sträfling”: Monteur John Heartfield nach Franz Jungs Versuch, ihn auf die Beine zu stellen) 1920
Watercolor, ink, pencil, and cut-and-pasted printed paper on paper, 16 ½ x 12" (41.9 x 30.5 cm)
New York Moma
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Daemon wrote:
exothermic

(adjective) Releasing heat.

Synonyms: heat-releasing, exothermal

Usage: Scientists use a calorimeter to measure the amount of heat released during an exothermic reaction.


Kanji of the Day



ネツ あつい rè


Jōyō Kanji : 4th Grade (JLPT שְׁלוֹשָׁה)

RADICAL 86

Strokes 15-4-11

Frequency 644

▶HEAT ▶HOT

COMPOUNDS


❶ⓐ (source of warmth) heat

ⓑ [also prefix] heat energy, thermo-

ⓒ heat, make hot

高熱 kōnetsu intense heat; high fever こうねつ

加熱 kanetsu heating かねつ

光熱費 kōnetsuhi fuel and electricity expenses こうねつひ

地熱 jinetsu (=chinetsu) terrestrial heat じねつ

耐熱性 tainetsusei heat-resisting property たいねつせい

熱機関 netsukikan heat engine, thermomotor ねつきかん

熱原子核 netsugenshikaku thermal nucleus ねつげんしかく

過熱する kanetsu suru overheat, superheat かねつする

❷ [also suffix] (abnormal bodily heat) fever, temperature

熱病 netsubyō fever ねつびょう

発熱 hatsunetsu generation of heat; attack of fever はつねつ

発熱性 hatsunetsusei exothermal...heat-releasing...exothermic はつねつせい



Pray Dancing exothermic Boo hoo!


5.発熱性応が終わったら、濡れ雑巾の上に試験管をおく。 5. Hatsunetsu-sei nō ga owattara, nure zōkin no ue ni shikenkan o oku. 5. When the exothermic reaction is over, place the test-tube on a damp cloth. 5.はつねつせいのうがおわったら、ぬれぞうきんのうえにしけんかんをおく。

微熱 binetsu slight fever びねつ

産褥熱 sanjokunetsu puerperal fever さんじょくねつ

❸ [original meaning] hot, boiling

熱湯 nettō boiling water ねっとう

熱帯 nettai tropics, torrid zone ねったい

熱気 nekki hot air, heat; fevered air, enthusiasm ねっき

灼熱 shakunetsu heat しゃくねつ

④ (showing intense feeling) hot (with excitement), fervent, passionate, ardent, enthusiastic, earnest

熱意 netsui zeal, ardor, enthusiasm ねつい

熱心に nesshin ni enthusiastically, zealously, fervently, earnestly ねっしんに

熱戦 nessen hot contest, hard fight ねっせん

熱中する netchū suru be absorbed in, become enthusiastic ねつちゅうする

熱中 necchū going nuts (over something), enthusiasm, zeal, mania ねっちゅう

熱望 netsubō fervent hope, earnest desire ねつぼう

熱烈な netsuretsu na ardent, fervent, vehement ねつれつな

熱血漢 nekketsukan hot-blooded man ねっけつかん

情熱 jōnetsu passion, enthusiasm じょうねつ

❺ [suffix] fever, craze, enthusiasm, mania

野球熱 yakyūnetsu baseball fever, enthusiasm for baseball やきゅうねつ

海外留学熱 kaigai-ryūgakunetsu craze for studying abroad かいがいりゅうがくねつ

投機熱 tōkinetsu speculation fever とうきねつ

INDEPENDENT

【netsu 熱】 heat; fever; enthusiasm, passion

勉強に熱が入る benkyō ni netsu ga hairu become very keen on one’s studies べんきょうにねつがはいる

熱を上げる netsu o ageru become enthusiastic ねつをあげる

【nessuru 熱する】 heat, make hot; become hot, get excited

熱し易い nesshiyasui excitable ねっしやすい

KUN

【atsu(i) 熱い】

➀ hot (to the touch), heated

熱さ atsusa heat あつさ

熱いコ一ヒ一 atsui kōhi hot coffee あついこうひ

②ⓐ hot (with excitement), passionate

ⓑ be madly in love

熱い仲だ atsui naka da be sweet on each other あついなかだ

SYNONYMS

scorching



エン ほのう yán


WARM



オン あたたか あたたかい あたたまる あたためる wēn


EARNEST



コン ねんごろ kěn


USAGE

atsui

熱い

➀ hot (to the touch), heated

②ⓐ hot (with excitement), passionate

ⓑ be madly in love

暑い

hot (weather), warm, sultry

HOMOPHONES

atsui ➳ 

☠ ART RELATION ☠










Portrait of John Heartfield by Aleksandr Rodchenko, 1931
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Daemon wrote:
nosegay

(noun) A small bunch of flowers.

Synonyms: bouquet, corsage, posy

Usage: The wedding was informal and intimate, with the bride wearing a simple white dress and holding a nosegay of daisies.


Kanji of the Day



カ ケ はな huā


Jōyō Kanji : 1st Grade (JLPT אַרְבַּע)

RADICAL 140

Strokes 7-3-4

Frequency 574

▶FLOWER

COMPOUNDS

❶ [original meaning] flower, blossom

花壇 kadan flower bed かだん

花弁 kaben petal かべん

花瓶 kabin flower vase かびん

花粉 kafun pollen かふん

国花 kokka national flower こっか

造花 zōka artificial flower; artificial flower making ぞうか

開花する kaika suru flower, blossom, come into bloom かいかする

沈丁花 jinchōge (=chinchōge) (sweet-smelling) daphne じんちょうげ

❷ as beautiful as a flower

名花 meika beautiful flower; celebrated beauty めいか

❸ red-light district

花柳 karyū geisha girls, courtesans; red-light district かりゅう

花柳界 karyūkai red-light district かりゅうかい

KUN

【hana 花】

➀ⓐ [also prefix] flower, blossom; cherry blossom

ⓑ flower arrangement

花見 hanami flower [cherry blossom] viewing はなみ

花嫁 hanayome bride はなよめ

花火 hanabi fireworks, firecrackers はなび

生け花 ikebana posy, corsage, bouquet, nosegay いけばな



Applause Pray nosegay Boo hoo!


ジェーンは生け花に興味をもっている。 Jēn wa ikebana ni kyōmi o motte iru. Jane is interested in the nosegay. じぇえんいけばなにきょうみをもっている。

花形 hanagata floral patterns; star, lion; leading, popular, favorite, favourite はながた

花時計 hanadokei flower clock はなどけい

草花 kusabana flowering plant くさばな

お花 ohana flower arrangement おはな

②ⓐ [also 華] (figuratively) flower (of life), essence, cream

ⓑ honor, success, glory

若い内が花だ Wakai uchi ga hana da Youth is a treasure わかいうちがはなだ

花を持たせる hana o motaseru let (a person) have the credit for (the success) はなをもたせる

③ Japanese playing cards with floral patterns

花を引く hana o hiku play hana cards はなをひく

④ [in compounds] geisha, prostitute

花代 hanadai tip to a geisha girl はなだい

花街 hanamachi red-light district はなまち

紅花 benibana safflower...dyer's safflower...Carthamus tinctorius べにばな

SPECIAL READINGS

浪花 naniwa old name for Osaka なにわ

SYNONYMS

flower



カ ケ はな huá huà huā


FLOWER



ハ はな pā


flower



ヒ ハイ フツ フチ fèi fù


HOMOPHONES

hana ➳ 

COMPOUND FORMATION

花柳 karyū

花柳 'geisha girls, etc.' literally "blossoms (花) and willows (柳)," is a poetic term for courtesan.

✌ ART RELATION ✌










Hannah Höch, Strauss (Bouquet) 1929-1965
Collage on paper Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nürnberg
On loan from a private collection © 2008 ProLitteris, Zürich
© Photo: Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nürnberg
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Daemon wrote:
juggernaut

(noun) An overwhelming, advancing force that crushes or seems to crush everything in its path.

Synonyms: steamroller

Usage: It touched the ground just as it struck among them and mowed through them, a veritable juggernaut of destruction.


Kanji of the Day



サイ とる cǎi cài


Jōyō Kanji : 5th Grade (JLPT שְׁתַּיִם)

RADICAL 64

Strokes 11-3-8

Frequency 789

▶PICK ▶GATHER

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ [original meaning] pick, pluck, gather

ⓑ gather (something useful), collect, mine, extract

採取 saishu picking, collecting, harvesting さいしゅ

採綿器 saimenki cotton picker さいめんき

伐採 bassai lumbering, lumber-felling, deforestation ばっさい

採集 saishū collecting, gathering さいしゅう

採掘 saikutsu mining さいくつ

採炭 saitan coal mining さいたん

採油 saiyu drilling for oil, oil extraction さいゆ

採血 saiketsu blood collecting [gathering] さいけつ

強行採決 kyōkōsaiketsu steamroller...juggernaut きょうこうさいけつ



Whistle Not talking juggernaut Pray


習慣の強行採決は偉大である Shūkan no kyōkōsaiketsu wa idai dearu Great is the juggernaut of habit しゅうかんのきょうこうさいけつはいだいである

採算 saisan (commercial) profit さいさん

採点 saiten marking, grading, rating さいてん

採録する sairoku suru transcribe, record さいろくする

❷ pick (out), select, adopt

採用 saiyō adoption, acceptance; employment, appointment さいよう

採択する saitaku suru adopt, select さいたくする

採決 saiketsu ballot taking, vote, roll call さいけつ

採卵 sairan collecting eggs (i.e. from laying hens) さいらん

KUN

【to(ru) 採る】

➀ⓐ gather, collect, extract (oil), produce (wine out of grapes)

ⓑ admit (light)

山菜を採る sansai o toru gather edible wild plants さんさいをとる

葡萄からワインを採る budō kara wain o toru make wine from grapes ぶどうからわいんをとる

明かり採り akaritori skylight, dormer, transom あかりとり

②ⓐ pick (out), choose, prefer

ⓑ adopt, take, engage

採り上げる toriageru adopt, accept, listen to とりあげる

可否を採る kahi o toru take the ayes and noes かひをとる

新卒者を採る shinsotsusha o toru engage a new graduate しんそつしゃをとる

SYNONYMS

HARVEST



力久 huò


CHOOSE



セン えらぶ xuǎn


collect



シユウ おさめる おさまる shōu


HOMOPHONES

toru ➳ 取 捕 執 撮

☀ ART RELATION ☀










Man Ray, Greetings, 1945, Gelatin silver print (holiday card)
Image and sheet: 4 15/16 x 3 15/16 inches (12.6 x 10 cm)
Philadelphia Museum of Art.
© Man Ray Trust / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris
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Daemon wrote:
marionette

(noun) A jointed puppet manipulated from above by strings or wires attached to its limbs.

Synonyms: puppet

Usage: They appeared to me clear-cut and very small, with affected voices and stiff gestures, like a procession of rigid marionettes upon a toy stage.


Kanji of the Day



ソウ みさお あやつる cāo


Jōyō Kanji : 6th Grade (JLPT אֶחַד)

RADICAL 64

Strokes 16-3-13

Frequency 948

▶MANIPULATE

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ manipulate, handle, operate (a machine)

ⓑ [original meaning] hold in the hand

操作 sōsa operation, manipulation, handling そうさ

操縦する sōjū suru manage, control; steer; pilot, fly そうじゅうする

操業 sōgyō operation, work そうぎょう

操車 sōsha marshaling (in a classification yard) そうしゃ

操舵 sōda steering そうだ

❷ exercise, drill

体操 taisō gymnastics, physical exercise たいそう

柔軟体操 jūnantaisō calisthenics じゅうなんたいそう

❸ⓐ constancy, integrity, fidelity, moral principles

ⓑ chastity

情操 jōsō sentiment じょうそう

節操 sessō constancy, fidelity, integrity, honor, honour せっそう

髞守 sōshu preserving one’s chastity, adhering to moral principles そうしゅ

貞操 teisō chastity, virginity ていそう

KUN

【misao 操】 constancy, fidelity; chastity

操を守る misao o mamoru preserve one’s chastity; adhere to one's principles みさおをまもる

【ayatsu(ru) 操る】

ⓐ (operate skillfully with the hands) manipulate, handle, work, operate (a machine); steer (a ship)

ⓑ (influence skillfully) manipulate, pull strings, mastermind

操り ayatsuri manipulation; puppet あやつり

操人形 ayatsuriningyō puppet...marionette あやつりにんぎょう



Pray Dancing marionette Boo hoo!


操人形はワイヤーで動く。 Ayatsuriningyō wa waiyā de ugoku. The marionettes are controlled by wires. あやつりにんぎょうわわいやあでうごく。

巧みに操る takumi ni ayatsuru manipulate, maneuver たくみにあやつる

英語を操る eigo o ayatsuru have a good command of English えいごをあやつる

世論を操る seron o ayatsuru manipulate public opinion せろんをあやつる

SYNONYMS

WIELD



キ ふるう huī


SINCERITY



セイ まこと chéng


faith



ギ yì


HOMOPHONES

 ➳ 

ಞ ART RELATION ಞ










Hannah Höch, The Puppet Balsamine, 1927
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