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Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, October 21, 2016 6:04:09 PM

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Daemon wrote:
gastronome

(noun) A connoisseur of good food and drink.

Synonyms: epicure, epicurean, foodie, gourmet, bon vivant

Usage: He was quite the gastronome, and restaurant chefs around the town knew it was important to impress him.


Kanji of the Day



ビ ミ うつくしい měi


Jōyō Kanji : 3rd Grade (JLPT שְׁלוֹשָׁה)

RADICAL 123

Strokes 9-6-3

Frequency 407

▶BEAUTIFUL

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ [sometimes also 媚 bi] [original meaning] beautiful, pretty, lovely

ⓑ [also suffix] beauty

美人 bijin beautiful woman びじゃん

美顔 bigan beautiful face...びがん

美少年 bishōnen handsome youth びしょうねん

美容院 biyōin beauty shop [parlor] びよういん

美術 bijutsu art, fine arts びじゅつ

美観 bikan fine view, beautiful sight びかん

優美 yūbi grace, elegance ゆうび

明美な meibi na picturesque, beautiful めいびな

肉体美 nikutaibi physical beauty にくたいび

❷ abbrev. of 美術 bijutsu: art

美大 bidai school of fine arts びだい

❸ (very satisfactory) beautiful, good, superior

美風 bifū beautiful [laudable] custom びふう

美点 biten point of beauty, good point びてん

美味 bimi good flavor, good flavour, delicacy びみ

美食家 bishokuka bon vivant, gourmet, foodie, epicurean, epicure, gastronome びしょくか



d'oh! gastronome Drool


ひもじい時に美食家なし。 Himojī toki ni bishoku-ka nashi. A good appetite makes a gastronome. ひもじいときにびしょくかなし。

美名 bimei good name, high reputation びめい

美徳 bitoku virtue, good deed びとく

④ regard as beautiful, praise, extol

賛美する sanbi suru praise, admire さんびする

耽美する tanbi suru admire, adore, extol たんびする

❺ used phonetically for mi

美事(=見事)な migoto na splendid, admirable, beautiful みごとな

INDEPENDENT

【bi 美】 beauty, grace, charm

精神の美 seishin no bi moral beauty, mental charm せいしんのび

KUN

【utsuku(shii) 美しい】 beautiful, pretty, lovely; fine, splendid; noble-minded

美しさ utsukushisa beauty, grace, charm うつくしさ

SYNONYMS

FINE



カ jiǎ


CHARMING



エン つや なまめかしい あでやか NAMES もろ よし yàn


EULOGIZE



ショウ ジュ NAMES つぐ のぶ sòng


HOMOPHONES

bi ➳ 

COMPOUND FORMATION

見事(=美事) migoto

見事な ‘splendid, admirable, beautiful’ refers to something that is worthwhile (事 koto) seeing (見).

ψ ART RELATION ψ









Coco Fronsac, Chez moi, from Chimères et Merveilles, photographie argentique et gouache
(At home, from Chimera and Wonderland, film photography and gouache)
© Coco Fronsac
Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, October 21, 2016 6:04:29 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Sunday, October 23, 2016 9:11:58 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Sunday, October 23, 2016 9:12:07 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

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Daemon wrote:
exacta

(noun) A method of betting, as on a horserace, in which the bettor must correctly pick those finishing in the first and second places in precisely that sequence.

Synonyms: perfecta

Usage: Even though she knew it was risky, she was tempted to go for the exacta, which had a higher payout than a bet on just the winning horse.


Kanji of the Day



ト かける dŭ


Jōyō Kanji : High School (JLPT 8th Grade ~ התייחסות)

RADICAL 154

Strokes 16-7-9

Frequency ___

COMPOUNDS

ⓐ wager, bet money

ⓑ [usu. 懸ける kakeru] stake (one's life), risk

賭博 tobaku gambling とばく

賭け kake bet, wager かけ

賭け後 kakego playing go for stakes かけご

賭ける kakeru perfecta...exacta かける



Drool exacta Anxious


私は彼女が試合に勝つと賭けた。 Watashi wa kanojo ga shiai ni katsu to kaketa. I made my exacta that she would win the game. わたしわかのじょがしあいにかつとかけた。

賭け金 kakekin stakes, bet かけきん

金を賭ける kane o kakeru bet money かねをかける

賭する tosuru stake, risk; bet, wager とする

命を賭ける inochi o kakeru risk one's life いのちをかける

SYNONYMS

RISK



ボウ おかす mào mò


brave



ボウ おかす mào mò


go all out for



ヘン フン てをうつ pàn


HOMOPHONES

kakeru ➳ 懸 掛 架 駆 翔

kake ➳ 

▧ ART RELATION ▧









Jean Arp, La Femme-Amphore (Women-Amphora) 1929
cut and painted wood relief, 125 x 105 cm
Calcifer Y
Posted: Sunday, October 23, 2016 9:12:17 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Tuesday, October 25, 2016 6:14:30 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Tuesday, October 25, 2016 6:14:45 PM

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Daemon wrote:
calumet

(noun) A long-stemmed sacred or ceremonial tobacco pipe used by certain Native American peoples.

Synonyms: peace pipe

Usage: Among the Blackfeet warriors who advanced with the calumet of peace she recognized a brother.


Kanji of the Day



ワ オ やわらぐ やわらげる なごむ なごやか hé hè huó huò hú


Jōyō Kanji : 3rd Grade (JLPT שְׁלוֹשָׁה)

RADICAL 30

Strokes 8-3-5

Frequency 166

▶HARMONIOUS ▶PEACE ▶JAPAN

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ harmonious, in accord, peaceful, friendly

ⓑ [original meaning] harmonize, sing in harmony

和気 waki harmonious atmosphere わき

和合 wagō harmony, concord; union わごう

調和 chōwa harmony, accord, agreement, symmetry こうわ

共和制 kyōwasei republicanism きょうわせい

昭和 shōwa Showa era しょうわ

和声 wasei harmony, concord, consonance わせい

❷ peace

和平 wahei peace わへい

和解する wakai suru make peace, come to terms わかいする

平和のパイプ heiwa no paipu peace pipe...calumet へいわのぱいぷ



Think calumet Boo hoo!


平和のパイプに何か詰まった。 Heiwa no paipu ni nanika tsumatta. Something has stuck in the calumet. へいわのぱいぷになにかつまった。

平和 heiwa peace, harmony へいわ

講和 kōwa peace, reconciliation こうわ

❸ gentle, mild, soft

緩和する kanwa suru ease, relieve, alleviate かんわする

温和(=穏和)な onwa na gentle, mild, genial おんわな

柔和な nyūwa na gentle, mild, tender, meek にゅうわな

④ⓐ Japan, Japanese

ⓑ Japanese (language)

和服 wafuku Japanese clothes, kimono わふく

朝鮮民主主義人民共和国 chōsenminshushugijinminkyōwakoku Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea), DPRK ちょうせんみんしゅしゅぎじんみんきょうわこく

和歌 waka Japanese poem, tanka わか

和食 washoku Japanese-style food わしょく

和訳 wayaku Japanese translation わやく

漢和辞典 kanwa jiten Chinese-Japanese character dictionary かんわじてん

❺ sum, total

総和 sōwa sum total, lump sum そうわ

代数的和 daisūtekiwa algebraic sum だいすうてきわ

❻ mix

混和 konwa mixture, mingling こんわ

中和 chūwa neutralization; counteraction (of poison) ちゅうわ

❼ used phonetically for o

和尚 oshō Buddhist priest [abbot] in charge of a temple おしょう

INDEPENDENT

【wa 和】 harmony, accord; peace; sum

夫婦の和 fūfu no wa concord between husband and wife, conjugal harmony ふうふのわ

和を結ぶ wa o musubu make peace わをむすぶ

ニと三の和は五 Ni to san no wa wa go The sum of two and three is five にとさんのわはご

KUN

【yawa(ragu) 和らぐ】 vi soften; abate; lessen; calm down

和らぎ yawaragi abatement, alleviation; peacefulness やわらぎ

寒さが和らいだ Samusa ga yawaraida The cold has decreased its severity さむさがやわらいだ

【yawa(rageru) 和らげる】 vi soften, tone down, calm; lessen, mitigate, relieve

苦痛を和らげる kutsū o yawarageru relieve a person's pain くつうをやわらげる

【nago(mu) 和む】 be softened, become luke-warm

心が和む kokoro ga nagomu feel relaxed こころがなごむ

【ngo(yaka) 和やか】
nagoyaka na 和やかな peaceful, mild, gentle

和やかな家庭 nagoyaka na katei harmonious [happy] family なごやかなかてい

SPECIAL READINGS

大和 yamato Yamato (old name for Japan) やまと

大和魂 yamatodamashii the Japanese spirit やまとだましい

日和 hiyori weather ひより

SYNONYMS

FRIENDLY



ボク むつまじい むつむ NAMES むつ ちか よし mù


FAMILIAR



コン ねんごろ kěn


INTIMATE



シン おや おや- したしい したしむ qīn qìng


HOMOPHONES

yawaragu ➳ 

✦ ART RELATION ✦









Max Ernst, Untitled (Dada), ca. 1922-23
Oil on canvas, 43.2 x 31.5 cm
Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid
© Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid
Calcifer Y
Posted: Tuesday, October 25, 2016 6:15:13 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Thursday, October 27, 2016 5:32:55 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Thursday, October 27, 2016 5:33:09 PM

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Daemon wrote:
calumny

(noun) A false statement maliciously made to injure another's reputation.

Synonyms: aspersion, defamation, denigration, slander

Usage: When it became clear that he could not win the election any other way, the candidate resorted to calumny and dirty tricks.


Kanji of the Day



ショウ きず いたむ いためる shāng


Jōyō Kanji : 6th Grade (JLPT אַחַת)

RADICAL 9

Strokes 13-2-11

Frequency 633

▶WOUND

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ [also suffix] wound, injury, bruise, scar

ⓑ wound, injure, hurt; damage

傷病 shōbyō injuries and sickness しょうびょう

負傷する fushō suru be injured [wounded], get hurt ふしょうする

重傷 jūshō heavy [serious] wound, severe injury じゅうしょう

打撲傷 dabokushō bruise, contusions だぼくしょう

傷害 shōgai injury, bodily harm しょうがい

殺傷 sasshō killing and wounding さっしょう

損傷 sonshō damage, injury そんしょう

❷ be grieved at heart, be wounded, be pained

傷心 shōshin heartbreak, grief しょうしん

感傷 kanshō sentiment, sentimentality かんしょう

愁傷 shūshō grief, lamentation, condolence しゅうしょう

❸ slander, abuse

中傷 chūshō libel ちゅうしょう

誹謗中傷 hibōchūshō slander, denigration, defamation, aspersion, calumny ひぼうちゅうしょう



Not talking calumny Think


※基本的な禁止事項(誹謗・中傷の禁止等)は「はじめにお読み下さい」に記載してあります。必ずお読みください。 Kihon-tekina kinshi jikō (hibōchūshō no kinshi-tō) wa ‘hajime ni o yomi kudasai’ ni kisai shite arimasu. Kanarazu o yomi kudasai. * The basic prohibitions (No calumny, libel, etc.) are noted in the “Read me first”. Please be sure to read it. *きほんてきなきんしじこう(ひぼうちゅうしょうのきんしとう)は「はじめにおください」にきさいしてあります。かならずおよみください。

KUN

【kizu 傷】

➀ wound, injury, bruise, scar

傷口 kizuguchi wound きずぐち

傷跡(=傷痕) kizuato scar, cicatrix きずあと

傷付ける kizutsukeru wound, injure, damage; hurt (a person's feelings), disgrace (one's family name) きずつける

傷害保険 shōgaihoken accident insurance...しょうがいほけん

傷付く kizutsuku get injured, be wounded [bruised]; be (emotionally) hurt きずつく

掠り傷 kasurikizu bruise, scratch, graze かすりきず

古傷 furukizu old wound, scar; past misdeed ふるきず

② [formerly also 疵] defect, flaw, crack, fault, weak point

傷物 kizumono defective article; deflowered girl きずもの

【ita(mu) 傷む】

➀ be damaged, be spoiled, wear out

傷み itami damage, injury, bruise; wear; rot いたみ

傷んだ家 itanda ie damaged house いたんだいえ

② rot, spoil

傷んだトマト itanda tomato rotten tomatoes いたんだとまと

【ita(meru) 傷める】 damage, spoil

花を傷める hana o itameru spoil a flower はなをいためる

SPECIAL READINGS

火傷 yakedo (=kashō) burn やけど

SYNONYMS

wound (cut)



ソウ つくる chuàng chuāng


damage



ソン そこなう -そこなう そこねる -そこねる sŭn


DEPLORE



ガイ kǎi


USAGE

kizu



➀ wound, injury, bruise, scar

② [formerly also 疵] defect, flaw, crack, fault, weak point



[now usu. 傷] defect, flaw, crack, fault, weak point

HOMOPHONES

kizu ➳ 

itamu ➳ 痛 悼

itameru ➳ 

§ ART RELATION §









Hannah Höch, Fridenfürst, 1919
Calcifer Y
Posted: Thursday, October 27, 2016 5:34:06 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Sunday, October 30, 2016 5:51:11 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Sunday, October 30, 2016 5:51:25 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

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Daemon wrote:
paunch

(noun) A protruding abdomen.

Synonyms: belly

Usage: Jim's bride was an excellent cook, and after only a few weeks of marriage, he began to develop a significant paunch.


Kanji of the Day



コ つずみ gŭ


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8th Grade ~ JLPT אֶחַד)

RADICAL 207
Standard form: 鼓 tsuzumi ‘drum’ ()
Description: used in characters related to drums or their sound

Strokes 13-13-0

Frequency 1717

▶DRUM

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ drum

ⓑ drum, beat, tap

鼓笛隊 kotekitai drum and fife band こてきたい

鼓手 koshu drummer こしゅ

鼓膜 komaku eardrum こまく

太鼓 taiko (big) drum; professional jester; flatterer; big obi bow たいこ

太鼓腹 taikobara belly...paunch たいこばら



Pray paunch Sick


話では太鼓腹は張らぬ Hanashide wa taikobara wa haranu The paunch is not filled with fair words はなしではたいこばらははらぬ

心臓の鼓動 shinzōnokodō heartbeat しんぞうのこどう

鼓動 kodō beat, palpitation こどう

鼓腹する kofuku suru drum the belly; be happy and contented こふくする

❷ rouse, stir up, encourage

鼓舞 kobu encouragement, stimulation こぶ

鼓吹 kosui inspiration, inculcation, advocacy こすい

INDEPENDENT

【kosuru 鼓する】 beat; rouse up

勇を鼓する yū o kosuru summon up one's courage ゆうをこする

KUN

【tsuzumi 鼓】 hand drum, tabor

大鼓 ōtsuzumi large hand drum おおつずみ

腹鼓を打つ haratsuzumi o utsu eat to one’s heart's content, drum the belly はらつずみをうつ

舌鼓を打つ shitatsuzumi o utsu smack at, eat with relish したつずみをうつ

SYNONYMS

KOTO



キン こと qín


FLUTE



テキ ふえ dí


abdomen



フク はら fù


HOMOPHONES

ko ➳ 

COMPOUND FORMATION

鼓吹 kosui

鼓吹 was originally a kind of ancient military or court music in which drums (鼓) and wind instruments (吹) were used. 鼓吹する 'inspire, inculcate, advocate' derives from the idea of drumming up or rousing a person's emotions.

✺ ART RELATION ✺









Raoul Hausmann, Photographie de sa sculpture en bois Holzkopf (Photograph of his wooden sculpture Holzkopf) 1918
Photographie en noir et blanc Tirage argentique d'époque Titré et annoté au dos (Photography in black and white vintage silver print Titled and annotated on the back) 24 x 19 cm
Calcifer Y
Posted: Sunday, October 30, 2016 5:51:38 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, November 04, 2016 8:28:54 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, November 04, 2016 8:29:11 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

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Daemon wrote:
homily

(noun) A sermon, especially one intended to edify a congregation on a practical matter and not intended to be a theological discourse.

Synonyms: preachment

Usage: The priest addressed a hasty homily to the pair on the perils of life, on the duties they must, some day, inculcate upon their children.


Kanji of the Day



ギョ ゴ おん- お- み- yù


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8th Grade ~ JLPT שְׁלוֹשָׁה)

RADICAL 60

Strokes 12-3-9

Frequency 836

▶GENERAL HONORIFIC TERM

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ [also prefix] general honorific term for conveying respect

ⓑ general honorific prefix attached to Sino-Japanese compounds to convey humility

ⓒ honorific suffix conveying respect for persons, esp. for members of another's family

御用 goyō your order, your business ごよう

御飯 gohan boiled rice; meal ごはん

御存じの方 gozonji no kata your acquaintance ごぞんじのかた

御意 gyoi your will, your pleasure ぎょい

御馳走 gochisō feast, treat ごちそう

御成功 goseikō your success ごせいこう

御両親 goryōshin your (honorable) parents ごりょうしん

御自身 gojishin yourself; himself, herself ごじしん

御案内申し上げます Goannai mōshiagemasu I shall be pleased to show you the way ごあんあいもうしあげます

御説明致します Gosetsumei itashimasu I beg to explain ごせつめいいたします

母御 hahago your mother ははご

嫁御 yomego bride よめご

女御 nyōgo court lady にょうご

❷ [also prefix] [honorific] imperial, emperor's

御所 gosho old imperial palace ごしょ

御物 gyobutsu (=gomotsu) imperial property ぎょぶつ

御三家 gosanke three branch Tokugawa families (Owari, Kii, and Mito) -- big three, top three ごさんけ

御製 gyosei emperor's poem or song ぎょせい

御苑 gyoen Imperial garden ぎょえん

御用邸 goyōtei imperial villa ごようてい

崩御 hōgyo demise [death] of an emperor ほうぎょ

❸ [formerly also 馭 gyo or 籞 gyo]

ⓐ handle (affairs), control, manage

ⓑ [original meaning] handle a horse well, train a horse

制御する seigyo suru control, govern, suppress せいぎょする

統御 tōgyo rule, control, management とうぎょ

御者 gyosha coachman, driver ぎょしゃ

④ [formerly also 籞 gyo] resist, keep out, ward off

防御する bōgyo suru defend, protect, safeguard ごうぎょする

INDEPENDENT

【gyosuru 御する】 handle, control, manage; [formerly also 馭する] handle a horse well, train a horse

KUN

【on- 御-】 honorific prefix for conveying a greater degree of respect than o-

御身 onmi you [him]; your [his] honorable body おんみ

御大 ontai boss, governor おんたい

御中 onchū Messrs. おんちゅう

【o- 御-】

➀ⓐ general honorific prefix for conveying respect or politeness

ⓑ general honorific prefix for conveying humility

御顔 okao your (honorable) face おかお

御日様 ohisama sun おひさま

御美しい事 Outsukushii koto How beautiful! おうつくしいこと

御談義 odangi preachment...homily おだんぎ



d'oh! homily Whistle


牧師の主な仕事は教会で御談義することです。 Bokushi no omona shigoto wa kyōkai de odangi suru kotodesu. The main duty of a priest is to deliver the homily in church. ぼくしのおもなしごとはきょうかいでおだんぎすることです。

御玉 otama ladle; egg おたま

御会い出来て嬉しゅう御座います Oai dekite ureshū gozaimasu I'm delighted to have the honor (honour) of seeing you おあいできてうれしゅうございます

② prefix for conveying intimacy, esp. before names of women

御花さん ohanasan Ohana おはなさん

【mi- 御-】 honorific prefix―used esp. in reference to religious matters or the emperor

主の御名 shu no mina the Lord's name しゅのみな

明治天皇の御代 meiji tennō no miyo reign of Emperor Meiji めいじてんおうのみよ

SYNONYMS

❶ⓐ honorific prefixes

YOUR HONORABLE



キ たっとい とうとい たっとぶ とうとぶ guì


your honorable



ソン たっとい とうとい たっとぶ とうとぶ zūn


your honourable



レイ lìng lǐng


HOMOPHONES

o- ➳ 

╅ξ ART RELATION ╅ξ









Jean Arp, Larmes d'Enak. Formes terrestres [Enak’s Tears (Terrestrial Forms)] 1917
relief, bois peint [Painted wood] 86.2 x 58.5 x 6 cm
MOMA, New York
Calcifer Y
Posted: Friday, November 04, 2016 8:29:27 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Sunday, November 06, 2016 4:36:15 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Sunday, November 06, 2016 4:36:35 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Sunday, November 06, 2016 4:36:51 PM

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Daemon wrote:
camisole

(noun) A short, sleeveless undergarment for women.

Synonyms: underbodice

Usage: The beautiful dress was made out of a sheer fabric, so Nina wore a camisole underneath it.


Kanji of the Day



ドウ dòng


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8th Grade ~ JLPT אַחַת)

RADICAL 130

Strokes 10-4-6

Frequency 1460

▶TRUNK

COMPOUNDS

❶ [original meaning] trunk (of the body), torso, abdomen

胴体 dōtai trunk, body, torso, hull どうたい

胴巻き dōmaki bellyband どうまき

胴衣 dōi jacket, vest どうい

胴着 dōgi underbodice...camisole どうぎ



Pray camisole Boo hoo!


この胴着には3つのサイズがある。 Kono dōgi ni wa 3ttsu no saizu ga aru. This camisole comes in three sizes. このどうぎには3っつのさいずがある。

胴上げ dōage tossing (a person in triumph) どうあげ

❷ (main body of anything) trunk, body, main part

胴乱 dōran collecting [botanical] case どうらん

双胴機 sōdōki twin-fuselage plane そうどうき

❸ used phonetically for

胴欲 dōyoku avarice, greed どうよく

胴元 dōmoto bookmaker (in gambling) どうもと

救命胴衣 kyūmeidōi life-jacket, life-vest きゅうめいどうい

INDEPENDENT

【dō 胴】 trunk; main body of anything

胴が長い dō ga nagai have a long trunk どうがながい

胴を着ける dō o tsukeru put on body armor (armour) どうをつける

SYNONYMS

BELLY



フク はら fù


CHEST



キョウ むね むな- xiōng


SHOULDER



ケン かた jiān


HOMOPHONES

 ➳ 

₪ ART RELATION ₪









Man Ray, Porte bouteilles de Marcel Duchamp (Bottle holder) vers 1920
Paris, Centre Pompidou.
Calcifer Y
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Calcifer Y
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Daemon wrote:
ramify

(verb) To have complicating consequences or outgrowths.

Synonyms: complexify

Usage: The problem merely ramified after the unsuccessful meeting.


Kanji of the Day



ブン フン ブ わける わけ わかれる わかる わかつ fēn fèn


Jōyō Kanji : 2nd Grade (JLPT אַרְבַּע)

RADICAL 18

Strokes 4-2-2

Frequency 30

▶DIVIDE ▶PART ▶MINUTE

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ [original meaning] divide into parts, part, separate, sever

ⓑ (become separated into parts) divide, be divided, come apart

ⓒ (group according to kind) divide, separate, sort, classify

分割する bunkatsu suru divide up, partition, split ぶんかつする

分離 bunri separation, split ぶんり

処分する shobun suru dispose of, deal [do] with; punish しょぶんする

分裂する bunretsu suru be divided, split, break up, be disrupted ぶんれつする

分泌 bunpitsu (=bunpi) secretion ぶんぴつ

分別する bunbetsu suru classify, distinguish; divide, separate ぶんべつする

❷ (parcel out) divide (up), distribute, apportion, share

分配する bunpai suru divide, distribute, allot ぶんぱいする

配分 haibun distribution, division, allocation はいぶん

❸ⓐ branch off, branch out, diverge

ⓑ [also prefix] branch, offshoot

分身 bunshin the other self, one’s alter ego; branch, offshoot ぶんしん

分工場 bunkōjō branch factory ぶんこうじょう

④ tell apart, distinguish

分別 funbetsu discretion, prudence, judgment, good sense ふんべつ

不分明な fubunmei na obscure, vague ふぶんめいな

❺ⓐ (segment of a whole) part, division, section, piece

ⓑ [also suffix] (equal portion of whole) part, fraction

ⓒ (constituent element) part, component

ⓓ [also suffix] (allotted portion) part, share, portion, ration, helping

分量 bunryō quantity ぶんりょう

積分 sekibun integral calculus, integration せきぶん

分子 bunshi molecule; numerator ぶんし

余分 yobun excess, extra, surplus よぶん

一年分 ichinenbun a year’s supply いちねんぶん

❻ [also suffix] content, percentage; quantity, amount

水分 suibun water, moisture, humidity すいぶん

アルコール分 arukōrubun percentage of alcohol あるこうるぶん

❼ⓐ relative degree, extent, rate

ⓑ condition, state


十分(=充分)な jūbun na full, enough, sufficient; plentiful じゅうぶんな

随分 zuibun extremely, considerably (“as much as one pleases”) ずいぶん

気分 kibun feeling, mood; atmosphere きぶん

❽ⓐ (one's share in something) one's part, one's duty

ⓑ one's lot, one's place, one's station in life, social position


ⓒ [also suffix] assumed relation between one person and another

本分 honbun one's duty, one's part ほんぶん

身分 mibun social position [standing]; circumstances; rank, identity みぶん

親分 oyabun boss, big shot おやぶん

❾ⓐ (unit of time) minute

ⓑ (unit of angular measure) minute

ⓒ counter for minutes

分速 funsoku speed per minute ふんそく

二十分 nijippun 20 minutes にじっぷん

❿ time, short period of time

当分 tōbun for some time, for a while, for the present, temporarily とうぶん

夜分 yabun nighttime, night, evening やぶん

⓫ equinox

分点 bunten equinox ぶんてん

春分 shunbun vernal equinox しゅんぶん

⓬ⓐ tenth part of an equally divided whole

ⓑ 1/10 of 10%: 0.01

四分六 shiburoku ration of four to six しぶろく

百分率 hyakubunritsu percentage ひゃくぶんりつ

⓭ bu: unit equiv. to one-tenth of other units:

ⓐ 1/10 of a degree of temperature

ⓑ former unit of length equiv. to approx. 3 mm or 1/10 of a sun (寸)

ⓒ unit of footwear size equiv. to 2.4 mm or 1/10 of a mon (文)

三十七度五分 sanjūnanado gobu 37.5°C (said of bodily temperature) さんじゅうななどごぶ

公文三分の足袋 kumonsanbu no tabi tabi (digitated socks) of 9 mon 3 bu (in size) くもんさんぶのたび

⓮ fun: former unit of weight equiv. to 0.375 g or 1/10 of a momme (匁)

八匁五分 hachimonme gofun 8 momme 5 fun はちもんめごふん

⓯ bu: former monetary unit equiv. to ¼ of a ryo

一分銀 ichibugin silver coin worth 1 bu いちぶぎん

⓰ thickness

分厚い buatsui bulky, massive ぶあつい

INDEPENDENT

【bun 分】

➀ amount, quantity

残った分 nokotta bun amount left over のこったぶん

② (allotted portion) part, share, portion, ration, helping

自分の分 jibun no bun one's share [own] じぶんのぶん

③ⓐ (one's share in something) one's part, one's duty

ⓑ one's lot, one's place, one's station in life, social position

己の分を尽くす onore no bun o tsukusu do one's part [duty] おのれのぶんをつくす

④ⓐ relative degree, extent, rate

ⓑ condition, state

この分で行けば kono bun de ikeba if things go on at this rate このぶんでいけば

この分では kono bun de wa as things are このぶんでは

⑤ kind, lot

前に買った分 mae ni katta bun the lot I bought earlier まえにかったぶん

【fun 分】 minute (⇒❾ⓐ & ❾ⓑ); fun (⇒⓮)

分に直す fun ni naosu convert into minutes ふんになおす

【bu 分】

➀ⓐ degree of advantage

ⓑ [usu. 歩 bu] degree of profit

分が悪い bu ga warui be at a disadvantage, have no edge ぶがわるい

分の良い仕事 bu no ii shigoto profitable job ぶのいいしごと

② 0.01 (⇒⓬ⓑ)

③ bu (⇒⓭)

分迄読む bu made yomu read to the order of 1/10 ぶまでよむ

④ thickness

分が薄い bu ga usui be thin ぶがうすい

⑤ bu (⇒⓯)

KUN

【wa(keru) 分ける】

➀ⓐ divide into parts, part, separate, sever

ⓑ (group according to kind) divide, separate, sort, classify

ⓒ [sometimes also 別ける] (cause to separate) part, separate, set aside

二つに分ける fuatsu ni wakeru divide into two ふあつにわける

見分ける miwakeru discriminate, distinguish みわける

② (parcel out) divide (up), distribute, apportion, share

分け前 wakemae share, portion わけまえ

分け合う wakeau share (with a person) わけあう

③ draw (with), end in a tie

引き分け hikiwake draw; drawn game [match] ひきわけ

【wa(ke) 分け】 [also suffix] draw, drawn game

一勝二敗一分け isshō nihai ichiwake one victory, two defeats, one draw いっしょうにはいいちわけ

【wa(kareru) 分かれる】 complexify...ramify わかれる



Liar ramify Think


生徒たちは3つのグループに分かれた。 Seito-tachi wa 3ttsu no gurūpu ni wakareta. The students ramified into three groups. せいとたちは3っつのぐるうぷにわかれた。

ⓐ (become separated into parts) divide, be divided, come apart; disperse

ⓑ branch off, branch out, diverge

分かれ wakare branch, offshoot, fork わかれ

分かれ道 wakaremichi branch road, fork わかれみち

【wa(karu) 分かる】

[sometimes also 判る or 解る]

➀ⓐ (grasp the meaning of) understand, comprehend, see

ⓑ (be sympathetic toward) understand, show understanding for (another's feelings)

分かり wakari understanding わかり

物分かりの良い monowakari no yoi understanding, sensible ものわかりのよい

②ⓐ know, tell, recognize

ⓑ be made known, be brought to light

先の事は分からない saki no koto wa wakaranai cannot tell what will happen in the future さきのことはわからない

③ appreciate

音楽が分かる ongaku ga wakaru have appreciation of music おんがくがわかる

【wa(katsu) 分かつ】

➀ divide, separate

分かち難い wakachigatai inseparable わかちがたい

② distinguish, discriminate

昼夜を分かたず chūya o wakatazu day and night, by day and night ちゅうやをわかたず

③ [sometimes also 別つ] distribute (things among people)

分かち合う wakachiau share (with others) わかちあう

SYNONYMS

FRAGMENT



ヘン かた- かた piàn piān


strength



セイ ゼイ いきおい shì


RESPONSIBILITY



セキ せめる zé


HOMOPHONES

wakeru ➳ 

wakareru ➳ 

wakare ➳ 

wakaru ➳ 判 解

wakatsu ➳ 

✨ ART RELATION ✨









Max Ernst, “Relief tricoté” ("Relief knitting") Exposition Dada Max Ernst
Paris: Au sans pareil (The unparalleled) 1921, p. 6.
Calcifer Y
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Calcifer Y
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Daemon wrote:
mince

(verb) To moderate or restrain (words) for the sake of politeness and decorum; euphemize.

Synonyms: moderate, soften

Usage: She begged him not to mince words and to tell her exactly what had happened.


Kanji of the Day



コク きざむ きざみ kè


Jōyō Kanji : 6th Grade (JLPT שְׁלוֹשָׁה)

RADICAL 18

Strokes 8-2-6

Frequency 967

▶ENGRAE ▶POINT OF TIME

COMPOUNDS

❶ [original meaning] (cut letters or designs on a surface) engrave, carve, chisel

刻印 kokuin carved seal, stamp こくいん

刻字 kokuji carving characters; carved characters こくじ

彫刻する chōkoku suru sculpt, carve, engrave ちょうこくする

陰刻 inkoku white line いんこく

❷ⓐ point of time, time, moment, hour

ⓑ (period of time) time, interval

ⓒ two-hour period in former system of measuring time

刻限 kokugen time, appointed time こくげん

刻一刻 kokuikkoku moment by moment, hour by hour こくいっこく

時刻 jikoku time; hour じこく

遅刻 chikoku tardiness, lateness ちこく

定刻 teikoku regular [appointed] time ていこく

即刻 sokkoku immediately, instantly そっこく

行動発起時刻 kōdōhakkijikoku h-hour こうどうはっきじこく

夕刻 yūkoku evening ゆうこく

上刻 jōkoku first third of a two-hour period じょうこく

❸ division of a water clock

漏刻 rōkoku water clock ろうこく

④ cruel, severe

刻薄(=酷薄) kokuhaku cruelty, inhumanity こくはく

深刻な shinkoku na serious, grave, keen, poignant しんこくな

INDEPENDENT

【koku 刻】 two-hour period (⇒❷ⓐ)

子の刻 ne no koku midnight ねのこく

【kokusuru 刻する】 engrave

KUN

【kiza(mu) 刻む】 cut fine, chop up; engrave, carve; notch; (of a clock) tick (away)

刻み kizami notch, nick; shredded tobacco きざみ

刻み付ける kizamitsukeru engrave, inscribe きざみつける

刻み出す kizamidasu carve out きざみだす

小刻みに kokizami ni little by little, piece meal こきざみに

斬刻む kikizamu soften...moderate...mince ききざむ



Whistle mince Boo hoo!


何か頭痛を斬刻むものを持っていますか。 Nanika zutsū o ki kizamu mono o motte imasu ka. Do you have anything to mince a headache? なにかずつうをききざむものをもっていますか。

【kiza(mi) 刻み】

[in compounds]

ⓐ minced, shredded

ⓑ at equal intervals

刻み煙草 kizamitabako pipe tobacco; shredded tobacco きざみたばこ

五分刻みで gofunkizami de every five minutes ごふんきざみで

SYNONYMS

CARVE



チョウ ほる -ぼり diāo


MODEL



ソ sù


CAST



チュウ いる zhù


HOMOPHONES

koku ➳ 

♨ ART RELATION ♨









Man Ray, Lettre à Tristan Tzara (Letter to Tristan Tzara) 2/2, New York 18 juin 1921
Bibliothèque Doucet, fonds Tristan Tzara, Paris.
Calcifer Y
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Daemon wrote:
avarice

(noun) Immoderate desire for wealth.

Synonyms: cupidity, covetousness, avariciousness

Usage: Dazzled by the greed of avarice, I thought that if one eye could show me riches, the other might teach me how to get possession of them.


Kanji of the Day



ヨク ほっする ほしい yù


Jōyō Kanji : 6th Grade (JLPT שָׁלוֹשׁ)

RADICAL 76

Strokes 11-4-7

Frequency 1065

▶DESIRE

COMPOUNDS

ⓐ [formerly also 慾] [original meaning] desire, craving; avarice, greed

ⓑ desire, wish, want, crave for

欲情 yokujō sexual desire, craving, passion よくじょう

食欲 shokuyoku appetite (for food) しょくよく

物欲 butsuyoku worldly desires ぶつよく

性欲 seiyoku sexual desire, lust せいよく

意欲 iyoku volition, will, desire いよく

知識欲 chishikiyoku thirst for knowledge...intellectual thirst ちしきよく

欲念 yokunen desire, wish; passion よくねん

欲求 yokkyū want(s), desire, wish よっきゅう

欲望 yokubō desire, craving よくぼう

欲張り yokubari avariciousness, covetousness, cupidity, avarice よくばり



Dancing avarice Drool


どんなに財産があっても、欲張りな人間は満足できない。世界中の財宝を集めても幸福にはなれない。 Don'nani zaisan ga atte mo, yokubarina ningen wa manzoku dekinai. Sekaijū no zaihō o atsumete mo kōfuku ni hanarenai. No amount of wealth can satisfy the avarice of man. Not all the treasure in the world makes him happy. どんなにざいさんがあっても、よくばりなにんげんはまんぞくできない。せかいじゅうのざいほうをあつめてもこうふくにはなれない。

INDEPENDENT

【yoku 欲(=慾)】 desire, craving; avarice, greed

欲の奴隷 yoku no dorei slave to avarice よくのどれい

KUN

【hos(suru) 欲する】 desire, wish, want, crave for

平和を欲する heiwa o hossuru desire [wish for] peace へいわをほっする

【ho(shii) 欲しい】 want, desire, wish for

欲しがる hoshigaru desire, want, wish for, covet ほしがる

来て欲しくない Kite hoshiku nai I don’t want you to come きてほしくない

SYNONYMS

SEEK



キュウ グ もとめる qiú


intention



ズ ト はかる tú


HOPE



ボウ モウ のぞむ もち wàng


HOMOPHONES

yoku ➳ 

♖ ART RELATION ♖









Hans Arp (Jean Arp), Grand dessin (Grand design) [1917]
Crayon et encre de Chine sur papier (pencil and chinese ink on paper) 44 x 58 cm
Centre Pompidou, Paris
Calcifer Y
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Daemon wrote:
offprint

(noun) A reproduction of or an excerpt from an article that was originally contained in a larger publication.

Synonyms: separate, reprint

Usage: The researcher was unable to locate the original, full-text publication and had to make do with an offprint that was published later.


Kanji of the Day



サツ する -ずり -ずり はく shuā shuà


Jōyō Kanji : 4th Grade (JLPT שְׁתַּיִם)

RADICAL 18

Strokes 8-2-6

Frequency 1351

▶PRINT

COMPOUNDS

❶ⓐ print, put in print

ⓑ counter for printings

印刷 insatsu printing いんさつ

縮刷する shukusatsu suru print in reduced size しゅくさつする

増刷 zōsatsu additional printing, reprinting ぞうさつ

第四版三刷 daiyonhan sansatsu fourth edition, third printing だいよんはんさんさつ

❷ⓐ [original meaning] brush, scrub

ⓑ brush

刷新する sasshin suru reform, renovate, clean up さっしんする

刷子 sasshi brush, commutator brush さっし

三食印刷法 sanshokuinsatsuhō three-color process, three-colour process さんしょくいんさつほう

KUN

【su(ru) 刷る】 print, put in print

刷り suri printing すり

刷り上げる suriageru finish printing, print off すりあげる

【-zu(ri) -刷り, -zuri -刷】

ⓐ [suffix] printing

ⓑ counter for printings

校正刷り kōseizuri proofs こうせいずり

多色刷り tashokuzuri polychrome printing たしょくずり

抜き刷り nukizuri reprint...separate...offprint ぬきずり



d'oh! offprint Eh?


これはその辞書の抜き刷りですか。 Kore wa sono jisho no nukizuridesu ka. Is this your offprint of the dictionary? これはそのじしょのぬきずりですか。

第四刷 daiyonzuri fourth printing だいよんずり

【ha(ku) 刷く】 [also 掃く] brush, apply with a brush

刷毛 hake brush はけ

紅を刷く beni o haku give [have] a brush of rouge (to one's cheeks) べにをはく

SYNONYMS

PUT IN PRINT



サイ のせる のる zài zǎi


edition



ハン bǎn


revision



テイ dìng


HOMOPHONES

suru ➳ 摺 擦 磨

haku ➳ 

⚔ ART RELATION ⚔









Jean Arp, La Mise au tombeau des oiseaux et papillons (The Entombment of birds and butterflies) Portrait de Tristan Tzara 1916-1917
relief, bois peint, 40 x 32.5 x 9.5 cm
Kunsthaus Zürich, Zurich
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Calcifer Y
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Calcifer Y
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Daemon wrote:
microbe

(noun) A minute life form; a microorganism, especially a bacterium that causes disease.

Synonyms: germ, bug

Usage: By the time their teacher completed the unit on microbes, the science students had all become more cautious about their personal hygiene and food consumption.


Kanji of the Day



ビ かすか wēi


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8th Grade ~ JLPT אַחַת)

RADICAL 60

Strokes 13-3-10

Frequency 1186

▶SLIGHT

COMPOUNDS

❶ [also prefix]

ⓐ (of very small size) slight, minute, small, tiny, microscopic, fine

ⓑ (of very small quantity) slight, very little

微細な bisai na minute, fine; detailed, minute; delicate, subtle びさいな

微妙な情勢 bimyōnajōsei subtle, delicate and complicated situation びみょうなじょうせい

微生物 biseibutsu bug...germ...microbe びせいぶつ



Pray microbe Anxious


私の知る限り、この化学薬品は微生物の繁殖を防ぐだろう。 Watashi no shiru kagiri, kono kagaku yakuhin wa biseibutsu no hanshoku o fusegudarou. To the best of my knowledge, this chemical will prevent microbes from breeding. わたしのしるかぎり、このかがくやくひんはびせいぶつのはんしょくをふせぐだろう。

微粒子 biryūshi (minute) particle, corpuscle びりゅうし

微調整 bichōsei minute adjustment; fine tuning びちょうせい

顕微鏡 kenbikyō microscope けんびきょう

微微たる bibitaru slight, small, insignificant びびたる

微量 biryō slight amount, extremely small quantity びりょう

微少 bishō minute quantity びしょう

❷ⓐ (of low intensity) slight, weak, faint

ⓑ lose vigor, become weak

微笑 bishō smile びしょう

微震 bishin slight earthquake びしん

微温 bion lukewarmness, tepidity びおん

微光 bikō faint light びこう

微弱な bijaku na feeble, weak; faint, slight びじゃくな

微妙な bimyō na subtle, delicate びみょうな

衰微 suibi decline, decay すいび

❸ⓐ (of little importance or influence) slight, insignificant, beneath notice, mean, humble

ⓑ [humble] my humble, my poor

微腺 bisen low rank, humble station びせん

軽微な keibi na slight, little, insignificant けいびな

微力 biryoku one’s poor ability, the little one can do びりょく

微意 bii small token (of gratitude), my (humble) feelings びい

④ unnoticed, concealed

微行 bikō traveling incognito びこう

機微 kibi niceties, delicate signs, inner workings きび

❺ [rare] 1/1,000,000

二微 nibi 2/1,000,000 にび

INDEPENDENT

【bi 微】 minuteness; insignificance; [rare] 1/1,000,000

微に入り細を穿つ bi ni iri sai o ugatsu go into the minutest details びにいりさいをうがつ

KUN

【kasu(ka) 微か】

kasuka na 微かな faint, weak; dim, vague; scanty, slight

微かな笑み kasuka na emi faint smile かすかなえみ

微かに見える kasuka ni mieru be seen dimly かすかにみえる

SYNONYMS

MINUTE



サイ ほそい ほそる こまか こまかい xì


meager



ハク うすい うす- -うす うすめる うすまる うすらぐ うすら- うすれる すすき báo bó bò


SHALLOW



セン あさい qiǎn jiān


HOMOPHONES

bi ➳ 

NOTE

★ do not confuse with 

✇ ART RELATION ✇









Hans Arp, Tristan Tzara, and Max Ernst. 1921.
Calcifer Y
Posted: Wednesday, November 23, 2016 5:07:22 PM

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