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Kanji of the Day Options
Calcifer Y
Posted: Saturday, March 05, 2016 8:14:53 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 5/13/2015
Posts: 730
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Location: Napa, California, United States
As I was reminded again by the Administrators not to follow in the Word of the Day thread,

Kanji of the Day is



シ shī


Jōyō Kanji : 3rd Grade (JLPT 1)

RADICAL 149

Strokes 13-7-6

Frequency 1093

COMPOUNDS

ⓐ [also suffix] [original meaning] poetry, poem, verse

ⓑ Chinese poetry [poem]

詩人 shijin poet しじん

詩情 shijō poetic sentiment, poetical interest しじょう

詩集 shishū anthology of poems ししゅう

詩的な shiteki na poetic してきな

叙事詩 jojichi epic (poem), epic poetry じょじし

詩吟 shigin reciting Chinese poems しぎん

吟遊詩人 gin’yūshijin toubadour, minstrel, folk singer, poet-singer, jongleur ぎんゆうしじん



jongleur
Definition: (noun) A wandering minstrel, poet, or entertainer in medieval England and France.
Synonyms: folk singer, minstrel, poet-singer, troubadour
Usage: The group of jongleurs was so popular that King Edward requested a private performance.


詩歌 shiika(=shika) Chinese and Japanese poetry...poems しいか(しか)

唐詩 tōshi Tang poetry とうし

INDEPENDENT

【shi 詩】 poetry, poem, lines, verse, rhyme; Chinese poetry [poem]

詩を作る shi o tsukuru compose a poem しをつくる

SYNONYMS

poetry

Japanese poetry



カ うた うたう gē


HAIKU



ハイ pái


HAIKU



ク jù gōu


HOMOPHONES

shi ➳ 

ART RELATION







Anonyme, Portrait photographique d'André Breton dans son atelier (Photographic portrait of André Breton in his workshop) vers 1920
5.9 x 4 cm (2 5/16 x 1 ¾ in) - Tirage argentique sur papier (Gelatin silver print on paper)
© ADAGP, Paris, 2012


═══════════════════════════════


* The rights of all the arts are held by respective artist(s) and producer(s). Credit should be given to all the respective owners and creators. *


(Please kindly advise me if I'm wrong and feel free to participate in sharing fun. Thank you.)
Drag0nspeaker
Posted: Sunday, March 06, 2016 12:04:03 AM

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Hello.

I think that this is the correct place for your posts, if you really want to post in the English forums.

I do not think you will have many replies, as many English speakers don't even know what a kanji is.

You could also try the Japanese forum.

Wyrd bið ful aræd - bull!
coag
Posted: Sunday, March 06, 2016 1:42:16 AM

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Location: Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Drag0nspeaker wrote:
... as many English speakers don't even know what a kanji is.

Call me poorly educated (as Donald Trump would say) but I had never heard of kanji until I saw Calcifer Y's posts.
L.Rai
Posted: Sunday, March 06, 2016 7:54:40 AM

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Just curious, is this Kanji Japanese or Chinese?? Both use Kanji but the meanings can be very different. I live in China and I'm familiar with Chinese characters, but I have had a very hard time learning them. Your pictures are lovely but I can't tell for sure which language they represent. If it's Chinese can you put the tone? Thanks so much.

"Your life matters more than you will ever know, so live it well"
TheParser
Posted: Sunday, March 06, 2016 8:15:27 AM
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Thank you, Calcifer, for the beautiful characters.

You have put a lot of work into your post.

Nice to see that you have returned to the forums.
Elvandil
Posted: Sunday, March 06, 2016 9:59:24 AM

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Location: East Montpelier, Vermont, United States
L.Rai wrote:
Just curious, is this Kanji Japanese or Chinese?? Both use Kanji but the meanings can be very different. I live in China and I'm familiar with Chinese characters, but I have had a very hard time learning them. Your pictures are lovely but I can't tell for sure which language they represent. If it's Chinese can you put the tone? Thanks so much.


It would seem that if you really lived in China, you would know that there is no such thing as "Chinese Kanji". Kanji is a Japanese word that refers to Chinese characters that have been adopted in Japanese, sometimes with quite different meanings.

It is absolutely beyond belief that there are people who do not know what Kanji is, never mind that they have never heard of it. Such vast chasms in erudition could only exist in countries with such a sense of superiority that the rest of the Earth is irrelevant to them.



(議思不の界世) pןɹoʍ ǝɥʇ ɟo sɹǝpuoʍ ǝɥʇ ɟo ǝuo sı ǝpoɔıun
tunaafi
Posted: Sunday, March 06, 2016 10:07:49 AM

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Elvandil wrote:

It is absolutely beyond belief that there are people who do not know what Kanji is, never mind that they have never heard of it.


Well, that dismisses 99% of Europeans, Americans and Africans then.


Far away is close at hand in images of elsewhere – The Master of Paddington.
ellana
Posted: Sunday, March 06, 2016 2:57:28 PM
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Elvandil... I'm shocked that you're shocked. One's knowledge is not necessarily another's. We all have interests that may be beyond what others would like to pursue and vice versa. Sharing our interests is how we learn...
L.Rai
Posted: Sunday, March 06, 2016 4:55:15 PM

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Elvandil:

I am so sorry you misunderstood me. I do live in China and have for nearly 9 years. All Kangji (BTW) that term is used in China as well to talk about Chinese Characters, are written the same. It is one reason why it doesn't matter which dialect of Chinese you speak, reading Chinese is the same for all dialects. However, Japanese and Chinese character do not possess the same meanings. While my Chinese students can read Japanese Kangji they often don't know for sure what they are reading as the meaning may not match.

I will dismiss your comment's implied tone and chalk it up to you might be having a bad day.

As for putting down other cultures just because they may not have been exposed to something that you feel they should have been exposed, I will chalk that up to your own bias about what constitutes educated for different cultures.

I hope your day improves.

"Your life matters more than you will ever know, so live it well"
Hope123
Posted: Sunday, March 06, 2016 6:48:41 PM

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Classy answer, L.Rai.

I had no idea what this thread was about or its purpose. That's what makes the forum good - we learn, especially about different cultures. (Another example of learning for me is Thar's answer about a universal language in that thread. I learned something about the history of my own country.)

Sometimes the longest way around is the shortest way home. Anon
Calcifer Y
Posted: Sunday, March 06, 2016 8:04:21 PM

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Daemon wrote:
palpitation

(noun) A trembling or shaking.

Synonyms: shakiness, trembling, quiver, vibration

Usage: Cornelius put his hand on his heart, to repress as it were its violent palpitation.


Kanji of the Day



コ つずみ gǔ


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8th Grade ~ JLPT 1)
RADICAL 207
Strokes 13-13-0
Frequency 1717

鼓動 kodō vibration, quiver, trembling, shakiness, palpitation こどう



palpitation


腹鼓を打つ haratsuzumi o utsu drum the belly…eat to one's heart’s content はらつずみをうつ

┏♬━ ━♬┓








Man Ray, Sans tire (untitled) 1922
rayographe, épreuve gélatino-argentique (rayographie, Gelatin silver print) 22.2 x 17.5 cm
feuillet 9 (folio 9), from Les Champs delicieux (The delicious Fields)
Beam
Posted: Sunday, March 06, 2016 8:12:39 PM

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I agree L. Rai replied with a good answer to Elvandil's rather presumptuous post. As an American, I have to agree that many citizens of this country are hopelessly ignorant of other parts of the world, and yet that can be said of many of the world's citizens. Ignorance is where you find it, and unfortunately, you find it all over. As ellana said, we all have our own interests, and just because they do not match with yours, it doesn't mean there are "vast chasms of erudition".

The word "kanji" is merely a Japanese version of the Chinese word "hanzi" which means "Chinese character". The heavily stylized images that Calcifer displays can be viewed as Chinese characters or Japanese, and most have roughly the same meaning in either language.

The Japanese actually borrowed heavily from Chinese because China was for millenia the dominant culture in East Asia. As examples, the etymologies of the Japanese words "banzai" and "bonsai" show that they both came from Chinese.
L.Rai
Posted: Sunday, March 06, 2016 11:40:33 PM

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Hope and Beam:

Thank you both for your kind comments.

Many years ago I started learning American Sign Language, and our teacher quickly made it clear that there is NO Universal Sign Language. Many people think that if the learn ASL they will be able to communicate with ALL deaf people. That is not true. Each country has it's own sign language because language is high influenced by the culture. Deaf culture in America is not the same as deaf culture in China or anywhere else. While I at times can get the gist of what is being signed by someone here in China, it's more likely I won't understand them.

Because we all have different cultures and experiences we need to become more tolerant about each other and what we may or may not know. To bash people just because we can should never be acceptable. I used to contribute more to the forum and then snarky comments finally convinced me to stop. I thought maybe things had improved but I am guessing some things never change.

To the members who contribute so others can improve and grow I salute you. To the others who feel that negative comments are useful and acceptable, shame on you. Keep in mind when you point a finger at another, three others are pointing back at you.Think



"Your life matters more than you will ever know, so live it well"
ellana
Posted: Monday, March 07, 2016 3:33:39 AM
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Well said L.Rai. Applause Applause But, please hang around to balance things out!!
Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, March 07, 2016 7:53:00 PM

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Daemon wrote:
vallecula

(noun) Any furrow or channel on a bodily structure or part.

Synonyms: groove

Usage: The medical students studied the diagram depicting the vallecula between the hemispheres of the brain.


Kanji of the Day



コウ みぞ gōu


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8th Grade ~ JLPT 1)
RADICAL 85
Strokes 13-3-10
Frequency 1616

COMPOUNDS
❶ [original meaning] channel, ditch, gutter, canal, trench

海溝 kaikō sea trench… かいこう

❷ [archaic] one hundred nonillion (10**32)

脳溝 nōkō groove, vallecula のうこう



vallecula


SYNONYMS

❶ holes and cavities

DITCH



クツ ほり kū


PIT



コウ kēng


concavity



オウ くぼむ ぼこ āo


CAVE



ドウ ほら dòng


HOLE



ケツ あな xué


OPEN HOLE



コウ あな kǒng


MOUTH



コウ く くち kǒu


HOMOPHONES

 ➳ 

ART RELATION







Anonymous (photographer), Portrait of Hugo Ball, in De Stijl (The Style) vol. 8, nr. 85/86 (1928): p. 98
Calcifer Y
Posted: Tuesday, March 08, 2016 7:43:03 PM

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Daemon wrote:
deprecate

(verb) To belittle.

Synonyms: depreciate

Usage: The teacher should not deprecate his student's efforts.


Kanji of the Day



ケン qiān


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8th Grade : JLPT 1)
RADICAL 149
Strokes 17-7-10
Frequency 1545

COMPOUNDS
humble, modest
謙遜 kenson humility, modesty けんそん
謙虚な kenkyo na humble, modest けんきょな
謙譲 kenjō modesty, humility けんじょう
謙譲語II kenjōgoni humble language in which an action or object is not directed toward the listener (or a third party) ... humble language used as a courtesy けんじょうごに
謙る herikudaru depreciate, deprecate へりくだる



deprecate


SYNONYMS

humble

HUMBLY



ハイ おがむ bài


HOMOPHONES

herikuda ➳ 

ART RELATION







Man Ray, Portrait d'André Breton, 1930
Calcifer Y
Posted: Wednesday, March 09, 2016 5:52:04 PM

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Kanji of the Day



ハン ふ まだら bān


Jōyō Kanji : Reference {8th Grade}

RADICAL 67

Strokes 12-4-8

Frequency (unknown)

COMPOUNDS
ⓐ [sometimes also 班 han] [also suffix] spot, speck
ⓑ spotted, streaked, variegated
斑点 hanten spot, speck はんてん
斑状組織 hanjōsoshiki porphyritic structure はんじょうそしき
褐色斑 kasshokuhan melasma, mask of pregnancy, chloasma かっしょくはん



Daemon wrote:
chloasma

(noun) A patchy brown or dark brown skin discoloration that usually occurs on a woman's face and may result from hormonal changes, as in pregnancy.

Synonyms: mask of pregnancy, melasma

Usage: She developed chloasma on her face during her pregnancy, but it disappeared when her baby was a few months old.


大赤斑 daisekihan Jupiter’s Great Red Spot だいせきはん

紫斑病 shihanbyō purpura しはんびょう
蒙古斑 mōkohan Mongolian spot もうこはん
斑粂 hanjō variegated streaks はんじょう
斑入りの fuiri no variegated, spotted ふいりの
加齢黄斑変性 kareiouhanhensei age-related macular degeneration ...ARMD かれいおうはんへんせい
斑牛 madaraushi brindled ox まだらうし

✲ART RELATION✲







Anonyme, photo du Vernissage de l'exposition Max Ernst au Sans-Pareil, 1920, De gauche à droite (Opening of photo exhibition at the Max Ernst {The Unparalleled}, 1920 From left to right) - René Hilsum, Benjamin Péret, Charchoune, Philippe Soupault, Jacques Rigaut (la tête en bas), André Breton
11.8 x 16.1 cm (4 5/8 x 6 5/16 in)
progpen
Posted: Thursday, March 10, 2016 11:46:42 AM

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Some beautiful graphic artwork. I look forward to more posts like these.

Our lives begin to end the day we become silent about things that matter. ― Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
Calcifer Y
Posted: Thursday, March 10, 2016 6:01:32 PM

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Daemon wrote:
abidance

(noun) Adherence.

Synonyms: compliance, conformity

Usage: In my parents' household, strict abidance by the rules was required, so naturally I rebelled.


Kanji of the Day



ジュン shùn


Jōyō Kanji : 4th Grade (JLPT 2)
RADICAL 181
Strokes 12-9-3
Frequency 812

道順 michijun route...itinerary みちじゅん

順守 junshu conformity, compliance, abidance じゅんしゅ



abidance


順調 junchō favourable condition & smooth progress じゅんちょう

SYNONYMS

order (sequence)



じ し つぐ つぎ cì


FOLLOW



ジュウ ショウ ジュ したがう したがえる cóng cōng


BEAUTIFUL



ビ ミ うつくしい měi


HOMOPHONES
jun ➳ 
ღ ART RELATION ღ







Richard Huelsenbeck und Raoul Hausmann, in Dada Almanach (Richard Huelsenbeck and Raoul Hausmann, in Dada Almanac,)
Richard Huelsenbeck, Editor, Berlin: Erich Reiss Verlag, 1920, insert.
Calcifer Y
Posted: Saturday, March 12, 2016 8:21:59 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Saturday, March 12, 2016 8:22:38 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Saturday, March 12, 2016 8:23:05 PM

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Daemon wrote:
helicon

(noun) A tuba that coils over the shoulder of the musician.

Synonyms: bombardon

Usage: As the marching band strolled by, Karen could see that the small boy carrying the giant helicon was sweating profusely.


Kanji of the Day



カン くだ guǎn


Jōyō Kanji : 4th Grade (JLPT 2)
RADICAL 118
Strokes 14-6-8
Frequency 526

金管 kinkan bombardon, helicon きんかん



helicon


八管 hachikan 8th District... はちかん

SYNONYMS

TUBE



トウ つつ tǒng


MANAGE



エイ いとなむ yíng








Constantin Brancusi, Duchamp, Brancusi, Tzara et Man Ray dans l'atelier, 1921
Epreuve gélatino-argentique, 12 x 17.8 cm
Paris, Centre Pompidou
Drag0nspeaker
Posted: Monday, March 14, 2016 1:38:41 AM

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Being totally uneducated in this subject, I have some questions about your posts:

1. What do the descriptions at the beginning of the post mean? (for example in the post for 'helicon', it says
Jōyō Kanji : 4th Grade (JLPT 2)
RADICAL 118
Strokes 14-6-8
Frequency 526

金管 kinkan bombardon, helicon きんかん


Now, I can see that the two symbols on the left on the fifth line are the same as the ones in the artwork - and they are pronounced "kinkan" and mean "helicon". What do the first four lines and the last four symbols mean?

2. What does the eighth district have to do with a musical instrument?

3. How can two completely different symbols ('tong' meaning 'tube' and 'ying' meaning 'manage'), pronounced differently and with different meanings be synonyms of 金管 ?

4. What do the picture of a girl, the header banner from "Life" and an antique photograph have to do with a helicon?

************
I must admit that your posts are a work of art - very aesthetic and interesting, just from the pictures.


Wyrd bið ful aræd - bull!
TheParser
Posted: Monday, March 14, 2016 4:37:55 AM
Rank: Advanced Member

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Drag0nspeaker wrote:



Your posts are a work of art - very aesthetic and interesting.



Hear! Hear!
Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, March 14, 2016 9:04:14 PM

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Dear Drag0nspeaker,

Thanks for the compliments. Currently the most important official lists approved by the Japanese government are Jōyō kanji, Education kanji and Jimmei kanji. The Jōyō Kanji list is “List of Characters in Common Use.” There are first to sixth grade and from 7th Grade onward is called High School. JLPT means Japanese Language Proficiency Test and N1 level is the most difficult.

RADICAL is a frequently recurring graphic component used for classifying Chinese characters into groups sharing a common element. The reference box gives the radical and radical number, for example, in IME :



Strokes are by total stroke-count and "first left then right." Frequency is the number of times Kanji are generally noticed in newspaper...Roughly about 2000. But there are at least 40,000 entries in sensei Morohashi's Daikanwajiten 「大漢和辞典」 (The Greatest Dictionary in the World). For bombardon, the two symbols on the left are Japanese word in Kanji and pronunciation written in italic. The far right is also the same words written in hiragana system.

2. The eighth district is a compound word.

3. Synonyms are of Kanji kan in this case. First reading and on reading are in kitagana and kun and names are written in hiragana and finally Chinese Readings are written in English. E.g. yíng in manage.

=======

4. Kanji are more like characters. Most beauties in my collection of Japanese Fashions are shared as it came to my mind. But I figure that you favour dadaism.

Hope this helps
Calcifer Y
Calcifer Y
Posted: Monday, March 14, 2016 9:13:30 PM

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Daemon wrote:
varsity

(noun) The principal team representing a university, college, or school in sports, games, or other competitions.

Synonyms: first team

Usage: She was determined to make the varsity basketball team and practiced her game all summer.


Kanji of the Day



セン えらぶ xuǎn


Jōyō Kanji : 4th Grade (JLPT 3)
RADICAL 162
Strokes 15-3-12
Frequency 113

COMPOUNDS
❶ⓐ [original meaning] choose, select, elect
ⓑ [also suffix] selection, anthology

選民 senmin chosen people せんみん

選手 senshu representative athlete [player] せんしゅ

選手団 senshudan first team, varsity せんしゅだん



varsity


INDEPENDENT
【sen 選】 selection, choice
選に入る sen ni hairu be chosen...be selected せんにはいる

SYNONYMS

SELECT



タク zé zhái


pick out



テキ つむ zhāi


collection



シユウ あつまる あつめる つどう jí


VOTE



ヨウ piào


HOMOPHONES
sen ➳ 

§ ART RELATION §







Raoul Hausmann, Dada photo (with Hausmann and Johannes Baader) 1919
Photographie, Photomontage, Epreuve gélatino-argentique collée sur carton (Gelatin Silver Proof pasted on cardboard) 21.6 x 12.6 cm ; 11.8 x 8.1 cm (hors marge – excluding margin)
Paris, Musée national d’art moderne Centre Georges Pompidou
Calcifer Y
Posted: Wednesday, March 16, 2016 8:58:33 PM

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Location: Napa, California, United States
Daemon wrote:
schoolman

(noun) A scholar who is skilled in academic disputation.

Synonyms: academician

Usage: The symposium was scheduled to end at seven, but the schoolman continued to lecture the group for an additional hour.


Kanji of the Day



シャ もの zhě


Jōyō Kanji : 3rd Grade (JLPT 4)
RADICAL 125
Strokes 8-4-4
Frequency 26

COMPOUNDS
❶ⓐ person
ⓑ person concerned, party
三者会談 sansha-kaiden tripartite conference- さんしゃかいだん

❷ [also suffix] person [one] who performs an action or holds an occupation: -er (as in reader)
学者 gakusha academician...schoolman がくしゃ



schoolman


SPECIAL READINGS
猛者 mosa stalwart; veteran もさ

SYNONYMS

MEMBER (of a staff)



イン yuán yúan yùn


woman worker



フ fù


CRAFTSMAN



ショウ タくみ jiàng


HOMOPHONES
mono ➳ 

ᴥ ART RELATION ᴥ







August Sander, The Dadaist Raoul Hausmann [with Hedwig Mankiewitz and Vera Broido] 1929
Gelatin silver print. 10 ¼ inches x 7 5/8 inches
Calcifer Y
Posted: Wednesday, March 16, 2016 8:59:18 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Wednesday, March 16, 2016 9:00:11 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Thursday, March 17, 2016 8:44:00 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Thursday, March 17, 2016 8:44:41 PM

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Location: Napa, California, United States
Daemon wrote:
redoubt

(noun) A small, often temporary defensive fortification.

Synonyms: sconce

Usage: Great mounds had been heaped about the crest of the hill, making a huge redoubt of it.


Kanji of the Day



力久 くるわ guō


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8th Grade ~ JLPT 1)
RADICAL 163
Strokes 11-3-8
Frequency 1632

▶ OUTER ENCLOSURE
COMPOUNDS
[formerly also 廓]
❶ [original meaning] outer enclosure [walls], outline, contour
五稜郭 goryōkaku sconce...redoubt ごりょうかく


redoubt


SYNONYMS
❶ periphery
PERIPHERY



シユウ まわり zhōu


circumference



イ かこむ かこう かこい wéi


HOMOPHONES
kuruwa ➳ 

▲ ART RELATION ▲







Raoul Hausmann, Hindenburg de fer, Der eiserne Hindenburg (the iron Hindenburg) 1920
contre-collé, encre de Chine, papier de soie (aminated, ink, silk paper) 39.5 x 27 cm
Paris, musée national d'Art moderne - Centre Georges Pompidou
© ADAGP
© Centre Pompidou, MNAM-CCI, Dist. RMN-Grand Palais / Georges Meguerditchian

... And thanks to my friend Carrie Kary for Chris Rea's Blue Cafe
Calcifer Y
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Calcifer Y
Posted: Saturday, March 19, 2016 9:12:55 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Saturday, March 19, 2016 9:13:36 PM

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Calcifer Y
Posted: Saturday, March 19, 2016 9:14:21 PM

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Daemon wrote:
declination

(noun) A polite refusal of an invitation.

Synonyms: regrets

Usage: His declination of the dinner invitation was a great disappointment to the would-be host.


Kanji of the Day



ヘン かたよる piān


Jōyō Kanji : High School (8th Grade ~ JLPT 1)
RADICAL 9
Strokes 11-2-9
Frequency 1507

COMPOUNDS
❶ⓐ [original meaning] (occurring on one side) one-sided, uneven, unbalanced
ⓑ (favoring one side) one-sided, biased, partial, unfair, prejudiced
偏食 henshoku unbalanced diet へんしょく
偏斜 hensha regrets...declination へんしゃ



declination


偏愛 hen'ai partiality, favoritism へんあい

INDEPENDENT
【hen 偏】 left-side radical of Chinese characters
「偏」の偏は人偏と言う Hen no hen wa ninben to iu The left-side radical of 偏 is called ninben へんのへんはにんべんという
【hensuru 偏する】 be one-sided, be partial; deviate

SYNONYMS
❶ⓐ one side
one side



ヘン かた- かた piàn piān


inclining toward
incline toward



ケイ かたむく かたむける かしげる qīng


HOMOPHONES
katayoru ➳ 片寄る

COMPOUND FORMATION

偏執狂 henshitsukyō (=henshūkyō)

偏執狂 ‘monomaniac’ is a maniac (狂) who sticks to (執) only one thing (偏).

↑ART RELATION↑







Raoul Hausmann, Dada Cino, 1920
collection particulière (private collection), photomontage
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