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present simple reporting verbs and time expressions Options
AlyonaSunlight
Posted: Friday, May 12, 2017 5:25:21 AM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 10/1/2014
Posts: 375
Neurons: 2,395
Location: Moscow, Moscow, Russia
Hello, everybody!



I've got a question concerning reported speech and exactly "present simple reporting verbs". Obviously, in this case we won't change the tense of the sentence but what about "time and place expressions". I know it depends, I'm just wondering about a general rule.

e.g. "I'll meet you tomorrow", says Carol.
e.g. Carol says she will meet me TOMORROW or the following day?

e.g. "I saw Fred yesterday".
e.g. He says he saw Fred yesterday or the day before?

Thank you in advance.
Drag0nspeaker
Posted: Friday, May 12, 2017 4:02:49 PM

Rank: Advanced Member

Joined: 9/12/2011
Posts: 26,248
Neurons: 140,064
Location: Livingston, Scotland, United Kingdom
Hi AlyonaSunlight!

When you are reporting in the present tense, there is no need to change time-labels because they are usually related to 'NOW'.

Carol says she will meet me TOMORROW.
He says he saw Fred yesterday.

It is only when you main verb is in another tense that it becomes different.

Last Sunday, Carol said she would meet me the next day. (Monday, the day after she told me)
Last Sunday, Carol said she would meet me tomorrow. (Saturday, the day after today)
On Sunday, he said he had seen Fred the day before. (Last Saturday, the day before he told me)
On Sunday, he said he had seen Fred yesterday. (that would be impossible)

Wyrd bið ful aræd - bull!
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